Cell surface display ppt online

Chapter 8 Lecture Outline Copyright (c) The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. 8-1.

cavity Mandible Vomer Orbit Cranial cavity Nasal conchae Oral cavity Maxillary sinus Zygomatic bone Ethmoid air cells 8-8 Cranial Fossa cranium (braincase) – protects the brain and associated sense organs –/patellar and popliteal surface Figure 8.38 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Greater trochanter Intertrochanteric line Lateral epicondyle Patellar surface (b) Posterior view Lateral epicondyle Medial supracondylar line Lateral condyle Linea /


Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Chapter 12 Lecture PowerPoint.

sections: External ear Middle ear Inner ear 37 External Ear Auricle Collects sounds waves External auditory meatus Lined with ceruminous glands Carries sound to tympanic membrane Terminates with tympanic membrane Tympanic membrane Vibrates in response to/, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. 44 12.4 Clinical Application Getting a Cochlear Implant 45 Organ of Corti Group of hearing receptor cells (hair cells) On upper surface of basilar membrane Different frequencies of vibration move/


28-1 CHAPTER 28 Mammals Mammals. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. 28-2.

or display. 28-37 Sebaceous Glands Sebaceous Glands Most associated with hair follicles Most associated with hair follicles May open directly onto the skin surface May open directly onto the skin surface Glandular cells produce an oily secretion, sebum Glandular cells produce/ a cycle terminated by menstruation Menstruation involves shedding of the endometrium or lining of the uterus Menstruation involves shedding of the endometrium or lining of the uterus Female is receptive to male year round Female is /


12-1 CHAPTER 12 Sponges and Placozoans. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. 12-2.

lined with epithelial cells rather than choanocytes Spongocoel is lined with epithelial cells rather than choanocytes Food is digested by choanocytes Food is digested by choanocytes Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display./ many times in sponges System increases flagellated surfaces compared to volume System increases flagellated surfaces compared to volume More collar cells can meet food demands More collar cells can meet food demands Large sponges filter/


DISPLAY DEVICES Prepared by: Vishal Pithadiya (140543111002) DIET, Rajkot.

scanning. Most broadcast television systems use a system of interlaced scanning. In this system the lines of successive rasters are not superimposed on each other but are interlaced. Two rasters constitute a/surface. The most important electrical characteristic of liquid crystal materials is that the direction of the molecules can be controlled by the electric field. Usually the molecules tend to be orientated along the electric field. 51 Liquid crystal displays Most of the LCDs use twisted nematic cells/


13-1 CHAPTER 13 Radiate Animals. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. 13-2.

, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. 13-96 Phylum Ctenophora Respiration and excretion occur through body surface Respiration and excretion occur through body surface Nervous and Sensory Systems Nervous and Sensory /lining derived from endoderm Inner gut lining derived from endoderm However, the cells of the gelatinous layer are problematic However, the cells of the gelatinous layer are problematic Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display/


Sediment Budget Analysis System for ArcView (SBAS-A) Exercise A Creating Littoral Cells Exercise B Creating Flux Layers Exercise D Calculate Volume Difference.

the map display to represent cells areas defined by: Morphological features: ebb and flood shoals, inlet throat, and adjacent beaches Political boundaries: nautical charts and municipal boundaries for reference. Cell divisions were placed at county and state lines. In / Tools toolbar we can calculate the change in volume for the selected littoral cell.  Select the inlet throat littoral cell with the select tool.  From the Surface menu on the Survey Tools toolbar, select Calculate Depth Difference.  Set /


Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Chapter 16 Lecture PowerPoint To run the animations you must.

for reproduction or display. Figure 16.13 16-37 Spiral Organ (Organ of Corti) spiral organ has epithelium composed of hair cells and supporting cells hair cells have long, stiff microvilli called stereocilia on apical surface gelatinous tectorial membrane rests/muscle Inferior rectus muscle 16-49 The Eye - Conjunctiva conjunctiva – a transparent mucous membrane that lines eyelids and covers anterior surface of eyeball, except cornea richly innervated and vascular (heals quickly) –secretes a mucous film that/


Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. *See separate FlexArt PowerPoint slides for all figures and.

