Esophagus anatomy and physiology ppt on cells

BIOLOGY 252 Human Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 24 The Digestive System: Lecture Notes.

Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 24 The Digestive System: Lecture Notes The Digestive System Structure –Gross Anatomy –Histology Function –Mechanical –Chemical Overview of GI tract Functions Mouth - bite, chew, moisten, swallow Pharynx and esophagus - transport Stomach - mechanical disruption; absorption of water & alcohol Small intestine - mechanical & chemical digestion & absorption Large intestine - absorb electrolytes & vitamins ( B & K) Rectum and/ staining cells –produce hormones Composition and Functions /


Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology, 4th Edition Martini / Bartholomew PowerPoint ® Lecture Outlines prepared by Alan Magid, Duke University The Respiratory.

into both esophagus and larynx /Anatomy of the Lungs Figure 15-8 Respiratory System Organization PLAY Anatomical Relationships in the Thoracic Cavity Respiratory Movie Figure 15-9 Respiratory Physiology Three Integrated Processes Pulmonary ventilation - Moving air into and out of the respiratory tract; breathing Gas exchange - Diffusion between alveoli and circulating blood, and between blood and interstitial fluids Gas transport - Movement of oxygen from alveoli to cells, and carbon dioxide from cells/


Pulmonology The medical specialty that studies the anatomy and physiology of the respiratory system and uses diagnostic tests, medical and surgical procedures,

specialty that studies the anatomy and physiology of the respiratory system and uses diagnostic tests, medical and surgical procedures, and drugs to treat respiratory diseases. Figure 4-1 Respiratory system Anatomy and Physiology Consists of the right and left lungs and the air passageways that connect the lungs to the outside of the body The upper respiratory system is in the head and neck and includes the nose, nasal cavity, and pharynx (throat). The/


Principles of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 11e1 Chapter 21 The Cardiovascular System: Blood Vessels and Hemodynamics Lecture Outline.

may be inadequate -- cells start to die Principles of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 11e59 Restoring BP during Hypovolemic Shock Principles of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 11e60 Signs & /esophagus, bronchi, diaphragm, intercostal & chest muscles, mammary gland, skin, vertebrae and spinal cord Principles of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 11e67 Coronary Circulation Right & left coronary arteries branch to supply heart muscle –anterior & posterior interventricular aa. Principles of Human Anatomy and Physiology/


Anatomy & Physiology of Animals 1. Introduction Integumentary System Skeletal System Muscular System Circulatory System Digestive System Respiratory System.

anatomy is the study of structures that require a microscope to be seen. 4 Physiology Physiology is related to the functions of the body and all its parts, including cells, tissues and organs. The study of anatomy and physiology is generally divided into the function and /may be swallowed Enzymes that break down the nutrients Food moves down the esophagus to the stomach in a wave-like motion called peristalsis. 122 Esophagus The esophagus is a tube-like tract that connects the pharynx to the stomach./


Salivary Glands Esophagus Stomach. 1. An understanding of the physiologic role of salivary glands, the esophagus, and the stomach. 2. An understanding.

. J. N Engl J Med 2002;346:836-842 Endoscopic Photograph Showing Traditional, or Long-Segment, Barretts Esophagus Grant’s Atlas of Anatomy, 1972 Enteroendocrine cells - Ghrelin Stomach Anatomy Cardia ◦ mucus cells Fundus and Body ◦ mucus cells ◦ parietal cells  acid secretion and intrinsic factor ◦ chief cells  Pepsiniogen ◦ enteroendocrine cells  ghrelin Antrum ◦ mucus ◦ enteroendocrine cells  gastrin,somatostatin Gastric Functions Storage Mechanical breakdown of food Exocrine secretion (~2,500 mls/day/


Human Body ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY HS20-HB1 ANALYZE THE ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF A HEALTHY HUMAN.

Human Body ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY HS20-HB1 ANALYZE THE ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF A HEALTHY HUMAN. Indicators a. Examine First Nations, Métis, and other holistic perspectives of the human body. (K, A) b. Describe the anatomy (structure) and physiology (function) of all human body systems (i.e., cardiovascular, endocrine, lymphatic, digestive, urinary, muscular, nervous, respiratory, reproductive, integumentary, and skeletal). (K) c. Identify the normal value or range for the common vital/


Human Body ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY HS20-HB1 ANALYZE THE ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF A HEALTHY HUMAN.

