Free download ppt on flora and fauna of india

BIOMES And Ecological Succession. Communities respond to disturbances Communities experience many types of disturbance. – Removal of keystone species,

130 days. Temperatures are very low. Precipitation is primarily in the form of snow, 40-100 cm annually. Soil is thin, nutrient-poor, and acidic. Canopy permits low light penetration, and as a result, understory is limited. Flora consist mostly of cold-tolerant evergreen conifers with needle-like leaves, such as pine, fir, and spruce. Fauna include woodpeckers, hawks, moose, bear, weasel, lynx, fox, wolf, deer, hares/


Business Ecosystems Training U.S. Understanding and Managing the Links between Ecosystem Services and Business Facilitator Notes May 2013.

01- 04/patagonia-road-tests-new-sustainability-legal-status.html The launch of Unilever’s Rainforest Alliance Certified tea in Australia saw 12% growth in sales Source: KPMG, Flora and Fauna International, Acca, Is natural capital a material issue? (2012)Is /here is an example of how to identify priority ecosystem services’, facilitator 1 to draw out 2-3 of the high impact/dependency services listed. Note: the tables have been drawn from the Syngenta ESR case study in India and relate to agriculture. [/


UNIT 1 THE MULTIDISCIPLINARY NATURE OF ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.

species Hence there is an urgent need to protect these species  Protection of these species by individual or group efforts. Aesthetic and Recreational Value of Nature Nature encompasses every aspect of living (biodiversity: flora and fauna) and non-living (sea, forest, desert) part of the earth. Nature encompasses every aspect of living (biodiversity: flora and fauna) and non-living (sea, forest, desert) part of the earth. Nature enlivens our existence on earth. Nature enlivens our/


COASTAL ECOSYSTEMS. COASTAL ZONE AND CLASSIFICATION A coastal zone - interface between the land and water Continually changing because of the dynamic.

Aquatic Mammals – Dolphins, sea cow and manatee Terrestrial mammals – Rodents, rabbits, tigers, etc. Reptiles – Crocodile, sea snake, tree snakes etc Birds - Cormorants, pelicans, etc ESTUARINE HABITATS OF INDIA Hooghly-Matlah estuary in West Bengal / plants for timber, fuel, food, medicinal herbs and other natural products FLORA & FAUNA OF MANGROVES Plants Two families, Avicenniaceae and Rhizophoraceae dominate in terms of number of species and abundance Common genera - Rhizophora (red mangrove), Avicennia/


Dr. K. Arulananthan HeadOceanography Division National Aquatic Resources Research and Development Agency (NARA) Impacts of the Sethusamudram Canal Project.

in 48 genera in the Bar Reef in SL Over 500 species of reef and reef associated fish species Spiny lobsters, sea cucumber, chanks, sponges, tunicates, gorgonians, soft corals and other fauna and flora Dugongs, turtles, dolphins and 28 species of whales Sand flats and associated life including sea birds Mangrove species and associated fauna and flora Sea grass species and associated fauna and flora Bio diversity BOBP Fishing Trials-1986 Trawling is almost confined to the/


Jammu and Kashmir 2012 AUGUST PARADISE ON EARTH

locations have made it a traditional destination for international and domestic tourists. Flora And Fauna The state is rich in flora and fauna. In Jammu, the flora ranges from the thorn bushes of the arid plains to the temperate and alpine of the higher altitudes. Mountain ranges in the Kashmir valley have dense forests of deodar, pine, fir, walnut, willow, almond and cider. Horticulture And Floriculture The state has an agro-climatic condition best/


Dr Mahfuzul Haque Biodiversity & Bangladesh. Points for Discussion Definitions Meaning of “Biodiversity” Various types of Biodiversity Direct and indirect.

