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A secret witch most of the Indians doesn’t know - By kishan.

A secret witch most of the Indians doesn’t know - By kishan Aryabhatta a great mathematician invented the number 0.He looked at the shape of planets and made a number 0. before people were using only /symbols. Later Egyptians also used this but in the form which we use now 1/10=0.1……………and so on. Indian way of decimals The "Kerala school," a little-known group of scholars and mathematicians in fourteenth century India, identified the "infinite series" — one of the basic components of calculus — around 1350. /


Gupta, Tamil kingdoms in southern India traded actively by sea Indian sailors used seasonal winds to reach foreign markets across Arabian Sea Sea trade.

women could leave Life in Gupta India The Gupta period was a golden age of cultural and scientific achievements. Many great works created during Gupta period One of greatest writers, Kalidasa –Poet, playwright –Wrote plays for royal court –Sakuntala,/ today Gupta scholars most advanced mathematicians of their day Developed modern math system First to use concept, symbol of zero Hindu-Arabic numerals; created by Indians, brought to Europe by Arabs Mathematics Ancient Indians quite advanced Made medicines from/


Indias First Empire By: Sydney. MAIN IDEA#1 #1 The Mauryan dynasty built Indias first great empire. Chandragupta Maurya was and Indian prince who conquered.

Indias First Empire By: Sydney MAIN IDEA#1 #1 The Mauryan dynasty built Indias first great empire. Chandragupta Maurya was and Indian prince who conquered a large area in the Ganges River valley. Maurya found the Mauryan dynasty in/ stone. Images of with many hands were created to show that the deities had many abilities. Main Idea#3 Indian math made important contributions. Aryabhata was the leading mathematician of the Gupta empire. He was one of the first scientists known to have used algebra. Main Idea#3/


Indian and Chinese Empires Chapter 7. Mauryan Empire Chandragupta Maurya Seizes Power i n 321 B.C., starts Mauryan Empire Chandragupta defeats Seleucus.

and Medicine Ocean trade leads to advances in astronomy Indian astronomers in Gupta Empire prove that world is round Mathematicians develop idea of zero and decimal system Doctors write medical guides and make advances in surgery Indian Trade Grows India’s Valuable Resources India has spices,/to keep people happy Liu Bang dies in 195 B.C. ; wife Lü seizes control of empire Liu Bang’s great-grandson Wudi rules from 141 to 87 B.C. “Martial Emperor” Wudi defeats Xiongnu (nomads) and mountain tribes Colonizes /


India’s Great Civilization 1500 B.C.E. - 500 C.E..

Great Civilization 1500 B.C.E. - 500 C.E. Origins of Hindu India ● The Aryans: o During the 1500s B.C.E., an Indo-European group of people known as the Aryans invaded the Indian subcontinent and conquered the civilizations of the Indus River Valley.  To invade the Indian/ Indian folk tales that provided moral lessons to Indian children. The Gupta Empire ● Gupta Achievements: o Mathematics: During the reign of the Gupta Empire, major achievements were made in the area of mathematics.  Gupta mathematicians /


Primary & Secondary Sources Presentation. PERIOD 1: (1491-1607): On a North American Continent controlled by American Indians Key Concept 1.1: As native.

Indians? Native Americans Native Americans developed different cultures and ways of life because of geographical diversity Despite being so different Native Americans did hold common beliefs:  Kinship  Respected and honored the spirit world  Land wasn’t something that could be owned Native American Life Mathematicians/ once one mega-continent Continental plate movement created the Appalachian and Rocky Mountains The Great Ice Age thrust down over North America and scoured the present day American Midwest /


The Impact of Zero. The very beginning as we know it Stone age mathematicians were a bit more rugged than modern ones. Instead of whiteboards, they used.

name for one and many. Some languages still have this shortcoming. The Siriono Indians of Bolivia and the Brazilian Yanoama people do not have words for anything /entire philosophy that the brotherhood struggled to build. For revealing that secret, the great Pythagoras himself sentenced Hippasus to death by drowning. The Greek Mathematical Cult The/ of many buildings, musical works, and works of art. Some historians and mathematicians argue that the Parthenon, the Athenian temple, was built so that the golden/


