Free download ppt on conservation of plants and animals

1.  Definition: Environment is derived from the French word Environ which means to encircle or surround.Environment is sum total of all living and non.

DATA BOOK :Red data book contains the list of endangered species of plants and animals. Endemic Species of India The species which are found only in a particular region are known as endemic species. Eg:Owl, brown parrot 95 The act or process of conserving.  The protection, preservation, management, or restoration of wildlife and of natural resources such as forests, soil, and water. Conservation of our natural resources has the following three specific objectives/


. Nevertheless the existing variety legislation on biodiversity need coordination for effective application while lack of or poor enforcement mechanism by institutional bodies and government inhibit appropriate polices on the conservation. Conclusion Africa is endowed with variety of plants and animal species, which ought to serve as a veritable source of wealth, if they are well conserved and preserved for tourism purposes. Time has come for African nations like Nigeria, Kenya/

1 Objectives Definitions – species, habitat, and biodiversity Levels of biodiversity – habitat, species, and genetic Measurement of biodiversity by sampling;

long-term survival Representativeness - Is there a full range of diversity within each species and set of environmental conditions Advantages of designating an area; Conservation of plants and animals in their natural environment Permanent protection of biodiversity and ecosystems Protects elements of natural and cultural heritage Facilitates management of designated area – ensuring ecological integrity Ecologically sustainable land use and associated economic benefits Facilitates scientific research Secure/


the right balance between conservation and sustainable use Major ecosystem types in Kenya  Kenya has 6,506 higher plants, 359 mammals, 344 breeding birds, 261 reptile; 63 amphibians and 314 fish species (WRI, 2003)  The diversity of species and their ecosystems play a significant role in Kenya’s economy, peoples’ livelihoods and human well-being – Ecosystem resilience – Food provision (wild food plants and animals) – Watershed protection and energy resources – Diverse environmental/

UNIT III: BIODIVERSITY & BIOTIC RESOURCES Introduction Definition Genetic, Species and Ecosystem diversity Value of biodiversity Hot-spots of biodiversity.

retaliation the villagers killed 98 elephants and badly injured 30 elephants Several instances of killing of elephants in the border regions of Kote - Chamarajanagar belt in Mysore have been reported recently ENDANGERED SPECIES OF INDIA The International Union of Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) maintains called a Red Database at the World Conservation Monitoring Centre (WCMC) in which information on endangered and vulnerable species of plants and animals is kept From time to/

Entire Year Environmental Review. SUSTAINABLE To use resources in such a way as to meet needs now and provide for needs in the future. Without depleting.

). (1973) Endangered Species Act provides a program for the conservation of threatened and endangered plants and animals and the habitats in which they are found. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service of the Department of the Interior maintains the list of 632 endangered species (326 are plants) and 190 threatened species (78 are plants) Species include birds, insects, fish, reptiles, mammals, crustaceans, flowers, grasses, and trees. Anyone can petition FWS to include a species on/

BIOLOGY Topic Option G.

also control the exploitation by humans. Logging is controlled along with land clearing. If trees are cut down, more are planted. G.3.9 Outline the use of ex situ conservation measures including captive breeding of animals, botanic gardens, and seed banks. For captive breeding, animals kept in zoos or parks are allowed to reproduce in order to give them a chance to increase in number, with/

Chapter 15 Soil Resources

is soil? Soil Properties Major Soil Orders Soil Problems Soil Conservation Soil Reclamation Soil Uppermost layer of earth’s crust that supports plants, animals and microbes Soil Forming Factors Parent Material Time Climate Organisms Topography Soil Composition Mineral Particles (45%) Organic Material (5%) Weathered rock Provides essential nutrients for plants Organic Material (5%) Litter, animal dung, dead remains of plants and animals, humus (picture) Water (25%) Air (25%) Soil Composition Pore/


have access to breeds that can be more efficient and perform well under climatic challenges. As with plant genetic resources, governments should ensure that there are appropriate mechanisms for the distribution and use of animal genetic resources. See more… Karakul sheep are well adapted to the sparse desert pastures and climate of the Uzbek desert. Source: Management, use and conservation of Karakul sheep in traditional livestock farming systems in Uzbekistan/