Human Body ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY HS20-HB1 ANALYZE THE ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF A HEALTHY HUMAN. Indicators a. Examine First Nations, Métis, and other holistic perspectives of the human body. (K, A) b. Describe the anatomy (structure) and physiology (function) of all human body systems (i.e., cardiovascular, endocrine, lymphatic, digestive, urinary, muscular, nervous, respiratory, reproductive, integumentary, and skeletal). (K) c. Identify the normal value or range for the common vital/


Anatomy & Physiology of Animals 1. Introduction Integumentary System Skeletal System Muscular System Circulatory System Digestive System Respiratory System.

anatomy is the study of structures that require a microscope to be seen. 4 Physiology Physiology is related to the functions of the body and all its parts, including cells, tissues and organs. The study of anatomy and physiology is generally divided into the function and /may be swallowed Enzymes that break down the nutrients Food moves down the esophagus to the stomach in a wave-like motion called peristalsis. 122 Esophagus The esophagus is a tube-like tract that connects the pharynx to the stomach./


Chapter 24 The Digestive System

esophagus & anus) = tough simple columnar in the rest secretes enzymes and absorbs nutrients specialized cells (goblet) secrete mucous onto cell surfaces enteroendocrine cells---secrete hormones controlling organ function Lamina propria thin layer of loose connective tissue contains BV and/into forms that can be absorbed through cell membranes Physiology--Mechanical Digestion Gentle mixing waves every / CCK fats and proteins cause increased digestive enzyme release Anatomy of the Liver and Gallbladder weighs /


Welcome back to Mrs. M’s Anatomy & Physiology class!

. Gastric pits Surface epithelium Gastric pit Pyloric sphincter Mucous neck cells Parietal cells Gastric gland Gastric glands Chief cells (c) Figure 14.4d Anatomy of the stomach. Pepsinogen Pepsin HCI Parietal cells Chief cells Enteroendocrine cell (d) The Human Body—An Orientation Physiology Study of how the body and its parts work or function © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. Relationship between Anatomy and Physiology Structure determines what functions can occur If structure changes/


Human Anatomy and Physiology

Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4 Human Anatomy and Physiology Objectives Identify and locate topographic terms on the body. Describe anatomy and functions of the major body systems. The Planes of the Body Anterior Posterior Midaxillary Midline Midclavicular line Directional Terms Right and left Superior and inferior Lateral and medial Proximal and distal Superficial and deep Ventral and dorsal Palmar and plantar Apices and/Explanation Trachea Esophagus Cervical Vertebrae Larynx Trachea Esophagus Additional /


 Classification of Living Things o Humans and many other animals are vertebrates Characterized by a segmented vertebral column o Common characteristics.

: exterior features Regional anatomy: body areas Systemic anatomy: organ systems Developmental anatomy: from conception to death Clinical anatomy: medical specialties © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.  Anatomy o Microscopic anatomy examines cells and molecules Cytology: study of cells and their structures cyt- = cell Histology: study of tissues and their structures © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.  Physiology o Cell physiology: processes within and between cells o Organ physiology: functions of specific organs/


Chapter 24: The Digestive System Primary sources for figures and content: Marieb, E. N. Human Anatomy & Physiology. 6 th ed. San Francisco: Pearson Benjamin.

Anatomy & Physiology. 6 th ed. San Francisco: Pearson Benjamin Cummings, 2004. The organs of the digestive system and their major functions. Digestive System Responsible for providing raw materials to support life: –Food molecules catabolized energy and/ -Continuously renewed, surface cells last 2-6 days -Stratified squamous  mechanical stresses -Oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, anus -Simple columnar  absorption -Stomach, intestines with goblet cells (mucus) and enteroendocrine cells (hormones) B. Lamina/