Mandible Vomer Orbit Cranial cavity Nasal conchae Oral cavity Maxillary sinus Zygomatic bone Ethmoid air cells 8-11 Cranial Bones Cranium (braincase)—protects the brain and associated sense organs –Meninges /Patellar and popliteal surface Figure 8.38 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Greater trochanter Intertrochanteric line Lateral epicondyle Patellar surface (b) Posterior view Lateral epicondyle Medial supracondylar line Lateral condyle Linea /


Vertical Cross-section – all stages - animation

current turns abruptly rearward (upshear). Individual strong cells often continue to display extensive echo overhangs on their downshear side. . Vertical Cross-section – mature stage - animation Vertical Cross-section – later stage As the squall line decays, it begins to tilt upshear, with the leading-line convective cells weakening and the rear-inflow jet descending and spreading along the surface further behind the leading edge of the system/


Chapter 8 Lecture Outline

cavity Ethmoid air cells Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Cranial cavity Ethmoid air cells Frontal bone Ethmoid bone/display. Fovea capitis Greater trochanter Greater trochanter Head Neck Intertrochanteric crest Intertrochanteric line Lesser trochanter Spiral line Gluteal tuberosity Linea aspera Shaft Medial supracondylar line Lateral supracondylar line Popliteal surface Lateral epicondyle Medial epicondyle Lateral epicondyle Patellar surface/


Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. CHAPTER 5 Protozoan Groups Unicellular Eukaryotes 11-1.

. Permission required for reproduction or display. Form and Function Locomotion Cilia and flagella Contain 9 pairs of microtubules arranged around a central pair Cilia Propel water parallel to the cell surface Flagella Propel water parallel to the/reproduction or display. 12-51 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Phylum Porifera –Syconoids: Flagellated Canals Resemble asconoids but larger with a thicker body wall Wall contains choanocyte-lined radial /


Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Chapter 11 Lecture PowerPoint Muscular Tissue.

or display. Individual myofibrils 1 2 3 4 5 Sarcomere I band A band H band M line (a) Z disc Nucleus Visuals Unlimited 11-22 Striations Sarcomere—segment from Z disc to Z disc –Functional contractile unit of muscle fiber Muscle cells shorten/ all of them at once when it releases its neurotransmitter No motor end plates, but receptors scattered throughout the surface—diffuse junctions—no one-to-one relationship between nerve fiber and myocyte 11-114 Contraction and Relaxation Contraction is triggered/


Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. See separate PowerPoint slides for all figures and tables.

surface – free side –Inherent polarity important for their function 12 Epithelial Tissue Two general classes –Simple – one layer thick –Stratified – several layers thick Each class subdivided into –Squamous cells – flat –Cuboidal cells – about as wide as tall –Columnar cells – taller than they are wide 13 Simple Epithelium Simple squamous epithelium –Lines lungs and blood capillaries –Delicate nature permits diffusion Simple cuboidal epithelium –Lines/ for reproduction or display. Arteries Heart Circulatory/


The Body’s Defenses Ch. 43 AP Biology Ms. Haut. Nonspecific Immunity First line of defense – Skin—barrier – Mucous membranes—trap microbes – Secretions—tears,

the major histocompatibility complex Copyright © 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Infected cells produce MHC molecules – Which bind to antigen fragments and then are transported to the cell surface in a process called antigen presentation A nearby T cell – Can then detect the antigen fragment displayed on the cell’s surface Copyright © 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Self-Tolerance Lymphocyte development gives/


Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Chapter 3 Cell Structure and Genetic Control 3-1.

exocytosis to export products into the extracellular fluid  Via secretory vesicles 3-11 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Surface Specializations  Some epithelial cells have cilia projecting from surface  Hair-like structures that beat in unison  E.g. cilia lining respiratory & reproductive tracts Fig 3.5 3-12 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or/


Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Chapter 3 Cell Structure and Genetic Function 3-1.

to export products into the extracellular fluid  Via secretory vesicles 3-11 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Surface Specializations  Some epithelial cells have cilia projecting from surface  Hair-like structures that beat in unison  E.g. cilia line respiratory and reproductive tracts  Cilia contain microtubules 3-12 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or/


