Presentation on theme: "OUR DEMOCRACY OUR POLITICAL SYSTEM. NATIONAL ANTHEM OF ITALY The words of our national anthem were written in 1847 by a young patriot and poet whose name."— Presentation transcript:
OUR DEMOCRACY OUR POLITICAL SYSTEM
NATIONAL ANTHEM OF ITALY The words of our national anthem were written in 1847 by a young patriot and poet whose name was Goffredo Mameli, the music was composed by Michele Novaro. Since 1946, after the Second World War and the Fascist dictatorship, it has been our national anthem.
Italy is a parliamentary, democratic and representative republic. Democracy in our country is indirect and it represented by Parliament, which is divided in:
CAMERA DEI DEPUTATI Now our Presidente della Camera dei Deputati is Fausto Bertinotti. People can vote for the Camera dei Deputati from the age of 18.
SENATO DELLA REPUBBLICA Now our Presidente del Senato della Repubblica is Franco Marini. People can vote for the Senate from the age of 25.
CAMERA DEI DEPUTATI and SENATO DELLA REPUBBLICA have the same power and tasks, the elections are every five years.
SENATORI A VITA They are not elected by the Italian people but they are chosen by the President of the Republic for artistic or scientific reasons, or because they are important and representative personalities for Italy. The ex-presidents of the Republic are all senatori a vita(life peers)
THE CONSTITUTION We have a written Constitution, the first was the Statuto Albertino in 1848, but after the Second World War, with the institution of the Republic there is a new constitution. We have had it since 1948.
The Constitution is the fundamental law of the state, it describes the most important principles, the organization of the state and all the rights and duties of all citizens.
THE PARLIAMENT It has the legislative power (it makes the laws) and it chooses through a secret election the Presidente della Repubblica (the President of the Republic)
PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC He remains in office for 7 years. He represents the state, controls the activities and promulgates the laws. Now our Presidente della Repubblica is Giorgio Napolitano.
THE GOVERNMENT It has an executive power (for the implementation of the law) and administers the country. The Government is composed of Presidente del Consiglio (Prime Minister chosen by the Presidente della Repubblica) and ministers. Now our Presidente del Consiglio is Romano Prodi
CORTE COSTITUZIONALE It controls if the laws made by Parliament are consistent with our Constitution.
CORTE DEI CONTI It controls the financial resources of the State. It controls that the bills made by Paliament have the necessary financial backing to become laws of the State.
Italy is divided in: 20 REGIONI (regions) 103 PROVINCE (provinces) 8000 COMUNI (councils)
TO SUMMARISE COSTITUZIONE FUNDAMENTA L ORGANS OF THE STATE PARLIAMENT Legislative power Presidente della Repubblica Head of State COURT OF MAGISTRATES (MAGISTRATURA) Judicial power CONSTITUTIONAL COURT (CORTE COSTITUZIONALE) Organ of control GOVERNMENT Executive power Camera dei deputati Senato della Repubblica Prime Minister Ministers
Parliament ITALIAN PEOPLE Senato della Repubblica President of the Republic Government Camera dei Deputati elects controls appoints
Government CITIZENS OF THE ITALIAN REPUBLIC PREFECT PROVINCIAL COUNCIL PROVINCIAL COUNCIL PRESIDENT OF THE PROVINCE MAYOR BOARD OF COUNCILLORS LOCAL COUNCIL MAYOR Government Official REGIONAL COUNCIL REGIONAL COUNCIL PRESIDENT OF THE REGION Inspection Committee IN EVERY PROVINCE IN EVERY COUNCIL IN EVERY REGION Emanation of directives Direct election
Statuto Albertino (1848) characteristics Costituzione Italiana (1948) characteristics written given by the king liberal concise flexible written voted long rigid social
Structure of the Constitution Part II (Articles ). Rules of the Republic Part I (Articles 13-54). Rights and Duties of the Citizens Fundamental Principles (Articles 1-12) Final and Temporary Provisions
Comenius Project YEFEC Made by Alice, Maykol and Mattia October 2006