Presentation on theme: "UNIMI: Provisioning Services Stream Process Architecture"— Presentation transcript:
1 UNIMI: Provisioning Services Stream Process Architecture
2 Server and Desktop Provisioning Create a virtual image of a server’s or Desktop’s workload: OS, applications and configurationVirtualizeStore the virtual workload image on a network storage deviceStoreStream the workload image on-demand to virtual and bare-metal servers/EndpointsStreamStreamAVirtualizeStore…and Provisioning Server does just that. It changes the game for IT. It does this by streaming workloads on-demand rather than pushing full images onto each target system. There’s a lot of really cool and complex technology under the hood that I could spend an entire day talking about but really the model is quite simple, it’s virtualize, store, and stream.You virtualize a system image by capturing it from a reference system.That image is stored somewhere on the networkAnd then Provisioning Server streams it to any number of target devices.We’re going to walk through a number of use cases, but in all of them, the model stays the same: Virtualize, store, and stream.
3 Provisioning Server For Desktops Using Citrix Provisioning Server for Desktops OS-streaming functionality, two Virtual Disks are created – one configured with the Windows XP operating system and software and one with Windows Vista and software. The vDisks are stored as files on the network.
4 Provisioning Server For Desktops LAN-connected “diskless” workstation. No software pre-loaded and the system is configured to boot from the network.
5 Provisioning Server For Desktops The XP operating system and software vDisk is streamed to the desktop using Citrix Provisioning Server for Desktops OS-streaming functionality.Workstation is powered on.
6 Provisioning Server For Desktops Workstation image delivery and management are centralised; data security is assured because there is no persistent storage at the desktop.PC processing power is harnessed for an uncompromised user experience.
7 Provisioning Server For Desktops Workstation image delivery and management are centralised; data security is assured because there is no persistent storage at the desktop.Provisioning the workstation with the Vista vDisk is quickly accomplished by rebooting.
8 PXE Booting a Provisioning Services Target DHCP ServerIP InfoIP InfoIP InfoTarget Device 1Provisioning ServicesWorkloadsDHCP DiscoverBOOTATarget Device 2TFTPPXENetwork StorageBProvisioning Services allows multiple end points, be it Virtual machines, or physical to boot off of a single image using the PXE Protocol. When a PXE Enabled Target boots it will send out a DHCP Discover packet, [CLICK]Both the DHCP AND Citrix PXE Service will respond with offers, DHCP will send the IP information and the PXE Service will reply with the hostname/IP of the TFTP server and the bootstrap file name. [CLICK]The target will then download the Bootstrap file from the TFTP Server [CLICK] and begin streaming the image.The bootstrap can also be loaded by booting to a ISO file via the BootDevice manager.BootstrapBootstrapBootstrapPXE InfoPXE InfoPXE InfoTarget Device 3
9 Failover & Login Process StreamServer:vDisk3PVS Target DeviceLogin ProcessStreaming fromRequest for vDisk3This slide is going to show exactly what happens when a target device fails over.The Target is up and streaming from[CLICK]becomes unresponsive.Target refers to the bootstrap for other options.The Target will try to contact the first server in the bootstrap. In this caseTarget will go through the login process, authenticating with the MAC address and requesting vDisk assignment exactly as it would if it was booting for the first time.In this example the Target is assigned vDisk3 streaming from ServerThe Target connects to and requests vDisk3.Failover is accomplished.BootstrapX
10 Load balancing with High Availability (cont) PVS2PVS1XIf a PVS Server goes down[CLICK]all the targets connected to that server will failover.Once the down PVS Server comes back up however, those targets will not automatically rebalance. They will stay connected to the server they are on until a rebalance command is sent. All newly booted Targets will stream to PVS1.
11 Where to store the cache file in a HA environment Cache on local RAMCache on Server DiskCache on Local DiskAnother factor to consider when designing a High Availability solution is where to store the cache files.There are three options to storing cache: Cache on Local Ram, Cache on Server, Disk, Cache on local Disk. We will discuss the pros and cons of each of them in regard to High Availability.The main thing to keep in mind when choosing the cache location is that the cache needs to be available to both servers so in the event of a failover the Target Device can still access it’s cache file.
