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British and American society. economy UK and USA society The Prose and the Passion.

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Presentation on theme: "British and American society. economy UK and USA society The Prose and the Passion."— Presentation transcript:

1 British and American society

2 economy UK and USA society The Prose and the Passion

3 Bretton Woods Agreements (1944) ONU GATT (1947) (General agreement on traffic and trade) IMF (1945) (International Monetary Fund) Old market economy Mixed economy Passive StateWelfare State 1. A new economy UK and USA society The Prose and the Passion

4 Golden Age and Bretton Woodss failure Economic miracle from 1950 to 1968 Deep political and social changes Crisis of 1973 and inflation High prices and low wages Cartels like Opec Welfare State High public debt and new monetary economy 2. Golden Age and Bretton Woodss failure UK and USA society The Prose and the Passion

5 Globalisation Commercial banksSecuritisation Subprimes Loans for everybody No capital WORLDWIDE CRISIS 3. Crisis of UK and USA society The Prose and the Passion

6 Correct the mistakes of Bushs administration. Set up a new liberalism following Keyness theory. Government stimulus of one trillion of dollars with the American Recovery and Reinvestment Plan. 4. Obamas agenda Time chose Barack Obama as the 2008 Person of the Year UK and USA society The Prose and the Passion

7 Reduction of carbon emissions. Improvement of health care. Reduction of Bushs deficit. Stop bloody wars in the Middle East. 4. Obamas agenda UK and USA society Time chose Barack Obama as the 2008 Person of the Year The Prose and the Passion

8 society UK and USA society The Prose and the Passion

9 1. The 50s Full employment, good wages, public services, technical improvements Sudden blossoming of mass prosperity A 1950s advertisement for Coca-Cola UK and USA society The Prose and the Passion

10 1. The 50s Families have cars, phones, washing-machines, refrigerators, their own houses. Education bigger affluence in universities and colleges, which receive government financial support. A 1950s housewife UK and USA society The Prose and the Passion

11 2. The 50s: social phenomena Consumerism Television as revolution Change in style with popular series and quiz shows Another 1950s advertisement for Coca-Cola UK and USA society The Prose and the Passion

12 2. The 50s: social phenomena Hedonism Equipments and clubs A 1950s advertisement for cigarettes UK and USA society Recreational activities The Prose and the Passion

13 3. The 50s: the young and their tastes Great interests in music, fashion, drinks and vehicles. Working-class adolescents spending money on their pleasures. Poster for Rebel without a cause (1955) UK and USA society The Prose and the Passion

14 3. The 50s: the young and their tastes Leisure activities dancing and listening to rocknroll. Negative mood of the angry young men moral independence, sexual ethics, public decency The Homosexual Act (1957) UK and USA society Poster for Rebel without a cause (1955) The Prose and the Passion

15 4. The 60s: London New centre of fashion, replacing Paris. Mary Quant, fashion designer credited for inventing the miniskirt and the hot pants UK and USA society The Prose and the Passion

16 Immigrants from the colonies attracted by the UKs promise of employment, moved to the inner-city areas suffer social deprivation, racism, hostility. 4. The 60s: London Indian students protesting UK and USA society The Prose and the Passion

17 5. The 60s: the young Sensitive to their age spiritual problems Commitee for nuclear disarmament and pacifist march in Trafalgar Square led by Bertrand Russell (1961). Mood of irriverence and rebellion university occupations and demonstrations. A student demonstration UK and USA society The Prose and the Passion

18 The swinging sixties = quest for self-expression and liberation drugs, discos, progressiveness in education, pop music and poetry, one-parent families, the contraceptive pill, abortion and homosexuality legalised birth of womens liberation movement. 5. The 60s: the young The cover of Led Zeppelin III UK and USA society The Prose and the Passion

19 6. The 70s: decay Unemployment spread in the heavy industrial areas Economy The Winter of Discontent Society Race riots Drugs and juvenile violence UK and USA society The Prose and the Passion

20 6. The 70s: decay Factories with waste material Pollution Oil tankers, chemical fertilizers, noisy aircraft, traffic Me Decade Individualism, selfishness, punk culture, nihilism, political struggle, radicalism (no pacifism), racism UK and USA society The Prose and the Passion

21 Elected in 1979 Call on individual enterprise and responsability Illusion of a new start The state is the servant not the master of the nation 7. The 80s: Margaret Thatcher Margaret Thatcher UK and USA society The Prose and the Passion

22 Change of moral values Legislation of privatisation The young are encouraged Good careers Individualistic society Mortgage repayment caused by inflation and loan rates Low-paid jobs and unemployment Phenomenon of the yuppies 8. The 80s: Thatchers and Reagans society UK and USA society The Prose and the Passion

23 9. The 90s People involved in community action A new social awareness = we decade. Disdain for thatcherism = greed, coldness, disregard for minorities and the weak. The Iron Lady UK and USA society The Prose and the Passion

24 10. Youth culture Teddy boys Edwardian uniform Reputation for violence, delinquency, racism A 1962 photo shoot of some Teddy Boys UK and USA society The Prose and the Passion

