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Sect.1 Indus Valley Civilizations In the early 1900’s archaeologist began to dig in the Indus River Valley of Pakistan. They unearthed small clay bricks,

deadly flooding will occur. Sect. 1 Indus Valley Civilizations Indus Civilizations Rises and Falls About 2,600 BC, the earliest South Asian civilization emerged in the Indus River Valley –Modern day Pakistan. Sect.1 Indus Valley Civilizations The Indus Civilization flourished for about 700 years Since the / and very large Sect.4 Rise of Civilization In China –But too weak to control feudal lords –Battled each other for power A ruthless leader who was about political unity emerged He brought an end to /


Learning Goal 2: Analyze how geography affected the development of the River Valley Civilizations and describe the political and technological advances.

of the River Valley Civilizations and describe the political and technological advances made in the River Valley Civilizations. (TEKS/SE’s 15B,16A,B, 19A,27A) QUESTION Why do people settle where they do? The earliest civilizations formed in the areas below. Why do you think they developed in these locations? Why there? Climate Mesopotamia first to develop agriculture then it diffused to Indus Valley and Egypt In/


Ancient River Valley Civilizations

have? Indus Valley civilization G:What modern day countries was the Indus Valley civ in? Indus River Valley This civ is still mysterious. The writing has not been translated. Indus River civilization We /they obtained smooth thin sheets of paper.                                                                                                                                                                            According to Chinese political theory, every dynasty goes through the so-called dynastic cycle:/


THE RISE OF CIVILIZATION Early River Valley Civilizations: 3500 B.C.–450 B.C Chapter 2.

are Organization, leadership, and laws are beginning of civilization Sumerian City-States Each is a city-state—an independent political Each is a city-state—an independent political unit unit Sumer city-states Uruk, Kish, Lagash,/winds bring rain can cause flooding Environmental Challenges Floods along the Indus unpredictable; river canchange course Rainfall unpredictable; could have droughts or floods Indus Valley Civilization Influenced an area larger than Mesopotamia orEgypt  Earliest Arrivals About/


Slide 1 Before we begin…P-E-G-AS

Indus Valley civilizations. In later years, these trade routes became Silk Road. Slide 17 Sumerians Invented The Wheel The wheel was invented by 6000 BC It helped military, farming and trade. At right, this is made of wood. Slide 18 Political:/based on farming and trade. Egyptians traded up and down the Nile, with Mesopotamians and sometimes with the Indus Valley (in Pakistan) Indus Valley Civilization Slide 33 The Land of India Subcontinent Himalaya Mountains Five nations of today: India, Pakistan in the /


Ancient River Valley Civs ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIA Oldest known civilization Cradle of Human Civilization Old Testament Nebuchadnezzar Ziggurat (right) Hanging.

and farming Sumerians (Mesopotamians) were known to trade with the Egyptians and the Indus Valley civilizations. In later years, these trade routes became Silk Road. Sumerians invented the wheel! The wheel was invented by 6000 BC! It helped military, farming and trade. At right, this is made of wood. Political:Mesopotamian Law Code of Hammurabi “eye for an eye tooth for a tooth” ANCIENT/


Indus River Valley Civilization. Question How did the cities along the Indus River Valley effectively confront the climatic and environmental challenges.

symbols clearly linked to Hinduism Do Now: What are 3 similarities and differences between the Indus River Valley Civilization and Mesopotamia? Ancient Egypt? Introduction The Indus Valley civilization flourished around 2,500 B.C. Located in western part of South Asia (modern day/collection are the 1,028 Sanskrit hymns called the Rig Veda Political and Social Order The Vedic Aryans were originally a semi-nomadic and non-urban people Basic political and social order was based on the patriarchal family and the/


INDIA AND CHINA RIVER VALLEY CIVILIZATIONS. OBJECTIVES WHI.3 Objective: The student will be able to demonstrate knowledge of ancient river valley civilizations,

war Used chariot Eventually controlled all of India OBJECTIVES WHI.3 Objective: The student will be able to demonstrate knowledge of ancient river valley civilizations, including the Indus River, by: Locating the civilization in time and place Describing the development of social, political, and economic patterns, including slavery Explaining the development of religious traditions Explaining the development of language and writing Essential Questions: Why did/


Chapter 2 Ancient India W. The Indian Subcontinent 1. The ancient Harappan civilization, like that of the Mesopotamian and Egyptian, was located on a.

