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Raising Productivity in Irrigated Agriculture

damaging crop productivity, increasing soil salinity and aggravating water shortages -- 80% of India’s water use is for irrigation. Low farm productivity results in High unit cost of production High priced food Low farm incomes & purchasing power Low labour absorption High water consumption/unit of produce Factors Determining Crop Productivity Soil preparation Quality of seed Planting methods & tools Plant nutrition – type, quality & timing Water management Pest management Time & schedule management/

Traditional Insurance in Agriculture Development Dr. Erich Kasten ARC – Agriculture Reinsurance Consultants Switzerland Managing Risk in Financing Agriculture.

 Frost  Flood  Windstorm  Other perils Yield Guarantee based Products  Multi Peril Crop Insurance (MPCI)  Individual farm based policy  Area based policy  Crop Revenue Insurance  Yield and/or  Market Price  Multi Peril Crop Insurance (MPCI)  Individual farm based policy  Area based policy  Crop Revenue Insurance  Yield and/or  Market Price Multi Peril Crop Insurance Underwriting Requirements Multi Peril Crop Insurance Underwriting Requirements  Specialist Underwriting  Quality farm risk/

How to Use the Cost Estimator On the RMA website New York State Dept. of Agriculture & Markets Risk Management Agency This institution is an equal opportunity.

Input Costs, Prices & Weather Volatility) Individual farm details available from crop ins. agents, list available at: How Good is Your Risk Management Plan? Protection is Available for Almost All Crops and Some Livestock Production! Crop Insurance Protection-is available: ➟ Individual Crop Policies- available for many crops ➟ Producers with 3 years of production history may import policies not generally available in the area ➟ Whole/

1 Insurance for the Minor Crops James B. Johnson, Professor Montana State University 2003 Tenth Annual Crop Insurance Conference Fargo, North Dakota.

with the farm manager conferring you, the local crop insurance agent. The farm manager and you, the crop insurance agent, completes the appropriate form, FCI-5, Request for Actuarial Change. 27 Information Required Completion of the request form requires the following information: –The producer’s name and address – The crop, type, and practice-(wheat, winter, summer fallow) – The location of the proposed productionCrop production history for the subject crop – Farm Service/

NNFCC - from crops to cashflow: building sustainable supply chains The National Non-Food Crops Centre The Biofuels Supply Chain Agri-Vision for Bioenergy.

Fine & Speciality Chemicals Fuels & Bulk chemicals Materials  Policy & Government Liaison Manager  Agricultural and Events Manager & Events Co-ordinator  Communications & Information Team  Regional Officer  Office Support Staff NNFCC  Remit  Funding  Staff NNFCC - from crops to cashflow: building sustainable supply chains Food industry by-products = 30MT Municipal Waste streams = 25MT - Garden waste = 5MT - Paper and board = 4.5MT - Compostable kitchen waste = 4.5MT Timber & wood waste = 2.8MT/

1 Production and Price Risk Management Tools for use by Livestock & Specialty Crop Producers Collaborating Partners: Billings RMA Regional Office Fort.

RMA Actuarial Tables a)Request for Actuarial Change b)NAP 3 Outline, cont. B.Price Risk Management for Alternative Crops 1.Marketing Assistance Loans 2.Markets for Alternative Crops and Contracting C.Risk Management for Livestock Producers: Insurance Products 1.Forage Production 2.Rangeland Insurance 3.Livestock Risk Protection 4 Alternative Crops: Production Risk Management when RMA Products are Available Self-Insure Single-Peril Insurance RMA Multiple Peril Insurance 5 Alternative/

Risk Management – AGR-Lite Workshop for the Florida Association of Extension Professionals September 26, 2007 Washington State University Extension John.

actuarial documents, or approved procedures  Refer to the Appropriate Basic Provisions, Crop Provisions, Policy Provisions, Manager Bulletins and the Loss Adjustment Manual Production Risk Marketing Risk Human Resource Risk Financial Risk Legal Risk Five Major Areas of Risk Risk Management Tools Southeast Production Dollar Plan Actual Production History Revenue Income Protection (IP) Crop Revenue Coverage (CRC) Revenue Assurance (RA) Idaho only AGR AGR-Lite/

HORT325: Vegetable Crop Production Instructor : Dr. Stephen R. King Department of Horticultural Sciences Office: HFSB 512 Phone: 845-2937 Cell: 229-8746.

