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Mohandas karamchand gandhi. Gandhi first employed civil disobedience while an expatriate lawyer in South Africa, during the resident Indian communitys.

gandhi Gandhi first employed civil disobedience while an expatriate lawyer in South Africa, during the resident Indian communitys struggle for civil rights. After his return to India in 1915, he organized protests by peasants, farmers, and urban laborers concerning excessive land-tax and discrimination. After assuming leadership of the Indian National Congress in 1921, Gandhi/ India from foreign domination. Gandhi famously led his followers in the Non- cooperation movement that protested the British-imposed/


methods used to achieve Indian Independence from British colonial rule

because it allows meat to keep without refrigeration. Gandhi, practicing civil disobedience by breaking an unjust law, walked 240 miles to the ocean and began making salt. Dandi Salt March Civil Disobedience Example #2: In 1939, Germany attacked Great Britain/“quit” India (release it to home rule) Quit India Movement Satyagraha & Hunger Strikes A Sanskrit word which means “truth” + “force.” Gandhi’s own version of non-violent resistance. Gandhi was adamantly against “passive” resistance, he said that there /


How to organize and Write a DBQ Essay

success? 4th write down your thesis and roadmap: use the chicken foot because that is the thesis and roadmap! (There were at least three keys to Gandhi’s success in leading a nonviolent movement: disciplined civil disobedience, peaceful acceptance of jail time, and embracing the enemy). Paragraph #2 1st start it with a baby thesis –the first thing on your chicken foot- (One key/


October 2, 1869 150 friends Just finished weaving my latest cloth on my handwheel. Kasturba Gandhi Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan: My friend, I admire your never.

regularly. Indian Music, Favorite song is Vaishnava Janto. The Andy Griffith Show Gandhi (1982) Autobiography: My Experiments With Truth, All Men Are Brothers, India of My Dream, The Origin of Non-Violence Died: January 30, 1948 Profile Civil disobedience, non- violent political resistance. I am the leader of the Indian independence movement. I have four sons with my wife, Harilal, Manilal, Ramdas and Devdas/


Mahatma Gandhi 2 nd Oct 1869-30 th Jan 1948 (79 Yrs)

be a distinguished professor of Politics in University of Bombay. She was also Chairman of Mani Bhavan Gandhi Sangrahalaya and Gandhi Smarak Nidhi. Why Was Gandhi Never Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize? Up to 1960, the Nobel Peace Prize was awarded almost /operation Movement 4 January, 1932 Started fast against separate electorate for the Harijans 8 May, 1933 Started 21 days fast for the improvement of Harijan’s condition and was released at 6 p.m. from jail 31 July, 1933 Individual Civil Disobedience /


INDIGO The Life of Mahatama Gandhi By Louis Fischer.

the area, and by making a very cool and dispassionate statement explaining his reasons, he launched the non-violent civil disobedience movement which ultimately led to Indias independence. The school at Bhitharwa near Bettiah in Champaran built by Gandhiji. As it existed then. Recently built Gandhi Smarak at Motihari Sign at the top is on the arch over the entrance gate at the Mahatama/


Civil Rights Civil Rights Thinking Skill: Explicitly assess information and draw conclusions Objective: Assess the impact and tactics of the early Civil.

movement and its successes came down to Martin Luther King King was basically a Christian version of Gandhi King was basically a Christian version of Gandhi Bayard Rustin-an over-looked CR activist Locally significant Locally significant Embraced Gandhi techniques Embraced Gandhi/ the peace”), but they often first let white mobs attack them without intervention. Not really “civil disobedience” – why? Not really “civil disobedience” – why? “We were determined not to let any act of violence keep us from our/


500 100 200 300 400 200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 100 Just Maps! Just Maps! Vietnam’s Independence Movement Vietnam’s Independence Movement India’s.

