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Chapter 13 The Purposes of Education
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.13 | 2 Forces That Influence Educational Goals Changes in society Shifts in economy, family trends, media, changing social mores Changes in knowledge Discoveries, new developments in science, technology, new organizations of fields of study Changes in beliefs about learners New theories about the learning process or the nature of learners
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.13 | 3 Goals Set broad, general direction or aims Cannot be directly observed Set at national, state, and district levels, becoming more specific as they become more local Objectives Describe specific endpoint or outcome Often measurable in students’ behavior Set at subject or grade level, unit plan level, and lesson plan level, becoming more specific for smaller units of instruction
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.13 | 4 Tyler’s Fundamental Questions for Creating School Goals 1.What educational purposes should the school seek to attain? 2.What educational experiences can we provide to help attain these purposes? 3.How can these educational experiences be effectively organized? 4.How can we determine whether (and to what extent) the purposes have been attained?
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.13 | 5 History of Educational Goals Before 1900s Mental discipline approach 1910s to early 1950s Whole-child concept Late 1950s to 1960s Sputnik era emphasis on math, science, languages, gifted and talented 1970s to 1980s Focus on disadvantaged children 1990s to 2000s Emphasis on outcomes and accountability
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.13 | 6 Influential National Reports Action for Excellence (1983) Educating Americans for the 21st Century (1983) High School (1983) A Nation at Risk (1983) First Lessons: A Report on Elementary Education in America (1986) The National Education Goals (1990, 1994, 1997)
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.13 | 7 National Report Recommendations Strengthen core curriculum Improve students’ technology skills (“the Fourth R”) and update schools’ technology Emphasize high-level cognitive and thinking skills Improve programs for disadvantaged and disabled students
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.13 | 8 Swings of the Pendulum Rigorous intellectual training resurfaced –Following WW II –In response to concern about international markets Progressivists’ ideas resurfaced with concerns for the rights and dreams of –Low-income groups –Minority groups
Chapter 1 Ingredients of Change: Functions and Models.
Copyright©2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. 1 QUESTION.
CHAPTER 5 Collin College EDUC 1301 What Is Taught?
History and Theory behind Curriculum Design EDU 4407: Secondary Curriculum.
Chapter 5 Accumulating Change: Limits of Sums and the Definite Integral.
Principles of Teaching And Learning Exploring Pedagogy, Curriculum, Instruction Collin College EDUC 1301 Chapter 4.
A Curriculum Model based on the work of Ralph Tyler Source: Madeus, G.F., & Stufflebeam, D.L. (1989). Educational evaluation: The works of Ralph Tyler.Boston,
Practical Education Chapter 4 Regulations and Academic Standards Testimony before Pennsylvania State Board of Education February 24, 1998 by Parents and.
1 Historical Perspective... Historical Perspective... Science Education Reform Efforts Leading to Standards-based Science Education.
Curriculum. What is Curriculum? Merriam Webster Dictionary describes curriculum as the the courses offered by an educational institution and a set of.
Theory and Practice of Curriculum Development EDU705 CMU2014.
Chapter 1 Introduction. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.1 | 2 Defining Social Psychology? The scientific study of how individuals.
Chapter 4 Pioneers of Modern Teaching. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.4 | 2 Key Accomplishments of Educational Pioneers Comenius:
Year 2. 1.Name 2.What you teach 3.Hope or Fear Who makes up this Curriculum Team?
LIMITS, ALTERNATIVES, AND CHOICES Chapter 1. Taylor Economics - Chapter 1 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. Economics is a social.
Darla Stynen. The subject matter I am teaching in my classroom, as prescribed by the school district.
Chapter 9- Aims, Goals, Objectives. Aims of Education General statements that provide shape and direction Starting points that suggest an ideal or inspirational.
GATE/SAS Gifted and Talented Education and School for Advanced Studies Cowan Avenue Elementary.
CHAPTER TWO Traits, Motives, and Characteristics of Leaders.
CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT AND MODELS. There are four major stages in the process of curriculum development. These are 1. Goals and objectives, 1. Goals and.
NSS Information Kit 1 Learning to Learn via Application Cultivating Aspiration via Learning Applied Learning
Education For Social Work Chapter 3. Introduction Social work education is a phenomenon of the twentieth century. Social work’s prominence among the.
Chapter 6 Philosophical Roots of Education. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.6 | 2 Philosophy’s Basic Questions Metaphysics:
Teaching Young Children, 4 th Edition © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 11 Activity Planning and Assessment.
Nebraska Standards and The Common Core November 27, 2012.
Chapter One Applying Psychology to Teaching. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. 1-2 Overview What is educational psychology? How.
Examining the Partnership for the 21 st Century with a Spotlight on Technology and Humor Copyright [Peter M. Jonas] . This work is the intellectual.
Module 4 TED 356 Curriculum in Sec. Ed.. Module 4 Explain the current official federal and state standards, including professional and accrediting groups.
Chapter 15 Understanding and Using Standardized Tests.
Chapter Twelve Motivation. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved Overview The behavioral view of motivation The social-cognitive.
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. 3 | 2.
concept of universal education; the belief that there is essential knowledge that everyone in a given culture must have in order to be a knowledgeable.
Strategies for Teaching Learners with Special Needs (Ninth Edition) By Edward A. Polloway James R. Patton Loretta Serna.
Content and Curriculum ….. Information from Chapters 3 and 9 and from the North Carolina Standard Course of Study.
Training the Teacher Trainers Generic Session G14 Models of Teacher Education.
Ann Turnbull, Rud Turnbull and Michael Wehmeyer. Exceptional Lives: Special Education in Today's Schools, 5e. Copyright © 2007 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Danielle Jones Ashley Johnson. Essentialism Perennialism Progressivism Existentialism Social Reconstruction.
Table 10.1 Two Elementary Teachers’ Schedules Sharon’s First-Grade Schedule Susie’s Third-Grade Schedule Clean up/prepare for dismissal2:45-3:00Call buses/dismissal2:45-3:00.
P HILOSOPHY OF C URRICULUM EDUC 542 B Y : M ONICA M AC E ACHEN.
1 What is Philosophy? The study of theories of knowledge, truth, existence, and morality Theory: a set of related principles based on observation and used.
Massie Ritsch U.S. Department of Education ESEA REAUTHORIZATION.
COMMON CORE STANDARDS
AHS Zoo School Focus and Development Interdisciplinary Training Image Credit:
Those Who Can, Teach 10th Edition Kevin Ryan and James M. Cooper Chapter 2 Who are Today’s Students in a Diverse Society?
“Where Learning is an ART!”. PURPOSE improve the quality of teaching and learning students achieve or exceed proficiency The PURPOSE of the Saxon Heights.
Chapter Fifteen Understanding and Using Standardized Tests.
CHAPTER 6 Collin College EDUC 1301 What Makes a Teacher Effective?
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