Vegetable Website Optional, but very useful text Producing Vegetable Crops, 5th edition, Swiader & Ware Grade Composition Exam 1/produce: Group Marketing Project Grading split between group participation and brief paper on your personal experience Lab Plots Do not/Manager –Fewer farms mean larger farms; larger farms mean more trained managers –Universities Research Extension –Industry (Seed/Chemical/Fertilizer/Equipment) Research Technical Service Sales Marketing Total value of vegetable production/

10 - 1 © 2001 Prentice-Hall, Inc. Statistics for Business and Economics Simple Linear Regression Chapter 10.

and/Advertising (X) Is 0 Difficult to Explain to Marketing Manager Difficult to Explain to Marketing Manager Expect Some Sales Without Advertising Expect Some Sales Without Advertising /What is the relationship between fertilizer & crop yield? © 1984-1994 T/Maker Co. 10 - 64 © 2001 Prentice-Hall, Inc. Scattergram Crop Yield vs. Fertilizer* Yield (lb.) /Mainly for Understanding 10 - 114 © 2001 Prentice-Hall, Inc. 1.Pearson Product Moment Coefficient of Correlation, r: Sample Coefficient of Correlation 10 - 115 /

Qualifications for Promotion from Assistant to Associate Professor with Tenure R. Scott Tubbs Cropping Systems Agronomist - Tifton, GA Winter/Spring Faculty.

 USDA-ARS  Industry  Fertility  Nematology  Forestry  Physiology  Engineering Project Objectives u Evaluation of Agronomic Management –seeding rates, row patterns, tillage, cultivars, etc. for minimizing pest incidence and environmental impacts + maximizing outputs and profits for farmers u Influence of Rotation on Peanut Productioncrop selection, years b/t peanuts, double- and relay- cropping systems for long-term peanut sustainability u Potential of Irrigation Regimes –especially related to SSDI/

January 2010 Steven D. Johnson Farm & Ag Business Management Specialist (515) 957-5790

or conventional APH soybean indemnity price Source: USDA Risk Management Agency, December 2009 2010 Crop Insurance Reminders Recordkeeping has become more important with 2008 Farm Program changes Keep APH production records for up to 3 years plus current year APH yields are used for both SURE and ACRE programs Crop insurance policy entity type and Tax ID and/or SSN number needs to match FSA documentation Inconsistent/

Crop Compare Dwight Aakre, Farm Management Specialist Andy Swenson, Farm & Family Resource Management Specialist.

Management Specialist Crop Compare  A spreadsheet to assist producers in determining the competitiveness of different crops to produce North Dakota Agriculture in 2006 Crop Percentage of Total Cash ReceiptsPlanted Acres Wheat318,290,000 Soybeans193,870,000 Corn131,400,000 Barley3995,000 Sugarbeets4.4*243,000 Sunflower4860,000 Canola4935,000 Dry Edible Beans4640,000 *Based on 2005 Total Value of Crop Production North Dakota, 2006 Defaults in Crop/

BioKenaF: A crop growth simulation model for kenaf September “27-30” 2006 Madrid, Spain “A Crop Growth Dynamic Simulation Model for Kenaf” University of.