Just Maps! Just Maps! Vietnam’s Independence Movement Vietnam’s Independence Movement India’s Independence Movement India’s Independence Movement T 20 th Century Movements In China T 20 th Century Movements In China Foreign Involvement Foreign Involvement Wild Card /punishment? India A: 200 Civil Disobedience Q: 300 India Give two examples of civil disobedience acts carried out by Gandhi. A: 300 Q: 400 Where (name of country) did Gandhi organize his first campaign of mass civil disobedience? India A: 400 In/


C-30 S-4 Nationalism in India and Southwest Asia Nationalism triggered independence movements to overthrow colonial power. These independent nations—India,

independence that they had been promised. Fact #3 Most Indians at this time were Hindu, with Islam being the minority religion. Fact #4 Mahatma Gandhi was the leader of India’s independence movement who advocated a policy of civil disobedience Fact #5 Turkey was all that remained of the Ottoman Empire Fact #6 In 1935, Persia was renamed Iran Important Facts Nationalism triggered independence/


Gandhi: Reckless teenager to father of India. Great Soul Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi is known as Mahatma meaning ‘Great Soul’. He was an astute political.

sit still. My compact with the Congress ends as soon as I am arrested. In that case volunteers. Wherever possible, civil disobedience of salt should be started. These laws can be violated in three ways. It is an offence to manufacture salt wherever /wife, Kasturba. Violent protests calling for Gandhi’s release erupt across the country, but Winston Churchill is determined not to give in. Gandhis wife dies in prison months before his release in 1944. The "Quit India" movement We shall either free India or die/


TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Civil Rights in the 1960s.

protect civil rights. Understand why the civil rights movement broke up into several groups. Analyze the achievements and failures of the civil rights movement. Objectives TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Terms and People civil disobedience – / people must disobey unjust laws if their consciences demand it. Mohandas Gandhi Gandhi led a campaign to win India’s freedom from British colonial rule. Gandhi taught that one should resist injustice, even if it meant going/


PAKISTAN MOVEMENT Ms Sabeen Yunus. Evolution of Two Nation Theory Background:- 1) Religious Differences. 2) Hindu Nationalism. 3) Cultural and social.

Allama Iqbal clarified Two nation theory and demanded a separate homeland Round Tables Conferences 1930-1932. After publishing Simon commission report, Congress annual meeting at Lahore,(Dec,1929) Civil disobedience movement launched under Gandhis leadership in April1930. Gandhi and Nehru arrested. Govt started Round Table Conferences I Round Table Conference: 12 th Nov,1930 to 19 th Jan 1931 Congress boycott, Muslim League attended the/


THE LIFE OF GANDHI. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 in Gujarat, India. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 in.

executive authority. In 1921, the Indian National Congress gave Gandhi complete executive authority. THE LIFE OF GANDHI Series of armed revolts broke out against Great Britain, and Gandhi ended the campaign of the civil- disobedience. Series of armed revolts broke out against Great Britain, and Gandhi ended the campaign of the civil- disobedience. THE LIFE OF GANDHI The British government again imprisoned Gandhi in 1922. The British government again imprisoned/


Civil Rights 1896- 1973 Civil Rights 1896-1955 Segregation was policy of the United States Segregation was policy of the United States.

. Henry David Thoreau 2. Henry David Thoreau Civil Rights Rise of the Movement Civil Disobedience Civil Disobedience Refusal to obey an unjust law Refusal to obey an unjust law Civil Rights Rise of the Movement 3. A. Phillip Randolph 3. A. Phillip Randolph Civil Rights Rise of the Movement Organization of mass Demonstrations Organization of mass Demonstrations Civil Rights Rise of the Movement 4. Gandhi 4. Gandhi Civil Rights The Struggle for Freedom Lunch Counter/


1. Objective (READ) – (L) SWBAT explain Gandhi’s nonviolent resistance. 2. Question of the Day. (TURN OBJECTIVE INTO A QUESTION) 3. Warm-up (ANSWER) A.

that news of such in the British press will support his cause. GANDHI A. Who: Hindu political leader during India’s independence movement. COPY B. NON-VIOLENT RESISTANCE – Gandhi used it to end British colonization. - DEFINITION: Using nonviolence to protest injustice (civil disobedience). COPY B. NON-VIOLENT RESISTANCE – Examples: fasting, marches, protests, breaking laws Gandhi at the Salt March COPY British Decolonization Main factors: 1. The/


Maulana M. A. Jauhar had died after the first conference. Iqbal, Jinnah and others participated in the second conference. Gandhi represented the Congress. The key issues of the session were ‘Federation’ and ‘Minorities.’ The Communal Award, August 1932/ option to the Muslims to separate after ten years. Lecture 13 Towards Independence, 1947 Towards Independence, 1947 Civil Disobedience Movements: The ML decided to confront the political situation through the protesting means for the first time. The Congress/


Mahatma Gandhi Nelson Mandela.