Thomson Learning, Inc. Thomson Learning ™ is a trademark used herein under license. Background to the Emergence of Civilization in India – Harappan Civilization: A Fascinating Enigma – Harappa in the Punjab – Mohenjo-Daro (City of the Dead) near the mouth of the Indus Political and Social Structure – Villages in the Indus valley 7000 B.C.E. – Harappa a city more than 3 ½ mile in circumference with wall over/


Geography: What modern day countries is the Indus Valley civ in?

the settlements of the Indus River Valley civilization? G:Why did the cities have so many walls? S: How did the Aryans impact people of the Indus? ANCIENT CHINA Began 2000 B.CE. Silk Astronomy River of Sorrows Oracle Bones Yellow River Civilization Geography: Ancient China was formed around the Yellow River...Chinese name? Huang He Why called yellow? River of Sorrows? Political Oracle bones helped/


The Spread of Civilization: The Great River Valleys Slideshow #3.

in political institutions, social structure, and ways of life in the four great river valleys? HOW DID the river-valley states expand? IS WRITING a defining characteristic of civilization? WHY IS cultural divergence one of the main themes of human history since the beginning of agriculture? Why focus on Egypt, Mesopotamia, Indus Valley, and/ contrasts Gilgamesh with a fool. Mesopotamia, Egypt & the Mideast Cultural and Economic Development Egypt, Middle Kingdom 204-1640 BCE Indus Valley Civilization


Cities and Civilizations World History A Seminar #1 Warm Up: What are 8 features of covilization?

god  Ur (Abraham’s home town), Erech, Kish 3000 BCE  Uruk – home of Gilgamesh 17 The Ziggurat of Ur 18 Political Decline of Sumer  Semitic peoples from northern Mesopotamia conquer Sumer –Sargon of Akkad (Akkadians)(2370- 2315 BCE) – controlled trade, /the religious beliefs/traditions/stories (Epic of Gilgamesh) of ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt. Indus R. Valley Civs. Questions you should be able to answer about the Indus Valley Civilization:  1. What do Mohenjo Daro and Harappa show us about Indian city /


Chapter 1 From the origins of agriculture to the first river-valley civilizations 8000-1500 B.C.E.

Daro and Harappa. They were centers of trade with China, Southeast Asia, southern India, Afghanistan and Mesopotamia. Indus Valley Civilization: Political Development Very little is known about the political system: Construction of cities suggest a well-organized government Streets, fortifications, large granaries and sewage system were probably controlled by governments. Indus Valley Civilization: Society & Culture Evidence (size and sophistication of dwellings) suggest that there were clear social classes/


Museum Entrance River Valley Civilizations Classical Civilizations Utopia Curator office Welcome to the Virtual Museum Of Ancient Civilizations.

by R.D. Banerjee. Return to Exhibit Indus: Cities Linked citation goes here Like most of the other river valley civilizations, the Indus greatly depended on what their civilization name derives from- the river. The map /jobs of the Roman empire were put into different categories; Political, Administration, Military, Farming, Trade, Merchants, Construction, Religion, Entertainment, Artists, Lawyers, and Teachers. The roles within the Political, Administration, Trade, Merchant, and Religion areas were usually/


Chapter 1 The First Civilizations: The People of Western Asia and Egypt W.

and weaving cloth Fixed dwellings and domestication of animals Writing Metalworking Emergence of Civilization  Characteristics of Civilization  Urban focus  Distinct religious structure  New political and military structures  New social structure based on economic power  The development of writing  New and significant artistic and intellectual activity  Civilizations Mesopotamia of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers Valleys the Indus River Yellow River in northern China Central Asia Supe River/


Chapter 3 Yay. 1. How were the new civilizations different from the earlier agricultural villages, pastoral societies, and chiefdoms? Surplus of food.

