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The Victorian Age (1830-1901) Sambourne House, London.

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Presentation on theme: "The Victorian Age (1830-1901) Sambourne House, London."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Victorian Age ( ) Sambourne House, London.

2 Victoria became queen at the age of 18; she was graceful and self-assured. Her reign was the longest in British history. The Victorian Age Franz Xavier Winterhalter, The young Queen Victoria, Queen Victoria Only Connect... New Directions

3 The Victorian Age 1. Queen Victoria In 1840 she married a German prince, Albert of Saxe-Coburg. They had nine children and their modest family life provided a model of respectability. During this time Britain changed dramatically. Franz Xavier Winterhalter, The young Queen Victoria, 1842 Only Connect... New Directions

4 2. The growth of the British Empire England grew to become the greatest nation on earth The sun never sets on England. The Victorian Age Only Connect... New Directions British Empire throughout the World, 19th century, Private Collection.

5 2. The growth of the British Empire British Empire included Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Hong Kong, Singapore, South Africa, Kenya, and India. The Victorian Age Only Connect... New Directions British Empire throughout the World, 19th century, Private Collection.

6 2. The growth of the British Empire Great Britain imported raw materials such as cotton and silk and exported finished goods to countries around the world. The Victorian Age Only Connect... New Directions British Empire throughout the World, 19th century, Private Collection.

7 2. The growth of the British Empire By the mid-1800s, Great Britain was the largest exporter and importer of goods in the world. It was the primary manufacturer of goods and the wealthiest country in the world. The Victorian Age Only Connect... New Directions British Empire throughout the World, 19th century, Private Collection.

8 2. The growth of the British Empire Because of Englands success, the British felt it was their duty to bring English values, laws, customs, and religion to the savage races around the world. The Victorian Age Only Connect... New Directions British Empire throughout the World, 19th century, Private Collection.

9 1832: The First Reform Act granted the vote to almost all male members of middle-class. 1833: The Factory Act regulated child labour in factories. 1834: Poor Law Amendment established a system of workhouses for poor people. 3. An age of social and political reforms The Victorian Age Only Connect... New Directions

10 3. An age of social and political reforms The Victorian Age 1867: The Second Reform Act gave the vote to skilled working men. 1871: Trade Union Act legalised trades unions. 1884: The Third Reform Act granted the right to vote to all male householders. Only Connect... New Directions

11 Womens suffrage did not happen until The Rights of Women or Take Your Choice (1869) 4. The womans question The Victorian Age Suffragettes Only Connect... New Directions

12 Industrial revolution: factory system emerged; for the first time in Britains history there were more people who lived in cities than in the countryside. Technological advances: introduction of steam hammers and locomotives; building of a network of railways. Workers in a Tobacco Factory 5. Positive aspects of the age The Victorian Age Only Connect... New Directions

13 5. Positive aspects of the age The Victorian Age Economical progress: Britain became the greatest economical power in the world; in 1901 the Usa became the leader, but Britain remained the first in manufacturing. Only Connect... New Directions Workers in a Tobacco Factory

14 Crystal Palace was built for the Great Exhibition of 1851; it was destroyed by fire in Crystal Palace The Victorian Age The Crystal Palace Only Connect... New Directions

15 6. Crystal Palace The Victorian Age It was made of iron and glass, exhibited hydraulic presses, locomotives, machine tools, power looms, power reapers and steamboat engines. Only Connect... New Directions The Crystal Palace

16 It had a political purpose it showed British economic supremacy in the world. 6. Crystal Palace The Victorian Age Only Connect... New Directions The Crystal Palace

17 Pollution in towns due to factory activity. London in 1872Homeless Boys (1880) 7. Negative aspects of the age The Victorian Age Only Connect... New Directions

18 7. Negative aspects of the age The Victorian Age Lack of hygienic conditions: houses were overcrowded, most people lived in miserable conditions; poor houses shared water supplies. Only Connect... New Directions London in 1872Homeless Boys (1880)

19 Epidemics, like cholera, thyphoid, caused a high mortality in towns. They came to a peak in the Great Stink of This expression was used to describe the terrible smell in London, coming from the Thames. The Miasmas, exhalations from decaying matter, poisoned the air. 8. The Great Stink Caricature appearing on the magazine «Punch» in 1858 The Victorian Age Only Connect... New Directions

20 The Victorians were great moralisers they supported: personal duty, hard work, decorum, respectability, chastity. 9. The Victorian compromise The Victorian Age Only Connect... New Directions W. H. Hunt, The Awakening Conscience, , London, Tate Britain.

21 Victorian, synonym for prude, stood for extreme repression; even furniture legs had to be concealed under heavy cloth not to be suggestive. New ideas were discussed & debated by a large part of society. 9. The Victorian compromise The Victorian Age Only Connect... New Directions W. H. Hunt, The Awakening Conscience, , London, Tate Britain.

22 The middle-class was obsessed with gentility, respectability, decorum. Respectability distinguished the middle from the lower class. 9. The Victorian compromise The Victorian Age Only Connect... New Directions John Lamb, Victorian family portrait, 1879.

23 Decorum meant: a.Victorian private lives were dominated by an authoritarian father. b.Women were subject to male authority; they were expected to marry and make home a refuge for their husbands. 9. The Victorian compromise The Victorian Age Only Connect... New Directions John Lamb, Victorian family portrait, 1879.

24 John Stuart Mill and his ideas based on Benthams Utilitarianism. 10. Key thinkers The Victorian Age John Stuart Mill Only Connect... New Directions

25 Karl Marx and his studies about the harm caused by industrialism in mans life. 10. Key thinkers The Victorian Age Karl Marx Only Connect... New Directions

26 Charles Darwin and the theory of natural selection. 10. Key thinkers The Victorian Age Charles Darwin Only Connect... New Directions

27 11. The rise of the novel There was a communion of interests and opinions between the writers and their readers. The Victorians were avid consumers of literature. They borrowed books from circulating libraries and read various periodicals. The Victorian Age Only Connect... New Directions

28 11. The rise of the novel Novels made their first appearance in instalments on the pages of periodicals. The voice of the omniscient narrator provided a comment on the plot and erected a rigid barrier between «right» and «wrong», light and darkness. The Victorian Age Only Connect... New Directions

29 11. The rise of the novel The setting chosen by most Victorian novelists was the town. Victorian writers concentrated on the creation of characters and achieved a deeper analysis of their inner life. The Victorian Age Only Connect... New Directions

30 12. Poetry Alfred, Lord Tennyson: the most popular Victorian poet. He wrote narrative poems. The Victorian Age Alfred Tennyson, 1st Baron Tennyson, by George Frederic Watts (died 1904), given to the National Portrait Gallery, London in Only Connect... New Directions

31 12. Poetry Robert Browning: he raised the dramatic monologue to new heights making it a vehicle for a deep psychological study. The Victorian Age Robert Browning Only Connect... New Directions

32 12. Poetry Elizabeth Barrett Browning: she wrote love sonnets valued for their lyric beauty. The Victorian Age Elizabeth Barrett Browning Only Connect... New Directions


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