The New Republic Citizenship and Indian Removal post Revolution.

education – Churches & self-help organizations formed African American Intellectuals Benjamin Banneker – born free in MD most accomplished mathematician & Astronomer of his time Jupiter Hammon – NY Slave, took up contemporary issues in poems and issues “Address to/ Policy of extermination of all Indians. – greatly swayed public opinion resulting in the election of many more officials that hated Indians. Land A New York editor, Brackenridge rather than whites acknowledging Indian title to any land he /


India Jeopardy Geography Early History Religion Indian Accomplishments Potpourri Q $100 Q $200 Q $300 Q $400 Q $500 Q $100 Q $200 Q $300 Q $400 Q $500.

The Buddha’s “real” name. $500 Answer from Religion Sidhartha Gautama $100 Question from Indian Achievements This Mauryan ruler was a great military leader, until he converted to Buddhism and vowed to pursue a life of peace. He/ $200 Answer from Indian Achievements plastic surgery $300 Question from Indian Achievements These step by step solutions to problems were developed by Indian mathematicians. $300 Answer from Indian Achievements algorithms $400 Question from Indian Achievements This beautiful 17/


Chapter 8 American Indians. Symbol – American Indian Woman.

who enroll get a monthly check from the government 3. Population is decreasing rapidly 4. Have been on continent nearly 5,000 years 5. Were great mathematicians & architects What do you know (cont)? 6. U.S. always accorded Indian nations the rights of independent nations 7. Tribal system was run by warrior- chiefs 8. Basic worldview: all things in natural world are connected/


The Mauryan Empire Lesson 9.3. Origin of an Empire By the 500s B.C., India was divided into many small kingdoms. The Greeks, under Alexander the Great,

many small kingdoms. The Greeks, under Alexander the Great, entered India but turned back when his homesick troops threatened to rebel. India’s First Empire After Alexander left India, an Indian military officer named Chandra Gupta Maurya built a strong/known to have used algebra. The Indians’ invention of zero affected the study of mathematics and science. Gupta mathematicians developed symbols for the numbers 1 to 9 that we use today. Advances in Science Indian astronomers mapped the movements of planets /


1. Geography of India The people of ancient India lived in a land of extremes. The terrain was varied and often presented great challenges. Occasional.

part of life in this land. The Winter Monsoons are hot and dry and the Summer Monsoons consist of a lot of rain. However, great civilizations developed and flourished amidst the rivers, mountains, plains and deserts of the subcontinent. Many rivers also flowed through ancient India making the land fertile/ contributed to a growth of arts and learning. Gupta artists were best known for their sculptures and paintings in temples. Indian mathematicians began the concept of zero and developed the decimal system.


G.Biswas Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur Educational (Science and Technology) Environment in India and Distance Mode of Delivering Education - A.

Muslim University (1920) University of Delhi (1922). 1841 - 1950 : 12 Indians were elected Fellow of the Royal Society of London. A. Cursetjee, Engineer & Shipbuilder S. Ramanujan, Mathematician Sir J. C. Bose, Bio-physicist Sir C. V. Raman, Physicist / has become a standard description of protein structure Great Discovery in Biological Science IISc has become epitome of Indian excellence in Scientific Research Indian Institutes of Technology The first Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) was established at/


Language Technology & Empowerment of the Bhashas Udaya Narayana Singh Central Institute of Indian languages, Mysore LTT-IT: VALEDICTORY ADDRESS.

Indian languages, Mysore LTT-IT: VALEDICTORY ADDRESS Two faces of language Language is a human construct, undoubtedly – which is why the saying Language is species specific and species general is so apt. Lets turn the question around: To what extent is man a construct of language? To a great/important ways. Problems facing our endangered languages Compare this scenario with a recent prediction by a bio- mathematician called Pagel that, out of 6,000 odd distinct human languages spoken all over the world, only/


Discovery… Great Britain or The United Kingdom was united in 1707 AD. The countries that unified were Scotland, Britain, and the Islands of Wales. But.