mounds; quipu for recordkeeping/accounting purposes; self- contained civilization – Ancestors to the Inca Indus Valley—elaborately planned cities; standardized weights and measures; little indication of a political hierarchy or centralized state – This was before the /95) 10. Compare the practice of slavery in ancient times from region to region. Egypt and the Indus Valley civilizations initially had far fewer slaves than did Mesopotamia, which was highly militarized. Different from today – many children/


Chapter 3 River Valley Civilizations. Egypt Egypt: Gift of the Nile  The Nile River spans the length of Egypt from south to north.  Provides natural.

for keeping the forces of nature balanced and annual flooding of the Nile  National religious ideology, centralized control of political administration, and artistic productivity during this period The Gods and Unification  Osiris = order (ma’at) and virtue / destroyed by later kings and the capital was moved back to Thebes  Former religious traditions restored Indus Valley Roots of Indus Valley Civilization  Not discovered until 19 th century  The first city discovered was the 4500-year-old city/


Chapter 1 From the Origins of Agriculture to the First River-Valley Civilizations 8000 – 1500 B.C.E. Mr. Quintana World History 9 th Grade.

clay, and access to copper and turquoise from the desert and gold from Nubia Papyrus Divine Kingship  Egypt’s political organization evolved from a pattern of small states ruled by local kings to the emergence of a large, unified Egyptian / calendar making, irrigation, engineering and architecture, and transportation technology Egyptian Mummy Indus Valley Map The Indus Valley Civilization  The Indus carries a lot of silt and floods regularly twice a year. Access to river water for irrigation allowed farmers/


Museum Entrance Egypt Rome Chinese Greece Virtual Museum Utopia Mesopotamia Indus Learn About The Curators.

cities. There ins no evidence of temples. But in one city they built a giant bath for public bathing. “Cities.” Indus Valley Civilization. Date updated: Sept 3, 2011. Web. Sept 20, 2011. http://www.rivervalle ycivilizations.com/in dus.php Lined citation goes/Egypt grew out of the development of agriculture and the emergence of the state as the unifying and predominant form of political organization. However, even as early as 3500 B.C. towns and cities consisted of regional capitols linked to the population/


Paleolithic/Neolithic Early River Civilizations Classical Civs

during the Neolithic Revolution, Agrarian (Agricultural) Revolution, and the Green Revolution. These changes in food production had political, social, and economic effects on societies and regions. Task: Select two food production revolutions mentioned in the /Monsoon rains Indus & Ganges River Deccan Plateau June 2013 34. Which statement about the early Indus River valley civilization is an opinion rather than a fact? (1) Farmers grew a surplus of barley, wheat, and dates. (2) The Indus people developed/


Museum Entrance Indus River Valley Egypt Chinese River Valley Welcome to the Museum of Ancient Civilizations. Curator’s Offices Rome Greece Mesopotamia.

forced the Indus people to build an irrigation system. Return to Exhibit Indus River Valley Map Linked citation goes here “River Valley Civilization.” Rivervalleycivilizations.com/political theory every dynasty has a cycle. A new ruler unites china and founds a new dynasty the dynasty is prosperous and becomes wealthy then the family becomes corrupted and decays the dynasty then loses its mandate of heaven and is overthrown by rebellion and a new family earns the mandate of heaven. “River Valley Civilization/


The Legacy of the Western World Chapter 1 The Legacy of the Western World Chapter 1 Section 1: The First Civilizations.

for God. Indus Valley Civilization 3000 B.C. Indus Economy Just like the other river valley civilizations, the Indus river valley people were mostly farmers. Traditional economy They did trade with Chinese and with Sumerians (Mesopotamians). Indus River Valley First people were/(4) and heavens Example: Qualities of things –Did not employ experimentation Disturbs nature Aristotle Wrote on politics –Assembled 158 constitutions to compare –Three type of governments existed Rule by one man—monarchy/tyranny Rule/


Early River Civilizations. Vocabulary City-State : City-State : Political unit made up of a city and the surrounding lands. Each city state has its own.

