Presentation on theme: "◦ Pregnancy by a female, aged 13 to 19 ◦ Is usually understood to occur in a female who has not completed her core education–secondary school ◦ Has few."— Presentation transcript:
◦ Pregnancy by a female, aged 13 to 19 ◦ Is usually understood to occur in a female who has not completed her core education–secondary school ◦ Has few or no marketable skills ◦ Is financially dependent upon her parents and/or continues to live at home ◦ Is often mentally immature and unprepared Medical Dictionary
Teenage pregnancies have been a problem for many years. Several issues associated with teenage pregnancy: ◦ Social ◦ Economic ◦ Cultural ◦ Educational ◦ political issues. Becoming a norm in western societies
When a teenager becomes a parent there are many implications that are generally not thought of for example: ◦ Education ◦ Less employment opportunities ◦ Lower income ◦ Welfare support ◦ Dependence upon other family members or their community ◦ And infrequent long-lasting relationships.
Likely/potential biological problems in the mother: - increased risks of miscarriage - premature labour - blood pressure problems - prenatal mortality Negative impacts on the child
Prevention of unplanned pregnancy in adolescents has become an international medical priority Teenage Pregnancy Strategy was introduced in 1999, where they pledged to halve pregnancies for under-18s by mid-2010 The rate of teenage pregnancy is now 13.3% lower than it was in 1998.
The Teenage Pregnancy Strategy has 2 strands Most teenage pregnancies are unplanned and around half end in abortion. The under 18 conception rate is now 13.3 per cent lower than in 1998. Many areas have managed to lower their rates of teen pregnancy.
The Teenage Pregnancy Strategy: National reduction in the under-18 conception rate of 11% and a 23% decrease in the under-18 birth rate. The positive impacts that the strategy has had in relation to young mothers in education.
“A nation of bad parents: Britain’s youngsters amongst world’s worst for drinking, smoking and teenage pregnancy, warns the OECD” – Mail Online “Teenage Pregnancy falls to Lowest in a Decade” – The Sunday Times “Shock rise in teenage pregnancies hits government strategy” – The Sunday Times
Sociological: - Robert Merton’s (1949) development on Durkeim’s strain theory - Howard S. Becker’s concept of “Labelling Theory”. Psychological: - Piaget’s Constructivist perspective