Download ppt on civil disobedience movement of 1930

Civil Rights Civil Rights Thinking Skill: Explicitly assess information and draw conclusions Objective: Assess the impact and tactics of the early Civil.

at the Highlander Folk School (1955) Founded in 1930s as a ‘labor school’ Founded in 1930s as a ‘labor school’ Focused on racial equality /them without intervention. Not really “civil disobedience” – why? Not really “civil disobedience” – why? “We were determined not to let any act of violence keep us from our goal./Malcolm X and the Nation of Islam Malcolm X and the Nation of Islam View of Whites View of Whites Direction of Civil Rights Movement Direction of Civil Rights Movement New goals New goals Black /


TAKS Review American History. Important Events 1492Columbus first lands in AmericaBegins sustained European contact 1607Founding of Jamestown, VA1 st.

of the NAACP in the 1920’s “Mother” Jones (1830-1930)Leader of Women’s Labor Movement, 1867-1930 Florence Kelly (1859-1932)Progressive era reformer; campaigned for child-labor law Nikita Khrushchev (1894-1971)Communist Leader of the USSR, 1957- 1964 Key People Martin Luther King Jr. (1929-1968)Civil/ of slavery Henry David Thoreau “Essay on Civil Disobedience”, 1849, advocated nonviolent protest; Walden, 1854, a year living in harmony with nature Mark TwainThe adventures of Huckleberry Finn, 1884, novel of /


Chapter 29: Nationalism and Revolution Around the World Section 1: Struggle for Change in Latin America Section 2: Nationalist Movements in Africa & the.

Self-Rule In the 1920s and 1930s, Mohandas Gandhi led the nationalist movement in IndiaIn the 1920s and 1930s, Mohandas Gandhi led the nationalist movement in India –He taught that nonviolent resistance and civil disobedience (the refusal to obey unjust laws/ 1920s –Peasants were poor and workers earned low wages Exports Allies: Britain France Russia $$$$$$$ Section 5: Empire of the Rising Sun Looking for change, Japan moved toward greater DemocracyLooking for change, Japan moved toward greater Democracy –/


Civil Rights Now Chapter 5. Quest for Equality  Rights and privileges guaranteed to all citizens under the equal protection and due process clauses of.

was chosen to lead the bus boycott. MLK  King became the symbol for the civil rights movement.  381 days of boycotting busses meant massive loss in profit.  King was arrested, had death threats, and had his home bombed.  Dec. 1956 SC ruled segregation of the busses was unconstitutional. Non Violent Civil Disobedience  Active, but nonviolent refusal to comply with laws or governmental policies that are morally/


Chapter 29: Nationalism and Revolution Around the World Section 1: Struggle for Change in Latin America Section 2: Nationalist Movements in Africa & the.

Self-Rule In the 1920s and 1930s, Mohandas Gandhi led the nationalist movement in IndiaIn the 1920s and 1930s, Mohandas Gandhi led the nationalist movement in India –He taught that nonviolent resistance and civil disobedience (the refusal to obey unjust laws/ 1920s –Peasants were poor and workers earned low wages Exports Allies: Britain France Russia $$$$$$$ Section 5: Empire of the Rising Sun Looking for change, Japan moved toward greater DemocracyLooking for change, Japan moved toward greater Democracy –/


 Ottoman Empire collapsed at end of WWI. › Great Britain and France divided territories › Set up mandates-territories administered by European powers.

› W.E.B. DuBOIS – LEADER OF A MOVEMENT THAT TRIED TO MAKE ALL AFRICANS AWARE OF THEIR OWN CULTURAL HERITAGE. MARCUS GARVEY – STRESSED THE NEED FOR THE UNITY OF ALL AFRICANS, A MOVEMENT KNOWN AS PAN-AFRICANISM.  Mohandas Gandhi became active in the movement for Indian self-rule before WWI  Became known as MAHATMA – “GREAT SOUL”  Organized non-violent mass protests  Civil disobedience – refusal to obey laws considered/


INDIAN NATIONAL MOVEMENT[1919-1947] GANDHIJI’S INITIAL TRIAL OF SATYAGRAHA IN INDIA IN THREE INSTANCES. THE CAUSES FOR THE NON-COOPERATION MOVEMENT WITHDRAWAL.