Crop Growth Dynamic Simulation Model for Kenaf” University of Thessaly Department of Agriculture, Crop Production & Agricultural Environment Laboratory of Agronomy and Applied Crop Physiology (UTH) Greece Model structure  Leaf Photosynthesis  Canopy Photosynthesis  Respiration  Dry Matter distribution  Water balance routine Leaf Photosynthesis The relation between available radiation and/Type Input Form BioKenaF application Irrigation Data Manager BioKenaF application Editor of Meteorological Data Files/

Economic Thresholds in Weed Management and Demonstration of HADSS.

Management and Demonstration of HADSS Damage Threshold: The weed population at which a crop response can first be measured. Or, the minimum population necessary to cause a measurable response. Economic Threshold: the weed population at which cost of control is equal to value of crop yield attributable to that control. The weed population which reduces crop/a.What products registered for the crop will control my problems b.Of those available, which fit with my soil characteristics, my production practices, my/

November 2010 Steven D. Johnson Farm & Ag Business Management Specialist (515) 957-5790

2010 Sales Know Your Cost of Production & Manage Profit Margins Lock-in 2011 Crop Costs, Make Pre-Harvest Sales Use Revenue Protection (RP) and Consider Additional Hail Coverage Use a Variety of Marketing Tools: Cash, Forward Contracts, HTA, Futures & Options Crop Risk Management Web Sites Crop Risk Management - ISU Polk County Monthly Crop Marketing Newsletter & Webcast, Updates on Crop Insurance, Government Farm Program, Grain Contracts and Farmland Leasing www.extension.iastate/

T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Trends in Food Production, Availability and Food Balance in India and World Dr.T.Balaguru Head – ARSMP Division National Academy.

Production, Availability and Food Balance in India and World Dr.T.Balaguru Head – ARSMP Division National Academy of Agricultural Research Management Rajendranagar, Hyderabad - 30 January 24, 2007 T.Balaguru (NAARM) 2007 Agricultural Resources Food Production / Group 1969-711979-811990-921995-972001-03 Cereals & Products Pulses & Products Oil Crops (excluding products) Vegetable Oils & Products Fruits & Products Vegetables & Products Starchy Roots & Products Tree Nuts & Products 163 20 25 5 29 47 20 - 165/

Emissions of N 2 O, CH 4 and NH 3 from agricultural sector in Slovakia activity data and methods development Bernard Šiška Slovak Agricultural University.

for silage 4,671,400,07 Other fodder crops except for alfalfa and clover 7,001,620,11 Grasslands5,491,621,62 Housing of animals and production of liquid and solid manures in % (Brestenský et al., 1998) Housing of animals and production of liquid and solid manures in % (Brestenský et al., 1998) Category of domestic livestock Animal Waste Management System Production of slurries Production of manure Pasture [%][%][%] Cattle Dairy cattle 57520/

Agriculture & Food Security Climate Change Training Module 625 Robert Street North PO Box 64975 St. Paul, MN 55164-0975 Minnesota Climate and Health Program.

Animals, Swine & Poultry Culturally Important Foods Other Issues Adaptation & Best Management Practices Outline 34 LIVESTOCK: CATTLE, DAIRY ANIMALS, SWINE & POULTRY 35 (Source: NCADAC, 2013) Changing climatic conditions affect animal agriculture in four primary ways: 1.Feed-grain production, availability, and price 2.Pastures and forage crop production and quality 3.Animal health, growth, and reproduction 4.Disease and pest distributions Climate Change Impacts 36 (Source: NCADAC, 2013) Animal health/

1 Personalized Risk Management Plans Steve Richards Program Director, NY FarmNet and NY FarmLink.

Investing off the farm to balance portfolio Increasing profit growth 7 Production Risk Management Some Key Risk Management Strategies: Crop Insurance! Yield based vs. Revenue based Crop production practices 8 Marketing Risk Management Some Key Risk Management Strategies: Price risk management, contracting Marketing plans/clubs Futures, options, etc. Direct marketing and the skill of marketing. 9 Results There is always an area of risk that can be mitigated easily, quickly/

The Water Cycle: Impacts of Annual/Perennial Bioenergy Crops Eleanor Burkett - Extension Educator, University of Minnesota Roberta Dow, PhD - Extension.