man shall be put to death; also the one who received the stolen goods from his hand shall be put to death.” Political Impact of Hammurabi’s Code First written code of laws, First written code of laws, It created a sense of orderIt / the Rosetta Stone. http://www.ancientegypt.co.uk/writing/rosetta.html Indus River Valley 2500 BC – 1500 BC Around 2600 B.C. the various regional cultures were united in what is called the Indus Valley Civilization. It is also commonly referred to as the Harappan culture after the/


Evolution of Human Societies Paleolithic Era:Neolithic Era: Civilization:

characteristics do they all share Early Civilizations 3500- 500 B.CE 1)Where were the earliest civilizations located? 2)Why did early civilizations form around river valleys? River Valley Civilizations (3500-500 B.C.E) Mesopotamia: Tigris and Euphrates River Valley (SW Asia) Egypt: Nile River Valley (Africa) River Valley Civilizations (3500-500 B.C.E) India: Indus River Valley and Ganges (South Asia) China: Huang He Valley (East Asia) Meso: Euphrates and/


Ancient River Valley Civs ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIA Oldest known civilization Cradle of Human Civilization Ziggurat (right)

: trade and farming Sumerians (Mesopotamians) were known to trade with the Egyptians and the Indus Valley civilizations. In later years, these trade routes became Silk Road. Sumerians invented the wheel! The wheel was invented by 6000 BC! It helped military, farming and trade. At right, this is made of wood. Political:Mesopotamian Law Code of Hammurabi “ eye for an eye tooth for a tooth/


Chapter 2: Ancient River Valley Civilizations. 4 Regions! City-States in Mesopotamia Egypt & Nile River Indus Valley China.

valley civilizations. Mesopotamia The Fertile Crescent Mesopotamia – Fertile Crescent Sumer – The Earliest of the River Valley Civilizations Sumerian Civilization grew up along the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers in what is now Kuwait. Sumerians: City-States City-State: a city and it’s surrounding land becomes an independent political/s villages Deserts were natural barriers Indus Valley Geography of South Asia Indus & Ganges Rivers Monsoons: seasonal winds Wet & dry seasons Indus River Valley 2500 BC – 1500 BC /


The First River Valley Civilizations, 3500 – 1500 B.C.E. Civilization 1. Cities 2. Government 3. Artisan, craftsmen 4. Social Structure 5. Writing 6. Trade.

for crimes in the Law Code depended on the class of the offender. 4. Women have no political role, but they were able to own property, maintain control of their dowry, and even engage in trade. 4. Women have no/, the river rose on schedule every year, ensuring a bounteous harvest. III. The Indus Valley Civilization A. Material Culture A. Material Culture 1. The Indus Valley civ. flourished from appx. 2600 to 1900 B.C.E. 1. The Indus Valley civ. flourished from appx. 2600 to 1900 B.C.E. 2. It thrived in/


Cities and Civilizations World History A Seminar #1 Warm Up: What are some main features of civilization?

god  Ur (Abraham’s home town), Erech, Kish 3000 BCE  Uruk – home of Gilgamesh 16 The Ziggurat of Ur 17 Political Decline of Sumer  Semitic peoples from northern Mesopotamia conquer Sumer –Sargon of Akkad (Akkadians)(2370- 2315 BCE) – controlled trade, /the religious beliefs/traditions/stories (Epic of Gilgamesh) of ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt. Indus R. Valley Civs. Questions you should be able to answer about the Indus Valley Civilization:  1. What do Mohenjo Daro and Harappa show us about Indian city /


Unit 1: Ancient World – Civilizations and Religions (4000 B.C. – 500 A.D.)