at Yerovila Jail in Poona for the rest of the year. About 30,000 other members of the independence movement are also held in jail. 1931 - Gandhi is released from prison on 26 January. He accepts a truce with the British, calls off the civil disobedience campaign and travels to London to attend a Round Table Conference on the future of India. On his/


1 The Indian Independence Movement, to 1947. 2 The Land and the People ► Despite periodic famines due to drought, India’s fertile land allowed the Indian.

of Hindu dominance and so the All- India Muslim League in 1906, thus giving India not one, but two independence movements. 6 ___________________ (INC) ? Muslim or Hindu? 7 ______ League Muslim or Hindu? 8 ► The British resisted the/, which wanted dominion status, granted immediately. ► During the time the Simon Commission reported, Gandhi started his second civil disobedience campaign. ► This included Gandhi deliberately breaking the law. ► The law in India stated that only the government could manufacture/


The Rise of Nationalism

making their own salt. (british monopoly on salt). One of many acts of civil disobedience in the interwar period. Indian women were acive in the movement First 2 organizations to promote womens rights had been established in the early years / colonialists with satisfaction) that British rule was all that stood between peace and civil war. erything that Gandhi was not. With Nehrus emergence, the independence movement embarked Partition aftermath Violent process 12.5 million displaced or homeless 14.5 million/


Assassination of Mahatma Gandhi By Nicole Sharma.

repeatedly imprisoned by the British and resorted to hunger strikes as a part of his civil disobedience. His final imprisonment came in 1942-44, after he had demanded total withdrawal of the British (the "Quit India" movement) during World War II. Gandhi was also tireless in trying to forge closer bonds between the Hindu and the Muslims. In August 1947 Indian had gained its/


Civil Rights Ch. 21 & Ch. 44-46 STUDY MATERIALS. Martin Luther King Jr, segregation, & “Black Power”…

of other nonviolent activities. The African-American Civil Rights Movement The movement was characterized by major campaigns of civil resistance. Between 1955 and 1968, acts of nonviolent protest and civil disobedience produced crisis situations between activists and government authorities/ for civil rights. King’s use of nonviolent protest—which he learned from studying the great Indian leader Mahatma Gandhi—helped shape the civil rights movement. Here he is walking with two other civil rights leaders/


18 Colonies Become Nations. Chapter 18 Crisis India & Pakistan = Nuclear Enemies – Kashmir (Hot Spot) Southeast Asia = Civil Unrest – Dictators, Independence.

Challenges (Nuclear weapons) India vs. Pakistan Gandhi Beliefs – Satyagraha = soul force – Ahimsa = non violence – the heart, then the mind… Goal – India’s Independence Method – Civil disobedience Disobeying unjust laws – Fasting, hunger strikes /outraging modesty. Jail or fine Section 3 Africa Decolonization: – End of European colonial empires caused by nationalism, Independence movements, the Cold War, Post WWI & WWII Self Determination – Great liberation = 90 new African nations (Goal: Modernization/


Assassination of Mahatma Gandhi By Nicole Sharma.

repeatedly imprisoned by the British and resorted to hunger strikes as a part of his civil disobedience. His final imprisonment came in 1942-44, after he had demanded total withdrawal of the British (the "Quit India" movement) during World War II. Gandhi was also tireless in trying to forge closer bonds between the Hindu and the Muslims. In August 1947 Indian had gained its/


Demands for Civil Rights Following WWII, African Americans began to push harder in the civil rights movement and brought about significant results.

One of these was the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Although the civil rights movement had no one central organization, several groups formed to share information and coordinate activities. One of /Gandhi and Henry David Thoreau, both of whom advocated nonviolence. Gandhi had helped India gain its independence in 1947. Gandhi had helped India gain its independence in 1947. Thoreau had advocated civil disobedience in the mid-1800s. Thoreau had advocated civil disobedience/


India Early Movement and Independence Wait a minute….. Pre-Test: Summarize what you already know about India from US/World History I and popular media,

the voting rights of the “untouchables” What religious group of people fasted yesterday? Quit India Movement The Quit India Movement was a civil disobedience movement launched in India in Aug.1942 Gandhi called for immediate Indian independence. Feared Japanese aggression in WWII. 60,000 arrested-including Gandhi Japan India Indian National Congress Gandhi joined to work against caste differences, untouchability, poverty, and religious and ethnic boundaries Predominantly Hindu/


What groups fought for Civil Rights during the mid-20 th century? What were their goals, tactics, strategy and levels of success? How/Why do they become.