Endangered: Whose number has reduced to a critical level at an alarming rate and are in danger of extinction Flora: All the plants species (plants, trees, creepers, shrubs) Fauna: All the animal species (insects, reptiles, amphibians, birds and mammals) Hot spots: They are the areas that support rich biodiversity, because of geological formations and endemic flora and fauna and exhibit exceptional scientific interests. Hot spots are severely threatened by human activities/


EUROPE: AGES OF REVOLUTIONS 1750 - 1914. COMMERCIAL IDEOLOGIES IN 1750 Industry and Commerce dominate the thinking of this age Mercantilism –Limited amount.

commercial agriculture changed face of environment Forests were the most effected by this shift –Extinction, Endangerment of Flora, Fauna Overfishing of areas began, overforesting of areas Many died out due to competition from domestic flora, fauna Many were exterminated due /American colonies –Acquires preeminent influence in India –Acquires right to supply slaves to Spanish Americas –Spain, Portugal, Dutch no longer great powers American Revolution 1776 – 1783 and the Wider World Impact –British colonists/


Biodiversity and its conservation Biodiversity Bio = life Diversity = Variety The term biodiversity was first coined by Walter G. Rosen in 1986. Biodiversity.

the world. It host about 7% of global flora(47,000 plant species) and 6.5% of fauna (81,000 species of animal). Some of the biodiversity criteria are as follows: 1)Endemism: India shows a good number of endemic species. About 62% of amphibians and 50% of lizards are endemic to India. Western ghats are the site of maximum endemism. 2)Centre of origin: A large number of species are known to have originated in/


THE HIMALAYAS IX E. It’s Basic Geographical Features are- The most characteristic features of the Himalayas are-  Great height  Complex geologic structure.

yet largely remained unexploited.  Northeast India, just south of Sikkim, Darjeeling provides ambiance of a hill resort with its mild climate and laid back charm.  The Great Buddha Park is also a nice spot for tourists.  Rafting is also enjoyed by many tourists here. Tourist places  The perenially snow capped mountains, lush green tropical and temperate forest, gurgling streams, rice flora and fauna is the main tourist attraction/


Malaysia, federation of 13 states forming a constitutional monarchy in South East Asia, comprising two distinct regions separated by some 650 km (400.

a Malay kingdom in Bujang Valley welcomed traders from China and India. With the arrival of gold and silks, Buddhism and Hinduism also came to Malaysia. BAKO NATIONAL PARK Situated at about 37 km from Kuching. The Bako National Park is mainly a tropical rain forest rich in tropical plants and vegetation especially the various types of flora and fauna. There are the silver- leaf monkeys, proboscis monkeys, long-tailed/


CHAPTER - 7 CONSERVATION OF PLANTS AND ANIMALS. 1) Deforestation :- The clearing of forests and using the land for other purposes is called deforestation.

. 4) Biosphere Reserve :- i) Biosphere reserves :- are large areas of protected land for conservation of biodiversity and the traditional life of the tribals living there. ii) Biodiversity :- is the variety of plants, animals and microorganisms found in the area. The Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve consists of a National park called Satpura and two wildlife sanctuaries called Bori and Pachmarhi. 5) Flora and fauna :- i) Flora :- are the plants found in a particular area. ii/


Strengthening the Response of the Criminal Justice System on the National and International Level: Good Practice Hyun Wook CHUN, Ph.D. in Law Associate.

) TotalCategory MammalBirdReptileAmphibianFishInvertebrate Land plant Marine plant 2211+2 2261421829641 50Level 1 12131-658- 171Level 2 1048321224561 Continued Article 14 Prohibition of Poaching and Collecting of Endangered Wild Fauna and Flora Article 16 Prohibition of International Trade of Endangered Species Articles 67-69 Penalty Article 57 Reward for Reporting and Arresting – To promote reporting because there are no direct victims or those victimized do not take legal actions ArticlePenalty Poaching/


Global and Antarctic Climate Change and Biodiversity: Physical connections and Legal disconnections Tina Tin, Scott Hajost, James Barnes Antarctic and.