Cell and Tissues  Cells are the smallest living subunits of a multicellular organism such as a human being  Cells are the building blocks and functional.

blood capillaries Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Capillary wall Larger molecules Smaller molecules Blood pressure Blood flow Tissue fluid  The blood/coverings Body linings Glands  Functions: Protection Absorption Filtration Secretion  are found on surfaces as either coverings (outer surfaces) or linings (inner surfaces). Epithelium Characteristics  Cells fit closely together  Tissue layer always has one free surface  The lower surface is /


Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Chapter 11 *Lecture PowerPoint Muscular Tissue *See separate.

or display. Individual myofibrils 1 2 3 4 5 Sarcomere I band A band H band M line (a) Z disc Nucleus Visuals Unlimited 11-22 Striations Sarcomere—segment from Z disc to Z disc –Functional contractile unit of muscle fiber Muscle cells shorten/ all of them at once when it releases its neurotransmitter No motor end plates, but receptors scattered throughout the surface—diffuse junctions—no one-to-one relationship between nerve fiber and myocyte 11-115 Contraction and Relaxation Contraction is triggered/


Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Chapter 18 The Digestive System 18-1.

surface of stomach is highly folded into rugae  Contractions of stomach churn chyme, mixing it with gastric secretions  Eventually these will propel food into small intestine Stomach continued Fig 18.5 18-27 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Stomach continued  Gastric mucosa has gastric pits in its folds  Cells that line folds deeper in the mucosa, are/


1 Slide #Dennis E. Lopatin, Ph.D. Molecular and Cellular Basis of Immune Protection of Mucosal Surfaces Dennis E. Lopatin, Ph.D. Department of Biologic.

. Contain specialized endothelial cells lining post capillary venules. Display organ-specific recognition sites called “vascular addressins” that are recognized by specific cell adhesion molecules on lymphocytes. Display organ-specific recognition sites called “vascular addressins” that are recognized by specific cell adhesion molecules on lymphocytes. HEV cells are characterized by: HEV cells are characterized by: Elongated shape and prominent glycocalyx on luminal surface Elongated shape and prominent/


Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. 3-1 CHAPTER 3 Cells as Units of Life.

McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. 3-8 Surfaces of Cells and Their Specializations Free Surface of Epithelial Cells Free Surface of Epithelial Cells Cilia and Flagella Cilia and Flagella Motile extension of cell surface Motile extension of cell surface Composed of microtubules Composed of microtubules Sweep materials past cell Sweep materials past cell Propel entire organism in single- celled and some small multicellular organisms Propel entire organism in single/


30-1 CHAPTER 30 HomeostasisHomeostasis. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. 30-2.

display. 30-20 Water and metabolites are recovered by reabsorption Water and metabolites are recovered by reabsorption Wastes are left to be expelled Wastes are left to be expelled Nitrogenous wastes, mainly ammonia, diffuse across the surface of the body Nitrogenous wastes, mainly ammonia, diffuse across the surface of the body Flatworms have no circulatory system so the flame cell/ by the cells lining the tubular lumen Urine is produced by tubular secretion mechanisms by the cells lining the tubular /


16-1 CHAPTER 16 MolluscsMolluscs. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. 16-2.

display. 16-17 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. 16-18 Shell Shell If present, secreted by the mantle and lined by it If present, secreted by the mantle and lined/the plates Most prefer rocky intertidal surfaces Most prefer rocky intertidal surfaces Chiton radula is reinforced with /cells Tentacles may have tactile and chemoreceptor cells Classes of Molluscs Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display/


Hidden Surfaces Chapter 10.

Lines Removed Hidden Surfaces Removed Why? We must determine what is visible within a scene from a chosen viewing position For 3D worlds this is known as visible surface detection or hidden surface elimination Hidden Surface Removal Goal: Determine which surfaces are visible and which ar e not. Z-Buffer is just one of many hidden surface removal algorithms. Other names: Visible-surface detection Hidden-surface elimination Display all visible surfaces/


Basic Information In order to understand how these cells function, we need to have a general understanding of the immune system itself. Basic Information.

peritoneal) and chest (pleural) cavities, under the top layer of the skin and the intestines. Macrophages are the front line of defense against microbial invasion in these areas. As mentioned above, the process of swallowing of microbes by the phagocytes / have one further task to complete. They return to the lymph nodes, displaying the remnants of the destroyed invader on their surface. This has the effect of stimulating the cells of the Acquired immunity system into action. If a pathogen can get past/


1 Slide #Dennis E. Lopatin, Ph.D. Molecular and Cellular Basis of Immune Protection of Mucosal Surfaces Dennis E. Lopatin, Ph.D. Department of Biologic.