25 The Rockers Battered clothes Outsiders Aggressivity towards women and immigrants 10. Youth culture Typical rocker outfit, black leather and a white scarf UK and USA society The Prose and the Passion

26 The Skinheads Tattoos and shaved heads Welcome conflict and aggression Extreme right political views = racism No girls 10. Youth culture This is England (2006) UK and USA society The Prose and the Passion

27 Punks Nihilistic battle-cry no future Nothingness Safety pins, coloured hair Outcast status A tourist attraction 10. Youth culture A group of English punks UK and USA society The Prose and the Passion

28 10. Youth culture The Hippies Status and sex minimized No certainties drugs Escape from time and modern life Natural materials in the dress style Love, not war Hippies at a concert UK and USA society The Prose and the Passion

29 art & music UK and USA society The Prose and the Passion

30 1.Anglo-American music from the 1950s to the 1990s 1950s: Rocknroll, Soul. 1960s: Folk revival, Rock music. 1970s: Progressive rock, Punk rock, Fusion, Disco music, Reggae, Funk, Electronic. 1980s: Metal, Electro-pop, New Wave, Hip hop. 1990s: New Age, Grunge, Britpop. The Beatles UK and USA society The Prose and the Passion

31 Phenomenon originated in the U.K. in Beatles + mania. Linked to the intense level of hysteria demonstrated by fans both at the concerts played by the band and during the bands arrivals and travels to and from different places. 2. Beatlemania Policemens struggle to restrain young Beatles fans outside Buckingham Palace as The Beatles receive their MBEs (Member of the British Empire) in UK and USA society The Prose and the Passion

32 Rock as an opportunity of unifying art,music,design,fashion and youth in a single experience Rock as energy for the motor of social change Rock as a necessity to take a social position Rock as an experience of community and togetherness (Peter Wicke; Rock music) 3. Rock music Elvis PresleyThe Rolling Stones UK and USA society The Prose and the Passion

33 How many roads must a man walk down Before you call him a man? Yes, n how many seas must a white dove sail Before she sleeps in the sand? Yes, n how many times must the cannon balls fly Before theyre forever banned? The answer, my friend, is blowin in the wind, The answer is blowin in the wind. Quante strade deve percorrere un uomo prima che tu possa chiamarlo uomo? E quanti mari deve navigare una bianca colomba prima di dormire sulla sabbia? E quante volte devono volare le palle di cannone prima di essere proibite per sempre? La risposta, amico mio, soffia nel vento, la risposta soffia nel vento. 4. Blowin in the wind (Bob Dylan) UK and USA society The Prose and the Passion

34 4. Blowin in the wind (Bob Dylan) How many years can a mountain exist Before its washed to the sea? Yes, n how many years can some people exist Before theyre allowed to be free? Yes, n how many times can a man turn his head, Pretending he just doesnt see? The answer, my friend, is blowin in the wind, The answer is blowin in the wind. E quanti anni può esistere una montagna prima di essere erosa dal mare? E quanti anni possono gli uomini esistere prima di essere lasciati liberi? E quante volte può un uomo volgere lo sguardo e fingere di non vedere? La risposta, amico mio, soffia nel vento, la risposta soffia nel vento. UK and USA society The Prose and the Passion

35 4. Blowin in the wind (Bob Dylan) How many times must a man look up Before he can see the sky? Yes, n how many ears must one man have Before he can hear people cry? Yes, n how many deaths will it take till he knows That too many people have died? The answer, my friend, is blowin in the wind, The answer is blowin in the wind. E quante volte deve un uomo guardare in alto prima di poter vedere il cielo? E quanti orecchi deve avere un uomo prima di poter sentire gli altri che piangono? E quante morti ci vorranno prima che lui sappia che troppi sono morti? La risposta, amico mio, soffia nel vento, la risposta soffia nel vento. UK and USA society The Prose and the Passion

36 Reaction against the poetry of the first half of the century. A new poetry: the movement. Simple language, contemporary and rational poetry. Emulation of the American poets. Underground poetry. 5. British poetry in the second half of the century UK and USA society The realistic language The Prose and the Passion

37 Refusal of traditional forms. Divided into beat generation and confessional poetry. Reflective and denunciatory attitude. 6. American literature after the war Poetry Jack Kerouacs 1959 album Poetry for the Beat Generation UK and USA society The Prose and the Passion

38 Main themes: journey, rebellion, drugs. Experimentation. Afro-American identity. 6. American literature after the war Fiction The Catcher in the Rye (1951) by J.D. Salinger UK and USA society The Prose and the Passion

39 Artistic movement of the late 1950s. The word pop stands for popular. Themes and techniques drawn from the mass culture. Three important painters: Andy Warhol, Jasper Johnson (considered the precursor of pop art) and Richard Hamilton. 7. Pop Art Richard Hamilton, Just What Is It that Makes Today's Homes So Different, So Appealing?, UK and USA society The Prose and the Passion

40 He became famous in the 1960s. He painted dollar bills, celebrities, brand name products. His most important works are: Marilyn Monroe, Green Coca- Cola bottles and Big Campbells Soup cans. 8. Andy Warhol Andy Warhol, Campbells Soup Can, UK and USA society The Prose and the Passion


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