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Unit 1. To Do in Unit 1  Introduce Yourself  Read Chapter 1 and 4 in Multicultural Law Enforcement  Attend the Seminar (Graded)  Respond to the Discussion.

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Presentation on theme: "Unit 1. To Do in Unit 1  Introduce Yourself  Read Chapter 1 and 4 in Multicultural Law Enforcement  Attend the Seminar (Graded)  Respond to the Discussion."— Presentation transcript:

1 Unit 1

2 To Do in Unit 1  Introduce Yourself  Read Chapter 1 and 4 in Multicultural Law Enforcement  Attend the Seminar (Graded)  Respond to the Discussion Board (Graded)  Visit Extra! Extra!

3 The 21 st Century The 21 st century will be the century in which we redefine ourselves as the first country in world history which is literally made up of every part of the world. Mr. Kenneth Prewitt, Director of U.S. Census Bureau, 1998-2001

4 What is Multiculturalism?  Existence within one society of diverse ethnic, cultural, and racial groups  Groups that maintain their unique cultural identity  While accepting and participating in the larger society’s legal, political, and economic system

5 What is Culture?  A way of life developed and communicated by a group of people  Consciously or unconsciously, to subsequent generations  It consists of ideas, habits, attitudes, customs, and traditions  That help people to create standards for a group of people to coexist, making a group of people unique  In its most basic sense, culture is a set of patterns for survival and success  That a particular group of people has developed

6 What is Race?  A group of persons of (or regarded as of) common ancestry  Physical characteristics are often used to identify people of different races  These characteristics should not be used to identify ethnic groups, which can cross racial lines

7 What is an Ethnic group?  Group of people who conceive of themselves  And who are regarded by others  As alike because of their common ancestry, language, and physical characteristics

8 What is Ethnicity?  Refers to the background of a group with unique language, ancestral, often religious, and physical characteristics  Broadly characterizes a religious, racial, national, or cultural group

9 What is Ethnocentrism?  Using the culture of one’s own group as a standard for the judgment of others  Or thinking of it as superior to other cultures that are merely different

10 What is Bias?  Preference or an inclination to make certain choices that may be positive (bias toward excellence)  Or negative (bias against people)  Often resulting in unfairness

11 What is Prejudice?  A judgment or opinion formed before facts are known  Or to cast a group of people in a favorable or unfavorable light  Usually without just grounds or sufficient information

12 What is Discrimination? The denial of equal treatment to groups because of their racial, ethnic, gender, religious, or other form of cultural identity.

13 Demographics  Characteristics of a population  As classified by age, sex, income, etc.  For market research, sociological analysis, etc. Webster’s New World Dictionary

14 What is Diversity?  The term used to describe a vast range of similarities and differences that have become factors requiring attention in living and working together  Often applied to the communication and training interventions in an organization that seek to deal with the interface of people who are different from each other

15 Reactions to Multicultural Population  Intolerance  Tolerance  Appreciation  Celebration

16 Reactions to Diversity Past and Present  Always been a difficult issue  All groups subject to the same treatment – Irish, Germans, Italians, Asians, etc.  Not all immigrants came here willingly

17 Foreign Born in the U.S. (2002)  52.2 percent from Latin America  25.5 percent from Asia  14.0 percent from Europe  8.3 percent from other regions in the world

18 The Dimensions of Diversity Primary Dimensions Age Ethnicity Gender Mental/physical abilities and characteristic Race Sexual orientation Secondary Dimensions of Diversity Communication style Education Family status Military experience Organizational role and level Religion Source: Marilyn Loden, Implementing Diversity

19 Diversity Wheel Facilitates Understanding of a Broad Range of Primary and Secondary Dimensions of Diversity

20 Prejudice in Law Enforcement  Mandated changes to reduce prejudice  Peer and co-worker relationship and norming behaviors  Prejudice reduction through training and education

21 Community-Based Policing  Enables police officers to meet with community groups and learn of their concerns  A fact of life for most city police and sheriff's departments  Storefront offices provide police accessibility  A democratic style of policing that allows for openness and dialogue between the police and the community

22 Language Barriers and Law Enforcement  Changing demographics and multicultural communities  Limited number of bilingual officers  Serious and tragic consequences resulting from language and communication barriers Cross-cultural communication skills needed by all officers

23 Unit 2  Read Chapter 2 and 3 in Multicultural Law Enforcement  Attend the weekly Seminar  Respond to the Discussion Board  Complete and Submit the Unit 2 Project  Visit Extra! Extra!

24 Contact me:  Roger Humber (Prof)   rhumber366 (AIM)  334-269-6729 (Home)

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