India India Italy Italy Japan Japan Korea (ROK) Korea (ROK) Netherlands Netherlands New Zealand New Zealand Norway Norway Peru Peru Poland Poland Russian Federation Russian Federation South Africa South Africa Spain Spain Sweden Sweden Ukraine Ukraine United Kingdom United Kingdom United States United States Uruguay Uruguay 28 Consultative Parties to the Antarctic Treaty Antarctic Treaty (1959) Agreed Measures for the Conservation of Antarctic Flora and Fauna/


EARTH HISTORY AND THE FOSSIL RECORD

Permian Mass Extinction P-T Permian Mass Extinction Supercontinent Pangea resulted in the extensive evolution and diversification of Permian terrestrial vertebrae fauna and a reduction of Permian marine communities. Among terrestrial fauna affected included insects, amphibians, reptiles (which evolved during the Carboniferous), as well as the dominant therapsids. Terrestrial flora was predominantly gymnosperms, including the conifers.Marine life included brachiopods, ammonoids, gastropods, crinoids, bony/


ESSENTIALS OF BIODIVERSITY DATA BASE

GYMNOSPERMS 64 750 8.53 ANGIOSPERMS 17500 250000 7.O0 COMPARATIVE POSITION: ANIMAL DIVERSTY IN INDIA AND THE WORLD TAXA INDIA WORLD % PROTISTA 2577 31259 8.24 MOLLUSCA 5070 66535 7.62 ARTHROPODA 68389 987949 6/, MORINGACEAE) CYANOGENIC GLYCOSIDES (ROSACEAE, FABACEAE AND SAPINDACEAE0 TERPENES ( ESSENTIAL OILS) STEROIDS (CARDIAC STEROIDS) FLAVONOIDS. DATA BASES FLORA AND FAUNA MONOGRAPHS REVISIONS INDICES AND BIBLIOGRAPHIES HERBARIA AND MUSEUM TYPES OF DATA BASES ON LINE IDENTIFICATIONS INTERACTIVE KEYS /


RARE FINDS HINDOOSTAN REVISITED

then of India’s religions, laws, customs and literature gave impetus to the establishment of societies like the Asiatic Society to enquire and document all matters associated with India. Added to this was the prevalent trend of men and women of learning and culture for whom it was incumbent to take a lively interest in both the sciences and arts. As a result of which visual and textual documentation of flora and fauna, native Indians and their religious and/


ENVIRONMENT AND CLIMATE CHANGE POLICY OF INDIA By LAKSHMAN DASS AHUJA OFFICER ON SPECIAL DUTY NATIONAL COOPERATIVE UNION OF INDIA (NCUI) NETWORK FOR DEVELOPMENT.

 By birds, animals  High yielding techniques of agriculture  Arbitrary use of natural resources  Deforestation  Reduction in pastures  Fertility of land reduction  Forests, flora and fauna disappearance 5  Livelihoods of poor in developing countries  Availability of water  Food production / food security  Flooding of coastal areas  Increased burden of vector borne and water borne diseases  Slows down the pace of development OVERALL IMPACT ON 6 INDIA’s VULNERABILITY TO CLIMATE CHANGE  Is facing/


1 National Law regarding the illegal wildlife trade and the challenges to implement the law Presented by H.E. Mya Thein Judge Supreme Court of the Union.

1990 to coordinate environmental matters across ministries to develop National Environmental Policy to liaise with foreign countries and non- government organizations regarding environmental matters 13 Legal Framework Protection of Wildlife, Wild Plants and Conservation of Natural Area Law (1994) mandates protection of wild flora and fauna and their habitats and representative ecosystems. The objectives of this law are as follows; to implement the Government policy for wildlife protection to implement the/


Chapter 29.1 The Physical Geography of South East Asia The Land Group 1: Sofia Carlos Gilynne Ganas Samantha Antonio Melany Meim Medalyn Rocha Makaila.

also has rich oil reserves off shore. Minerals and Gems. Indonesia mines nickel and iron and the Philippines mines copper Thailand, Laos, Indonesia and Malaysia mine tin. Sapphires and rubies can be found in the Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam. In the Philippines pearls are harvested in the province of Sulu and on the island of Palawan. Flora and Fauna Raffesia Arnoldii is the worlds largest flower the blossoms three feet wide/


The Aral Sea. The Aral Sea Basin Covers 5 of the old Soviet states, the Stans in the south eastern corner of the Soviet Union Once the 4th largest inland.