2 3.330019.137.2 Corn total7.87567.614.8 Switchgrass4.642113.626.5 Miscanthus13.211984.89.3 The Hydrologic Cycle and Biofuel Crop Considerations Water usage for biofuel crop production Biofuel crop versus other land use Crop impacts on water needs by other organisms Crop impacts on runoff and infiltration Methods to decrease the water use impacts of biofuel crop production will promote their agricultural sustainability Last updated : 2011

Soil Suitability and management for crop production

soils are problematic soils where salt causes great menace and crop production can be carried out with suitable management practices. Soil Suitability and management for crop production Learning objectives: To learn the different types of soils and their suitability for crop production. To study the various constrains and management strategies for better crop production in different soils. Introduction: Soil is an important natural resource for crop production. It is the top layer of the earth’s surface/

1 Kerala Agricultural Technology Project To Raise Productivity, Quality & Farmer Income on Cash and Field Crops by Improved Land Preparation, Soil Nutrition.

huge reservior of scientific manpower. Huge waste of water resources damaging crop productivity, increasing soil salinity and aggravating water shortages. 95% of Indias water use is for irrigation. Kerala ranks low among Indian states on productivity of most major crops. 5 Factors Determining Crop Productivity Soil preparation Planting methods & tools Plant nutrition Water management Pest management Time & schedule management 6 AT is the Answer Advanced agricultural technology (AT) adapted appropriately/

Harlan Shannon and Raymond Motha U.S. Department of Agriculture Office of the Chief Economist World Agricultural Outlook Board Washington D.C., U.S.A.

Recent disasters and climate forecasts underscore need for more education –annual crop production more variable –most impacted areas: developing nations, marginally productive lands Demonstrate how to translate weather & climate information into relevant farming decisions –improve daily decision-making process –ensure long-term sustainability Agricultural Weather Assessments World Agricultural Outlook Board Agriculture Weather Climate Educating the Farming Community Conveying risk management concepts –who/


flexible foam, Aerosols propellants, Teflon polymers, Industrial solvents, Refrigeration coolants SOIL MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AND GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS Agriculture and soil management practices that contribute to greenhouse gas emissions are: Animal production Agricultural Residue Burning Application of nitrogen mineral fertilizers Application of crop residues to soil The use of nitrogen fixing crops in soil management Production of paddy rice Tillage and direct emission from soil Land use change 1. Animal/

Horticulture CD Unit B1 - 12 Floriculture. Problem Area 1 Greenhouse Crop Production.

to all greenhouse operations. yDirect materials costs are those costs including plant materials, pots, chemicals, and growing media. They have a direct impact on the production of the crops. yDirect labor costs are based on production activities such as planting crops, spacing crops, watering and fertilizing crops and managing pests and diseases. Direct labor costs include wages and benefits (health insurance, paid vacations, sick leave, etc.). yOverhead costs are costs that do/

Agriculture and the Environment OCR A2 Options Environmental Biology.

pests are evaluated as part of an ecological system. A control programme is developed that includes a sequence of crop management, and biological and chemical controls. In IPM, each crop and its pests are evaluated as part of an ecological system. A control programme is developed that includes a sequence of crop management, and biological and chemical controls. The aim of IPM is not pest eradication but a reduction in/

Basics of Crop Production

will determine which plant species yields the most, the time of harvest, and ultimately the investment a landowner must make to yield an acceptable economic return from management. Soil quality is the most important factor in farm crop production. It largely determines what can be produced on the farm and directly affects the landowner’s economic investments on the farm. For this reason, soil quality/

Principles of Organic Farming Systems and Natural Resource Conservation.

