Download ppt on non conventional energy resources

Indonesia’s Second National Communication and Non-Binding Emission Reduction Target Dra. Masnellyarti Hilman, M.Sc. Deputy for Nature Conservation Enhencement.

between Natcom from Annex I and Natcom from non-Annex I parties to the convention Non-Annex I parties 1. Art. 12.1 of the Convention 2. Depending on the availability of financial resources 3. Not subject to “in-depth” review/the programs will be implemented by GOI together with private sector and community. Key actors: - Department of Transportation, - Ministry of Energy - City Planning Community AGRICULTURE SECTOR0.008 - Improvement of water management (increasing water use efficiency such as SRI, PTT) - /


Sustainable Development of Resources in International Investment Agreements Cape Sounien, Greece / August 2013 Dr. Marie Claire Cordonier Segger Senior.

resources in rational, sustainable & safe way for development of their peoples; conservation & sustainable use of natural resources…  Common concerns of humankind & common heritage of humankind.  Reflected in UN Framework Convention on Climate Change Preamble (sovereignty & responsibility); UN Convention/projects related to energy efficiency and renewable energy…” (c) promotion/ (OAS, OAU, EU, APEC, etc) International Non-Governmental Institutions and Networks:  International institutes and civil/


Global Warming and Japan’s Energy Conservation Policy SHIGETOMI Norio Project Coordinator Global Environment Technology Development Dept. NEW ENERGY AND.

kw2.20 million kw183-fold 3. New energy on demand-side Source: Advisory Committee on Energy and Natural Resources (July 2001) Additional Emissions Reduction Measures: 2. Target of New Energy Utilization -2 (July 2001) Additional / Gas Abatement Strategy (ALGAS, October 1998) GHGs mitigation optionsALGAS Energy supply Conventional energy Fuel switching ○ Non-conventional energy Wind power construction ○ Energy end- use Industrial sectorHighly efficient electric motors ○ Residential sectorImprovement of/


SECRETARIAT OF THE CONVENTION TO COMBAT DESERTIFICATION SECRETARIAT DE LA CONVENTION SUR LA LUTTE CONTRE LA DESERTIFICATION 1 UNITED NATIONS CONVENTION.

c) sustainable use of scarce natural resources including renewable sources of energy d) protection of biodiversity e) coping with population pressures SECRETARIAT OF THE CONVENTION TO COMBAT DESERTIFICATION SECRETARIAT DE LA CONVENTION SUR LA LUTTE CONTRE LA DESERTIFICATION 25/ women, at the front line of the sustainable development struggle d) closer collaboration with local communities, non-governmental and community-based organisations and civil society, which carry out grass-roots aid activities and play/


UNIT 2 NATURAL RESOURCES

if there is no intervention in natural regeneration cycle. Example: Water, Wood Non Renewable Resources Those which will be exhausted in the future if we continue to extract these without a thought for subsequent generations. Example: Minerals, Fossil fuels. Types of Resources Forest Resource Water Resource Land Resource Mineral Resource   Food Resource Energy Resource Use and Overexploitation Forest Resources Use and Overexploitation India ideally should have 33 percent of its land/


Steven E. Koonin March 2007 Energy trends and technologies for the coming decades.

(2005). Demand Growth GDP & pop. growth urbanisation demand mgmt. Security of Supply import dependence competition Environmental Impacts local pollution climate change Supply Challenges significant resources non-conventionals key drivers of the energy future Technology and policy some energy technologies Primary Energy Sources: Light Crude Heavy Oil Tar Sands Wet gas CBM Tight gas Nuclear Coal Solar Wind Biomass Hydro Geothermal Extraction & Conversion Technologies: Exploration Deeper water/


The Outlook for Energy: A View to 2040 Dr. David Khemakhem Global Energy Security Forum Miami, February 12, 2013 This presentation includes forward-looking.