. Contain specialized endothelial cells lining post capillary venules. Display organ-specific recognition sites called “vascular addressins” that are recognized by specific cell adhesion molecules on lymphocytes. Display organ-specific recognition sites called “vascular addressins” that are recognized by specific cell adhesion molecules on lymphocytes. HEV cells are characterized by: HEV cells are characterized by: Elongated shape and prominent glycocalyx on luminal surface Elongated shape and prominent/


Chapter 12 Lecture Outline

fiber forming an insulating layer that speeds up signal conduction ependymal cells lines internal cavities of the brain cuboidal epithelium with cilia on apical surface secretes and circulates cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) clear liquid that bathes /of a Chemical Synapse Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Microtubules of cytoskeleton Axon of presynaptic neuron Mitochondria Postsynaptic neuron Synaptic knob Synaptic vesicles containing neurotransmitter /


Chapter 2 *Lecture Outline Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. *See separate FlexArt PowerPoint.

(SEM) –beam of electrons bounces off surface of the cell to provide a 3D study of the cell surface Comparison of the Three Types of Microscopy Figure 2.2 Cellular Functions Covering Lining Storage Movement Connection Defense Communication Reproduction Cellular Functions Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Produce new individual Produce new blood cells Send information between regions of the brain/


SURFACE MOUNT TECHNOLOGY TAPE AUTOMATED BONDING

white conversion of the STN display and refers to Double Super Twisted Nematic. DSTN displays are actually two distinct STN filled glass cells glued together. The first is a LCD display, the second is a glass cell without electrodes or polarizers /chips supporting the present product line. SURFACE MOUNT TECHNOLOGY (SMT) QUAD FLAT PACKAGE Surface Mounting Technology (SMT) using quad flat packages on printed circuit boards was the most popular at the early years of liquid crystal display industry, and is still/


Chapter 21: Immune System. Innate System Nonspecific, rapid response Fast response First line of defense – skin and mucous membranes second line of defense.

MHC proteins Recognized by CD4 T cells Display peptides from exogenous antigens T Cell Activation: T C cells are activated by antigen fragments complexed with class I MHC proteins APCs produce co-stimulatory molecules that are required for T C activation TCR that acts to recognize the self-antiself complex is linked to multiple intracellular signaling pathways Other T cell surface proteins are involved in antigen/


8-1 CHAPTER 8 Principles of Development. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. 8-2 Organizing cells.

display. Germ Layer Outcomes: Ectoderm Ectoderm Epithelium and nervous system Epithelium and nervous system Endoderm Endoderm Epithelial lining of the digestive and respiratory tract, liver, pancreas, Epithelial lining/Coelom forms from Endodermal cells move to blastopore and develop into mesoderm Endodermal cells move to blastopore /surface for gas exchange Respiratory surface for gas exchange Vertebrate Development Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display/


1 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Chapter 14 Lecture PowerPoint.

vessel contracts 38 Platelet Plug Formation Platelet plug formation Triggered by exposure of platelets to collagen Platelets adhere to rough surface to form a plug Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Endothelial lining Collagen fiber PlateletRed blood cell 1 2 3 4 Break in vessel wall Blood escaping through break Platelet plug helps control blood loss Platelets adhere/


Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Chapter 19 Lecture PowerPoint The Circulatory System: The.

in thick layer in some places –Coronary blood vessels travel through this layer Endocardium –Smooth inner lining of heart and blood vessels –Covers the valve surfaces and is continuous with endothelium of blood vessels 19-14 The Heart Wall Myocardium –Layer of/of all action potentials of nodal and myocardial cells detected, amplified and recorded by electrodes on arms, legs, and chest Figure 19.15 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. 0.8 second +1 0 –1 /