EMPIRE, BUT SHALL CLAIM ITSELF TO BE ALREADY INDEPENDENT. ON THE CALL OF GANDHIJI, THE INDIAN MASSES CAME FORTH IN PROTEST AGAINST THE BRITISH EMPIRE IN THE CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE.  AS THE NAME SUGGESTS, THE IDEA WAS TO SHOW TOTAL DISOBEDIENCE TO THE BRITISH BY NOT ACCEPTING ANY OF THEIR LAWS AND POLICIES. CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE MOVEMENT  THE CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE MOVEMENT WAS LAUNCHED BY GANDHIJI WITH THE SALT SATYAGRAHA. THIS WAS DONE WITH/


The Civil Rights Movement We Shall Overcome!. ` The Civil War freed over four million people who had been held in bondage. Slavery had been a part of.

Fred L. Shuttlesworth establish the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, of which King is made the first president. The SCLC becomes a major force in organizing the civil rights movement and bases its principles on nonviolence and civil disobedience. The SCLC becomes a major force in organizing the civil rights movement and bases its principles on nonviolence and civil disobedience. Even with the court ruling, it takes President Eisenhower sending/


Civil Rights Movement(s ) “Give To Every Other Human Being Every Right That You Claim For Yourself.” Robert Ingersoll.

Change IDENTIFY THE PROBLEM. ORGANIZE A GROUP & MOVEMENT. –CREATE A COMMON PURPOSE. FIND OPPORTUNITY. CREATE AN EVENT- (BRING ATTENTION). PUSH FOR POLICY REFORM. Civil Disobedience DEFINTION: Civil disobedience is the active refusal to obey certain laws, demands and commands of a government, or of an occupying power, without resorting to physical violence. It is one of the primary tactics of nonviolent resistance. Civil Disobedience Nonviolent methods to confront discrimination and racism/


TAKS Review American History. Important Events 1492Columbus first lands in AmericaBegins sustained European contact 1607Founding of Jamestown, VA1 st.

of the NAACP in the 1920’s “Mother” Jones (1830-1930)Leader of Women’s Labor Movement, 1867-1930 Florence Kelly (1859-1932)Progressive era reformer; campaigned for child-labor law Nikita Khrushchev (1894-1971)Communist Leader of the USSR, 1957- 1964 Key People Martin Luther King Jr. (1929-1968)Civil/ of slavery Henry David Thoreau “Essay on Civil Disobedience”, 1849, advocated nonviolent protest; Walden, 1854, a year living in harmony with nature Mark TwainThe adventures of Huckleberry Finn, 1884, novel of /


Demands for Civil Rights Following WWII, African Americans began to push harder in the civil rights movement and brought about significant results.

1930s, the NAACP won many legal victories, especially in the areas of housing and education. During the 1920s and 1930s, the NAACP won many legal victories, especially in the areas of/of Mohandas Gandhi and Henry David Thoreau, both of whom advocated nonviolence. Gandhi had helped India gain its independence in 1947. Gandhi had helped India gain its independence in 1947. Thoreau had advocated civil disobedience in the mid-1800s. Thoreau had advocated civil disobedience/tactic of the civil rights movement. /


William McKinley (1843 – 1901) The 25th President of the United States. McKinley led the nation to victory in the Spanish–American War, raised protective.

, activist, humanitarian, and leader in the African- American Civil Rights Movement. He is best known for his role in the advancement of civil rights using nonviolent civil disobedience. Thurgood Marshall (1908 –1993) An Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court, serving from October 1967 until/ suspect evidence and was seen as a bully. He was censured by the Senate. Sandra Day O’Connor (1930-present) Was the first woman appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court. OConnor voted for certain limits on /


William McKinley (1843 – 1901) The 25th President of the United States. McKinley led the nation to victory in the Spanish–American War, raised protective.