Oil Sands NGLs Deepwater Resource* TBO Remaining Resource Cumulative Production * Source: IEAExxonMobil 2013 Outlook for Energy Global Gas Resource Over 200 years coverage at current demand 1000 TCF Conventional Unconventional 4.3 North America 2.5 Latin America 1.6 Europe OECD 2.6 Africa 4.9 Middle East 6.2 Russia/ Caspian* 4.5 Asia Pacific Source: IEA; *Includes Europe Non OECD ExxonMobil 2013 Outlook/


Ministry of Energy, Development and Environmental Protection

and secure base for the development of the country. Serbian energy development should be with minimal effect to the environment. IV The Strategic Priorities of Serbian Energy Sector Development Activities: More intensive exploration of energy resources; The development of the energy market based to the principles of competition, transparency and non-discrimination; The construction of new energy facilities or the rehabilitation and modernization of existing ones; A/


The Economic Approach to Environmental and Natural Resources, 3e By James R. Kahn © 2005 South-Western, part of the Thomson Corporation.

Development of US Energy Policy in the Post-World War II Era Thomas Malthus believed in the concept of absolute scarcity, which suggests that resources are used at an/ its influence declined in the 1980s and 1990s. OPEC lost market power as non-OPEC sources came on line in Mexico, the North Sea, and Alaska. /, blockage of fish migration and conversion of free-flowing rivers into reservoirs. 38 Conventional Energy Alternatives In the Pacific Northwest, hydropower has had a devastating impact on a variety/


Energy & Resources Renewable & Nonrenewable

be able to keep up with world energy demands. (British Thermal Units) Quadrillion BTUs From International Energy Agency figures Predicted energy demand World Energy Resources All energy on Earth ultimately comes from the Sun. Energy from the Sun may be used directly,/natural gas which reduces net energy yield. The viscous oil in oil shale becomes fluid when heated. Non-conventional Oil Oil may be locked in materials that make extraction through drilling impossible. Non-conventional oils include: oil-sands or/


Introduction – Project Finance and Renewable Energy

Energy Risk Assessment of Alternative Renewable Energy Projects Required Electricity Prices with Alternative Incentive Programs and Different Resource Availability Effects of Renewable Resources on Power Markets General Outline Relative Cost of Renewable Resources Renewable Income in Electricity Prices Carrying Charges and Renewable Value Cost of Wind Power Cost of Renewable versus Conventional/ asset life · Single asset · Multiple assets · Non-recourse · Recourse · Pledge of collateral · Unsecured debt/


The 10 Greatest US Intelligence Failures

(e.g., precinct meetings and county, district, state, and national conventions), (4) serving on party and campaign committees, (5) serving / have suggested other motives, including western support of non-Islamist authoritarian regimes in Saudi Arabia, Iran, Iraq/ Indian Nuclear Test, 1998 Intelligence Analysis Training Resources Intelligence Failures Cognitive Bias References Indian Nuclear Test/Youve got a zombie out there." Brzezinski and Energy Secretary James Schlesinger were adamant in their assurances /


Results of the project «System analysis and forecast in the field of science and technology» for «Environment and natural resources» sector» Expert group:

beyond this project. Non-power natural resources  geology  mining (minerals recovery and processing)  metallurgy (metals, alloys, nonmetallic feed, MCMF, metal composites)  Complex use of raw materials, energy- and resources-saving  knowledge/ of enterprises in implementation of new technologies - Lost productivity - Biodiversity change - Replacement of conventional natural resources by new materials - Implementation of «green» technologies - Social-economic conflicts Impact Uncertainty «Critical/


Nonrenewable Energy Chapter 15. Core Case Study: How Long Will Supplies of Conventional Oil Last?  Oil: energy supplier  How much is left? When will.

energyEnergy crisis How Should We Evaluate Energy Resources?  Supplies  Environmental impact  How much useful energy is provided? Science Focus: Net Energy Is the Only Energy That Really Counts  It takes energy to get energy  Second Law of Thermodynamics  Net energy expressed as net energy ratio Amount of useful energy available minus the energy needed to find, extract, process and get it to customers  Conventional oil: high net energy/prices Reduce energy waste Shift to non-carbon energy sources /


Green energy Physics Unit 5. Classification Renewable/ non conventional Non renewable/ conventional.