Human Body in Health and Disease, Martini / Bartholomew / Welch - Chapter 17 The Respiratory System The Respiratory System Copyright © 2007 Pearson Education,

into both esophagus and larynx /Anatomy of the Lungs Figure 15-8 Respiratory System Organization PLAY Anatomical Relationships in the Thoracic Cavity Respiratory Movie Figure 15-9 Respiratory Physiology Three Integrated Processes Pulmonary ventilation—Moving air into and out of the respiratory tract; breathing Gas exchange —Diffusion between alveoli and circulating blood, and between blood and interstitial fluids Gas transport—Movement of oxygen from alveoli to cells, and carbon dioxide from cells/


Chapter 23 Digestive System Lectures 9 & 10 Part 3: Stomach and Stomach Control Marieb’s Human Anatomy and Physiology Ninth Edition Marieb  Hoehn.

Chapter 23 Digestive System Lectures 9 & 10 Part 3: Stomach and Stomach Control Marieb’s Human Anatomy and Physiology Ninth Edition Marieb  Hoehn 2 Esophagus Lower esophageal (cardiac) sphincter prevents reflux (backup) of stomach acid into the esophagus. Veins drain into hepatic portal vein (via gastric veins) Esophagus conveys food from pharynx to stomach by peristalsis 3 Stomach Greater curvature Stomach Functions: - Mixing - Reservoir - Secretion of gastric juice/


Nutrition and Gastrointestinal Disorders Amanda Gordon, RD, LD, CNSC Advanced Practice Clinical Dietitian The George Washington University Hospital Washington,

Anatomy and Physiology  Review Digestion and Absorption of Macro and Micronutrients  Introduce Common Clinical Presentations of GI Disorders  Highlight MNT (Medical Nutrition Therapy) for each GI Disorder Agenda and Goals The GI Tract  Mouth  Esophagus  Stomach  Small Intestine (Small Bowel)  Duodenum  Jejunum  Ileum The GI Tract: Anatomy/it all begins…  Anatomy  Fundus  Body  Pylorus  Pyloric Sphincter  Physiology  Chief cells  Parietal cells (HCl)  Endocrine cells (gastrin, ghrelin) The /


 GI Anatomy and Physiology Presented by Derrick Anderson 1.

cells  Serous  Produce watery secretion containing enzymes ions and mucin  Parotid gland only has these  Mucus  Produce mucus  Sublingual contains mostly these  Submandibular contains equal amounts of both cell types 34 Esophagus  Joins stomach at cardiac orifice  Cardiac orifice surrounded by gastroesophageal or cardiac sphincter  Physiological/ and lymph nodes  Arterial supply comes form celiac trunk  Subject to para control 45 46 Abdominal Omentum Microscopic Anatomy  Modified muscularis and /


Human Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 5 The Digestive System and Body Metabolism.

Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 5 The Digestive System and Body Metabolism The Digestive System and/Anatomy Slide 14.8 Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings  Nasopharynx – not part of the digestive system  Oropharynx – posterior to oral cavity  Laryngopharynx – below the oropharynx and connected to the esophagus/digestion are absorbed in the blood or lymph  Food must enter mucosal cells and then into blood or lymph capillaries  Defecation  Elimination of indigestible /


Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Human Anatomy & Physiology, Sixth Edition Elaine N. Marieb PowerPoint ® Lecture.

Anatomy & Physiology, Sixth Edition Elaine N. Marieb PowerPoint ® Lecture Slides prepared by Vince Austin, University of Kentucky 23 The Digestive System Part B Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Pharynx  From the mouth, the oro- and laryngopharynx allow passage of:  Food and fluids to the esophagus/ This basic electrical rhythm (BER) is initiated by pacemaker cells (cells of Cajal)  Most vigorous peristalsis and mixing occurs near the pylorus  Chyme is either:  /


Anatomy & Physiology Digestive System How are the structures of the digestive system involved in maintaining homeostasis?

System How are the structures of the digestive system involved in maintaining homeostasis? Anatomy & Physiology Anatomy – structure Physiology – function The structure always tells you something about the function! Hierarchy in Animals cells  tissues  organs  organ systems 4 tissue types in animals: epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous Hierarchy in Animals Epithelial tissue – occurs in tightly packed sheets that line internal & external surfaces. Different tissues /


The Gastrointestinal Tract and Nutrition New Material for Test 2.