Feudalism (4) Causes of the Green Revolution in Agriculture 16. Which statement about the early Indus River valley civilization is an opinion rather than a fact? (1) Farmers grew a surplus of barley, wheat, and dates. (2) The/ Persian architecture. 31. Which statement about ancient Greece is an opinion rather than a fact? (1) Mountainous terrain was an obstacle to Greek political unity. (2) The Spartan culture placed an emphasis on military skills. (3) Athens granted voting rights to male citizens only. (4) /


By: CZ World Studies A. The Geography of South Asia Main Idea: Geography helped shaped the development of the Indus Valley Civilization.

the world, with an annual average of 450 inches. B. The Indus Valley Civilization Main Idea: The Indus Valley civilization was the first great civilization of ancient India. B. The Indus Valley Civilization Farming and Trade – The Himalayas form a protective barrier from the / Main Idea: The Mauryan Empire was successful, because it united several different parts of the subcontinent into one political unit.  The Reign of Chandragupta  Chandragupta possessed a huge army of 700,000 men, 9,000 elephants,/


AP World History AUGUST 24, 2015. Agenda ◦Warm Up ◦Indus River Valley & Huang He River Valley Don’t forget! ◦Reading – Chapter 3 (Reading Guides due Friday,

to September: Wet Season THE INDUS RIVER CIVILIZATION HARAPPAN SOCIETY The Indus River ◦Runs through north India, sources at Hindu Kush, Himalayas ◦Rich deposits, but less predictable than the Nile ◦Wheat and barley were cultivated in Indus valley ◦Cultivated cotton before 5000 B/Made trade better because a merchant could carry money a lot easier then a herd of cows. Zhou Political System Political system like feudal Europe ◦Serfdom and Hereditary Lords ◦Land is endowed for oaths of military service. ◦Local /


Chapter 2 Overview and Discussion. Ancient Civilizations The Fertile Crescent.

the family’s food Agricultural society women’s status declined – cultivating work was done by men had no political role occupations – textile weaving, brewing, prostitution, tavern keeping, baking, and fortunetelling, raising children Economy /vanished without a trace.The earliest Indian civilization flourished for about 1,000 years, then vanished without a trace. Indus Valley Civilization 3300–1300 BCE, flowered 2600–1900 BCE Indus Valley Civilization Well-organized government Carefully planned cities /


Ancient Stuff 8000 BCE to 600 CE. The Big Picture What are civilizations all about? What makes a civilization? – Political, economic, religion – Social.

by both Assyrians and Persians… then the Greeks and finally the ROMANS Indus River Valley Civilization: Indus Valley cont… 2500 BCE to 1500 BCE Khyber pass – “only” way into the Indus Valley – They were cut off from invaders at the beginning Major cities/more slaves Displaced small farmers… they move to cities… causes overcrowding with not enough jobs – Roman currency devalued – Political leaders began fighting Power of Senate weakens… leads to – FIRST TRIUMVIRATE » Pompey, Crassus, and Julius Caesar First /


Cradle of Civilizations (River Civilizations) Submitted by C. Stephen Ingraham 2012 17.

c) no education and couldn’t read or write d) narrow straight streets Civilization in the Indus Valley A.Settling the Indus Valley 1. On the Asia subcontinent the Indus River spreads muddy water each spring over it’s floodplain. 2. The earliest/Siddhartha Gautama. Vocabulary of India #2 rajahs – Indian princes who ruled over large city-states assassination – murder for a political reason. Turning point – a time of important change. missionaries – religious teachers who help spread ideas to other areas. /


RIVER VALLEY CIVILIZATIONS MESOPOTAMIA, EGYPT, INDUS AND CHINA

Map of ancient africa Map of ancient africa Map of ancient africa Indus Valley civilization Indus Valley Civilization Dravidians (native people) 2500-1500 BCE Settled Indus River valley Pakistan/Western India 3-season climate gave plentiful food Archeological digging complicated by/pieced together from oracle bones. What is an oracle bone? Oracle bones from the Shang period. Anyang . Politics and Society of Shang Primarily agricultural society ruled by a king and aristocratic class. King (王; wang) was /


Indus Valley Civilization

of geographical extent this civilization was the largest in the world in its time. Roots of Indus Valley Civilization Roots of Indus Valley began as early as 7000 B.C.E. Possibly began as herders who moved into the river valley during colder months. /tools and with axes and plow they cleared forests and established agricultural communities in the Ganges valley. The Aryans gradually lost the tribal political organization they had brought into India and evolved into small kingdoms with formal governments. The/