family Summer annual crop suited to grow in semi-arid climates and northern U.S. Advantages of Biodiesel Biodegradable Non-toxic Favorable Emissions Profile Renewable Carbon Neutrality Requires no engine modifications (except replacing some fuel lines on older engines/countries (Japan, India) Why are CH 4 Hydrates a good energy resource The gas is held in a crystal structure, therefore gas molecules are more densely packed than in conventional or other unconventional gas traps. Hydrate forms as cement in /


Sustainable Energy Security Strategic Risks and Opportunities for Businesses Antony Froggatt Energy, Environment and Development.

gas market – has diversified potential sources and created new markets Depletion in major gas fields lead to investment in replacement with new conventional and non- conventional resources Shale gas in US has changed the global market Created huge investment uncertainties (Stevens 2010) 11 Energy investment requirements for 2 degree target Reference Scenario it will be in the order to $26 trillion, by 2030 or 1/


Resource Adequacy Workshop: DG Deliverability and Flexible Capacity Procurement R.11-10-023 January 23, 2012 CPUC Auditorium Phone ‐ 866 758 1675; Code:

pm – 1:15 pm Lunch 1:15 pm – 4:30 pm Energy Division proposals and discussion –Implementation proposals (Rounding convention, Local RA resources under construction) –Energy Division MCC proposal –Break –Count all option versus differentiated option 4 5 / deliverability studies –Without degrading deliverability status of existing or queued generation projects –Available to non-NEM Rule 21 and WDAT resources 2.Apportionment of “Potential DG Deliverability” to local regulatory authorities (LRAs) who oversee /


1 NBS-M016 Contemporary Issues in Climate Change and Energy 2010 4. POTENTIAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES N.K. Tovey ( 杜伟贤 ) M.A, PhD, CEng, MICE, CEnv Н.К.Тови.

ENERGY RESOURCES TheoreticalPracticalRealised to date TWGW NON- SOLAR Tidal3501France, Russia, China 6 4. POTENTIAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES GW TW Realised to date PracticalTheoretical France, Russia, China 1503Tidal NON- SOLAR Italy, Iceland, USA, New Zealand 1060+30Geothermal 7 4. POTENTIAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES GW TW Realised to date PracticalTheoretical France, Russia, China 1503Tidal NON/Power Station 46 9. Generation of Electricity - Conventional. Pump Multi-stage Turbine Generator Boiler Condenser Simplified/


BasisTypes Availability and usage with respect to time and economical viability. Conventional and non- conventional energy resources. Possibility of renewability.Renewable.

usage with respect to time and economical viability. Conventional and non- conventional energy resources. Possibility of renewability.Renewable and non renewable energy resources. Classification of energy sources: Energy can be classified into several types based on the following criteria as: Primary and Secondary energy Commercial and Non commercial energy Renewable and Non-Renewable energy Advantages and Disadvantages of Renewable energy Advantages Available in plenty in nature and inexhaustible. These/


Renewable Energy Flexibility (REFLEX) Results CPUC Workshop August 26, 2013.

REFLEX Case 29 AssumptionsInput & notes CA Conventional GeneratorsISO deterministic case parameters; Monte Carlo outage draws NuclearSONGS retired; Diablo as must-run Conventional HydroModeled as single statewide aggregate resource; max based on NQC; energy, min & ramp modeled stochastically based on/ model begins to make an economic tradeoff between overgeneration and EUR U The following days have non-negligible EUR U during evening hours REFLEX engages in “prospective” curtailment of renewables in order /


Introduction to Energy Types of Energy Sources Solar Energy Wind Energy Tidal Energy Hydro Energy Biomass Energy Geothermal Energy 12/2/2015ME 1001 Unit-3.

natural sources such as coal, solar, wind, hydro are called primary energy resources. Secondary energy: The energy converted from primary energy sources. For example, the solar energy can be converted into electricity 12/2/2015ME 1001 Unit-3 Lecture -15 Types of Energy sources 1.Conventional energy sources (or) Non-renewable energy sources 2.Non-Conventional energy sources (or) Renewable energy sources Generally, non-renewable energy sources come out of the ground as liquids, gases and solids/


SOLAR ECONOMIC ANALYSIS Although the resource of a solar energy system, that is, the solar irradiation, is free, the equipment required to collect it and.