–has many regions: Cardia: sphincter at the junction of the esophagus and stomach Esophageal region: nonglandular area surrounding the cardia Cardiac gland region: contains cells that produce primarily mucus Anatomy of Digestive System Fundic gland region: contains cells that provide the gastric secretions –Parietal cells: produce HCL acid –Neck Chief cells: produce mucin –Body Chief cells: produce enzymes and precursors of enzymes ( pepsinogen, rennin, & lipase). Pyloric gland region: contains/


Review Tip Anatomy and Physiology is the most demanding chapter but one that provides a feeling of accomplishment when you have completed it. Study all.

parts, you will be able to analyze questions and to solve problems. Anatomy—the study of body structure Physiology—the study of body function Pathology—the study of abnormal changes in body structure or function, usually caused by disease Overview, cont’d. Body Ordering Living things are arranged from simple to complex: ■ Chemicals—atoms and molecules ■ Cells—structural and functional units of life ■ Tissues—groups of/


Esophageal Emergencies

lower 1-2 cm of esophagus Anatomy/Physiology Three anatomic constrictions: Cricopharyneus Aortic arch/left mainstem bronchus Gastroesophageal junction Anatomy/Physiology Innervation mirrors cardiac, a convergence of somatic and visceral stimuli; cardiac and esophageal chest pain similar. Blood/hrs, perfs in 6hrs. Lithium cells= bad outcomes Mercury containing= get blood and urine mercury levels ED Management Locate battery on x-ray In esophagus get endoscopy Past esophagus: asymptomatic don’t remove. Remove /


Anatomy and Physiology. Skeletal System Introduction to the Skeletal System Humans are vertebrates, animals having a vertabral column or backbone. They.

Anatomy and Physiology Skeletal System Introduction to the Skeletal System Humans are vertebrates, animals having a vertabral column or backbone. They rely on a sturdy internal frame that is centered on a prominent spine. The human skeletal system consists of bones, cartilage, ligaments and tendons and accounts for about 20 percent of the body weight. The living bones in our bodies use oxygen and give off waste/


Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings C h a p t e r 1 An Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology.

as Pearson Benjamin Cummings Anatomy and Physiology Integrated  Anatomy  Microscopic anatomy examines cells and molecules  Cytology: study of cells and their structures cyt- = cell  Histology: study of tissues and their structures Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings Anatomy and Physiology Integrated  PhysiologyCell physiology: processes within and between cells  Special physiology: functions of specific organs  Systemic physiology: functions of an/


Copyright ©2002 The McGraw-Hill Companies. DIGESTIVE SYSTEM Chapter 25 extraído de: Anatomy and Physiology 2 nd. edition, Kenneth S. Saladin McGraw-Hill.

Anatomy and Physiology 2 nd. edition, Kenneth S. Saladin McGraw-Hill Veja mais sobre este assunto em: http://www.biocourse.com/mhhe/bcc/domains/quad/topic.xsp?id=000270 Chapter 25 The Digestive System General anatomy & digestive processes Mouth through esophagus/ACh, histamine & gastrin receptors for each substance on parietal cells & chief cells ACh from parasympathetic fibers, histamine from gastric enteroendocrine cells and gastrin from G cells Regulation of Gastric Function (Phase 3) Intestinal phase –/


Introduction to the Gastrointestinal System. Summary Anatomy & Physiology, Pathology and Operative Considerations for: GI System Breast IVAD Care & Use.

examination of the anal mucosa Choledochoscopy- examination of the common bile duct Colonoscopy- examination of the entire colon Esophagogastroduodenoscopy- (EGD)- examination of the esophagus, stomach and duodenum Esophagoscopy- examination of the esophagus Gastroscopy- examination of the stomach Proctoscopy- examination of the rectum Sigmoidoscopy- examination of the sigmoid and rectum Summary Anatomy & Physiology, Pathology and Operative Considerations for: GI System Breast IVAD Care & Use of Endoscopes


Human Anatomy & Physiology Ninth Edition PowerPoint ® Lecture Slides prepared by Barbara Heard, Atlantic Cape Community College C H A P T E R © 2013 Pearson.