, activist, humanitarian, and leader in the African- American Civil Rights Movement. He is best known for his role in the advancement of civil rights using nonviolent civil disobedience. Thurgood Marshall (1908 –1993) An Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court, serving from October 1967 until/ suspect evidence and was seen as a bully. He was censured by the Senate. Sandra Day O’Connor (1930-present) Was the first woman appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court. OConnor voted for certain limits on /


The Civil Rights Movement We Shall Overcome!. ` The Civil War freed over four million people who had been held in bondage. Slavery had been a part of.

first president. The SCLC becomes a major force in organizing the civil rights movement and bases its principles on nonviolence and civil disobedience. The SCLC becomes a major force in organizing the civil rights movement and bases its principles on nonviolence and civil disobedience. 1960 Four black college students in Greensboro, N.C. begin a new form of protest, called a sit-in. They are refused service at a/


Gandhi and women’s nonviolence If nonviolence is the law of our being, the future is with woman. Young India, 10 April 1930. By Laura M. A. Maino.

, women should regard themselves adorned through it, regard as sacred whatever quality of cloth is produced from yarn spun by girls and wear such cloth for the purpose of covering their bodies. Nabajiban, 6 October 1921. Picketing of liquor shops. 1930s: Civil Disobedience movement Boycott propaganda. Drink and drugs sap the moral well-being of those who are given to the habit. Foreign cloth undermines the economic foundations/


African-American History Month Profiles of Individuals and Events Contributing to American Identity and African-American History – US-VA History 2015.

fascism, speaking out against Hitler as early as the 1930s during the Spanish Civil War. But he also railed against colonialism, and supported the Pan-African movement of the 1950s, organizations which openly sympathized with communists. Robeson/a philosopher, in many ways, and one of his most important contributions to the Civil Rights Movement was his consistent use of non- violent, civil disobedience in order to achieve goals. Non-violent civil disobedience was by no means passive or without consequences/


The Civil Rights Movement Fighting Segregation The Main Idea In the mid-1900s, the civil rights movement began to make major progress in correcting the.

civil rights movement? The Civil Rights Movement prior to 1954 Pre-1900 Opposition to slavery in colonial days Abolition movement and Civil War Legalized racism after Reconstruction 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson allowed the segregation of African Americans and whites. To 1930 Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois Founding of/ Nonviolent group founded by MLK and southern ministers SIT-INS (1960) Using Civil Disobedience, activists attempted to integrate lunch counters throughout the South Strategy was to politely/


Chapter 5 & 6 1. Chapter 5 Continued… 2 He was educated in eastern and western cultures. It was his speech at Allahbad in December, 1930 where he gave.

the Congress and the Muslim League. In 1929 ‘Civil Disobediencemovement was launched by Gandhi and violence accompanied it. The committee was declared unlawful and Gandhi and Nehru were arrested. British realized no constitution can be successful unless leaders of all parties were invited and so Round Table Conference was held. It had 3 sessions in 1930, 1931 and 1932. In the first session, Congress/


The Indian Independence Movement Nathan B. Gilson Southwest Middle School.

(particularly the untouchables) Salt Marches In 1930, Gandhi decided to try again to lead the Indian Independence movement with his salt march. –Marched to the sea with thousands of followers over 24 days, giving speeches and/civil disobedience movement. World War 2 India strongly supported Britain in WW2 (about 2,500,000 troops) Many leaders of the Indian Independence Movement wanted to capitalize on Britain’s focus on Hitler to revolt, but Gandhi temporarily suspended his civil disobedience movement/


MAHATMA GANDHI THE FATHER OF OUR NATION Presented by Ramesh Raj Pathak RPVV, Tyagraj Nagar New Delhi.

– 30 January 1948) was the pre-eminent leader of Indian nationalism in British ruled India. Employing non-violent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for non-violence, civil rights and freedom across the world. Gandhi is commonly/ Indian. Gandhi took leadership of Congress in 1920 and began a steady escalation of demands (with Intermittent compromises or pauses) until on 26 January 1930 the Indian National Congress declared the independence of India. The British did /


African-American History Month Profiles of Individuals and Events Contributing to American Identity and African-American History – US-VA History 2016.

fascism, speaking out against Hitler as early as the 1930s during the Spanish Civil War. But he also railed against colonialism, and supported the Pan-African movement of the 1950s, organizations which openly sympathized with communists. Robeson/a philosopher, in many ways, and one of his most important contributions to the Civil Rights Movement was his consistent use of non- violent, civil disobedience in order to achieve goals. Non-violent civil disobedience was by no means passive or without consequences/