Baptist minister Studied Gandhi, Thoreau, Jesus Studied Gandhi, Thoreau, Jesus Viewed as accommodating to whites (non- threatening) Viewed as accommodating to whites (non- threatening) “non-violent, passive resistance” and “civil disobedience” “non-violent, passive resistance” and “civil disobedience” “Never,/s. Dances with Wolves in 1990 brought attention to their history Rachel Carson III. The Environmental Movement is focused On pressuring the gov’t To take action to address The Excesses of business’ /


Mahatma Gandhi The struggle for Indian independence.

,000 of his followers arrested afterwards 1942-45: "Quit India" Movement At start of WWII, Indians did not want to fight for British o Indian National Congress would not support British without immediate independence Gandhi and Congress urged Indians to practice policy of non-cooperation with the British; continued campaign of civil disobedience British response: arrest of more than 20,000 members of INC/


Gov 1255: Politics of India Lecture 2: The Historical Legacy Procession in Bangalore for Mahatma Gandhis Quit India Movement, a call for independence.

Meetings, Fasts Political success of spiritual techniques Gandhi & Thoreau Gandhi on Thoreau’s Essay on Civil Disobedience: “It expresses the essence of my political philosophy, not only as India’s struggle related to the British but as to my views of the relations between citizens and government…I took the name of my movement from Thoreau’s essay”. Gandhi’s Significance in World History “What we/


Civil Disobedience Kempton, Patten, & Hackett Global History II Mepham High School.

actions. Forms of Passive Resistance Sit Ins Letter Writing, Campaigns and Petitions Hunger Strikes Economic Boycotts Marches and Rallies Civil Disobedience tries to defeat the morality of your opponent by appealing to his or her conscience. Passive Resistance The British force Indians to buy only British clothing. Gandhi leads a movement of Indians who spin their own cloth at home circumventing the British law/


Independence Movements In Asia and Africa. Document-Based Question: Evaluate the methods and roles of leaders and organizations in the movement for independence.

which was prohibited by British law. Was a British educated lawyer who dressed as a commoner, fasted and attracted large crowds. Mohandas Gandhi Movement’s spokesman was Gandhi who organized huge protests. He proclaimed a program of Passive Resistance or civil disobedience Consisted of demonstrations and work stoppages and boycotts This non-violence program was quite successful Dr. King in America copied this strategy of/


Modern Global Issues Unit 12. SOCIAL CHANGE MOVEMENTS Part I.

Nelson Mandela Against Racist Apartheid System in South Africa Nelson Mandela Against Racist Apartheid System in South Africa Advocated both Civil Disobedience and violent resistance Advocated both Civil Disobedience and violent resistance 27 Yrs in Prison; Later President 27 Yrs in Prison; Later President Other Movements Tiananmen Square Tiananmen Square FAIL; Chinese Citizens Wanted Democracy & Were Crushed FAIL; Chinese Citizens Wanted Democracy & Were Crushed Arab/


Civil Disobedience by Henry David Thoreau. Background Born July 12, 1817, in Concord, Massachusetts Born July 12, 1817, in Concord, Massachusetts Educated.

In 1849 Thoreau wrote his most famous essay “Civil Disobedience” or “ Resistance to Civil Government”. In 1849 Thoreau wrote his most famous essay “Civil Disobedience” or “ Resistance to Civil Government”. Historical Context Throughout Thoreau’s life he /years later Mahatma Gandhi credited the essay for inspiring his theory of nonresistance. Sixty years later Mahatma Gandhi credited the essay for inspiring his theory of nonresistance. Later would give force to the American Civil Rights Movement. Later would/


Civil Rights Movement(s ) “Give To Every Other Human Being Every Right That You Claim For Yourself.” Robert Ingersoll.

one of the primary tactics of nonviolent resistance. Civil Disobedience Nonviolent methods to confront discrimination and racism in the late 1950s and early 1960s. -BOYCOTTS, SIT-INS, & FREEDOM RIDES. Mohandas Gandhi. American civil rights leaders such as James Farmer of CORE, Martin Luther King Jr. of SCLC, and others shared Gandhi’s views. James Lawson. Civil Rights Movement Prior to 1954 Pre-1900 Opposition to slavery in/


AGENDA Bellringer Review Questions Index Card: Gandhi.