—blood flows through metarteriole – thoroughfare channel and bypasses true capillaries. Figure 19.4 Anatomy of a capillary bed. © 2013 Pearson Education/and nutrients to cells 2. Anaerobic metabolism by cells, so lactic acid accumulates 3. Movement of interstitial fluid into blood, so tissues dehydrate Initial stimulus Physiological response Signs and/ Diaphragm Esophagus Left gastric artery Stomach Left gastroepiploic artery Spleen Right gastroepiploic artery Superior mesenteric artery The celiac trunk and its /


Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Seventh Edition Elaine N. Marieb Chapter.

Anatomy & Physiology Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Seventh Edition Elaine N. Marieb Chapter 24-25 The Digestive System and Body Metabolism The Digestive System and/Anatomy Slide 14.8 Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings  Nasopharynx – not part of the digestive system  Oropharynx – posterior to oral cavity  Laryngopharynx – below the oropharynx and connected to the esophagus Figure 14.2a Lips and/enter mucosal cells and then into/


Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings C h a p t e r 1 An Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology.

as Pearson Benjamin Cummings Anatomy and Physiology Integrated  Anatomy  Microscopic anatomy examines cells and molecules  Cytology: study of cells and their structures cyt- = cell  Histology: study of tissues and their structures Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings Anatomy and Physiology Integrated  PhysiologyCell physiology: processes within and between cells  Special physiology: functions of specific organs  Systemic physiology: functions of an/


BASICS OF EMERGENCY CARE: ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY EMERGENCY CARE CLS 243 Dr.Bushra Bilal.

) CAPILLARIES Connect arterioles to venules Allow contact between blood and cells VEINS Return oxygen-poor blood to the heart Superior vena/ANATOMY (2 OF 2) THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM: ANATOMY(1OF 2) Contains major organs of digestion and excretion – Quadrants are easiest way to identify areas RUQ/LUQ RLQ/LLQ Mouth Lips, cheeks, gums, teeth, tongue, salivary glands Oropharynx Esophagus Stomach Pancreas Liver Small/ large intestine Appendix Rectum THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM:ANATOMY(2OF 2) THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM: PHYSIOLOGY/


Lecture Presentation by Lee Ann Frederick University of Texas at Arlington Chapter 1 An Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology © 2015 Pearson Education,

, Inc. 1-3 Relationships between Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy Microscopic anatomy examines cells and molecules Cytology: study of cells and their structures cyt- = cell Histology: study of tissues and their structures © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. 1-3 Relationships between Anatomy and Physiology Physiology Cell physiology: processes within and between cells Organ physiology: functions of specific organs Systemic physiology: functions of an organ system Pathological physiology: effects of diseases © 2015/


Lecture Presentation by Lee Ann Frederick University of Texas at Arlington Chapter 1 An Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology © 2015 Pearson Education,

, Inc. 1-3 Relationships between Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy Microscopic anatomy examines cells and molecules Cytology: study of cells and their structures cyt- = cell Histology: study of tissues and their structures © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. 1-3 Relationships between Anatomy and Physiology Physiology Cell physiology: processes within and between cells Organ physiology: functions of specific organs Systemic physiology: functions of an organ system Pathological physiology: effects of diseases © 2015/


This first chapter is filled with many new words and definitions which you will need to learn to move forward in this class. You need to know everything.

conception to fully grown Embryology – fertilization to third month of a fetus Comparative anatomy – compares different animals. Used for study of evolution Radiographic anatomy – study of anatomy using x-ray, MRI, PET Scans etc. Cross-sectional anatomy – using “slices” to study structure Physiology – the study of the functions, (chemistry) of cells, tissues, organs and organ systems Organs are anatomical units with related functions, are formed by two/


Lecture Presentation by Lee Ann Frederick University of Texas at Arlington Chapter 1 An Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology © 2015 Pearson Education,

, Inc. 1-3 Relationships between Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy Microscopic anatomy examines cells and molecules Cytology: study of cells and their structures cyt- = cell Histology: study of tissues and their structures © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. 1-3 Relationships between Anatomy and Physiology Physiology Cell physiology: processes within and between cells Organ physiology: functions of specific organs Systemic physiology: functions of an organ system Pathological physiology: effects of diseases © 2015/