University of Agricultural Sciences

plants against 13500 as drought proofing measures and meet the fodder requirement in the summer and to conserve soil and water. Achievements made during the 2012-13 Salient results Veterinary care-Animal health improvement: Veterinary health and reproductive care (deworming, FMD vaccination and PPR vaccination and pest management: ticks) is provided to 7500 no’s dairy, non-descriptive animals and small ruminants (Sheep and Goat). Led to improvement in the productivity of animal interms of/


future sustainable food security. The FAO defines sustainable agriculture as the one which conserves land, water and plant and animal genetic resources, does not degrade the environment and is economically viable and socially acceptable.   Modern patterns of agriculture that we following are unsustainable mainly because It pollute our environment with excessive use of fertilizers and pesticides. Most of our large farms grow single crops (monoculture). If this crop is hit by/

BIODIVERSITY Dr. Ashalata Devi Assistant Professor

for providing government protection to community held lands, which could include sacred groves. Conservation of Biodiversity Conservation of biodiversity is essential for the human survival, notably through health, food and industry. All forms of life-human, animal and plants, are so closely interlinked that disturbance in one gives rise to imbalance in the others. If species of plants and animals become endangered they signify degradation in the environment, which may threaten man’s/

Biodiversity 4 unit.

protected are likely to become extinct in near future The International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources(IUCN) publishes the Red Data Book which includes the list of endangered species of plants and animals In India nearly 450 plant species , 150 mammals and 150 species of birds have been listed as endangered species Few endangered species of India Reptiles :Green sea turtle, Tortoise, Python Birds: Peacock, Great Indian Hornbill, Pelican/


characteristics of major timber and their uses. Felling and log transportation. Importance of forest in the national economy. Organisation of forest resources, non-timber resources. Forest protection and conservation, regulation of harvest and sustained yield. COURSE REQUIREMENT This is a compulsory course for all students in College of Animal Science and Livestock Management, College of Plant Science and Crop Production, College of Agricultural Management and Rural Development and College of Environmental/

Conservation of Biodiversity and Wildlife

on international trade in endangered animal and Plant species. SAVE THE ENDANGERED AFRICAN ELEPHANT CONSERVATION OF BIODIVERSITY BY BHUTAN With its thick forest cover and immense biodiversity , the small Himalayan country of Bhutan is called the ‘oxygen tank’ of the world. Out of an area of 40,000 sq km, 72 % is under forest cover. Thus, this ecosystem supports 7000 species of plants, 165 of mammals, and 700 species of birds. So, the Bhutanese Government/

Year 12 Biology. Why conserve? Reasons why organisms are under threat Human impact – habitat destruction – clearing for farms, houses, mines hunting pollution.

for the species to be conserved Reafforestation How it works planting of trees/shrubs & other plants Examples Planting to reclaim areas affected by salt or erosion Replanting after mining Restoring native bushland along roads and paddocks to provide a bush corridor Replanting along drains and swamps to repair damage of human impact Replanting to absorb carbon dioxide Benefits Provides habitat, food & shelter for native animals Helps repair damaged areas/

Ka-Lok Ng Dept. of Bioinformatics Asia University

been identified, ~11,000 gene families Some geneticists regard this number as representative of the minimal complexity required to support multicellularity It is believed that all plant and animal genomes represent modifications of a ‘toolkit’ of gene families that evolved >109 years ago Figure 1.16 Chromosome duplications in the Arabidopsis thaliana genome Plant Genome Projects >30 Segmental duplications 7 intra-chromosomal duplication are shown as duplicated/

PA Master Naturalist Program Fall Class of 2014 Lancaster County Conservancy Hosting Organization for PA Master Naturalist Program.