4.9%, Northern Irish 2.9%) 92.1%, black 2%, Indian 1.8%, Pakistani 1.3%, mixed 1.2%, other 1.6% (2001 census) Chart Time: Great Britain’s Ethnics 1. English 83.6% 2. Scottish 8.6% 3. Indian 1.8% 4. Welsh 4.9% 5. Black 2%/literature. He wrote dozens of plays which continue to dominate world theater 400 years later. Sir Isaac Newton -Isaac Newton was a mathematician and scientist who invented differential calculus and formulated the theory of universal gravitation, a theory about the nature of light, and three/


The Maurya and Gupta Empires. The Mauryan Empire Around 323 B.C., a great empire emerged in northern India. It was known as the Maurya empire. A ruler.

Gupta empire encouraged peace, prosperity, and trade. The Gupta empire is considered a golden age of Hindu culture. A golden age is known as a time of peace, prosperity, and great achievements. Indian mathematicians discovered the concept of zero and the decimal system Indian artists created beautiful works of art and great works of literature were produced during the golden age Video – Maurya Empire


Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman © 2008 THE GREAT AWAKENING By 1750, the term “American” entered language as designation for something characteristic.

Great Awakening, proposed Albany Plan— vision of colonial union to deal with common problems Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman © 2008 THE ENLIGHTENMENT IN AMERICA Founders of colonies had been contemporaries of Galileo Galilei (1564-1642): astronomer René Descartes (1596-1650): philosopher- mathematician/ a Philadelphia Quaker, gathered and classified plants from Florida to the Great Lakes. He also studied Indians. Benjamin Franklin 1752 kite experiment Invented lightening rod, Franklin stove, /


Chapter 3, Section Geography of the Indian Subcontinent The Indus Valley is located on the subcontinent of India. 1.

city. Aryan invaders overran the region. Chapter 3, Section Video Clip of Ancient Indian Civilizations Chapter 3, Section The Geography of China China was the most isolated of /recorded Aztec knowledge and ran schools for sons of nobles. Some priests were astronomers or mathematicians. Priests were a special class. The sun god was the chief Aztec god. / their own language and religion on the people. They created one of the great road systems in history, allowing armies and news to travel rapidly around the /


Bellwork Write down anything you know about the following: – Alexander the Great – Macedonia – Darius III – Philip II – Alexandria Be prepared to discuss.

a powerful leader and be known to history as Alexander the Great. Alexander the Great Although Alexander was only 20 years old when be became king/ new culture emerged. Greek culture blended with the conquered Egyptian, Persian, and Indian influences. This blending became known as Hellenistic culture. During the Hellenistic period,/a geometry text compiled by Euclid. Euclid was a highly regarded Alexandrian Greek mathematician who created the Elements, a book of 465 carefully presented geometric positions and/


Ancient India. Geography of India The Indus Valley is located on the Indian Subcontinent. Subcontinent ~ a large land mass that juts out from a continent.

chiefs called Rajahs. Brahmins (priests) Kshatriyas (warriors) Vaisyas (farmers, artisans) Sudras (slaves) Government Social Structure Indian people were divided into social classes in what was called the Caste System. A person could not change their place/ great cultural achievement. The Gupta Golden Age Trade and farming flourished under the Gupta Empire, which contributed to a growth of arts and learning. Gupta artists were best known for their sculptures and paintings in temples. Indian mathematicians /


3.2 Empires of India p.76-81 Big Idea: New Indian empires grew rich through trade and left lasting accomplishments.

– Invaders – Persians, Greeks, Macedonians Indian people unify = Strong empires – Mauryan, Kushan, Gupta Mauryan Empire Chandragupta Maurya -founder – drove out foreign invaders – Harsh, but effective – Secret police, large army- feared – Assassination Asoka – Great ruler – Converted to Buddhism – Rejected /goods for what? Woolen and linen clothes, glass, and precious stones Who was the famous Indian mathematician? Aryabhata By the late fifth century A.D., invasions by nomadic Huns did what? Reduced/


SCIENCE AND SPIRITUALITY. Overview Scientific indicators of spiritual deficiency Scientific evidences of spiritual tenets Insights from Indian Knowledge.