Renesas Electronics America Inc. © 2010 Renesas Electronics America Inc. All rights reserved. ID C22C: Flat Panel Displays Beyond the Basics Robert Dunhouse,

Transmissive NLT (ST-NLT) Emerging Technologies New 2/3 dimensional displays Color enhancement e-Paper On-cell Touch Long Term Support/Production 5 © 2010 Renesas Electronics America/sub-pixels) explained under the "Bright and Dark Dots combination Category” Line Defects under "Line Defect Category" 69 © 2010 Renesas Electronics America Inc. All rights/use the clear protective film provided with each display to protect against scratches to the outer surface polarizer. Use of adhesive type protection films is/


GMU IT 212 - Spring 20071 Displays, I/O, Portable Computers, Multimedia IT 212 002 How Computers Work April 26, 2007.

red light respectively By varying the amount of electricity applied to each cell, the plasma display creates different colors of light for each pixel A combination of thousands//are usually more expensive than mechanical mice LEDs confused by polished or glass surfaces Wireless mice are also very popular Wireless mice send signals using radio / Infrared (IR) port (security) Portability invites theft Secure data Encryption Physical (off-line storage if possible) GMU IT 212 - Spring 2007 49 PC Cards PC cards /


Cells & Tissues Anatomy & Physiology Chapter. Cellular Membrane & Transport.

-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.  Cell Extensions  Cilia and flagella are motile extensions from the cell  shorter cilia are abundant on the free surfaces of certain epithelial cells (example: respiratory linings)  a lengthy flagellum can be found on sperm cells Copyright  The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. CiliaFlagellum Cellular Membrane Separates cell contents from the surrounding environment Very DYNAMIC in/


AP Biology 2007-2008 Immune / Lymphatic System lymphocytes attacking cancer cell phagocytic leukocyte lymph system.

or foreign? AP Biology How do T cells know a cell is infected?  Infected cells digest some pathogens  MHC proteins carry pieces to cell surface  foreign antigens now on cell membrane  called Antigen Presenting Cell (APC)  macrophages can also serve as APC  tested by Helper T cells MHC proteins displaying foreign antigens infected cell T cell with antigen receptors T H cell AP Biology T cells  Attack, learn & remember pathogens hiding in infected/


© Boardworks Ltd 2003 Key Stage 4 Diffusion. © Boardworks Ltd 2003 A slide contains teacher’s notes wherever this icon is displayed - To access these.

Page View Teacher’s Notes Flash Files A flash file has been embedded into the PowerPoint slide wherever this icon is displayed – These files are not editable. © Boardworks Ltd 2003 Have you ever wondered why cooked food can be smelt/ have enormous surface areas. The small intestine has an enormously folded lining. These folds have further microscopic folds, increasing the number of possible exchange sites. These microvilli are lined with cells. The process of diffusion occurs across these cell’s membranes./


Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Chapter 03 Lecture Outline See separate PowerPoint slides.

rough ER. a.Has ribosomes embedded on the outer surface b.Functions in protein modification 3.Agranular ER is also called smooth ER. a.Has many functions, depending on the cell Endoplasmic Reticulum (a) Nucleus Tubule Membrane Ribosome (b/)Metaphase I: Homologous chromosomes line up in the center of the cell; cells line up at random; maternal and paternal chromosomes are shuffled. Crossing-over Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. (a) First meiotic /


Komputer Grafik 2 (AK045206) Visible Surface Determination 1/26 Visible Surface Determination (Penentuan Permukaan Tampak)

cells –Scan-conversion: clip groups of polygons at a time. Only cells impinging on the view volume have their contents processed ray R only needs to be intersected with objects A, B, and C Komputer Grafik 2 (AK045206) Visible Surface Determination 12/26 Back-Face Culling Line/lone polyhedron, you need back-face culling as VSD! Komputer Grafik 2 (AK045206) Visible Surface Determination 13/26 –Light in the phosphor display of the CRT monitor decays very quickly. Screen must be frequently refreshed (at least 60/


Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Chapter 03 Lecture Outline See separate PowerPoint slides.