: Walt Poyck "In the end, we will conserve only what we love, we will love only what we understand, and we will understand only what we are taught.“/ - Baba Dioum, Senegalese Conservationist October 18, 2014 Photos: Walt Poyck October 18, 2014 Photo: Jenna Mitchell Nature leaves lasting impressions! October 18, 2014 A monarch butterfly joins us over lunch at Lock 12! Photos: Walt Poyck Discussion: impact of invasive species – introduced, exotic plants & animals/

1 Institute of Biodiversity Conservation (IBC) Girma Balcha (Ph.D.) Director General November 2007 3 November 2007.

in 1994. Then, the Institute of Biodiversity Conservation caters for plants, animals and microbial genetic resources. 6 Mandate of IBC Conservation of Genetic Resources and associated Traditional Knowledge Conservation of Genetic Resources and associated Traditional Knowledge Sustainable use of Genetic Resources Sustainable use of Genetic Resources Fair and equitable share of benefits accrued from commercial use of Genetic Resources and Traditional Knowledge Fair and equitable share of benefits accrued from/


licences to introduce species of animals uncharacteristic for Latvia; - licences for reintroduction of extinct animal populations; - licences for obtaining non-game animal and bird individuals; - other licences fixed in laws and regulations; - educate and inform the society about nature conservation. Nature Conservation Agency has 4 structural units: Pieriga, Vidzeme, Kurzeme and Latgale Regional Administration. Flora (CITES) was signed in Washington in 1973. exotic plants and animals food leather articles/

MOB 743 Game ranching in South Africa

Cape Province (12.3 %). GAME RANCHING AND CONSERVATION  Formal conservation areas comprise a very small percentage of South Africa (< 6%), with more than 80 % of South Africa (105 million hectare) available for agriculture and forestry. Land under private ownership potentially very important in conserving specific plant and animal species, unique ecosystems. Conversion of cattle/sheep to game NOT synonymous with conservation. With the correct scientific approach and sound management, game ranching can be/

Food, Soil, and Pest Management

a combination of conservation-tillage farming and government-sponsored soil conservation programs. Restore soil fertility Topsoil conservation is the best way to maintain soil fertility, with restoring some of the lost plant nutrients being the next option. Organic fertilizer from plant and animal materials. Animal manure: the waste of cattle, horses, poultry, and other farm animals adding organic nitrogen, stimulating the growth of beneficial soil bacteria and fungi. Green manure: consists of freshly cut/

Northern Kenya Conservation Clubs: Teaching Assistants Alex Wheatley & Annelies Paine Advisors: Dan and Nancy Rubenstein.

Community Conservation Day “Animals, plants, and human beings rely on each other in the ecosystem for food, shelter, and support. Therefore we need to conserve the environment at large.” “I would like to be one of the people who are protect(ing) our environment.” “We use charcoal ball(s) so that we can reduce cutting down of trees.” “Planting trees reduces soil erosion.” “When we conserve the environment, i.e. plants and animals/

Soils, agriculture, and the future of food

salts up. Improved irrigation In conventional irrigation, only 40% of the water reaches plants. Efficient drip irrigation targeted to plants conserves water, saves money, and reduces problems like salinization. Figure 8.17 Solutions Soil /of plant reproduction: male pollen meets female sex cells In many plants, animals transfer pollen to pollinate female plants, in mutualistic interaction to obtain nectar or pollen. Honeybee pollinating apple blossom Figure 9.9 Genetic modification of food Manipulating and/


conditions OR grazing animals OR cutting trees HOW CAN SOIL BE CONSERVED? Soil conservation is the management of soil to prevent destruction. Contour Plowing Crop Rotation Conservation Plowing Windbreaks Leaving soil fallow Contour Plowing plowing fields along curves of slopes Conservation Plowing dead weeds and stalks are left in the ground from year to year Crop Rotation plant different crops/

Biodiversity and Conservation

biodiversity ensures there will be living things to use in the future! Loss of Biodiversity Extinct Endangered Threatened Disappearance of a species numbers so low that extinction is possible Population declining rapidly Ex) Dodo Bird, Tasmanian tiger Ex) Peregrine Falcon, Black Footed Ferret Ex) Polar Bear, Boreal Toad Extinct Animals and Plants Endangered Plants/Animals Threats to Biodiversity Species are usually well adapted to their habitats… What/

Biodiversity and Conservation

Sites to Preserve Gap Analysis-identifies places of conservation through geographic information systems Combines maps of rare, threatened, and common species, with maps of vegetation and habitat types to predict distribution of species Current maps of reserves are compared to predictions to identify areas that do not overlap (“gaps”) Critics: satellite image quality is too low; how valid is extrapolating plants to animals [2] Part III: Solutions to Biodiversity Loss/