without religion is blind.” Albert Einstein Vedic Mathematics “We owe a lot to the Indians, who taught us how to count, without which no worthwhile scientific discovery could have/ ignore its true merit. But its very … Vedic Mathematics... simplicity, the great ease which it has lent to all computations, puts our arithmetic in the/of the greatest men produced by antiquity.“ -- Pierre Simon de Laplace, (French mathematician, philosopher, and astronomer), “India has a well-developed academic community with a /


Chapter 3 Early India & China  The Aryans were Indo-European nomadic peoples who created a new Indian society.  The Aryans created India’s caste.

the first scientists known to have used algebra.  Aryabhata was one of the first scientists known to have used algebra. Math  Indian mathematicians also introduced the concept of zero and used a symbol (0) for it.  This system was adopted by Arab scholars and /monetary system and ordering the building of a system of roads.  Qin Shihuangdi also was instrumental in starting the building the Great Wall.  The founder of the Han dynasty was Liu Bang, a man of peasant origin.  He discarded Legalism and /


Chapter 3 & 4. Extends south from central Asia to the Indian Ocean. Separated from the rest of Asia the Himalaya mountains. Made it difficult for immigrants.

a rise in Hinduism. Early years of the Gupta dynasty is called the “golden age” of Indian civilization great achievements in the arts extreme prosperity for the people. Economy Most people were extremely poor Very few people/ Math Understood abstract & negative numbers Had a concept of zero & infinity Aryabhata – famous mathematician – first known user of algebra & quadratic equations. Medicine Indian doctors were very advanced. Understood the importance of the spinal cord. Had surgical procedures to mend/


 ORIGIN OF MATHEMETICS  PREHISTORIC MATHEMATICS  BABYLONION MATHEMATICS  EGYPTIAN MATHEMATICS  GREEK MATHEMATICS  INDIAN MATHEMATICS  IMPORTANCE.

of Athens in 529 AD  Greek mathematics of the period following Alexander the Great is sometimes called Hellenistic mathematics.  The Greeks used logic to derive conclusions from/  Archimedes (c.287–212 BC) of Syracuse, widely considered the greatest mathematician of antiquity, used the method of exhaustion to calculate the area under the arc/a long history, and with the proof of the existence of irrational numbers Indian mathematics  The oldest extant mathematical records from India are the Sulba Sutras,/


CAUSES OF ICE AGES & GLACIATIONS “Every great scientific truth goes through three states: first, people say it conflicts with the Bible; next they say.

ICE AGES & GLACIATIONS “Every great scientific truth goes through three/ latitudes in the northern hemisphere. The Antarctic continent was situated over the South Pole, the Indian sub-continent was impinging upon Asia, and ocean basin configurations were changing, as the Tethyan Seaway/ that changes in the Earth’s orbital parameters were the ultimate cause of glaciation. The Serbian mathematician, Milutin Milankovitch formalized the theory relating changes in the Earth’s orbital parameters to climate change./


“On March 7th, 1837, I took lodgings in Great Marlborough Street in London, and remained there for nearly two years, until I was married. “During these.

been fully recognized by posterity. Sir George Howard Darwin (1845 – 1912) A mathematician and astronomer; the most distinguished of Darwin’s children Known for his work on/Middlesex village noted for what was reputedly the finest private school in England – Great Ealing School. Great Ealing School had many famous pupils, including William S. Gilbert (of Gilbert /the west coast of Africa, around the Cape of Good Hope, and across the Indian Ocean to Tasmania (June 24, 1847). The HMS Rattlesnake (1822) Life on /


Classical Greece Outcome: Alexander the Great & Hellenistic Culture.

the Great 4. Legacy a. Now what? i. Empire broken into 3 main territories ii. Would last for centuries Hellenism b. Hellenism i. Hellenistic Culture: blending of Egyptian, Persian, Greek and Indian influences ii/not for personal gain, but to perform virtuous acts for the good of all.  true happiness is found in great achievements. Hellenism: The Arts & Sciences  Scientists / Mathematicians:  Aristarchus  heliocentric theory.  Euclid  geometry  Archimedes  pulley  Hellenistic Art:  More realistic; /


Ancient Greece 500 400 300 200 100 Alexander the Great Hellenistic Period Wars LiteraturePolitics & Society.