rough ER. a.Has ribosomes embedded on the outer surface b.Functions in protein modification 3.Agranular ER is also called smooth ER. a.Has many functions, depending on the cell Endoplasmic Reticulum (a) Nucleus Tubule Membrane Ribosome (b/)Metaphase I: Homologous chromosomes line up in the center of the cell; cells line up at random; maternal and paternal chromosomes are shuffled. Crossing-over Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. (a) First meiotic /


8-1 CHAPTER 8 Principles of Development. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. 8-2 Organizing cells.

cells occurs Specialization/Division of cells occurs Cells become specific cell types (ectoderm, endoderm, mesoderm) Cells become specific cell types (ectoderm, endoderm, mesoderm) Development Development Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display/ metabolic wastes during development Storage of metabolic wastes during development Respiratory surface for gas exchange Respiratory surface for gas exchange Helps produce umbilical cord in mammals Helps produce /


1 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Chapter 12 Lecture PowerPoint.

vessel contracts 35 Platelet Plug Formation Platelet plug formation Triggered by exposure of platelets to collagen Platelets adhere to rough surface to form a plug Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Endothelial lining Collagen fiber PlateletRed blood cell 1 2 3 4 Break in vessel wall Blood escaping through break Platelet plug helps control blood loss Platelets adhere/


Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Chapter 3 Cells Lecture PowerPoint.

uses CAMs to distinguish between “self” and foreign cell surfaces, such as bacteria, and attacks and kills the foreign cells. Adhesion White blood cell Integrin Selectin Exit Splinter Attachment (rolling) Blood vessel lining cell Carbohydrates on capillary wall Adhesion receptor proteins Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. 10 Cytoplasm The contents of a cell, consisting of the cellular organelles, (except the nucleus/


Co 19 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Gondelon/Photo Researchers, Inc. Chapter 19: The Circulatory.

Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Sternum (a) 3rd rib Diaphragm Pericardial Cavity Body cavity containing the heart Lined by the Pericardium - Anchored to diaphragm /display. MitochondriaIntercalated discsGlycogenNucleusStriated myofibril (b) Structure of Cardiac Muscle: Cardiocytes Intercalated Disks –Tightly join cardiocytes end to end 1. Interdigitating Folds – cell membrane folds interlock with each other, and increase surface area of contact 2. Mechanical Cell-to-Cell/


Chapter 14 *Lecture Outline Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. *See separate Image PowerPoint.

the body’s first line of defense. Copyright  The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. 33 C.Chemical Barriers/display. Cytokines Antigen B cells 1 3 4 5 Macrophage displays digested antigen on its surface Displayed antigen Helper T cell Helper T cell contacts displayed antigen and proliferates Cytotoxic T cell contacts displayed antigen B cell combines with antigen Helper T cell Interleukin-2 Cytotoxic T cell Activated helper T cell interacts with cytotoxic T cell/


Dr Rehma Dar Assistant professor Pathology.  Introduction to Immune System  Cell mediated vs Humoral Immunity  Hypersensitivity reactions  Autoimmune.

cells.  Tissue destruction by CTLs - type 1 diabetes.  CTLs directed against cell surface histocompatibility - graft rejection  virus-infected cell, viral peptides displayed by class I MHC molecules - TCR of CD8+ T lymphocytes- killing of infected cells, cell/ - periductal and perivascular lymphocytic infiltration- lymphoid follicles with germinal centers may be seen.  The ductal lining epithelial cells may show hyperplasia- obstructing the ducts.  atrophy of the acini, fibrosis, and hyalinization  The/


CopyrightThe McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc

-Hill Companies, Inc CopyrightThe McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Epithelial Tissues: A. General Characteristics 1. Epithelial tissue is widespread throughout the body, covers organs, and lines body surfaces. 2. Epithelial tissues are anchored to a basement membrane, are made up of tightly packed cells containing little intercellular material, generally lack blood vessels, and are replaced frequently. CopyrightThe/


LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY

lines. The row line is then deactivated and the next row line is activated. Active-matrix addressed displays look "brighter" and "sharper" than passive- matrix addressed displays of/ In-plane switching is an LCD technology which aligns the liquid crystal cells in a horizontal direction. In this method, the electrical field is /The planar layers are perpendicular to the glass plates of the display. Surface-stabilized ferroelectric displays have the distinct advantage that switching speeds are very high since/


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