in Integrated Systems Manure provides crop nutrients. Rotation to perennial forage rests soil after intensive annual crop production. Grazing reduces weeds and crop diseases. Crop residues and culls provide livestock fodder. Sound rotational grazing can improve pasture and restore soil quality and fertility for future crop production. Some Key Conservation Practices for Organic Farmers Nutrient Management – code 590 budget N and P, prevent water pollution Pest Management – code 595 minimize negative impacts/


Declining soil fertility Poverty in rice producing population Need efforts to enhance the productivity and efficiency in rice production International Year of Rice 2004 RiceCheck system for Increasing Productivity and Efficiency Outline of Presentation Yield Gap in Irrigated Rice Production Technologies for Managing Rice Crops and Systems for their Dissemination FAO Programme on Development and Dissemination of RiceCheck System Conclusions International Year of Rice 2004 THE YIELD GAP IN IRRIGATED/

Vegetable Agroforestry System (VAF) research activities Goal: Tree-crop integration on farm with minimal negative interaction, thus increasing economic.

or fruits) Quality of tree products (timber or fruits) Types of crop planted (erect vs broad leaves; dicots vs monocots) Types of crop planted (erect vs broad leaves; dicots vs monocots) Soil fertility Soil fertility Soil physical and chemical characteristics Soil physical and chemical characteristics Seasons (dry or wet season) Seasons (dry or wet season) Climate Climate Aspects Aspects Silvicultural management of trees (spacing, thinning, pruning/

BAHAN KAJIAN: STELA-SMNO.FPUB.APRIL2013. CONCEPTS, DEFINITIONS AND PRINCIPLES "Lahan adalah area tertentu di permukaan bumi, yang melingkupi semua atribut.

the model inputs are flexible through the use of many data defaults (for missing data), the model requires reliable data on soil properties, crop inputs and tillage management (weather is generated through a weather generator). Sumber: FAO Land and Water Bulletin No. 5. 1997 Erosion Productivity Impact Calculator (EPIC): EPIC menghasilkan beberapa output yang berguna untuk LQI, yaitu: 1.Hasil tanaman, for several economically important/

Pesticides: Domestic and International Perspectives from Science, Law and Governance Irvine, CA April 12, 2012 Charles Benbrook, PhD Adjunct Faculty, Crop.

is prohibited.” The loss of an independent seed industry dedicated to solving production problems through varietal development From the 1950s – 1990s, the major goal of plant breeding research was solving problems confronting farmers, while increasing yield and crop quality Beginning in late 1990s, the focus has been on commercializing patentable pest- management-related traits Most universities have essentially ended plant breeding work, except 1/

Environmental Science Unit 9 Resource Management

agriculture & the green revolution affected the world’s population? How do (a) chemical pesticides, (b) biological control, and (c) integrated pest management protect crops from pests? How are pollinators important to crop agriculture? Besides the above 4 questions, do 12.3 review packet. 12.4 Food Production How can we produce enough food for a rapidly growing population while sustaining our ability to produce it/

Crop Insurance What it is What it’s not When it’s Worthwhile Paul D. Mitchell Assistant Professor Agricultural and Applied Economics University of Wisconsin-Madison.

to stresses (drought, pests, water) by longer-term soil management (?) Make crops more resilient to stresses (drought, pests, water) by longer-term soil management (?) Summary Risk: when actions have variable outcomes Risk: when actions have variable outcomes 5 types in Agriculture 5 types in Agriculture Production and Technical Risk Production and Technical Risk Market and Price Risk Market and Price Risk Financial Risk Financial Risk Human Resource Risk Human/

Integrated Nutrient Management Section R SWES 316.