Chapter 5: Civil Rights American Democracy Now, 4/e Copyright © 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without.

the prior written consent of McGraw- Hill Education. The Movement Gains National Visibility Murder of Emmett Till in 1955 Rosa Parks & Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955)  The boycott was led by Martin Luther King Jr. Copyright © 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of McGraw- Hill Education. Local Organizing and the Strategies of Civil Disobedience Martin Luther King advocated/


Civil Rights Movement(s ) “Give To Every Other Human Being Every Right That You Claim For Yourself.” Robert Ingersoll.

Change IDENTIFY THE PROBLEM. ORGANIZE A GROUP & MOVEMENT. –CREATE A COMMON PURPOSE. FIND OPPORTUNITY. CREATE AN EVENT- (BRING ATTENTION). PUSH FOR POLICY REFORM. Civil Disobedience DEFINTION: Civil disobedience is the active refusal to obey certain laws, demands and commands of a government, or of an occupying power, without resorting to physical violence. It is one of the primary tactics of nonviolent resistance. Civil Disobedience Nonviolent methods to confront discrimination and racism/


The Second World War and the End Of European Domination Or… Europe Really Screwed up, So Why Not Let America Try?

Movement: Mass civil disobedience campaigns in India against British rule in 1942. Muslim League: Supported the partitioning of India into secular and Muslim states. The result of this political group’s goal was the creation of Pakistan. Muhammad Ali Jinnah: Leader of the Muslim League and first president of/was taught most clearly at Munich. As China and Japan bitterly struggled throughout the 1930s for control of east Asia, the West to a great extent watched from the sidelines. Nazi Blitzkrieg, Stalemate,/


INDUSTRIALIZATION.. The establishment of trusts in the post Civil War period is best explained as the result of The prevalence of intense competition.

most famous – or infamous – of all the political machines in the United States. See Boss Tweed and Thomas Nast. The Progressive movement of the early 20th century was LEAST successful in which of the following? Getting child labor laws/philosophy of civil disobedience from: the work of Mahatma Gandhi and the pacifist principles of Christianity. When news of the Montgomery Bus boycott came out, it showed Americans that: a new spirit of resistance to racism was growing among African Americans. Rosa Parks, of /


Why campaign ?. “The activity of seeking to bring public pressure to bear on institutions and individuals so that they act differently than they would.

and spiritual leader of India and the Indian independence movement. He was the pioneer of resistance to tyranny through mass civil disobedience, firmly founded upon total non-violence which led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across/above all for achieving Swaraj—the independence of India from foreign domination. Gandhi famously led Indians in the Non-cooperation movement in 1922 and in protesting the British-imposed salt tax in 1930, and later in calling for the /


First Wave Agriculture 8000 B.C. -  First wave evolved over thousands of years. Hunters and gatherers foraged for food.

were once again invited to work.World War II allowed women to workWorld War II allowed women to work 1930s 1930 Depression Era, farmers left dust bowl to seek work, most incomes reduced by over 40%. Economics dominated politics/The repercussions of these wars, both sociological and economical still persist today. Pearl Harbor Pearl Harbor 1950s  1950s Rock music, was now the rage, but it was also characterized by political activism, reform movements, mass mobilization, civil unrest and disobedience. Amid /


Independence Movements In Asia and Africa. Document-Based Question: Evaluate the methods and roles of leaders and organizations in the movement for independence.

of Passive Resistance or civil disobedience Consisted of demonstrations and work stoppages and boycotts This non-violence program was quite successful Dr. King in America copied this strategy of civil disobedience in the US civil rights movement. The Muslim League demanded creation of /elites (coffee and rubber exporters) Created a gap between rich and poor. Vargas took over in 1930 and created an authoritarian regime Argentina was represented by landowners (cattle and sheep) Military revolts were common/


Truman’s Presidency and the Cold War 1945-1953. Roots of the Cold War  US Point of View:  Stalin sought to create "spheres" of influence in Eastern.