route Supported irrigation, husbandry, reed production, fishing, trapping and hunting River deltas support diverse flora and fauna Lake brackish app. 10 g/l Mainly freshwater fish adapted/India US-AID and World Bank also inserted pressure for favorable conditions for foreign investment in India’s fertilizer industry, import liberalization and elimination of domestic control The Field Director of Rockefeller Foundation became head of Indian Agricultural Research and together with US-AID financed training of/


1 ISO 9001:2008. FEDERATION OF INDIAN EXPORT ORGANISATIONS 2 FIEO HEAD OFFICE NIRYAT BHAVAN, RAO TULARAM MARG, NEW DELHI.

in the inspection of consignments of Flora and fauna as per provisions of Wildlife (Protection) Act, CITES and Exim Policy governing such an item. They certify the eligibility of a certain wildlife flora and fauna to be exported out of India. 14 FIEO’s Representation in Govt. Bodies FIEO REPRESENTS THE TRADE IN: 1.Board of Trade, Dept of Commerce, Govt of India 2.Board of Directors, Export Credit Guarantee Corporation 3.Various Govt of India Task Forces and Studies on/


Hellenistic Bactria and India April 2 nd, 2012. Greco-Bactria (ca. 250-125 BCE)

I to explore the Indus river down to the sea (ca. 521-518 BCE). Ktesias of Cnidus (fl. Ca. 400 BCE) sent by Artaxerxes II to catalogue flora and fauna of India; wrote Indika based in part upon Indian source material. Ktesias of Cnidus (fl. Ca. 400 BCE) sent by Artaxerxes II to catalogue flora and fauna of India; wrote Indika based in part upon Indian source material. Alexander the Great in/


Outcomes of Rio+20: Progress on Law for Sustainable Development Marie-Anne Birken, Deputy General Counsel Office of the General Counsel Asian Development.

green courts 3) Preservation of Natural Capital The Nationalization of International Environmental Laws Judicial Colloquium on Biodiversity at the Biodiversity COP (India) Judicial Colloquium on Biodiversity at the Biodiversity COP (India) Conference of the Parties on the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora in Asia (CITES) Conference of the Parties on the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora in Asia (CITES) Thank/


INDIA AS A MEGA DIVERSITY NATION ( Biodiversity at National level) India is one of the 12 mega-diversity countries in the world. It host about 7% of global.

the world. It host about 7% of global flora(47,000 plant species) and 6.5% of fauna (81,000 species of animal). Some of the biodiversity criteria are as follows: 1)Endemism: India shows a good number of endemic species. About 62% of amphibians and 50% of lizards are endemic to India. Western ghats are the site of maximum endemism. 2)Centre of origin: A large number of species are known to have originated in/


Communicating Climate Change to Policy Makers This presentation is aimed to sensitize policy makers in the MMR across various facets of climate change.

: Perspectives from Small-scale Fishing Communities in India on Measures to Protect Life and Livelihood, ICSF 3 Pagdhare P, Bhakay J. (2012), Financial understanding of fishermen in Mumbai and Palghar area, Zenith Journal, vol.2, issue 3 Sea level rise – decrease in cover of mangroves Changes in temperature, humidity & rainfall – impact flora, living conditions & migratory pattern of fauna. 18% of Western Ghats to undergo changes till 2030 1 Change/


BET India Module 4 Managing and Mitigating Impacts Main Presentation December 2012.

study: Extraction Project – Africa Response  Commitment to no net loss of biodiversity for the Project according to the BBOP Principles (voluntary and to meet IFC Performance Standard 6).  A Biodiversity Management Programme is being implemented to avoid and mitigate impacts, to undertake restoration and to offset the residual impacts.  The mitigation measures cover flora, fauna and aquatics.  To offset the residual impacts, options include the following: 1/


Ali Reja Osmani Faculty, Karimganj Law College Karimganj, Assam, India.

