Presentation on theme: "Chapter3: Foundations of Group Behavior. Definition of a Group A group is defined as two or more individuals, interacting and interdependent, who have."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter3: Foundations of Group Behavior
Definition of a Group A group is defined as two or more individuals, interacting and interdependent, who have come together to achieve particular objectives.
Various Types of Groups Formal groups Informal Groups Small groups Large groups Primary groups Secondary groups Coalitions Membership groups Command groups Task groups Friendship groups Interest groups
These groups are formed by the organization to carry out specific tasks. It includes two types: Command group Task groups Formal Groups
Informal groups are formed by the employees themselves. They are not formally structured. They are of two types: Friendship groups Interest groups Informal Groups
Formal / Informal Group
Small groups: Only a few members. Face-to-face interaction and better communication is possible. Large groups: Members is very high. Personal interaction is not possible. Other types Include
Stages of Group Development The five-Stage Model: Adjourning/Mourning Completion, ending or evolution Performing Achieving the purpose Norming Agreeing purpose and conduct Storming Resolving differences Forming Initial meeting together
Most group activities require a variety of skills and knowledge. Research studies show that heterogeneous groups are likely to perform more effectively. Composition of a Group
Cohesion of group Degree to which group members are attracted to each other and are motivated to stay in the group.
Managerial Implication –To increase cohesion of groups: Make the group smaller. Encourage agreement with group goals. Increase time members spend together. Increase group status and admission difficulty. Stimulate competition with other groups. Give rewards to the group, not individuals.
Factors affecting the group behavior Norms Roles Size of groups Management philosophy Internal environment of the organization The external environment Group behavior The type of leadership approach Different level of perception and understanding
Norms: Acceptable standards of behaviour within a group that are shared by the group’s members. Roles: Roles: Set of behavior pattern which an individual occupying a certain position in society.
The size of a group affects the group’s overall behavior, but the effect depends on the dependent variables: Smaller groups are faster at completing tasks than are larger ones. Size of a Group
Definition of Work Teams A small number of people with complementary skills who are committed to a common purpose, common performance goals, and an approach for which they hold themselves mutually accountable”. -G. Moorhead and R.W. Griffin
Enhanced performance Employee benefits Reduced costs Organizational enhancements Benefits of Work Teams
Team groups determinants Size of work teams Abilities of members Allocation of work roles realistic performance goals Good leadership and effective structure
Teams and Total Quality Management TQM means process improvement and employee involvement is the key to process improvement.
Teams and Workforce Diversity Diversified teams provide unique and innovative solutions, but at the same time, they are cohesive.