5) Man- Wildlife conflict: Recent years there are increasing news of wild animal intruding the human settlement areas are coming. For example: In Odessa.

conflict is due to loss of wild life habitat and also due to fragmentation of natural habitat. Endangered species of India: The International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) publishes the Red Data Book which include list of endangered species of plants and animals. In India, nearly 450 plant species have been identified in the category of endangered, threatened or rare. Existence of about 150 mammals and 150 species of birds is estimated to/

Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) Grazing – Our Most Commonly Used Conservation Practices.

capacity changes, utilization of waste applied, etc.  and so on Grazing Illinois’ Most Common EQIP Conservation Practices — Grazing EQIP — Grazing Fencing  May be applied where control is needed for:  Animal or people movement, /. Grazing Windbreak/Shelterbelt Establishment  Linear plantings of single or multiple rows of trees or shrubs  Improves air quality, reduces wind erosion  Serve as living noise screens, &  Offer shelter for livestock. Grazing Conservation Practices  Most common shown  Other/

This lecture will help you understand: The relationship between soils and agriculture Fundamentals of soil science Soil erosion and degradation Principles.

on insects to pollinate crops Most insects do not harm agriculture, and some are absolutely vital. – 800 cultivated plant species rely on insect pollinators. Pollination: male plant sex cells (pollen) fertilize female sex cells – By wind or animals Pollinators include: – Hummingbirds – Bats – Insects Flowers are evolutionary adaptations to attract pollinators. Conservation of pollinators is vital Populations of native pollinators have plummeted. Honeybees pollinate more than 100 crops/

Apes Practice Exam 2 Directions: Each group of lettered answer choices refers to the numbered statements of questions that immediately follow. For each.

many industrial applications. Water with high-suspended-solids content can also be detrimental to aquatic plants and animals by limiting light and deteriorating habitat. Total dissolved solids are the amount of filterable solids in a water sample. To calculate total suspended solids: 89. Which of the following is NOT an adaptation of the barn owl that allows it to be a successful predator? (A) Eyes that point/

FERTILIZER MANAGEMENT Fertilizer These are the inorganic sources of nutrients, which supply one or more nutrients.

6.Strip Disking 7.Strip Mowing 8.Animal Wastes application 9.Composting 10.Wind Breaks 11.Contour Buffer Strips 12.Riparian Forests 13.Zero Tillage 14.Tree Planting 15.Crop Factors CONSERVATION TILLAGE In conservation tillage, crops are grown with minimal cultivation of the soil. When the amount of tillage is reduced, the stubble or plant residues are not completely incorporated, and most or all remain on top/

BSC 385 - Ecology Lecture 8 Water Relations - Chapter 5 Water movement in aquatic organisms Water movement in plants Water acquisition and utilization.

t = Transpiration W s = Secretions Comparison of the main routes of water gain and loss for terrestrial plants and animals Figure 5.7 Animals in dry climates must either acquire significant water … Figure 5.8 The desert beetle Onymacris Water budget for Onymacris (total water usage 49.9 g H 2 O g -1 body weight) Figure 5.9 … or conserve (Kangaroo rat - 60 g H 2 O/

Third Grade GA on my Mind Habitats. 1. Which animal could not live in Georgia’s mountain habitat? 1.a. owl 2.b. bear 3.c. toad 4.d. shark.

has too much soil. 11. If a plant did not have leaves … 1.the plant would not be able to make food will steal food from other plants 3.the plant will be sad. 12. Which of these animals is MOST LIKELY to be able to /and made into other things instead of being thrown away. This is an example of 1.littering. 2.wasting. 3.recycling. 4.polluting. 27. What natural resource is paper made from? 1.Rain water 2.Oil 3.Wood 4.Solar Energy 28. Which of the following is the BEST way to conserve gasoline? 1.plant/

Soil, Agriculture, and Future of Food Chapter 7. Chapter outline Feeding 7 Billion-Agriculture Practices, Past, Present and Future Soil-Structure, Formation,

changing face of agriculture Traditional agriculture: uses human and animal power –Hand tools, simple machines –Polyculture: different crops are planted in one field Industrial agriculture: uses large-scale machines and fossil fuels to boost yields –Also uses irrigation, fertilizers, and pesticides Monoculture: planting a single, genetically similar crop –More efficient but reduces diversity, is disease prone –Narrows the human diet –Used in industrial agriculture Seed banks conserve wild/