Lecture Presentation by Lee Ann Frederick University of Texas at Arlington Chapter 1 An Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology © 2015 Pearson Education,

Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy examines cells and molecules Cytology: study of and their structures cyt- = cell Histology: study of and their structures © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. 1-3 Relationships between Anatomy and Physiology Physiology physiology: processes within and between cells physiology: functions of specific organs physiology: functions of an organ system physiology/ Right and left Contain right and left lungs Mediastinum Upper portion filled with blood vessels, trachea, esophagus, and thymus /


2© Paradigm Publishing, Inc. Chapter 15 The Gastrointestinal System and Drug Therapy.

direction The closing of the lower esophageal sphincter, located between the esophagus and stomach, keeps stomach acid from traveling up the esophagus 8© Paradigm Publishing, Inc. Anatomy and Physiology of the GI System Other Components of the GI System Other organs/ the lining  Causes damage to cells in stomach and small intestine Duodenal ulcers occur in the small intestine just below the stomach; caused by hyperacidity 29© Paradigm Publishing, Inc. Heartburn and Ulcers Ulcers (continued) Stress ulcers /


Chapter 21a The Digestive System. About this Chapter Digestion function and processes Anatomy of the digestive system Motility Secretion Regulation of.

intestine (a) Gallbladder Liver ANATOMY SUMMARY STRUCTURE OF THE STOMACH AND INTESTINE Esophagus Antrum Pylorus Rugae: Surface folding increases area Fundus Diaphragm Body (b) The stomach Plica Mesentery Villi Submucosal glands Serosa Submucosa Mucosa (d) Structure of the small intestine Circular muscle Longitudinal muscle Digestive System Anatomy Layers: same throughout, but modified for different functions Mucosa Created from Epithelial cells Lamina propria Muscularis mucosae Modifications/


9/6/2011  When discussing Anatomy & Physiology, it is important to “start small and work your way up”. Molecular and Cellular levels are first, what do.

Anatomy and Physiology Upon completing this chapter, you will be able to:  Define elements of the human body  Understand directional terms and body planes  Identify organs of all body systems  Compare diseases and disorders related to the body systems What is the smallest element in the body?  The CELL!  Varies in size, shape, and function  They need food, water, and oxygen  Basic structures: Cell/ tract divides into the esophagus and larynx. External Respiration cont….  Esophagus  - passageway for/


GERD/Barretts Esophagus, Dysphagia, Hiatal Hernia, and Laparoscopic Antireflux Procedure Ben Degner Dave Yonick October 26 th, 2011.

of a gastroesophageal valve –Mechanical effects of a fundoplication Fundus exhibits a physiologic phenomenon of receptive relaxation –Decreased tone of the gastric fundic smooth muscle in/esophagus B) Squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus C) Both D) Neither -SCC related to lye ingestion, achalasia and EtOH and tobacco -Adenocarcinoma now MC esophageal cancer, related to GERD Regarding the anatomy of the esophagus: A) the cervical esophagus lies to the right of the midline B) the thoracic esophagus/


Chapter 5 Care of the Patient with a Gastrointestinal Disorder Mosby items and derived items © 2011, 2007 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc.

Anatomy and Physiology Digestive system (Alimentary canal)  Organs and their functions Mouth: Beginning of digestion Teeth: Bite, crush, and grind food Salivary glands: Secrete saliva Esophagus: Moves food from mouth to stomach Stomach: Churn and mix contents with gastric juices Small intestine: Most digestion occurs here Large intestine: Forms and/ Inc. All rights reserved. Energy for Fuel (p. 73)  Mitochondria of cells is where metabolism takes place  Two forms of metabolism  Catabolism: breaking down /


Table of Contents Health Science and Technology Education A PPLIED E DUCATIONAL S YSTEMS Anatomy and Physiology.

S YSTEMS Health Science Table of Contents Lesson 1 – Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy Physiology Body structures are organized into levels A PPLIED E DUCATIONAL S YSTEMS Health Science Table of Contents Lesson 1 – Cells Cells Functions of life A PPLIED E DUCATIONAL S YSTEMS / 30 – Pharynx Pharynx The pharynx can carry both air and food. Epiglottis A PPLIED E DUCATIONAL S YSTEMS Health Science Table of Contents Lesson 30 – Esophagus Esophagus Peristalsis A PPLIED E DUCATIONAL S YSTEMS Health Science Table of/


Respiratory System Functions Functions of Respiratory System Gas exchange between blood and air Move air to and from exchange surfaces Protect exchange.