Cities and Civilizations

ca. 3500 to 3000 BC. (ca. = circa) Sumer gave us the city-state. Define: city-state Political unit made up of a city and the surrounding lands. Each city state has its own government, even when it / bring rain can cause flooding Environmental Challenges • Floods along the Indus unpredictable; river can change course • Rainfall unpredictable; could have droughts or floods NEXT Civilization Emerges on the Indus Indus Valley Civilization • Influenced an area larger than Mesopotamia or Egypt Earliest Arrivals /


The Rise and Fall of Civilizations Slideshow #4. Focus Questions for Chapter 4 and Assigned readings 1. 1. WHY WERE the Hittite, Cretan, and Mycenaean.

in Indus River Valley Economic: widespread trade, largely self-sufficient; considerable arable land Economic: widespread trade, largely self-sufficient; considerable arable land Political system: unknown (centralization obvious) Political system: unknown (centralization obvious) Religious: details unknown Religious: details unknown Environmental: some natural boundaries, but earthquake-prone; monsoon Environmental: some natural boundaries, but earthquake-prone; monsoon Factors influencing civilizations that/


Indus Valley Harappa Mohenjo-Daro.  Sophisticated urban centers  Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro  Dynamic trade state - trade with Mesopotamia and China.

to Degradation of the ecosystem Migration of nomadic Aryans Political collapse  Aryans:  “Noble People”  Indo-Europeans  The Vedas  Hinduism  The Harappan culture existed along the Indus River in what is present day Pakistan.  It was named after the city of Harappa. Harappa and the city of Mohenjo-Daro were important centers of the Indus valley civilization.  This Indus Valleycivilization” flourished around 4000-1000 B.C. Aryan Migration/


World History September 19 and 22 1.Which parts of the dynastic cycle are directly related to political power? 2.Which parts of the dynastic cycle are.

cycle change in light of intellectual growth in the community? Interplays between politics, religion, and economics and geography Issues of man seeking control or /civilizations had in common. Identify two features of Indus civilization that made it unique. Why do you think these large scale civilizations did NOT develop in North America? (Just give a hypothesis) Homework- watch these videos and pay close attention to the differences and similarities in ancient Asian civilizations Indus valley civilizations/


THE ANCIENT RIVER VALLEY CIVILIZATIONS. Let’s Review! Neolithic Revolution (~12,000 BC) Somehow Neolithic people learned how to plant and raise crops.

Rekhmirec 1550 – c. 1292 BC A Quick View of the 4 Ancient River Valley Civilizations Approximately 5000 years ago the first complex, politically centralized civilizations began independently 3200 B.C. various Sumerian cities dominated Mesopotamia 3100 B.C. The ruler-conqueror first united Egypt 3000 B.C. urbanized civilization existed along the Indus River 2200 B.C. Xia Dynasty the first of these dynasties Tigris-Euphrates/


History of India Divided in 10 Periods 1. Indus Valley Civilization: led by the city states of Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa 2. Aryans (2500BC – 322BC)‏ Hinduism.

an English colony for almost 100 years 10. Independence and Democratic India – Muslim and Hindu political groups push for and eventually gain independence from European Imperialism. Today India is one of the most important, powerful countries in the world and is rapidly growing in influence Indus Valley Civilizations Indus River Valley Civilization 3500-1500 BCE Two City States and many smaller villages Harappa Mohenjo-daro Both had/


Unit 2: River Valley Civilizations Essential Questions: 1-Does geography determine history? 2-How are River Valley Civilizations similar and different?

s focus is the Eastern Hemisphere. *Regions: areas that share common identifiable characteristics, such as physical, political, economic, or cultural features. Textbook page_____ *This year we will be studying many different regions in/. This minute video presents images from that time period with no narration. Harappan (Indus Valley) Civilization | Harappa and Mohenjo Daro Excavations - “Harappan (Indus Valley) Civilization | Harappa and Mohenjo Daro Excavations - Ancient Indian History.” YouTube. 4:42. /