lb P 2 O 5 /acre Variability of Salinity in Soil In this case, salt management, not nutrients, may be the key to crop productivity. Irrigation/Water/Weather Factors Leaching Requirement for Pecans Timing and amount of leaching irrigation should be considered when managing fertilizer. Ensure fertilizer compatibility with water, and with other injected chemicals in pressurized irrigation systems. Compatibility will depend on water pH, HCO/


the use of heavy farm machinery. Kualitas Lahan: Land Workability (constraining field management) Karakteristik Lahan: Soil texture, effective soil depth/volume, and soil phases constraining soil management (soil depth, rock outcrop, stoniness, gravel/concretions and hardpans) Sumber: Salinity or sodicity. KELEBIHAN GARAM Accumulation of salts may cause salinity. Excess/

Providing Information on Crops, Farm Machinery, Training & Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs) (Service 3) Sponsored By: Implementing Agency:

(AALDI) FASAL – DAC, ISRO, State Remote Sensing Centres Farm Level Planning – TNAU, Agriculture Engineering Department (AED), NBSS&LUP Components Details – Crops and GAPs Crops Details Variety-wise; State specific Crops (Framework - Origin, Production Practices (Production and Protection Technology), Post Production Practices) Crop Cycle Management Week-by-Week Calendar of Activities (Crop/Season/Duration/Period) Pre-Sowing – Land development, Soil Suitability, Requirement & Preparation, Soil treatment/


hard pan in turn result in poor anchorage to the crop, low infiltration of water and high run off and soil erosion. Under good management practices, these soils can be profitably used for a variety of agricultural, horticultural and plantation crops Kesesuaian & Pengelolaan Tanah untuk Produksi Tanaman Soil Suitability and management for crop production Management: Soils are light textured and needs light and frequent irrigation (micro irrigation) to maintain the soil at field/

FARRM: A Holistic Risk Management Simulation Game “The thrill of victory, the agony of defeat” Kim Anderson J.C. Hobbs Oklahoma State University.

management workshop  FARRM 3  Wheat & Stockers  640 acres of owned crop land  640 acres of rented crop land  0.5 head/acre  winter grazing  1.5 head/acre  grazeout Paper FARRM 4  Gains from Marshal Pasture Research  Yields from county and / V. 2 21  Hired programmer  Junior CIS major  Found and recommended by... Computer-FARRM V. 2  Provided  Office  Computer  Laptop 22  Programmer  problems  Still worked but productivity declined Computer-FARRM V. 2  Good progress 23  Potential for /

Dikoleksi oleh: smno.psdl.ppsub.2013

opportunites. Energy from Biomass Farmers and food processors produce or manage large volumes of energy-rich organic materials, which can be further processed to obtain usable forms of energy. There are several ways farmers and other businesses can tap into the energy potential found in biomass. Production of New Energy Crops Ontario farmers can grow new energy crops such as switchgrass and specialized corn silage for anaerobic/

Food, Soil, and Pest Management

three ways: First, add a 2% sales tax on synthetic pesticides and use the revenue to fund IPM research and education. Integrated pest management is a component of more sustainable agriculture Second, set up a federally /little control: weather, crop prices, crop pests and diseases, loan interest rates, and global markets. Governments use two main approaches to influence food production: Control prices. Provide subsidies. Use government policies to improve food production and security To improve food /

Introduction A framework of the Software Requirements for Crop management based on SRS Conducted by Different NIC Officials is presented. Production capacity,

substantially the knowledge base of, and sustainable technology for crop production and cropping systems, to improve the delivery of technologies generated; and to promote the use of these systems. Crop management involves Pre-harvest management as well as Post-harvest management, Marketing, Trade and other aspects. Crop Management System Challenges: Rapid Growth in Crop Production & Productivity on Sustained basis Balanced Crop Diversification & Regional Development Management of Resources (Land, Soil, Bio/

CAP FOR 2O15 Jeremy Moody Secretary and Adviser, CAAV (Scottish Agricultural Arbiters and Valuers affiliated to CAAV) LANTRA FBAASS CONFERENCE Dunblane.