The Gross Anatomy of the Lungs Respiratory System Organization Anatomical Relationships in the Thoracic Cavity Respiratory Physiology Three Integrated Processes Pulmonary ventilation—Moving air into and out of the respiratory tract; breathing Gas exchange —Diffusion between alveoli and circulating blood, and between blood and interstitial fluids Gas transport—Movement of oxygen from alveoli to cells, and carbon dioxide from cells to alveoli Respiratory Physiology Pulmonary Ventilation Respiratory/


The Esophagus. Historical Aspects The earliest esophageal procedures were limited to the cervical region (removal of foreign bodies-1863) Modified ureteroscope.

vessels and ganglion cells The upper (two-thirds) layer of muscle is striated and lower is not The esophageal mucosa consists of squamous epithelium except for the distal 1-2 cm Anatomy (Continued) The esophagus has both sympathetic and parasympathetic innervation The esophagus has an extensive lymphatic drainage that consists of two lymphatic plexuses The esophagus has segmental blood supply and is nourished by a number of arteries Physiology Its/


Inflammation to Cancer: GERD & Barrett’s Esophagus Elevating Healthcare to a New Level MNDAKSPAN Fall Conference Kim A. Noble, Ph.D., RN, CPAN

GE Junction Gross Anatomy http://pixgood.com/normal-gastroesophageal-junction.html HypertrophyAtrophy Cells Are in Constant Flux Adding of cells. Pushing the Cells: Hyperplasia Cell conversion. Keep Pushing: Metaplasia Cellular replacement with abnormal cells. The Cancer Jump: Dysplasia The Result of GERD Chemistry http://ajpgi.physiology.org/content/298/5/G571 Long-Term Exposure http://ajpgi.physiology.org/content/298/5/G571 Barretts Esophagus http://ajpgi.physiology.org/content/298/


Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Seventh Edition Elaine N. Marieb Chapter.

Anatomy Slide 14.8 Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings  Nasopharynx – not part of the digestive system  Oropharynx – posterior to oral cavity  Laryngopharynx – below the oropharynx and connected to the esophagus/in the blood or lymph  Food must enter mucosal cells and then into blood or lymph capillaries  Defecation  / in the form of fat or glycogen Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings/


Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 23.1 Alimentary canal and related accessory digestive organs. Mouth (oral cavity) Tongue Esophagus Liver.

Gastroesophageal sphincter opens 5 The gastroesophageal sphincter opens, and food enters the stomach. Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 23.14a Anatomy of the stomach. Cardia Esophagus Pyloric sphincter (valve) at pylorus Pyloric canal/cells Chemoreceptors and stretch receptors Enterogastrones (secretin, cholecystokinin, vasoactive intestinal peptide) Duodenal stimuli decline Via short reflexes Via long reflexes Enteric neurons Initial stimulus Physiological response Result Contractile force and/


MED 1010 Human Anatomy & Physiology I Basic Introduction.

and function of cells Histology (microscopic anatomy) –examination of cells with microscope Ultrastructure –the molecular detail seen in electron microscope Histopathology –microscopic examination of tissues for signs of disease Anatomy - The Study of Form 1-5 Physiology - The Study of Function Subdisciplines –neurophysiology (physiology of nervous system) –endocrinology (physiology/ - region between lungs –heart, major blood vessels, esophagus, trachea, & thymus Pericardium – around heart –visceral /


Chapter 1: Introduction to Human Anatomy & Physiology.

. Sciences of anatomy and physiologyAnatomy: Study of internal and external structures. ----------------------------------------------------------------  Branches of anatomy  Gross anatomy  Microscopic anatomy ◦ Cytology ◦ Histology  Developmental anatomy ◦ Embryology  Physiology: study of the functions of the human body  cell physiology: function of cells  special physiology: physiology of specific organs  systemic physiology: physiology of systems  pathological physiology: effects of disease/


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