Presentation on theme: "AFRICAN LITERATURE: Courage in Rising above all challenges"— Presentation transcript:
1 AFRICAN LITERATURE: Courage in Rising above all challenges
2 Essential Question:Have you ever felt so discouraged that you almost wanted to give up and quit?
3 What does literature reveal about Africans and Asians character? Unit Question:What does literature reveal about Africans and Asians character?How do Africans and Asians respond to the challenges of modernity as reflected in their literary pieces?
4 Content Question: What are the African’s views on nature and man? Why discrimination exist in African society?What are the characteristics of the African people?
5 A brief background and history of African literatures Africa has a long and complex literary history. Indeed, to suggest that one historical account can represent all of the literatures, across time, from all of the regions of Africa is misleading. Deciding when African literature first appears, or when the tradition begins, are questions that are ultimately unanswerable, and determining which literary forms originate in Africa and which are borrowed from elsewhere are issues over which literary critics continue to debate. Nevertheless, scholars of African literatures have put forth a general historical overview that allows readers, listeners, and students to gain a sense of the literary history of Africa.
6 Introduction Western definition Imaginative or critical writings whether in the form of prose or verseTo become literature, stories, proverbs, legends, etc. must to recordedFor a long time, there was not written language in most of Africa (literature is Latin for “written”)Attempts were made by colonists to document oral literature
7 Traditional Or Oral Literature Used interchangeably to refer to stories that have become the cultural heritage of the communityMost African stories have moral endings, however, many are composed for entertainmentStories have been revised by the teller and tailored to the audience of a particular place or time
8 Fables Seen as fiction as designed to teach Straight out instruction and open ended for interpretationWhat is in print is only a small part of the storytelling event and make the lessons memorableFables usually use animal characters to educate the reader or listenerAimed at children to teach them the values of the communityCommunity knows that the story is fiction, but the message is considered important
9 Myths are not usually fictitious stories Considered sacred stories that deal with origins and explanations of natural phenomenon and human institutionsOriginal tellers thought the stories to be true and treated them as sacredMyths are not usually fictitious stories
10 Brothers Grimm made the folktale famous FolktalesSeen as fiction as in fables and also used to teach indirectly, but also to express the individual and communities hopes and fears, to provide entertainment and to create a role model of desirable conduct for the communityBrothers Grimm made the folktale famousCharacters tend to be humans who encounter adventures and problems but can contain animals.
11 LegendsUnverified stories, more closely related to history or biographyReflect peoples ideals as embodied in the actions of heroesTell a people’s history as recalled thorough oral tradition and used frequently to create a cultural or political identify for the groupSome legends tell the significance of specific landmarks like mountains and waterfalls
12 Poetry More contemporary than traditional literature Family rites connected with birth, death, marriage, religious ceremonies were all occasions to recite poetryPart of every day lifeHunting, harvesting, preparing mealsPoets, like griots can be esteemed or distained based on the cultureThe larger the poets repertoire, the more respected they areModern poetry is concerned with cultural, social, political or economic lifeThemes could deal with spirits, death, oppression
13 The Novel The African novel in new Most novels were an outgrowth of the society in which the author livedMoving from a limited view to a global view of lifeWrote of traditional life, religion and colonial oppressionNovelists have gained worldwide recognition since independence
14 ConclusionLong journey to develop its own written literature and to preserve the oral traditionsThemes must go beyond colonial past and focus on the future and provide a sense of direction