), and extraterritorial rights AGENDA Bellringer Review Questions Notes: Chinese Nationalism Exit Ticket REVIEW QUESTIONS What was Gandhi’s preferred method of protest?  Civil disobedience What event was the tipping point for the Indian independence movement?  Amritsar Massacre What was the Salt March?  Peaceful march to ocean led by Gandhi to make own salt What was the Homespun Act?  Also known as Textile Boycott – Indians make/


Slavery and the Civil Rights Movement In what ways were African Americans treated as second class citizens?

the evils of racism was through act of non- violent civil disobedience. Non Violent Civil Disobedience This tactic was copied from Gandhi who led a movement to get Independence for India and Pakistan against British Imperialism. This tactic was copied from Gandhi who led a movement to get Independence for India and Pakistan against British Imperialism. Non violent Civil Disobedience Protesters were taught to break evil laws in order to/


Mahatma Gandhi.

them. (Capital Building) Who was Mahatma Gandhi? Gandhi continued civil disobedience, organizing protest marches against unpopular British measures, Who was Mahatma Gandhi? 18. A campaign of nonviolent protest against/civil disobedience. Hunger strikes - A strike where one does not eat Who was Mahatma Gandhi? Hunger strikes - A strike where one does not eat Who was Mahatma Gandhi? 22. His final imprisonment came in 1942-44, after he had demanded total withdrawal of the British (the "Quit India" movement/


Unit 11 Review Post World War II Independence Movements in Africa & Asia.

majority. South Africa Leader of the ANC, first democratically elected leader of South Africa, in prison from 1962 to 1990. Nelson Mandela Leader of India’s independence movement, believed in nonviolent civil disobedience. Mohandas K. Gandhi Leading nationalist and Prime Minister of the Gold Coast until its independence in 1957. Later he became the first Prime Minister then President of Ghana. Kwame Nkrumah Led/


Mahatma Gandhi’s “Quit India Speech”

Africa to stop discrimination against Indians for nearly 20 years Inspired by Martin Luther King Jr., Gandhi practiced civil disobedience and passive, nonviolent resistance against Britain Boycotting British manufacturers and institutions The idea: Without money,/” Movement To persuade the AICC to vote to support his movement After his speech, the AICC were going to vote for or against supporting the movement SOAPStone - Subject The “Quit India” Movement A movement to partake in civil disobedience toward/


Unit 10 Review Post World War II Independence Movements in Africa & Asia.

majority. South Africa Leader of the ANC, first democratically elected leader of South Africa, in prison from 1962 to 1990. Nelson Mandela Leader of India’s independence movement, believed in nonviolent civil disobedience. Mohandas K. Gandhi Leading nationalist and Prime Minister of the Gold Coast until its independence in 1957. Later he became the first Prime Minister then President of Ghana. Kwame Nkrumah Led/


The Civil Rights Movement. Positive acts of government that seek to make constitutional guarantees a reality for all people….  No discrimination on basis.

group that used the authority and power of Black churches to organize non-violent protest to support the Civil Rights Movement.  King believed in the philosophy used by Gandhi in India known as nonviolent civil disobedience. He applied this philosophy to protest organized by the SCLC.  The civil disobedience led to media coverage of the daily inequities suffered by Southern Blacks.  The televised segregation violence led to/


Independence Movements In Asia and Africa. The World’s Mood in the Post-War Era While the Superpowers engaged in the Cold War, former colonies of Imperialist.

millions joined the “self rule” (swaraj) campaign. Mohandas Gandhi Movement’s spokesman was Gandhi who organized huge protests. He proclaimed a program of Passive Resistance or civil disobedience Consisted of demonstrations and work stoppages and boycotts This non-violence/ program was quite successful Dr. King in America copied this strategy of civil disobedience in the US civil rights movement. Gandhi began call for Indian unity which was to transcend religious differences. Most famous /


Today’s Objective: 20-April-10 By the end of the class period students should be able to define Non-Violent protest and Civil Disobedience and reference.

slaves government also. (Henry David Thoreau, Civil Disobedience) By the end of the year students will be able to identify how different groups struggled and campaigned for civil rights and assess their successes. Gandhi Civil disobedience becomes a sacred duty when the state has/ to de Facto action… THE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT By the end of the year students will be able to identify how different groups struggled and campaigned for civil rights and assess their successes. The Movement By the end of the year/