27 thousand bamboo culms. The proposed forest land harbours several endangered species of flora and fauna. The Principal Chief Conservator of Forests, Manipur has observed in his report that ‘‘no compensatory measure would help in mitigating the adverse impact caused by loss of such large forest tracts on the habitat, flora, fauna, biodiversity, micro- climate and environment unless additional Non-forest areas in affected districts or adjoining districts are/


BIODIVERSITY AND WILDLIFE TRADE IN VIETNAM M.A Dang Xuan Dao Member of Justice Council Chief Judge of Economic Court The Supreme People’s Court of Vietnam.

South -Coastline spreading over 3260 km with thousands of islands -Typical tropical monsoon climate -An intersection point of fauna and flora in India-Myanmar, South of China and Indo-Malaysia region 2. SOME MAIN CHARACTERISTICS OF BIODIVERSITY IN VIETNAM -One of the 16 most biologically diverse countries in the world -Species diversity: about 11.458 species of fauna, 21.017 species of flora and 3.000 species of micro-organisms have been recognized -Every year, many/


2 nd EXPERT GROUP MEETING OF SAWEN Country Presentation – India 29 January, 2011 Paro, Bhutan.

India: contd. Day to day management of PA s and execution of Acts – by State Governments Day to day management of PA s and execution of Acts – by State Governments Wildlife(Protection) Act, 1972-umbrella legal frame work for uniform level of/ Policy governing trade in flora & fauna Foreign Trade Policy governing trade in flora & fauna Provisions of CITES incorporated into FTP and violations are dealt under Customs Act, 1962. Provisions of CITES incorporated into FTP and violations are dealt under Customs/


Compliance of Environment Clearance of Limestone Mining Project of M/s. Jammu & Kashmir Cements Ltd. Location of Mining Project:Near Village - Khrew Tehsil.

I.Environmental clearance is subject to final order of the Hon’ble Supreme Court of India in the matter of Goa Foundation Vs. Union of India in Writ Petition (Civil) No. 460 of 2004, as may be applicable to this project/during mining operation for conservation and protection of flora and endangered fauna namely leopard, hangul etc. spotted in the study area. Action plan for conservation of flora and fauna prepared shall be implemented in consultation with State Forest and Wildlife Department. All the /


Established in 1982 by a group of committed and concerned individuals, both within and outside the government. The objective-to focus attention on the.

help the children realize the destruction of their forests and stimulate creative responses to this problem. 5. identification of Feathers & Leaves. Significance: To understand children’s knowledge of the local birds and plants Contd….. LIST OF ACTIVITIES 6. Seed/feather/leaves Collection Significance: To understand children’s knowledge of above mentioned things 7. Food Chains 8. Flora & Fauna Interlinkages 9. Ground dwelling insects & Life and their relevance 10. Seed Dispersal/


Chapter 2 The origins of the sustainability problem

and surface temperature regulation, and watershed flows. The diversity of flora and fauna in ecosystems contributes to the amenity services that we derive from the environment. In relation to inputs to production, those flora and fauna are the source of many useful products, particularly pharmaceuticals, foods and/20538 Portugal 20410 Hungary 17887 China 6757 India 3452 Kenya 1240 Sierra Leone 806 Affluence The world average is more than twice that for India, and about 20% of that for the USA. Over the /


NREE Chapter 2 The origins of the sustainability problem

and surface temperature regulation, and watershed flows. The diversity of flora and fauna in ecosystems contributes to the amenity services that we derive from the environment. In relation to inputs to production, those flora and fauna are the source of many useful products, particularly pharmaceuticals, foods and/20538 Portugal 20410 Hungary 17887 China 6757 India 3452 Kenya 1240 Sierra Leone 806 Affluence The world average is more than twice that for India, and about 20% of that for the USA. Over the /


Chapter 2 The origins of the sustainability problem

and surface temperature regulation, and watershed flows. The diversity of flora and fauna in ecosystems contributes to the amenity services that we derive from the environment. In relation to inputs to production, those flora and fauna are the source of many useful products, particularly pharmaceuticals, foods and/20538 Portugal 20410 Hungary 17887 China 6757 India 3452 Kenya 1240 Sierra Leone 806 Affluence The world average is more than twice that for India, and about 20% of that for the USA. Over the /


TODAY WE ARE GOING TO DO A PROJECT ON THE FOREST AND WILDLIFE RESOURCES. SO LISTEN WELL WHILE WE ARE SPEAKING. NO SHOUTING, NO GOSSIPING, JUST MAINTAIN.