Early India History Dravidians and Aryans. Indus Valley Civilization  One of the world’s oldest civilizations was in the Indus River Valley in what is.

been maintained by a well-organized government. Harrappan Civilization - Governments/ rulers based their powers on divine assistance. -Religion and political powers were closely linked. -The citadel is where the royal palace and the holy temple were. - Their economies were based on farming. -Traded with Mesopotamia for other goods not available in the Indus Valley. Cities of the Indus Valley (cont.)  Abandoned around 1500 BC. Archaeologists disagree/


Classical Civilization

create uncertain farming Indus Valley Civilization Territory of Indus Valley much larger than civilizations of Egypt & Mesopotamia Early civilizations found around 2500 BC Cities of Mohenjo Daro & Harappa Cities had indoor plumbing & sewer systems Life in the Indus Valley People were polytheists /a model-- formed a strong monarchy with a powerful army He was a cynical realist favoring political centralization Chief adviser was Kautilya who wrote a manual for leaders Very similar to Legalist thinkers who/


The Trade-based State of Harappa and the Rise of Iron Age Civilization Agriculture on Rain-Watered Lands in Mesopotamia 1.

war between city-states leads to faceless bureaucratic State – In Egypt: breakdown, invasion > Empire – But insufficiently imperial: no unifying belief system Alternative: Indus Valley preserves ancient equality While incorporating the technical advances of civilization it avoids the social and political aspects of civilization = the U theory of history, ahead of its time? Or the (reverse slash) theory? 14 Causes of “dynamism” = Two paths of historical/


AP World Review – Foundations -. Building Blocks of Civilization s What is a Civilization? –Economic System –Political Organization –Moral Code (Religion)

Fragmentation which required warlike technology and different issues of control River Valley Civilizations s Indus ValleyIndus and Ganges Rivers –Reason for decline not known –Highly unified and organized government –Artistic –Linear B s China –Yellow River valley –Shang China: first dynasty –Monarchy –Bronze work, silk making, pottery, jade –Zhou Dynasty: Many Advancements Mandate of heaven Political structure tied to social order and culture by Confucianism s/


Borrowed from Ms. Sheets Revised by Ms. Bennett AP World History CHAPTER 1: FROM HUMAN PREHISTORY TO THE EARLY CIVILIZATIONS.

Defensive walls  Streets and roads  Sewage and water systems  Political and religious elites promoted arts and artisanship  Sculpture  Painting  Wall decorations  Elaborate weaving CULTURE 24  Arose independently in all early civilizations  Subsequently diffused  Examples  Cuneiform  Hieroglyphs  Pictographs  Alphabets  Quipu SYSTEMS OF RECORD KEEPING 25 26 FOUR RIVER VALLEY CIVILIZATIONS  Mesopotamia  Nile  Indus River Valley  Yellow River Valley (Huang He)  As early as 10,000 BCE  In/


NEXT Early River Valley Civilizations, 3500 B.C.– 450 B.C. Civilizations emerge and develop on fertile river plains in Mesopotamia, Egypt, the Indus Valley,

3000 B.C. Sumerians build cities surrounded by fields of crops Each is a city-state—an independent political unit Sumer city-states Uruk, Kish, Lagash, Umma, and Ur Each city has temple and ziggurat; priests/ the Indian Subcontinent SECTION 3 Environmental Challenges Floods along the Indus unpredictable; river can change course Rainfall unpredictable; could have droughts or floods NEXT Civilization Emerges on the Indus Indus Valley Civilization Influenced an area larger than Mesopotamia or Egypt SECTION 3 /


Civilizations emerge and develop on fertile river plains in Mesopotamia, Egypt, the Indus Valley, and China.

cities surrounded by fields of crops Each is a city-state with similar culture but they had their own independent political units Some of the Sumerian city-states include: Uruk, Kish, Lagash, Umma, and Ur Each city has temple/dominant. Yearly floods or droughts, rivers changing course, and monsoon winds were all challenges the Indus Valley civilization had to overcome. The cities in the Indus Valley were much more organized and planned compared to those other earlier cities. Although we cannot decipher /


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