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Chapter 13 The Purposes of Education
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.13 | 2 Forces That Influence Educational Goals Changes in society Shifts in economy, family trends, media, changing social mores Changes in knowledge Discoveries, new developments in science, technology, new organizations of fields of study Changes in beliefs about learners New theories about the learning process or the nature of learners
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.13 | 3 Goals Set broad, general direction or aims Cannot be directly observed Set at national, state, and district levels, becoming more specific as they become more local Objectives Describe specific endpoint or outcome Often measurable in students’ behavior Set at subject or grade level, unit plan level, and lesson plan level, becoming more specific for smaller units of instruction
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.13 | 4 Tyler’s Fundamental Questions for Creating School Goals 1.What educational purposes should the school seek to attain? 2.What educational experiences can we provide to help attain these purposes? 3.How can these educational experiences be effectively organized? 4.How can we determine whether (and to what extent) the purposes have been attained?
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.13 | 5 History of Educational Goals Before 1900s Mental discipline approach 1910s to early 1950s Whole-child concept Late 1950s to 1960s Sputnik era emphasis on math, science, languages, gifted and talented 1970s to 1980s Focus on disadvantaged children 1990s to 2000s Emphasis on outcomes and accountability
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.13 | 6 Influential National Reports Action for Excellence (1983) Educating Americans for the 21st Century (1983) High School (1983) A Nation at Risk (1983) First Lessons: A Report on Elementary Education in America (1986) The National Education Goals (1990, 1994, 1997)
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.13 | 7 National Report Recommendations Strengthen core curriculum Improve students’ technology skills (“the Fourth R”) and update schools’ technology Emphasize high-level cognitive and thinking skills Improve programs for disadvantaged and disabled students
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.13 | 8 Swings of the Pendulum Rigorous intellectual training resurfaced –Following WW II –In response to concern about international markets Progressivists’ ideas resurfaced with concerns for the rights and dreams of –Low-income groups –Minority groups
Chapter 1 Ingredients of Change: Functions and Models.
Copyright©2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. 1 QUESTION.
CHAPTER 5 Collin College EDUC 1301 What Is Taught?
History and Theory behind Curriculum Design
Chapter 5 Accumulating Change: Limits of Sums and the Definite Integral.
Principles of Teaching And Learning Exploring Pedagogy, Curriculum, Instruction Collin College EDUC 1301 Chapter 4.
A Curriculum Model based on the work of Ralph Tyler
Practical Education Chapter 4 Regulations and Academic Standards Testimony before Pennsylvania State Board of Education February 24, 1998 by Parents and.
1 Historical Perspective... Historical Perspective... Science Education Reform Efforts Leading to Standards-based Science Education.
Curriculum. What is Curriculum? Merriam Webster Dictionary describes curriculum as the the courses offered by an educational institution and a set of.
Theory and Practice of Curriculum Development EDU705
Chapter 1 Introduction.
Chapter 4 Pioneers of Modern Teaching. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.4 | 2 Key Accomplishments of Educational Pioneers Comenius:
LIMITS, ALTERNATIVES, AND CHOICES Chapter 1. Taylor Economics - Chapter 1 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. Economics is a social.
Year 2. 1.Name 2.What you teach 3.Hope or Fear Who makes up this Curriculum Team?
Darla Stynen. The subject matter I am teaching in my classroom, as prescribed by the school district.
Chapter 9- Aims, Goals, Objectives
Traits, Motives, and Characteristics of Leaders
Learning to Learn via Application Cultivating Aspiration via Learning
GATE/SAS Gifted and Talented Education and School for Advanced Studies Cowan Avenue Elementary.
Education For Social Work
Philosophical Roots of Education
Activity Planning and Assessment
Nebraska Standards and The Common Core November 27, 2012.
CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT AND MODELS
Chapter One Applying Psychology to Teaching. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. 1-2 Overview What is educational psychology? How.
Module 4 TED 356 Curriculum in Sec. Ed.. Module 4 Explain the current official federal and state standards, including professional and accrediting groups.
Examining the Partnership for the 21 st Century with a Spotlight on Technology and Humor Copyright [Peter M. Jonas] . This work is the intellectual.
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. 3 | 2.
Understanding and Using Standardized Tests
concept of universal education; the belief that there is essential knowledge that everyone in a given culture must have in order to be a knowledgeable.
Chapter Twelve Motivation. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved Overview The behavioral view of motivation The social-cognitive.
Strategies for Teaching Learners with Special Needs (Ninth Edition) By Edward A. Polloway James R. Patton Loretta Serna.
Content and Curriculum ….. Information from Chapters 3 and 9 and from the North Carolina Standard Course of Study.
Chapter 2 Ensuring Progress in the General Curriculum Through Universal Design for Learning and Inclusion Each Power Point presentation can be viewed as.
Training the Teacher Trainers Generic Session G14 Models of Teacher Education.
Danielle Jones Ashley Johnson. Essentialism Perennialism Progressivism Existentialism Social Reconstruction.
Table 10.1 Two Elementary Teachers’ Schedules Sharon’s First-Grade Schedule Susie’s Third-Grade Schedule Clean up/prepare for dismissal2:45-3:00Call buses/dismissal2:45-3:00.
P HILOSOPHY OF C URRICULUM EDUC 542 B Y : M ONICA M AC E ACHEN.
What is Philosophy? The study of theories of knowledge, truth, existence, and morality Theory: a set of related principles based on observation and used.
Massie Ritsch U.S. Department of Education ESEA REAUTHORIZATION.
COMMON CORE STANDARDS
AHS Zoo School Focus and Development Interdisciplinary Training Image Credit:
Those Who Can, Teach 10th Edition Kevin Ryan and James M. Cooper Chapter 2 Who are Today’s Students in a Diverse Society?
“Where Learning is an ART!”. PURPOSE improve the quality of teaching and learning students achieve or exceed proficiency The PURPOSE of the Saxon Heights.
CHAPTER 6 Collin College EDUC 1301 What Makes a Teacher Effective?
Chapter Fifteen Understanding and Using Standardized Tests.
What is Philosophy? The investigation of causes and laws underlying reality Inquiry into the nature of things based on logical reasoning rather than empirical.
International Baccalaureate Diploma Program
CHAPTER 15 Collin College EDUC 1301 What Does It Mean to Be a Professional Educator?
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