energy savings relative to that used for a conventional energy system. This is expressed in percentage, given by Life cycle analysis The economic analysis of solar energy systems carried out to determine the least cost of meeting the energy needs, considering both solar and non/ during the life of the solar energy system. Additionally, one should consider that, as the resource becomes scarce, oil prices will rise, and the higher the fuel cost replaced by the solar energy system, the better are the economic/


Nonrenewable Energy Chapter 15. Core Case Study: How Long Will Supplies of Conventional Oil Last?  Oil: energy supplier  How much is left? When will.

energyEnergy crisis How Should We Evaluate Energy Resources?  Supplies  Environmental impact  How much useful energy is provided? Science Focus: Net Energy Is the Only Energy That Really Counts  It takes energy to get energy  Second Law of Thermodynamics  Net energy expressed as net energy ratio  Conventional oil: high net energy/2)  Possible effects of steeply rising oil prices Reduce energy waste Shift to non-carbon energy sources Higher prices for products made with petrochemicals Higher food /


Nonrenewable Energy Chapter 15. Core Case Study: How Long Will Supplies of Conventional Oil Last?  Oil: Supplies 1/3 of world’s energy  How much is.

Energy  99%- Solar Energy Direct Indirect Wind Hydropower Biomass  1%--Commercial Energy: energy sold in marketplace Most from nonrenewable energy sources--mainly coal, oil, natural gas (82%) Renewable energy resources (18%) Commercial Energy Use by Source for the World and the United States Science Focus: Net Energy Is the Only Energy That Really Counts  It takes energy to get energy  Second Law of Thermodynamics  Net energy expressed as net energy ratio  Conventional oil: high net energy/


Renewable Energy Context, Scope, Application and Green Business in Bangladesh Professor Dr. Kazi Abdur Rouf Noble International University Senior Research.

) Conventional Energy Supply and Resources Consumption per capita is 1/10 th of the world India achieved a remarkable progress in generating power from different renewable energy sources especially solar PV systems Bangladesh has an annual capacity of electricity generations of 140 GW In which 32.1% can be generated from renewable sources including large hydro- projects and Rest can be produced from non-renewable/


University of L’Aquila Faculty of Economics Degree Course in Economics and Management of Cultural, Environmental, and Tourist Resources (Academic Year.

by a human agency of substances or forms of energy into the environment in sufficient quantities so as to result in such deleterious effects as harm to living resources, hazards to human health, interference with such / on Environment and Development Non-Legally Binding Authoritative Statement of Principles for a Global Consensus on the Management, Conservation and Sustainable Development of All Types of Forests United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Convention on Biological Diversity Agenda /


Continuous Insulation (ci) & Water Vapor Control Applications of Building Science For Moisture Resistance & Energy Efficiency.

in coastal climates with severe wind-driven rain hazard (high potential of non-diffusion sources of moisture entering wall). Two Design Approaches for Cold Climates /of a given product/material) Design is much more than just crunching numbers! Additional resources: – Moisture Control in Buildings, 2 nd Edition, Chapter 10, www.astm.orgwww./ a conventional 2x6 (cavity insulation only) wall assembly in Climate Zone 5 with exterior permeance requirements for water vapor control – Given: Assume the energy code /


Nonrenewable Energy Chapter 15. Core Case Study: How Long Will Supplies of Conventional Oil Last?  Oil: energy supplier  How much is left? When will.

energyEnergy crisis How Should We Evaluate Energy Resources?  Supplies  Environmental impact  How much useful energy is provided? Science Focus: Net Energy Is the Only Energy That Really Counts  It takes energy to get energy  Second Law of Thermodynamics  Net energy expressed as net energy ratio  Conventional oil: high net energy/2)  Possible effects of steeply rising oil prices Reduce energy waste Shift to non-carbon energy sources Higher prices for products made with petrochemicals Higher food /


IEEE CS 70 th Anniversary Student Challenge Project proposal entitled “Hybrid Power Generation System Using Wind Energy and Solar Energy” Submitted by:

sources. INTRODUCTION: Electricity is most needed for our day to day life. Electrical energy demand increases in world so as to fulfill demand we have to generate electrical energy. There are two ways of electricity generation either by conventional energy resources or by non-conventional energy resources. Now a day’s electrical energy is generated by the conventional energy resources like coal, diesel, and nuclear etc. The main drawback of these sources is/