geocentric theory) Hellenistic Period 300 Points Ptolemy Mathematician credited with estimating Pi and developing the /Great 200 Points Alexander the Great 300 Points Northern African country conquered by Alexander Alexander the Great 300 Points Egypt The 4 different cultures that blended together to create Hellenistic culture. Alexander the Great 400 Points Greek, Persian, Indian, Egyptian Hellenistic Period 400 Points Alexander’s Greek tutor Alexander the Great 500 Points Aristotle Alexander the Great/


Bellwork Much like Alexandria, the Muslim Empire also has a mix of people within it. Because of this, both Alexandria and the Muslim Empire made great.

wanted qualified physicians treating them. The faithful throughout the empire relied on mathematicians and astronomers to calculate times for prayer and the direction of Mecca. /called the Comprehensive Book that drew on knowledge from Greek, Syrian, Arabic, and Indian sources as well as his own. Medicine (cont.) Al-Razi was highly influential /features, such as baths using Roman heating system. In Cordoba, Spain, the Great Mosque there (see right) incorporated a multi-lobed interwoven arch never seen before/


Ancient Greece II 449 BC to 300 BC Pericles Peloponnesian War Alexander the Great.

important contributions of Greek culture to Western civilization? How did the empire of Alexander the Great establish a basis for the spread of Hellinistic culture? Results of the Persian Wars Greece wins/culture with Egyptian, Persian, and Indian influences Hellenistic Trade Hellenistic culture spread through trade Hellenistic Trade Routes Hellenistic Achievements Advances continued in Greek art, architecture, philosophy, mathematics and science Greek Mathematicians Pythagoras and Euclid “Pythagoras and/


After the Peloponnesian War Athenians lost confidence in their democratic government and began to question their values. At this time, several great thinkers.

was Alexander of Macedonia  Alexander the Great. Hellenistic Culture As a result of Alexander’s conquering, a brand new culture emerged. –The Hellenistic culture A blend of Egyptian, Persian, and Indian influences –Language: A dialect of Greek/, their calculations were pretty impressive due to the lack of ancient technology. Mathematics & Physics Hellenistic astronomers and mathematicians used a geometry text created by a Alexandrian teacher Euclid. Euclid wrote a book called Elements. –Contained 465/


Alexander the Great and the Hellenistic Age AIM: How did Alexander the Great create a large empire and spread Greek culture throughout the region?

Macedonia, Greek city-states –Egypt –Old Persia (India) Hellenistic Culture: Greek, Persian, Egyptian, and Indian The Empire of Alexander the Great 5 In ten years, Alexander of Macedonia created the largest empire in the world up to that / than Earth –Proposes planets revolve around sun Mathematics and Physics –Pythagoras: creates the Pythagorean theorem –Archimedes—scientist and mathematician He accurately estimated the value of pi (  ). Securing a legacy Alexander made Babylonia the capital of his Empire/


Ancient Greece II 449 BCE to 300 BCE Pericles Peloponnesian War Alexander the Great.

Conquered Greece Father of Alexander the Great Alexander the Great Son of Phillip II Adopted Greek /Great Hellenistic Age The years of Greek influence following Alexander’s death and ending with the Roman conquest. Blending of Greek (Hellenic) culture with Egyptian, Persian, and Indian influences Hellenistic Trade Hellenistic culture spread through trade Hellenistic Trade Routes Alexander’s Legacy: The Hellenistic Age Advances art, architecture, philosophy, mathematics and science Greek Mathematicians/


Ancient Greece II 449 BC to 300 BC Pericles Peloponnesian War Alexander the Great.

so that things done by men not lose their color in time, nor deeds great and marvelous, some bought forth by Greeks and some by foreigners, lose their /Great Hellenistic Age Years of Greek influence following Alexander’s death and ending with the Roman conquest. Hellenism Blending of Greek (Hellenic) culture with Egyptian, Persian, and Indian influences Hellenism Hellenistic culture spread through trade Advances continued in Greek art, architecture, philosophy, mathematics and science Greek Mathematicians/


Ancient Greece II 449 BC to 300 BC Pericles Peloponnesian War Alexander the Great.