by SCLC to better organize the movement. (SNCC pronounced "snick")  "Jail not Bail" became the popular slogan  Students adopted civil disobedience when confronted with jail Cold War: 1953-1961  Sec. of State John Foster Dulles initiated new policy of massive retaliation  Two major principals:  Encourage liberation of the captive peoples in Eastern Europe by widespread use of political pressure and propaganda  Voice of America and Radio Free Europe/


The Cold War 1945-1989. Roots of the Cold War Teheran Conference, 1943 Teheran Conference, 1943 USSR guaranteed to be only power to liberate Eastern Europe.

to demands for independence Mohandas K. Gandhi led independence movement with principle of passive resistance (civil disobedience) Mohandas K. Gandhi led independence movement with principle of passive resistance (civil disobedience) Vietnam After Japan’s defeat the French tried to reassert control of Indochina After Japan’s defeat the French tried to reassert control of Indochina Ho Chi Minh led the independence movement in the north Ho Chi Minh led the independence/


REVOLUTION AND NATIONALISM Ch.14/30. 1. proletariat ● The workers; thought to be the heroes of society by the Bolsheviks.

Gandhi emerged as the leader of the independence movement. As a result of the massacre Mohandas Gandhi emerged as the leader of the independence movement. Gandhi urged the Indian National Congress to pursue a policy of noncooperation with the British gov. Gandhi urged the Indian National Congress to pursue a policy of noncooperation with the British gov. This was to be accomplished through civil disobedience, the deliberate and public/


Independence Movements In Asia and Africa. The World Mood in the Post War Era While the Superpowers engaged in the Cold War former colonies of Imperialistic.

movements spokesman was Gandhi who organized huge protests. He proclaimed a program of Passive Resistance or civil disobedience Program consisted of demonstrations and work stoppages and boycotts This non-violence program was quite successful Dr. King in America copied this strategy of civil disobedience in the US civil rights movement/exporters) Created a gap between rich and poor. Getulio Vargas took over in 1930 and created an authoritarian regime Argentina was represented by landowners (cattle and sheep)/


1 The Indian Independence Movement, to 1947. 2 The Land and the People ► Despite periodic famines due to drought, India’s fertile land allowed the Indian.

National Congress in 1885. ► Largely as a result of British attitudes, Muslims were fearful of Hindu dominance and so the All- India Muslim League in 1906, thus giving India not one, but two independence movements. 6 ___________________ (INC) ? Muslim or Hindu?/ British authorities and Gandhi was arrested. 20 Satyagraha – the name that Gandhi gave to civil disobedience 21 The Salt March In 1930, Gandhi organizes protest of Salt Acts These laws force Indians to buy salt from the government Salt March-240-mile/


South Africa Timeline 1902 - Treaty of Vereeniging ends the second Anglo-Boer War. The Transvaal and Orange Free State are made self-governing colonies.

1924 Industrial Conciliation Act No 11: 1926 Immorality Act No 5: 1930  Riotous Assemblies (Amendment) Act No 19: 1936 Representation of Blacks Act No 12: 1936  Development Trust and Land Act No/ removals in later years. The ANC responded with a series of protests and civil disobedience that continued to escalate as additional laws were enacted. Apartheid and Education/. Pass laws An example of a passbook. (Source: http://www.ms-starship.com/journal/jan01/27.htm ) The movement of black people was severely limited/


The Origins of the Civil Rights Movement Prof. Jeffrey D. Gonda Syracuse University September 26 th, 2012.

Washington for Jobs and Freedom. A. Philip Randolph Publisher and political organizer. Organizes the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters (BSCP) in 1925. First president of the National Negro Congress (NNC) in the late 1930s. Organizes the March on Washington Movement (MOWM) in 1941. Founds League for Non-Violent Civil Disobedience Against Military Segregation. A key organizer for the 1963 March on Washington What Might We Lose/


Civil Rights Movement  Struggle for African Americans to get equal rights  Led to later efforts by women, other ethnic minorities, the disabled, the.