Food, Soil, and Pest Management Chapter 10. WHAT IS FOOD SECURITY AND WHY IS IT DIFFICULT TO ATTAIN? Section 10-1.

capsule twice a year. Restore soil fertility Topsoil conservation is the best way to maintain soil fertility, with restoring some of the lost plant nutrients being the next option. Organic fertilizer from plant and animal materials. –Animal manure: the waste of cattle, horses, poultry, and other farm animals adding organic nitrogen, stimulating the growth of beneficial soil bacteria and fungi. –Green manure: consists of freshly cut or growing green vegetation that is plowed/

Ecology The first law of ecology is that everything is related to everything else. ~ Barry Commoner.

are NOT hot all the time Desert vegetation is often sparse and consists of plants that have adapted to the dry climate Desert Plant adaptations: Waxy coating Protective spines Plants and animals have adaptations to conserve what little water they receive Animals: Kit foxes, snakes, and lizards Chaparral Dominated by dense evergreen shrubs Dry climate consists of mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers Chaparral Chaparral’s dry, woody shrubs often ignite/

Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc.. Lectures by Gregory Ahearn University of North Florida Chapter 31 Conserving Earth’s Biodiversity.

opportunities Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education Inc. Ecosystem services Directly used substances food plants and animals building materials fiber and fabric materials fuel medicinal plants oxygen replenishment Indirect, beneficial services maintaining soil fertility pollination seed dispersal waste decomposition regulation of local climate flood control erosion control pollution control pest control wildlife habitat repository of genes 31.2 Why Is Biodiversity Important?  Ecosystem services Fig. 31-1/

Chapter 18 Land Resources. Overview of Chapter 18 o Land Use World land use World land use US land use US land use o Wilderness Park and Wildlife Refuges.

and waters for the conservation of fishes, wildlife and plants of the US To preserve lands and waters for the conservation of fishes, wildlife and plants of the US o Recreation (including hunting and fishing) are permitted Cannot impede conservation efforts Cannot impede conservation/ up of five major components: mineral particles: clay, silt, sand and gravel mineral particles: clay, silt, sand and gravel organic matter: decaying plant and animal material organic matter: decaying plant and animal material /

RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Copyright © 2010 Ryan.

Board Game Ecology Interactions Unit Ecology Levels of Organization Lesson Bundle Ecology Levels of Organization Lesson Bundle Ecology Levels of Organization Lesson Bundle Ecology Levels of Organization Lesson Bundle Animal Habitats Lesson Bundle Animal Habitats Lesson Bundle Animal Habitats Lesson Bundle Animal Habitats Lesson Bundle Food Webs, Predator and Prey Cycles Lesson Bundle Food Webs, Predator and Prey Cycles Lesson Bundle Food Webs, Predator and Prey Cycles Lesson Bundle Food Webs/

Desert Life. Desert ecology Why are deserts dry? What adaptations to animals and plants need to live there?

: ways to cope with hot & dry climate Store water Conserve water Tolerate dehydration Reduce heat input Dissipate heat Tolerate hypothermia Summary Deserts Deserts are drier than other places But there are different kinds of deserts depending on the temperature, seasons, and when & how much rain Animals and plants are adapted to a particular “niche”, which includes climate and other species Where an animal/plant lives also has historic reasons

E&NR I 12.0-13.0. 12.0 Vocabulary Environment – all the factors and surroundings that affect a living organism. Landscape – a section of natural land,

, or tundra. Sustaining life – the process of meeting the needs of living things. Includes food, water and shelter, also called sustenance. Habitat – the physical area where a plant or animal lives under natural conditions. Natural Resource Conservation – the wise use of natural resources. Fertilizer – a chemical compound used to provide additional nutrients for plant growth. Symbiotic relationship – different species of organisms live together and benefit each other. Natural resource – a/

 “ Wildlife conservation is the practice of protecting endangered plant and animal species and their habitats. Among the goals of wildlife conservation.