1 R.11-10-023 2013 Phase I Resource Adequacy Workshop presentation – Day 1 January 26 and 27, 2012 10 am to 5 pm CPUC offices 505 Van Ness Ave San Francisco,

on the record comments if needed to represent your position Presentations will also be added to the record. Rounding Convention Rounding Convention adopted in D.06-06-064 for Local RA and widened to System RA in D.07-06-029/ for wind, solar, or other non-dispatchable resources Energy Division proposes to reject this PTM based on the need to maintain consistent treatment for all resources, and since reliability stress can occur on weekends or holidays. Energy Division does not agree with reasoning provided/


 Classification of Energy resources: ◦ Based on usability of energy ◦ Based on traditional use ◦ Based on long-term availability ◦ Based on commercial.

development.  The use of fossil fuels and nuclear energy replaced totally the non-conventional methods because of inherent advantages of transportation and certainty of availability; however these have polluted the atmosphere to a great extent. In fact, it is feared that nuclear energy may prove to be quite hazardous in case it is not properly controlled.  Energy resources are mined or otherwise obtained from the environment/


Biomass role in Energy consumption

and large demand source. Biofuels are non-toxic and biodegradable. Often no modifications to conventional internal combustion engines are required to use biofuels. It takes advantage of wasted potential energy by harvesting waste products that otherwise / harvesting of residual crop materials include: (continued) Water. Increasing production will almost certainly require additional water resources - many of which are already unreliable and stretched to capacity. Again, the production of corn depletes ground/


Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy EERE 101

with high penetration. Develop and implement codes and standards. Market Transformation ($27.0M): Focused on reducing non- hardware balance of system costs by supporting key implementation projects and partnerships with states, utilities, local/ of this emerging technology sector. Conducting resource assessments to more precisely quantify the energy generation potential of all U.S. water resources, including conventional hydroelectric supplies as well as new resources derived from waves, ocean/tidal/river /


Natural gas use in South Africa

and are capped with impermeable rock layers. Typically conventional NG will rise under its own pressure through a borehole and can be used after separation of the other components. Non conventional NG is extracted by fracturing less porous rock /(3.5 Bm3 )was imported from neighbouring Mozambique. South Africa has very limited and declining conventional natural gas reserves but potentially large shale gas resources” (Energy Information Agency, South Africa Oct. 5, 2011) From the above quote it is clear that/


CURRENT STATUS AND ISSUES OF SUSTAINABLE ENERGY DOMAIN IN SRI LANKA

and sea ports Leather and Rubber, including rubber estates Non-classified industries Electricity generation and distribution Water pumping Dessicated coconut/ENERGY RESOURCES RE Resources NRE Resources Conventional RE Resources New Renewable Energy (NRE) Resources Conventional Biomass  Thermal Energy Large Hydro  Grid Electricity NRE Resources Small Hydro Wind Solar Modern Biomass Biofuels Geothermal Ocean Thermal/ Wave/ Tidal Already being harnessed Yet to be harnessed ENERGY RESOURCES Solar Resource/


GREEN ENERGY KOMPENDIUM KAJIAN LINGKUNGAN DAN PEMBANGUNAN

, ocean, hydropower, biomass, geothermal resources, and biofuels and hydrogen derived from renewable resources. IEA Renewable Energy Working Party (2002). Renewable Energy... into the mainstream, p. 9. RENEWABLE ENERGY Renewable energy replaces conventional fuels in four distinct areas: electricity/ from forestry. Municipal solid waste including food and garden waste and paper products. Specific non-food energy crops such as switchgrass.  Conversion to biofuel first requires hydrolysis of the biomass to /


Six Major Factors in Energy Planning Robert L. Hirsch Senior Energy Program Advisor, SAIC March 1, 2004 National Energy Technology Laboratory.