Civil Rights Movement  Brown v. Board of Education 1954  After Reconstruction, Southern States passed laws requiring segregation  Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) – separate but equal  NAACP started challenging in the 1930sCivil Rights Movement  Brown v. Board of Education /government had to intervene  Riders faced risk of death and violence  Civil Rights Movement  King’s Letter from Birmingham Jail, 1963  King believed in non-violence  Used civil disobedience against unjust laws  Led march in /


Economic Development of Central America Econ. 4200 - Spring 2004 – Dr. Taylor.

of guidelines. 99. Capital flight: A rapid and massive conversion of domestic currency for that of a major international reserve currency and movement of that reserve currency out of/1/2001). #4 Economic Decline, War, and the Ascent of the State, 1930 to the 1950s What important lesson was learned in the /Civil disobedience continued in the early 1990s and the military responded. The Honduran civil rights record deteriorated yet the military restored order and began to back out of the institutions of civil/


Mid To Late 20 th Century. Indian Independence Movement Temple at Amritsar 1919 Salt March 1930 and Mohandas K. Gandhi Indian Independence 1947.

Late 20 th Century Indian Independence Movement Temple at Amritsar 1919 Salt March 1930 and Mohandas K. Gandhi Indian Independence 1947 Mid To Late 20 th Century Temple at Amritsar April 3, 1919 Site of a large peaceful gathering Orders had/of nonviolent (passive) resistance. Embraced the Hindu tradition of Ahimsa (Uh him sah) --Admires the Western thinkers like Henry David Thoreau and idea of Civil Disobedience refusal to obey an unjust law. Departments.Bucknell.edu Mid To Late 20 th Century Salt March 1930/


3.The policy of annexation introduced by Lord Dalhousie was received with much discontent among Indians. Due to the introduction of the new policy,

the August Movement) was a civil disobedience movement launched in India in August 1942 in response to Mohandas Gandhis call for immediate independence. Gandhi hoped to bring the British government to the negotiating table.[1] Almost the entire Congress leadership, and not merely at the national level, was put into confinement less than twenty-four hours after Gandhis speech, and the greater number of the/


Independence Movements In Asia and Africa. The World’s Mood in the Post-War Era While the Superpowers engaged in the Cold War, former colonies of Imperialist.

Movement’s spokesman was Gandhi who organized huge protests. He proclaimed a program of Passive Resistance or civil disobedience Consisted of demonstrations and work stoppages and boycotts This non-violence program was quite successful Dr. King in America copied this strategy of civil disobedience in the US civil rights movement/ exporters) Created a gap between rich and poor. Vargas took over in 1930 and created an authoritarian regime Argentina was represented by landowners (cattle and sheep) /


Vocab 1.Sepoy 2. Monopoly 3. Indian National Congress (INC) 4. Mohandas Gandhi 5. Satyagraha 6. Civil Disobedience E. Indian troops who served in the British.

Q. This act of civil disobedience took place in 1930 and drew worldwide attention. U. Division of India into a Muslim country & a Hindu country P. After the partition, this country was formed for Muslims L. Leader of the Muslim League W. Revolt of Indian troops that/question or issue O. Duties a Hindu must complete in order to get good karma R. Turning point in Indian independence movement J. Among Hindus & Muslims, the complete seclusion in which some women live X. Buddhist monument containing relics Geo & /


African American Civil Rights Movement. I. Quickly Review Previous Black Civil Rights Struggles (1850’s – 1940’s)

& 1930’s Great Migration NAACP Founded Harlem Renaissance & “New Negro” Marcus Garvey & UNIA WWII “Double V” Promotes Integration beginning in 1940’s WHY WERE THESE INJUSTICES LIKELY TO RESULT IN A SOCIAL MOVEMENT? Consider the context of the 1940s and 1950s. Still, “Jim Crow” laws in South & “de facto” segregation in North strong into the mid 20 th Century II. Non-Violent Civil Disobedience (mid/


C 34: An Age of Anxiety Post-War Pessimism Crash of 1929 Global Depression Economic Experimentation The New Deal.

and non-violence (ahisma) Passive resistance (satyagraha “truth and firmness”) Armitsar Massacre 1919 (British killed 379 unarmed protestors) Non-Cooperation Movement 1920-1922 (boycott of British goods- return to homespun cotton) Civil Disobedience Movement 1930 (more aggressive- protest on British authority = The Salt March= led 50,000 to the Sea to make salt illegally The India Act 1937= autonomous legislatures in Congress/ ex Control under /


1858-1947.  If the Indian people want independence, what could possibly unite them in hopes of achieving that goal?  common desire to see British.