By: Nick Becton, Ivy Cox, and Riley Carney CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE TO REFUSE TO PAY TAX, FINES OR COMPLY WITH CERTAIN LAWS AS A PEACEFUL FORM OF POLITICAL PROTEST.

the government was a good way to protest peacefully. It established passive resistance that was later used by Martin Luther King Jr. and Gandhi. TAXES  [26] “I have paid no poll tax for six years. I was put into a jail once on this account/in  Henry David Thoreau was a firm believer in breaking the law for something you support UNDERGROUND RAILROAD  Civil Disobedience can be seen in the civil rights movement through Martin Luther King Jr.’s speeches like “I Have A Dream” and “I’ve Been to the Mountaintop/


The World After World War I: Nationalism and Revolution in Imperialized Nations II. The Case of India The Movement to End British Rule Begins.

internal media frenzy through the Salt March, 1930 Unity Indian Independence Movement between WWI and WWII Simultaneously… Disunity 1916: At Lucknow Session of INC, all factions unanimously call for swaraj 1919: Amritsar Massacre 1920: Civil disobedience campaign begins 1922: Gandhi arrested for sedition 2 years in prison 1930: Gandhi leads Salt March to sea; 1931: Gandhi travels to London for Round Table Conference, returns to India/


South Asia Nationalist Movement & Independence. Review.

Massacre, 1919 = Amritsar Massacre Amritsar Massacre Ended Indian effort to operate within British control Ended Indian effort to operate within British control Gandhi Gandhi broadened nationalist movement through civil disobedience Major Event Salt March, 1930 =Salt March “Tea Party” of India. Solidified Gandhi’s popularity and effort at peaceful protest. WWII Strain from WWII coupled with British control fostered greater resentment INC organized a “Quit India/


Nationalism in India and Southwest Asia Independence Movements to Overthrow Imperialistic Powers.

rise as a leader of the independence movement. He invoked a deeply religious aspect to the movement. Earns the name – Mahatma (Great Soul) Encourages the Indian people and the National Congress to follow a policy of noncooperation with the British govt. Civil Disobedience Gandhi developed the principle of satyagraha or “truth force”. It becomes the basis of Civil Disobedience – the public refusal to obey any unjust law/


Decades of Change GI Bill of Rights Baby boom Growth of the suburbs Levittowns 1950s economy Conformity Role of women Popular culture Civil Rights movement.

oppression by white Americans. The African-American Civil Rights Movement The movement was characterized by major campaigns of civil resistance. Between 1955 and 1968, acts of nonviolent protest and civil disobedience produced crisis situations between activists and government /struggle for civil rights. King’s use of nonviolent protest—which he learned from studying the great Indian leader Mahatma Gandhi—helped shape the civil rights movement. Here he is walking with two other civil rights leaders,/


Decolonization Europe is done- can’t run empires anymore. Postwar era full of successful nationalist movements. 3 waves of democratization (Sam Huntington)

an equal place Gandhi: Civil Disobedience Oxford educated Lawyer. (Began in S. Africa, returned to India during wwi) Transformed cause of independence from elite movement to mass movement. Sparked patriotic feeling, and a desire for Indian self sufficiency. Civil Disobedience: Refusal to follow/, hazy memory of war) Spirit of activism, questioned cold war, address issues of equality (mirrors civil rights/anti-war movements in US) Events of May: 1968 student protest at the Sorbonne in Paris- ended up with /


The Civil Rights Movement Chapter 25. What court case upheld the principle of ‘separate but equal’? 1. Brown v Board of Education 2. Dred Scott v Sanford.

age 26 Led Montgomery Bus Boycott ◦In response to Rosa Parks ◦Huge success with desegregation immediately Influenced by Gandhi – non-violent protest Civil Disobedience – essay written by Henry David Thoreau. ◦Can disobey a law if it is unjust Became National leader of the civil rights movement At age 26 Led Montgomery Bus Boycott ◦In response to Rosa Parks ◦Huge success with desegregation immediately Influenced by/


The Indian Nationalist Movement and Gandhi 1900 - 1950.

Ideas and Methods Satyagraha – protesting without using violence in order to win the enemy over Civil Disobedience Breaking unjust laws The Salt March 1930 Boycotts Gandhi urged Indians to stop buying British products Making homespun cloth became the symbol of his movement Equality for Caste and Women Gandhi fought to improve conditions for women and untouchables in India Hindu-Muslim Unity “ Indian first, Muslim or/


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