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Neutrinos and Cosmology Alessandro Melchiorri Universita di Roma, La Sapienza NOW 2010, Conca-Specchiulla September 7th 2010

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Komatsu et al, 2010, 1001.4538 New WMAP results from 7 years of observations

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Komatsu et al, 2010, 1001.4538

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New Measurements, More Parameters ! Neutrino masses Neutrino effective number Primordial Helium

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Small scale CMB can probe Helium abundance at recombination.

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Komatsu et al, 2010, 1001.4538

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Neutrino background. Changes early ISW. Hint for N>3 ?

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Gianpiero ManganoGianpiero Mangano, Alessandro Melchiorri, Olga Mena, Gennaro Miele, Anze SlosarAlessandro MelchiorriOlga MenaGennaro MieleAnze Slosar Journal-ref: JCAP0703:006,2007

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Current constraints on neutrino mass from Cosmology (Fogli et al, 2010 in preparation). Blue: WMAP-7 Red: w7+SN+Bao+H0 Green: w7+CMBsuborb+SN+LRG+H0 (Plot made by Luca Pagano)

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Blue: WMAP-7 Red: w7+SN+Bao+H0 Green: w7+CMBsuborb+SN+LRG+H0 Current constraints on neutrino mass from Cosmology (Fogli et al, 2010 in preparation). (Plot made by Luca Pagano)

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Sudden Reionization As we dont know precisely the details of the reionization history we should consider more general reionization scenarios CAMB Notes, Antony Lewis

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MHs Reionization Following Mortonson & Hu we can parametrize the reionization history as a free function of the redshift by decomposing the free electron fraction as The principal components S (z) are the eigenfunctions of the Fisher matrix of an ideal, cosmic variance limited, experiment. The principal components S (z) are the eigenfunctions of the Fisher matrix of an ideal, cosmic variance limited, experiment. m are the amplitudes of the S (z) m are the amplitudes of the S (z) x(z) is the WMAP fiducial model at which the FM is computed x fid (z) is the WMAP fiducial model at which the FM is computed M. J. Mortonson and W. Hu ApJ 686, L53 (2008)

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Impact of generalized reionization on CMB constraints on Neutrino Mass Archidiacono, Cooray, Melchiorri, Pandolfi, 2010, PRD

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Planck Satellite launch 14/5/2009

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Blue: current data Red: Planck

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Galli, Martinelli, Melchiorri, Pagano, Sherwin, Spergel, PRD submitted, arXiv:1005.3808 2010 Lets consider not only Planck but also ACTpol (From Atacama Cosmology Telescope, Ground based, results expected by 2013) CMBpol (Next CMB satellite, 2020 ?)

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Galli, Martinelli, Melchiorri, Pagano, Sherwin, Spergel, PRD submitted, arXiv:1005.3808 2010 Blue: Planck Red: Planck+ACTpol Green: CMBPol Constraints on Neutrino Mass

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Galli, Martinelli, Melchiorri, Pagano, Sherwin, Spergel, PRD submitted, arXiv:1005.3808 2010 Blue: Planck Red: Planck+ACTpol Green: CMBPol Constraints on Neutrino Number

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Galli, Martinelli, Melchiorri, Pagano, Sherwin, Spergel, PRD submitted, arXiv:1005.3808 2010 Blue: Planck Red: Planck+ACTpol Green: CMBPol Constraints on Helium Abundance

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Recent CMB measurements fully confirm -CDM. Improved constraints on inflation With future measurements constraints on new parameters related to laboratory Physics could be achieved. In 2012 from Planck we will know: -If the total neutrino mass is less than 0.5eV. -If there is an extra background of relativistic particles. -Helium abundance with 0.01 accuracy.

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