. Gandhi’s Civil Disobedience:  refused to comply with certain laws seen as unfair or unjust as a peaceful form of political protest  encouraged peaceful strikes, boycotts, marches fasting  example:  Salt March, 1930 Jinnah’s Muslim/of Britain’s mis-rule of India and brought large numbers of Indians to the pro-independence movement. Gandhi & Nehru  After WWII, British Parliament agreed to independence.  negotiations with both nationalist movements  end result  partition [division] & independence of/


The March for Civil Rights. Civil Rights Pretest.

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Organized the bus boycott Non-violent means of protest The success of the boycott propelled him and his technique ofcivil disobedience” to national fame Eisenhower’s Reaction President Eisenhower believed that racism and segregation /of Dr. King and his supporters Many also began to call for the expulsion of whites from civil rights groups like CORE and the SNCC and for blacks to take sole power over civil rights movements into their own hands Nation of Islam Founded in 1930/


Civil Rights. What are civil rights? Civil rights are personal rights guaranteed and protected by the U.S. Constitution and federal laws enacted by Congress:

Council of Negro Women (NCNW) Leadership Conference on Civil Rights (LCCR) Medical Committee for Human Rights (MCHR) Southern Student Organizing Committee (SSOC) Common Ground Relief Nonviolent protest & civil disobedience The nonviolence philosophy was introduced into the civil rights movement by activist/Roberts Harris-1 st Afr Amer woman in US Cabinet Nation of Islam/Black Muslims Wallace Fard founded the Nation of Islam in the 1930s because he said Christianity was the white mans religion & forced/


Heritage of South Asia Chapter 8. Hinduism  Chief religion of India  No founder  No formal church.

 Mohandas Gandhi  Leader of India’s independence movement.  MUST ONLY use peaceful/as self discipline.  “Mahatma” = “great soul” Campaign of Civil Disobedience  Gandhi traveled India:  Urged nonviolent resistance  Forms:/Civil Disobedience: made salt.  Government response:  keeps salt tax  Overall outcome:  Increased support for Indian nationalists. The Hindu-Muslim Conflict  Hindus and Muslims had cooperated for independence up into the 1920’s…  With British encouraging conflict:  Began in 1930/


Gandhi: Reckless teenager to father of India. Great Soul Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi is known as Mahatma meaning ‘Great Soul’. He was an astute political.

finds kindred spirits in the vegetarian movement and at the Theosophical Society who help him to return to the traditional Hindu principles of his childhood: vegetarianism, no alcohol/now posing as a fakir. Winston Churchill, 1930 The Salt March Gandhi’s speech to the marchers (1930) [On the 11th of March 1930, the crowd swelled to 10,000 at/ ends as soon as I am arrested. In that case volunteers. Wherever possible, civil disobedience of salt should be started. These laws can be violated in three ways. It is/


Rising up Against Imperialism Nationalism Unit  He became the president of the Indian National Congress in  He was able to unite all of India.

civil disobedience.  Civil disobedience is the refusal to obey unjust laws.  Examples—strikes, sit-ins, boycotts  His goal was to make the world aware of the British injustice by accepting punishment without striking back.  Gandhi’s approach would later influence Martin Luther King during his civil rights crusades. What is your reaction to this scene?  1930/ the Indian Independence Act. India—Part 4  For many years of the independence movement, Hindus and Muslims worked together.  – However, by the /


World History and Geography: Commonwealth of Virginia

political conditions. Worldwide depression in the 1930s provided opportunities for the rise of dictators in the Soviet Union, /of Mohandas Ghandi Role of civil disobedience and passive resistance Political division along Hindu-Muslim lines, Pakistan/India Gandhi Gandhi Regional setting for the Indian independence movement Evolution of the Indian independence movement Who was a leader of the Indian independence movement, and what tactics did he use? What were the outcomes of the Indian independence movement/


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