Forests 7.76% Mangrove 0.15% The main causes of depletion of flora and fauna are: 1.Agricultural Expansion 2.Enrichment Plantation 3.Development Project Agricultural Expansion Between 1951 and 1980, according to the forest survey of India, over 26,200 sp km of forest area was converted into agricultural land all over India. Especially in the north eastern and central India have been deforested or degraded by shifting cultivation (Jhun), a/


Audit of Water and Water issues Water is an essential thing for life. Without water life is impossible How much water is required per person per day? As.

are therefore, complex in nature and resolved through International co-operation Marine issues affect the flora and fauna of the seas. It affects the/ countries where the sea stretches Marine water audits As the subject the audit is also complex. Therefore, more than 1 SAI is engaged in the audits of marine issues. Joint audits of water issues Audits relate to compliance, financial and Performance Audit of water- Indian perspective The audit of water issues in India/


1 Meghalaya ABODE OF CLOUDS For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org AUGUST 2012.

and IT have been identified as thrust sectors for development and promotion. Policy and Fiscal Incentives Meghalaya is endowed with abundant natural resources in terms of flora, fauna, medicinal plants, forests, coal, limestone, feldspar, quartz, sillimanite, granite, industrial clay and/) PPP TypeStage Roads National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) Four Laning of Jorabat - Shillong Section 117.6DBFOTConstruction National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) Two Laning of Shillong Bypass Section 49.5 BOT -/


March, 2009. Environment Indoor air improvementIndoor air improvement Local land, water, air, flora & fauna protectionLocal land, water, air, flora &

protectionLocal land, water, air, flora & fauna protection Global climate, biodiversity & water quality gainsGlobal climate, biodiversity & water quality gains Economic development Employment Employment Greater productivity Greater productivity Income generation Income generationModernEnergyMeans… Quality of Life Better health Better health Time for education Time for education Reduced drudgery for women and children Reduced drudgery for women and children Public Purpose Specialty Organizations (ie ) The/


INTRODUCTION The term Biodiversity was first coined by Walter G. Rosen in 1986. The biosphere comprises of a complex collections of innumerable organisms,

Islands Biological Diversity At National Level India has a rich biological diversity of flora and fauna. Over all 6% of the global species are found in India. India ranks 10 th among the plant rich countries of the world, 11 th in terms of number of endemic species of higher vertebrates and 6 th among the centres of diversity and origin of agricultural crops. India as a Mega diversity Nation India is one of the 12 Mega diversity countries/


1 Nagaland THE LAND OF FESTIVALS For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org AUGUST 2012.

. → Explorations are being carried out by Geology & Mining Department, Geological Survey of India, Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited (ONGC), Atomic Minerals Division and Central Ground Water Board. Key Industries – Minerals and Petrochemicals Nagaland AUGUST 2012 35 THE LAND OF FESTIVALS For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES → Nagaland has rich flora and fauna, which support various medicinal plants. → The state has identified specific medicinal plants/


By Amie Apps.  Madagascar was formed as its own country 88 million years ago when it broke off from India.  Its population is around 22 million and.

endemic species living there! Being able to adapt to their new and old environments and by not getting eaten by predators, birds of prey and other animals makes them evolutionary. But flora and fauna survive and adapt in different ways, for example: fauna ( animals) survive and adapt by things like camouflage, speed and intelligence. Flora ( plants) on the other hand, adapt and survive by changing themselves so they can stay alive, this includes/


THE ISLAND GROUPS OF INDIA. THE ISLANDS An island is any piece of sub-continental land that is surrounded by water.