cannot predict how long each might last. Hirsch 3_04 What DOE Fossil Energy Says  Oil a finite resource / production will eventually peak.  Some analysts: conventional oil might peak in 2015.  If resource twice as large, peak about 20 years later.  Alternates are needed/ will likely be more than a decade & will depend on many factors: Hirsch 3_04 Recent Commentary on the Current, Non-Crisis Oil Market Illuminate Some of the Connections & Variables That May Come Into Play at the Time of World Oil Peaking/


From “Living in the Environment” by Miller and Spoolman

gas, and coal. About 82% of the commercial energy consumed in the world comes from non-renewable resources – 76% from fossil fuels, 6% from nuclear. I. Thinking About Energy C. Scientists think energy resources should be evaluated on the basis of their supplies,/, pesticides, fertilizers, plastics, synthetic fibers, paints, and medicines. By the Numbers…. G. Projected global reserves of conventional oil will be 80% depleted sometime between 2050 and 2100, using the current rate of use of oil reserves of/


CMPDI A Mini Ratna Company Development of Coal Based Non-Conventional Energy Resources: CMPDI’s Endeavour CMM Based Generator S R Pump at Moonidih.

CMPDI A Mini Ratna Company Development of Coal Based Non-Conventional Energy Resources: CMPDI’s Endeavour CMM Based Generator S R Pump at Moonidih CMPDI A Mini Ratna Company POINTS / CBM and UCG in their leasehold. CMPDI A Mini Ratna Company Conclusion  Renewable energy resource and other coal based non- conventional energy resource viz, CBM, CMM, UCG, shale gas etc needed to bridge the gap of demand- supply demand of energy in India.  Development of CMM is an area which requires serious consideration, as/


Nonrenewable Energy Chapter 15. 15-1 What Major Sources of Energy Do We Use?  Concept 15-1A About three-quarters of the world’s commercial energy comes.

Conventional Oil Last?  Oil: energy supplier  How much is left? When will we run out?  Three options Look for more Reduce oil use and waste Use other energy sources  No easy solutions Natural Capital: Important Nonrenewable Energy Resources Commercial Energy /of the World’s Oil Supplies (2)  Possible effects of steeply rising oil prices Reduce energy waste Shift to non-carbon energy sources Higher prices for products made with petrochemicals Higher food prices; buy locally-produced food Airfares higher/


Nonrenewable Energy Resources

Energy Resources Non-renewable energy: 84% of world commercial energy (78% from fossil fuels, 6% nuclear) Oil, coal, natural gas, nuclear Evaluating Energy Resources Renewable Energy Sources: 16% of world’s commercial energy resources. 10% biomass, 5% hydro, and 1% combo of geothermal, wind and solar. Commercial Energy Use By Source 2002 Important Nonrenewable Energy Sources Fig. 17-2 p. 351 Evaluating Energy Resources Future Energy/ weapon technology Terrorist Attacks Conventional Nuclear Power: Trade-offs/


The Energy Revolution PREPARED FOR Iseo Summer School PREPARED BY Robert F. Wescott, Ph.D. President, Keybridge Research LLC PRESENTED Iseo 20 June 2013.

High ValueLow Value Long-run price elasticity-0.6-0.45 Short-run price elasticity-0.09-0.068 Non-OPEC Oil Supply High ValueLow Value Long-run price elasticity0.50.4 Short-run price elasticity0.1250.08 Source/Nuclear Energy and Fossil Fuels.” Figure 21. 54 As conventional resources get depleted, new technologies are helping producers reach previously inaccessible resources. Onshore, liquid Shallow water liquid oil Onshore heavy oil; oil sands; shale oil Ultra Deep Water Oil Polar Oil Oil Shale Conventional /


Hydrogen Fuel Cell Technology Will it contribute to energy independence? Stephen Cohen and Nathan Bonnett

the fuel cell Major Types of Fuel Cells  Solid Oxide  Uses a hard, non-porous ceramic compound as the electrolyte  Can reach 60% power- generating efficiency  /energy resources including:  Fossil fuels, such as natural gas and coal  Nuclear energy  Renewable resources, such as solar,water, wind and biomass Hydrogen Production  The biggest challenge regarding hydrogen production is the cost  Reducing the cost of hydrogen production so as to compete in the transportation sector with conventional/


Canadian Geography 1202 Chapter 11: Energy. Background ► Canadians are among the highest energy consumers in the world. ► Why is this so?  Cold Climate.