History “This is ….presented so that things done by men not lose their color in time, nor deeds great and marvelous, some bought forth by Greeks and some by foreigners, lose their renown” Thucydides Greek historian “/Blending of Greek (Hellenic) culture with Egyptian, Persian, and Indian influences Hellenistic culture spread through trade Advances continued in Greek art, architecture, philosophy, mathematics and science Greek Mathematicians Pythagoras and Euclid “Pythagoras and Euclid thought math was not /


Alexander the Great. I.Macedonia—kingdom located north of Greece.

formed Macedonians into formidable army, attacked and defeated Greece 2.Alexander the Great—336 B.C., after his father’s death, Alexander proclaimed himself/own unique culture. II. Hellenistic Culture: Greek culture mixed with Egyptian, Persian and Indian influences 1. Alexandria—the city located at the western side of the Nile delta / astronomers could study the planets and stars 2. Math and Physics: A. Euclid—mathematician who opened a school in Alexandria and whose works are still the basis for courses/


15-251 Great Theoretical Ideas in Computer Science.

Computer Science 15-251 Great Theoretical Ideas in Computer / 1  1  3  200000  311000 343  2110  2  22  10 12111110 11111111  1  1  “Dad, it’s INDIAN-PENDANT like you said.” Isaac Rudich 3  200000  311000 343  2110  2  22  10 12111110 11111111 ??1??1?? Think of Yourself as /to have every line commented (using a special syntax) as to why you wrote that line ProverVerifier A successful mathematician plays both roles in their head when writing a proof Gratuitous Induction Proof = k(k+1)/2 + (/


Unary and Binary Great Theoretical Ideas In Computer Science Anupam GuptaCS 15-251 Fall 2006 Lecture 4Sept 7, 2006Carnegie Mellon University.

has two distinct NLZB representations, which contradicts the induction hypothesis. So n must have a unique representation Inductive definition is great for showing UNIQUE representation: f(Xb) = 2f(X) + b Let n be the smallest number reprinted by two/ digit can be 0, 1, or 2 How could this be Egyptian? Historically, negative numbers first appear in the writings of the Indian mathematician Brahmagupta (628 AD) One weight for each power of 3 Left = “negative”. Right = “positive” Study Bee Unary and Binary /


The Olmec The first great Mesoamerican culture was the Olmec, who lived on the Gulf of Mexico. They developed the beginnings of a calendar and writing.

Olmec The first great Mesoamerican culture was the Olmec, who lived on the Gulf of Mexico. They developed the beginnings of a calendar and writing. Used slash and burn farming Unsure why civilization declined The Maya Maya mathematicians devised a number system/ dwellings in the Southwest. They abandoned their communities in about 1300. The Anasazi are the ancestors of the Pueblo Indians The Hohokam lived approximately from ad 200 to 1400 in present-day central and southern Arizona, largely along the Gila/


History of calculus History of Integration, History of Differentiation, and Applications. History of Integration, History of Differentiation, and Applications.

the two component motions together thereby finding the tangent to the curve.Greek mathematicianArchimedes The Indian mathematician-astronomer Aryabhata in 499 used a notion of infinitesimals and expressed an astronomical problem in / GaussClausiusDirichletRiemannvon Neumann HeineKroneckerLipschitzChristoffelKirchhoffBeltrami Other applications It is impossible in this place to enter into the great variety of other applications of analysis to physical problems. Among them are the investigations of/


DO NOW WHY IS EMBALMING OR PRESERVING THE BODY OFTEN A PART OF OUR RITUALS DURING DEATH AND FUNERALS? WHY IS EMBALMING OR PRESERVING THE BODY OFTEN A PART.

the Gupta Empire 13. Most famous mathematician of the Gupta Empire First scientist to have used algebra First scientist to have used algebra Some of the earliest examples of Indian architecture stem from the time of Asoka when Buddhism became the religion of the state. The desire to spread the ideas of Gautama Buddha inspired the great architecture of the Mauryan dynasty and/


About Mathematics in India....