OF INDIA Location of the Island Groups of India Lakshadweep Islands Lakshadweep islands, the smallest union territory of India, is a group of islands 200 to 300 km off of the coast of Kerala in the Arabian Sea. Its located in 8º and 12º North latitude and 71º and 74/ of Lakshadweep Islands. This island group has great diversity of flora and fauna. Andaman & Nicobar Islands The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are located between 6 o and 14 o North latitude and 92 o and 94 o East longitude in the Bay of /


Chapter 2 The origins of the sustainability problem.

and surface temperature regulation, and watershed flows. –The diversity of flora and fauna in ecosystems contributes to the amenity services that we derive from the environment. –In relation to inputs to production, those flora and fauna are the source of many useful products, particularly pharmaceuticals, foods and/ Republic20538 Portugal20410 Hungary17887 China 6757 India 3452 Kenya 1240 Sierra Leone 806 Affluence The world average is more than twice that for India, and about 20% of that for the USA. Over/


ROLE OF AYURVEDIC SPICES, HERBS AND HERBAL PRODUCTS IN HEALTH CARE

GENERAL CENTRAL COUNCIL FOR RESEARCH IN AYURVEDA AND SIDDHA Department of AYUSH Ministry of Health & Family Welfare Govt. of India HEALTH CARE PRACTICES HEALTH CARE PRACTICES HAVE EVOLVED ON THW BASIS Culture Philosophy Geographical conditions Flora & fauna and mineral resources HISTORICAL PROSPECTIVE Plants, metals, minerals and animal products are extremely used in alleviating the wide range of disease conditions. Use of natural products of medicinal value can be traced from remote past/


Quality control & Standardization of herbal drugs

leads on natural products from other countries. Several of these plants or related species are found in India The vast unscreened flora of the country and published activity data on some of these Study of further accessions from families yielding active plants Raw drug standardisation (Example) Maramanjal (Root and Stem) - Coscinium fenestratum (Gaertn) Colebr. Maramanjal consists of the dried root and stem of Coscinium fenestratum (Gaertn) Colebr. (Fam. Menispermaceae); a large/


Setusamudram. What is Sethusamudram? GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION Palk Strait Palk Bay Adam’s Bridge Gulf of Mannar.

( Rs.) The Central government 4.95 bn The Tuticorin Port Trust 500 mn Shipping Corporation of India 500 mn The Dredging Corporation of India 300 mn Chennai Port Trust 300 mn Ennore Port Ltd 300 mn Visakhapatnam Port Trust 300 mn/of the flora and fauna of this region EFFECT ON FISHER FOLKS Among the worst affected, more than one million families devoid of their only source of income No concrete rehabilitation and employment plan arrived at A meager budget ( 60 cr.approx.) The trauma of Orissa, Bhopal and/


India is a vast country with varied landforms. Our country has practically all major physical features of the Earth i. e. Mountains, Plains, Deserts,

Island is the administrative head-quarters of Lakshadweep. This island group has great diversity of flora and fauna. The Pitti Island, which is uninhabited, has a bird sanctuary. The elongated chain of islands located in the Bay of Bengal extending from north to south.  These are Andaman and Nicobar islands. They are bigger in size and are more numerous and scattered. The entire group of islands is divided in to two/


1 Compendium of Environment Statistics of Bangladesh Abdullah Harun Pasha Director Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

Flora Flora: It is recorded 7095 (apx) species of different plant (MOef 2007). Total forest area less than 17%, day by day it is reduce due to increasing of population and landlessness. According to latest account about 96 seed-bearing plant species are threatened. According to task force report 9 vascular plants are endangered and 27 are threatened Government has taken some steps for afforestation 11 Fauna Fauna/


PRESENTS. Uttarakhand is a state located in the northern part of India bordering the state of Himachal Pradesh in the west, Uttar Pradesh in south with.

in the northern part of India bordering the state of Himachal Pradesh in the west, Uttar Pradesh in south with Nepal in East and Tibet in North. 86% of Uttarakhand is mountainous and most of the northern part is covered with high Himalayan Peaks and Glaciers from where many rivers originate. 65% of the state is covered with forest which is home to thousands of varieties of Flora and Fauna. Uttarakhand is divided into/


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