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E-Commerce Systems Chapter 8 Copyright © 2010 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. McGraw-Hill/Irwin.

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Presentation on theme: "E-Commerce Systems Chapter 8 Copyright © 2010 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. McGraw-Hill/Irwin."— Presentation transcript:

1 E-Commerce Systems Chapter 8 Copyright © 2010 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. McGraw-Hill/Irwin

2 8-2 Learning Objectives Identify the major categories and trends of e-commerce applications Identify the essential processes of an e-commerce system, and give examples of how they are implemented in e-commerce applications Identify and give examples of key factors and Web store requirements needed to succeed in e-commerce

3 8-3 Learning Objectives Identify and explain the business value of several types of e-commerce marketplaces Discuss the benefits and trade-offs of several e-commerce clicks and bricks alternatives

4 8-4 Introduction to e-Commerce Internet and other information technologies support every step of the process Selling Marketing Developing Servicing Delivering Accepting payments E-commerce encompasses the entire online process of…

5 8-5 Scope of e-Commerce

6 8-6 Categories of e-Commerce (1)Business- to-Consumer (B2C) Virtual storefront Multimedia catalogs Interactive order processing Electronic payments Online customer support (2) Consumer- to-Consumer (C2C) Online auctions Posting to newspaper sites Personal websites E-commerce portals (3) Business- to-Business (B2B) Electronic business marketplaces Direct links between businesses, auctions, and exchanges e.g. VPN

7 8-7 Example of B2C

8 8-8 Example of Consumer-to-Consumer (C2C)

9 8-9 Example of B2B

10 8-10 Example of B2B

11 8-11 Essential e-Commerce Architecture

12 Access Control and Security Encryption key Digital certificates and signatures User names and passwords E-commerce processes must establish mutual trust, secure access between parties Restricted company data Webmaster administration areas Other people’s accounts Restricted access areas

13 Profiling and Personalizing Profiling gathers data on you and your website behavior and choices then build electronic profiles for your preferences and characteristics. –User registration –Cookie files and tracking software –User feedback Profiling is used for –Personalized (one-to-one) marketing –Authenticating identity –Customer relationship management –Marketing planning –Website management

14 8-14

15 Search Management Search processes help customers find the specific product or service they want E-commerce software packages often include a website search engine Customized search engine may be acquired from companies like Google or Requisite Technology Searches are often on content or by parameters

16 Content and 5- Catalog Management Content Management Software –Helps develop, generate, deliver, update, and archive text and multimedia information at e-commerce websites Catalog Management Software –Helps generate and manage catalog content Catalog and content management software works with profiling tool to personalize content –Product configuration and mass customization

17 Workflow Management E-business & e-commerce management depends on a workflow software engine –Software model of business processes Workflow models express predefined –Sets of business rules –Roles of stakeholders –Authorization requirements –Routing alternatives –Databases used –Task sequences

18 Event Notification Most e-commerce applicants are event driven Responds to customer’s first website visit, payments, and so on Monitors all e-commerce processes Records all relevant events, including problem situations Notifies all involved stakeholders Works in tandem with user-profiling software

19 Collaboration and Trading Processes support vital collaboration arrangements and trading services –Needed by customers, suppliers, and other stakeholders to accomplish e-commerce transactions Online communities of interest – , chat, discussion groups –Enhances customer service –Builds loyalty

20 Electronic Payment It is a Complex processes –Near-anonymous and electronic nature of transactions –Many security issues –Wide variety of debit and credit alternatives –Financial institutions may be part of the process

21 Electronic Payment Web Payment Processes –Shopping cart process –Credit card payment process –Debit and other more complex processes Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT) –Major payment system in banking, retail –Variety of information technologies capture and process money and credit card transfers –Most point-of-sale terminals in retail stores are networked to bank EFT systems –E.g. PayPal –E.g. Pay for your Mobily bill

22 8-22 Securing Electronic Payments Network sniffers easily recognize credit card formats Take sensitive information off-line Encrypt data between customer and merchant Encrypt data between customer and financial institution Security measures to combat

23 8-23 E-Commerce Application Trends

24 8-24 B2C E-Commerce Success Factors Community relationships Advertising and incentives Selection & value Security and reliability Performance and service Great consumer communications Personal attention Look and feel

25 8-25 Example

26 8-26 Example

27 8-27 Example

28 8-28 Web Store Requirements

29 8-29 B2B E-Commerce B2B is the wholesale and supply side of the commercial process Businesses buy, sell, or trade with other businesses Relies on multiple electronic information technologies Catalog systems Trading systems Data interchange Electronic funds transfers

30 8-30 E-Commerce Marketplaces One to Many Sell-side marketplaces One supplier dictates product offerings and prices Many to One Buy-side marketplaces Many suppliers bid for the business of a buyer Some to Many Distribution marketplaces Unites suppliers who combine their product catalogs to attract a larger audience

31 8-31 E-Commerce Marketplaces Many to Some Procurement marketplaces Unites major buyers who combine purchasing catalogs Attracts more competition, which lowers prices Many to Many Auction marketplaces Dynamically optimizes prices

32 8-32 B2B E-Commerce Web Portal


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