Presentation on theme: "Quills and Writing Alice Equestri"— Presentation transcript:
1Quills and Writing Alice Equestri email@example.com Beatrice Mameli
2The Magic of Writing Se pareba boves Ic seah wrætlice wuhte feower samed siþian; swearte · wæran lastas,swaþu swiþe blacu. Swift wæs on forefulgum framra; fleotgan lyftedeaf under yþe. Dreag unstillewinnende wiga, se him wægas tæcneþofer fæted gold feower eallum.I saw four wonderful creatures advancing together; black were the tracks, so black the path. Swift was its journey, faster than birds, it flew through the air, dove under the wave. Without rest, the warrior(man) taught all four the way over ornate gold.Se pareba bovesalba pratalia arabaalbo versorio tenebanegro semen seminaba(Veronese Riddle)
3Writing ToolsNoi siàn le triste penne isbigotite, le cesoiuzze e ’l coltellin dolente, ch’avemo scritte dolorosamente quelle parole che vo’ avete udite.(Guido Cavalcanti, Rima 18)Adam scriveyn, if ever it thee bifalle Boece or Troylus for to wryten newe, Under thy long lokkes thou most have the scalle, But after my makyng thow wryte more trewe; So ofte adaye I mot thy werk renewe, It to correcte and eke to rubbe and scrape, And al is thorugh thy negligence and rape. (Chaucer, Chaucers wordes unto Adam, his owne scriveyn)
4Writing Materials Paper Parchment Invented in China around II century ADEstablished paper-mills in England: later XV century, but earlier in Italy, Spain and FranceMade from linen ragsUsed for cheap textbooks for the use of clerics and students, cheap little volumes of sermonsThought of as an insignificant material – not good for official documentsInvention of printing made it indispensable, became cheaper and cheaper; only luxurious books were on parchmentslow and costly process to produce it.Selection of good animal skin (sheep, goats or cows/calves, which gave vellum)Skin was soaked in a water-and-calcium solution after removing all fat and hair.Material was stretched and driedRemnants of flesh/hair were scraped off
5The FeatherTo write we use the primary fly feathers of geese, swans or other large birds (best: the first five outer feathers);Turkey feathers are the best ones but there were no turkeys in Medieval Europe, as they came from America.Left-handed Right wingRight-handed Left wingVaneRachis3. Barb4. Afterfeather5. Hollow shaft, calamus
6Making a Quill Pen Now, you can blot a few words… Enjoy! Heat the featherScrape away scales from shaftCut the ending of the shaftClean out the inside of the shaft with a hooked toolRemove the afterfeatherShape the shaft to form a nib and make a center cutCut the top of the feather and the barb on your sideMake a reservoir by using a narrow strip of tin (e.g. a soft drink can will do)Now, you can blot a few words… Enjoy!