Population  Transportation Needs  Industrial needs The Oil Resource ► What do we use oil for?  Plastic  Fuel  Home heating oil  Industrial lubricants  Food Products Energy and the Economy ► Energy production is important to the Canadian economy. ► Makes/black and sticky, due to the oil  It is costly to separate the oil from the sand Non-Conventional Oil Fields Non-Conventional Oil Field Offshore Drilling Platforms ► There are four types of offshore drilling platforms.  Submersible (Platform)/


Unit 4: Earth’s Resources Environmental Science. NONRENEWABLE RESOURCES A nonrenewable resource is a natural resource that cannot be re-made or re-grown.

, aerospace, electronic use, money, jewelry Platinum Automobile catalytic converters, electronics, medical uses, jewelry- Non-Metal Resources Sand & gravel –Uses: brick & concrete construction, paving, road filler, sandblasting, glass (high/Energy Resources Oil Shale and Tar Sands  Oil shale 3X conventional  Oil shale 3X conventional  Kerogen 25 gallons/ton Energy in=energy out  Kerogen 25 gallons/ton Energy in=energy out  Tar sands  Bitumen 3X return on energy inputs  Bitumen 3X return on energy/


Energy Alternatives A Unit of Choices. An energy alternative is: any energy resource that is not a fossil fuel. This unit will focus on the following.

used to heat and drive big turbines to make electricity and power ships through our oceans. Like fossil fuels, nuclear energy is non- renewable, but it is an alternative to fossil fuels. It’s a chain reaction!!! A Chain Reaction? A / capacity—including pumped storage facilities— is about 95,000 megawatts. That represents 45% of renewable energy resources used in 2002. How does it work? There are conventional plants like the Hoover Dam. These types of dams are called impoundment plants. They basically involve/


NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy operated by the Alliance for Sustainable.

Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC Power Generation Conventional Power Plant Single or multiple large (100 MW) generators. Prime mover: steam, combustion engine – non-renewable fuel /Resource (ERCOT) Improve accuracy of wind forecast Look ahead control strategy. NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy/


ENERGY CONCLAVE 2006 * By : Shri S. Chaudhuri, Chairman-cum-Managing Director, CMPDI Chairman-cum-Managing Director, CMPDI.

resources under de- stressed condition of coal seams  Formulation of Bankable project report for CBM / CMM / AMM exploitation  Commercial exploitation of CMM & AMM by application of superior technology of multi lateral horizontal in-seam drilling  Creation of suitable pipeline infrastructure for cost effective transportation of methane CBM,CMM,AMM Energy from coal seams - Emerging Technologies Underground Coal Gasification Depthwise & Qualitywise reserves of non/as bulk of conventional manual miners will /


Renewable Energy Policies, Regulations, REC and RPO alka, assistant director, NPTI, PSTI, Bangalore June 2011.

of the MNES Early 70 ’ s: search for new and renewable energy resources that would ensure sustainable development and energy security. 1981: GoI establishes CASE (Commission for Additional Sources of Energy) in the DST 1982: CASE formally incorporated in the newly founded DNES (Dept of Non- conventional Energy Sources). 1992: DNES became MNES (Ministry of Non-conventional Energy Sources) Policies, Procedures and Incentives Policies Prime Minister of India has announced/


RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES EEE415. Unit 1: Introduction Electric energy from conventional sources (thermal, hydro and nuclear). Indian energy scenario Environmental.

D.P. Kothari, K.C. Singal and Rakesh Ranjan.,”Renewable Energy Sources and Emerging Technologies”, Second Edition, PHI Learning, 2013. References : G.S. Sawhney.,”Non-conventional Energy Resources”,PHI Learning, 2012 William k.H., “The Renewable Energy Handbook: A guide to rural energy independence, off-grid and sustainable energy”, Aztext Press, 2003 Sorensen B., “Renewable Energy”, Elsevier, 2004 Introduction Energy is one of the major inputs for the economic development/


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