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Published byErika Morgan Modified over 3 years ago

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8.3 – Logarithmic Functions and Inverses

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What is a logarithm? A logarithm is the power to which a number must be raised in order to get some other number For example, the base ten logarithm of 100 is 2, because ten raised to the power of two is 100: 100 = 10 2 because log 10 100 = 2

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Convert

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Ex: Write the following equations in logarithmic form Remember: If y = b x then log b y = x If 25 = 5 2 then Log 5 25=2 If 729 = 3 6 then Log 3 729=6 If 1 = 10 0 then Log 10 1=0 If then

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Let’s try some: Converting between the two forms. Expo Form Log Form

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Common Logs A common log is a logarithm that uses base 10. You can write the common logarithm log 10 y as log y (they are the logs you use on your calculator) Scientists use common logarithms to measure acidity, which increases as the concentration of hydrogen ions in a substance. The pH of a substance equals

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Evaluating Logarithms Ex: Evaluate log 8 16 Log 8 16=x Write an equation in log form 16 = 8 x Convert to exponential form 2 4 = (2 3 ) x Rewrite using the same base. In this case, base of 2 2 4 = 2 3x Power of exponents 4 = 3x Set the exponents equal to each other x=4/3 Solve for x Therefore, Log 8 16=4/3

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Evaluating Logarithms Ex: Evaluate Write an equation in log form Convert to exponential form Rewrite using the same base. In this case, base of 2. Use negative expos! -5 = 6x Set the exponents equal to each other x=-5/6 Solve for x Therefore,

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Let’s try some Evaluate the following:

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