Environmentally Sensitive Grassland 2016? equivalence scheme – soil analysis, nutrient management plan, record all fertiliser applications Arable Area What is ‘Arable’ land? Both CD and EFA focus on ‘arable’ land ‘Arable’ includes – Land cultivated for crop production – Land available for crop production but lying fallow – Land under greenhouses and other cover – Temporary grassland So areas of grass included in crop rotation in previous 5 years – May also include some/

Environmental Science Chapter 15 Review

and chemical fertilizers. Environmental Science Chapter 15 Review DDT harmful to environment -does not break down easily in environment -causes some birds to lay thin shelled eggs -concentrates in animal bodies (persistent pesticides) Pest - organism that occurs where it is not wanted - can become resistant to pesticides Environmental Science Chapter 15 Review Integrated pest management – chemical, biological & farming methods Food production/ = less runoff practiced crop rotation fields allowed to lie/


through pheromone traps, Trichogramma cards for stem borer management Training on identification of Pest/Disease and their natural enemies, ETL for effective management of pests through appropriate chemical and dosage. Productivity and production enhancement in Pulses through . 1.Cropping system approach. 2.Replacement of Varieties. 3.Weed management 4.Nutrition Management. 5.Pest and Disease Management 6.Farm Mechanization 7.Post harvest. 1.Cropping system approach Exploiting the possibility of growing two/

Risk Management for Organic Producers Organic Oklahoma 2015 OSU/OKC OSU-OKC Student Center 900 N. Portland Ave. Oklahoma City, Oklahoma January 27, 2015.

://farm-risk- Production Risk: Managing | Diversification, Alternative, and Sustainable Agriculture | New Technologies and Inputs | Crop Production | Crop and Livestock InsuranceProduction Risk Marketing Risk: General Farm Marketing | Marketing Tools | Direct Marketing | Livestock and Dairy MarketingGeneral Farm MarketingMarketing ToolsDirect MarketingLivestock and Dairy Marketing Financial Risk Human Risk: Personal/Family | Employees | PesticidesHuman Risk/

Income Stabilisation In European Agriculture Design and economic impact of risk management tools Extreme Weather Risks Experiences & Food for thought Dr.

to underwrite Extreme weather risk schemes require high capacity Multi peril crop insurance products (MPCI) are not viable underwritten without public support Income Stabilisation In European Agriculture Food for thought … Comprehensive farm management information systems are vital and must have priority for agriculture risk management and income stabilisation Improved information and knowledge is the basis for globally competitive precision farming operations Development of knowledge based precision/

Saline Irrigation Management for a Sustainable Use

metabolism of essential nutrients. Crop Management The soil salinity may be a main limiting factor, but other factors may also limit crop production or modify crop salt tolerance including: climate, production potential of soil with level of soil fertility, soil structure, aeration capacity, and intensity of soil moisture regime, crop plant variety and growth stages, crop cultural practices, and application of irrigation methods. Crop Tolerance to Salinity Crop plants greatly vary in their/

Sponsors: University of Minnesota Extension Service MN Soybean Research & Promotion Council College of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Sciences Center.

marketing plan is a proactive strategy to price your grain that considers your financial goals, cash flow needs, price objectives, storage capacity, crop insurance coverage, anticipated production, and appetite for risk Proactive, not reactive, not overactive Copyright © 2003 Center for Farm Financial Management, University of Minnesota. All Rights Reserved. Marketing is Important! Iowa State University studies show that since 1998 the average Iowa farm/

Timber vs. Row Crops Under what circumstance can conversion of forestland to crop land be justified financially? William L. Hoover.

Cash Rent Net Value of Timber Growth Net Value of Timber Growth minus Cash Rent Premium of Managed Timber Over Crops, Deflated Weighted Average Price for Average Stand Nominal Deflated Trend line is equivalent to 1.1% per annum W. Hoover. Annual. Indiana Forest Products Price Survey and Trend Analysis, Purdue Univ. Coop. Ext. Svc. Cash Rent minus Net Value of Timber Growth Timber/

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