 “ Wildlife conservation is the practice of protecting endangered plant and animal species and their habitats. Among the goals of wildlife conservation are to ensure that nature will be around for future generations to enjoy and to recognize the importance of wildlife and wilderness lands to humans” endangered plant and animal specieshabitatswildlifewilderness  Reference:  The Endangered Species Act (1973)  What does Endangered Species Act protection /

Renewable Energy Sources. Cleaner Cars, Cleaner Fuels Cars release a lot of pollution Cars release a lot of pollution 2005 2005 Bush administration Bush.

Energy Wood, plants, animal wastes Wood, plants, animal wastes Half of human population relies on for Cooking, heating Half of human population relies/ethanol Gasohol: mix gasoline and ethanol Gasohol: mix gasoline and ethanol Biodiesel Biodiesel Plant, animal oils Plant, animal oils Becoming more popular/Radioactive waste is produced -Possibility of radioactive meltdown. -Possibility of radioactive meltdown. Conservation & Efficiency Energy conservation Energy conservation Using less energy Using less /

12 Soil and Agriculture CHAPTER. Lesson 12.1 Soil About 38% of Earth’s land surface is used for agriculture.

need for insecticides. Herbicide-resistant crops encourage tillage conservation. Industrial Food Production: Feedlots Alternative to open grazing in which energy-rich food is delivered to a concentrated group of livestock or poultry Benefits: Reduces soil degradation and fertilizer use Costs: Requires antibiotic use; potential for water contamination and animal stress; steroid use in cattle; overcrowding stresses animals Alternative to open grazing in which energy-rich food/

By: Utkarsh Singh A presentation on: Wildlife Conservation.

IUCN programme for 2013-2016. “ IUCNs stated vision is "a just world that values and conserves nature". Its mission is to "influence, encourage and assist societies throughout the world to conserve nature and to ensure that any use of natural resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable ” The union has identified and documented endangered species of plants and animals and has placed them into eight “Red list” categories. The red list categories can be/

+ Option G: Ecology and Conservation BY: Lunch Box, Spike, Weezy, Reckless, Zorro, Lucy Goosy, Ray Ray, Mad Dog.

humans intervene in the conservation of an area to restore areas and protect native species. Active management techniques in conservation include: Captive breeding and relocation Habitat protection and restoration Re-vegetation of cleared forests Reintroduction of threatened species into an environment International agreements that prohibit the trades of endangered plant and animal species. + G.4.5 Discuss the advantages of in situ conservation of endangered species (terrestrial and aquatic nature reserves/


practices. These programs are detailed in the 2008 Farm Bill known as the Food, Conservation and Energy Act of 2008. GRAZING LANDS PRACTICES Animal Walkways Brush Management Composting Facility CNMP Fence Heavy Use Area Pasture Planting Pipeline Pond GRAZING LANDS PRACTICES Prescribed Grazing Range Planting Stream Crossing Waste Storage Facility Waste Treatment Lagoon Waste Utilization Watering Facility Water Well Nutrient Management Plans  Who Has To Do/

Introduction. O. Farming was used during old centuries. Development of O. F. started at the begin of 20th century where biodynamic concept appeared in.

. 13- Sodium bicarbonate. 14- Potassium soap. 15- Phermonic extracts. 16- Bacterial extracts: Bacillus thuringiensis. 17- Plant and animal oils. 18- Viral extracts. 19- Paraffin oil. C- Other products that did not go against organic and go in agreement of inspection authority. Appendix III * Minimum requirements for protection and inspection. A- Plants and productions from farms or cooperatives: 1- Biological products are from specific areas, isolated from other areas/

Biomes A biome is an area with similar climate, plants, and animals A biome is an area with similar climate, plants, and animals Climate: the temperature.

, etc.) The soil in this area is _____. The soil in this area is _____. wetdry grazing rich Tundra Very cold, lots of snow, permafrost, small plants, thick fur Taiga Long harsh winters, short summers, animals migrate Desert Hot, dry – plants and animals conserve water Grassland Rich soil, wet and dry season, hot and cold temperatures Deciduous Forest Tropical Rainforest Deciduous Forest Deciduous Forest environments have an abundant level/

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