RIGHT PARASTERNAL APPROACH: Technical issues: - The 2nd, 3rd, and 4th costal cartilages were removed -The right internal mammary vessels were usually ligated and divided. -High incidence of Lung Herniation, which was not only physiologically disturbing, but also was cosmetically disfiguring, and often required a second operation and mesh closure of the defect. Lung Herniation led to MINISTERNOTOMY APPROACH
RATIONALE 1. 1.Improve postoperative respiratory function 2. 2.Reduce postoperative pain and recovery 3. 3.Provide a cosmetically superior incision 4. 4.Reduce dissection of other areas (low blood loss) 5. 5.Facilitate a reoperation at a later date, as the lower part of the pericardium remains closed 6. 6.More rapid return to functional activity, less rehabilitation resources 7. 7.Beneficial effects in elderly 8. 8.Reduce Costs
Murtuza B. et al.; Ann Thorac Surg 2008;85:1121-1131
4 RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIALS (1999-2003) Some studies showed potential advantage in blood transfusion, early estubation and hospital disharge. Others failed to prove the theoretical advantages of MIAVS Metanalysis of RCTs: no difference Most of studies on MIAVR focus on ministernotomy Ministernotomy vs conventional sternotomy for aortic valve replacement: a systematic review and meta-analysis Brown ML et al. JThorac CArdiovasc Surg 200;137:670-679
CT SCAN RIGHT ANTERIOR MINITHORACOTOMY Patients are suitable for RT if at the level of main PA 1.Aorta is rightward (>50% of ascending aorta) 2.The distance from ascending aorta to sternum < 10 cm 3.Angle α 45° α
RIGHT ANTERIOR MINITHORACOTOMY VERSUS CONVENTIONAL AORTIC VALVE SURGERY: A PROPENSITY SCORE ANALYSIS Glauber M, Miceli A,Gilmanov D, Bevilacqua S, Concistrè G, Murzi M, Ferrarini M, Varone E, Chiaramonti F, Farneti PA, Solinas M.
OUR EXPERIENCE January 2005 June 2010 637 Patients underwent AVR Mini-sternotomy, active endocarditis, critical state Right anterior minithoracotomy (RT) 192 patients Full sternotomy (MS) 336 patients Retrospective, observational, cohort study of prospectively collected data from consecutive patients undergoing AVR at Fondazione G. Monasterio CNR-Regione Toscana (Massa)
CT SCAN RIGHT MINITHORACOTOMY MINISTERNOTOMY Patients are suitable for RT if at the level of main PA 1.Aorta is rightward (>50% of ascending aorta) 2.The distance from ascending aorta to sternum < 10 cm 3.Angle α 45°
MINIMAL INVASIVE FOR AORTIC VALVE: MINISTERNOTOMY OR MINITHORACOTOMY?
OUR EXPERIENCE January 2005 March 2011 724 Patients underwent AVR Full sternotomy Right anterior minithoracotomy (RT) 211 patients Exclusion criteria for RT: previous cardiac surgery, Right pleuritis, ascending aorta aneurysm Ministernotomy (MS) 127 patients Retrospective, observational, cohort study of prospectively collected data from consecutive patients undergoing AVR at Fondazione G. Monasterio CNR-Regione Toscana (Massa)
RT (N=211)MS (N=127)p Mortality (n. patients, %)3 (1.4)2 (1.6)1 Stroke (n. patients, %)2 (0.9)2 (1.6)1 Re-exploration fo bleeding (n. patients, %)12 (5.6)6 (4.7)0.51 Postoperative MI (n. patients, %)4 (1.9)2 (1.6)1 Postop renal dysfunction (n. patients, %)5 (2.4)7 (5.5)0.22 Blood Transfusions (n. patients, %)21 (16.5)38 (18)0.84 RESULTS
OUTCOMESRT (N=211)MS (N=127)p New-onset postop AF (n. patients, %)34 (16.1)42 (33.1)<0.0001 BAV (n. patients, %)2 (0.9)2 (1.6)1 Wound infection (n. patients, %)1 (0.4)2 (1.6)0.65 Ventilation time (hours)6 (5-9)6 (5-10)0.06 ICU stay (median day, range)1 (1-1)1(1-2)0.01 Ward stay (median day, range)5(4-6)6 (5-6)0.001 RESULTS
FOLLOW-UP Median follow up of 26 months (interquartile range 9- 46) OUTCOMESRT (N=208)MS (N=125) Death (n. patients, %)3 (1.5)5 (4) Freedom from reoperation (n. patients, %) 1 (99) NYHA functional class I (n. patients %)198 (95)116 (93) Esthetically pleasing scar (n. patients %)199 (96)118 (95) Disharged home (n. patients %)187 (90)85 (70) Back to work or normal life within 4 weeks (n. patients %) 191 (92)114 (91)
Enable Perceval S Intuity Reduce operative times Standardize the procedure
CONCLUSIONS 1. MIAVS via is associated with Low operative mortality and morbidity Fast recovery and estetically pleasent scar Excellent midterm follow-up 2. Right anterior minithoracotomy better outcomes in terms of: Postoperative AF Ventilation time, ICU and hospital stay Minimally aortic valve surgery can be performed safely with excellent results and high patient satisfaction.
CONCLUSIONS Can one achive the same quality of operation that one can do through the complete exposure of the heart? Yes, We can !