India, about 30 km (19 mi) from Patna. He was the first in the line of great mathematician-astronomers from the classical age of Indian mathematics and Indian astronomy. His most famous works are the Āryabhaṭīya (499 CE, when he was 23 years old/Mishra, LPU Born in 1800s Srīnivāsa Rāmānujan (22 December 1887 – 26 April 1920) He was an Indian mathematician and autodidact who, with almost no formal training in pure mathematics, made extraordinary contributions to mathematical analysis, number theory, infinite/


Born 22 December 1887(1887-12-22) Erode, British India Died 26 April 1920 (aged 32) Chetput, (Madras), British India Residence Tamil Nadu, India Fields.

Aiyangār Rāmānujan FRS, better known as Srinivasa Iyengar Ramanujan (22 December 1887 – 26 April 1920) was an Indian mathematician and autodidact who, with almost no formal training in pure mathematics, made substantial contributions to mathematical analysis, number theory, infinite/from strangers- as his friend C. P. Snow later put it, “pretended to prove the prophetic wisdom of the Great Pyramids, revelations of the Elders of the Zion or the cryptograms that Bacon had inserted in the plays of Shakespeare”-/


Modern Philosophy since the Pre-Enlightenment

long Winter nights. He dislikes Christianity and prefers Buddhism & Hinduism. His philosophy is a mixture of Kant & Indian philosophy. He is free of nationalism He was the first to proclaim outwardly (on ground prepared by Rousseau &/ Philosophy Scientific philosophy of mathematics Both the infinitely large and its inverse, the infinitely small, have caused headaches. Great mathematicians of the 17th century were optimistic & anxious for quick results. That left the foundations of analytic geometry & /


Gupta Empire.

the Han period in China, the Gupta period was a golden age of cultural and scientific achievements. Many great works created during Gupta period One of greatest writers, Kalidasa Poet, playwright Wrote plays for royal court Sakuntala,/calculated circumference with remarkable accuracy Achievements of Indian Culture Astronomy, Mathematics, and Medicine Ocean trade leads to advances in astronomy Indian astronomers in Gupta Empire prove that the world is round. Mathematicians develop the idea of zero and /


Generations to come will scarcely believe that such a one as this ever walked upon this earth in flesh and blood. ~~~ Einstein (about Gandhi) Delhi, India.

, a highly developed one in an advanced state of decay ~~~ Shashi Tharoor (Indian author. In his ‘The Great Indian Novel’) www.pratheep.com Delhi, India The Indian way of life provides the vision of the natural, real way of life. We/pratheep.com Ellora,Maharastra, India Vedanta is the most impressive metaphysics the human mind has conceived. ~~~ Alfred North Whitehead ( British mathematician) It is not only a country and something geographical, but the home and the youth of the soul, the everywhere and/


India’s First Empires Chapter 4 Section 3 Did You Know? Following Buddhist ways, Asoka respected all life and even created hospitals for animals. Following.

. He made a vow to live a peaceful life and follow Buddhism. Asoka did many great things for his people. Asoka did many great things for his people. He built hospitals and new roads and sent teachers throughout India to/India. Indian Literature and Science continued Remains of Indian art include mainly religious works made in stone. Remains of Indian art include mainly religious works made in stone. Aryabhata was a mathematician who lived during the Gupta dynasty. Aryabhata was a mathematician who lived/


PREP workshop on Emerging Scholars Programs Washington, DC 18 July 2008 Angela Johnson Washington, DC 18 July 2008 Angela Johnson.

diversity--about increasing the participation of historically under-represented groups G The argument: We have a great need for more mathematicians and scientists G Note, though, that ESP programs are about specific kinds of diversity--about / declared science majors after controlling for financial need and preparation (Johnson, 2007a)  African American, Latino and American Indian students are less likely to graduate in science than similarly prepared White and Asian students (Huang, Taddese & Walter,/


A Glimpse of the History of Mathematics (1)

Mathematics The collapse of Rome and the general chaos that followed has no great advancements in the mathematical community in it.. The Dark ages and then /Indian mathematics ceased after that point. Arabic Mathematics : Forgotten brilliance? Mathematics Education A Glimpse of the History of Mathematics (18) Medieval Mathematics (4) (320 –1660 AD) Arabic Mathematics : Forgotten brilliance? Many of the ideas which were previously thought to have been brilliant new conceptions due to European mathematicians/


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