12 X Cache on Local RAM Shared Storage PVS1 PVS2 Cache vDisks If caching on local RAM the amount of RAM allotted needs to be large enough to support the target device between reboots. If it is not it the Target Device will run out of cache space and eventually bluescreen.In this slide the two Targets to the left are booted to PVS1 the two on the right are booted to PVS2[CLICK]If PVS1 experiences an outage the two targets on the left will failover to PVS2 and still have access to their cached information.Pros:Ram cache has very quick read/write timesCons:Ram is expensive and in some environments it is impractical to load the extra memory into the end point devices.CachevDisksSQL database
13 X Cache on Local Disk Shared Storage PVS1 PVS2 Cache vDisks In this slide the two Targets to the left are booted to PVS1 the two on the right are booted to PVS2[CLICK]If PVS1 experiences an outage the two targets on the left will failover to PVS2 and still have access to their cached informationHard Drive needs to be formatted with at least 1GB of free space. PVS will use the first Hard Drive that matches these requirements.If multiple local hard drives are installed there is no way to configure PVS to cache on a certain drive.Pros:Most end point devices already have a local hard drive which would make local hard drive caching cost effective.No extra shared storage space is needed for the cache file.Less traffic on the network.Less strain on the Provisioning ServersCons:Some thin clients do not have local hard drives.CachevDisksSQL database
14 X Cache on Server Disk Shared Storage PVS1 PVS2 Cache vDisks In this slide the two Targets to the left are booted to PVS1 the two on the right are booted to PVS2[CLICK]If PVS1 experiences an outage the two targets on the left will failover to PVS2 and still have access to their cached informationPros:Cache in one centralized locationCons:All reads and writes are sent through the provisioning server reducing performance.Large Shared storage solution is required.Larger strain on network since all of the cache reads and writes are going over the network.CachevDisksSQL database
15 Cache on Server Disk (incorrect configuration) Shared StoragePVS1PVS2XIn this slide the two Targets to the left are booted to PVS1 the two on the right are booted to PVS2[CLICK]If PVS1 experiences an outage the two targets on the left will failover to PVS2 but do not have access to the write cache. Eventually the Target Device will attempt to access critical information written to the cache file and will bluescreen.CachevDisksSQL database
16 Possible single point of failure Shared StoragePVS1PVS2DHCPPXETFTPHigh Available provides failover for the Streaming Service only. Single points of failure could still exist that will effect the employment.Previously slides showed a high level very simple view of a provisioning server deployment, focusing on the target devices, Provisioning Servers and shared storage. Provisioning Server solution relies on other components as well. High Availability only provides failover for the streaming service. All other components need to be setup with failover separately.In this section we are going to talk about these components and the options.[CLICK]These componets areDHCPPXE ServerTFTPAnd the Network.SwitchCachevDisksSQL database
17 Possible single points of failure TFTPNetworkStorageBootstrap DeliveryTFTP, Network, Storage and bootstrap delivery could be single points of failure if not configured properly.
18 TFTP RedundancyDHCP Option 66 only allows for one TFTP server to be entered.Using TFTP Clustered Servers or PXE Service instead of DHCP options will solve this issue.This slide is going to talk about possible ways of setting up redundant TFTP.If using DHCP and want fully available TFTP a load balancer such as (netscaler glsb) must be used to make the TFTP highly available.This is not needed if instead of using DHCP, PXE is used since multiple PXE Services can run on the same network.
19 Network Redundancy Target Device PVS Server Target Device PVS Server SwitchPVS ServerTarget DeviceThis slide is going to talk about possible ways of setting up redundant networks:PVS is only as redundant as the network it is running on.NIC TeamingLoad Balancing Switches and routers with failoverDual connections to backend storage with multiple paths.
20 Storage Redundancy Type of Storage Pros Cons CIFS on Windows Server Easy to setupFree with OSHard drives are cheapPerformance due to SMB trafficLack of scalabilityHA requires two plus serversCIFS on NAS DeviceDevice typically less expensive than SAN deviceBuilt in redundancy for disks (depends on vendor/model)Various vendors/modelsLess expensive solutions equal single point of failureScalability can be an issue depending on vendor/model purchasedThis slide is going to talk about possible ways of setting up redundant storage:Clustered File Systems
21 Storage Redundancy (continued) iSCSI to NAS DeviceModerate to setupDevice typically less expensive than SAN deviceBuilt in redundancy for disks (depends on vendor/model)Various vendors/models offer resiliency benefitsLess expensive solutions equal single point of failureScalability can be an issue depending on vendor/model purchasedRequires cluster file system when sharing LUN across multiple serversiSCSI to SAN DeviceHighly scalableBuilt in resiliencyBuild in features like storage replication and high performance disk arraysModerate to complex to setupTypically more expensive than NAS devicesThis slide is going to talk about bootstrap Delivery redundancy.DHCP ClusteringMultiple PXE Servers
22 Storage Redundancy (continued) Fiber to SAN DeviceHighly scalableBuilt in resiliencyBuild in features like storage replication and high performance disk arraysComplex to setupTypically more expensive than NAS devicesRequires cluster file system when sharing LUN across multiple serversThis slide is going to talk about possible ways of setting up redundant storage:Clustered File Systems
23 Bootstrap Delivery Redundancy SolutionProsConsDHCP ClusteringLess traffic on the networkModerate to setupMultiple servers neededMore expensiveMultiple PXE ServersEasy to setupLess hardware needed.More broadcast traffic on the networkThis slide is going to talk about bootstrap Delivery redundancy.DHCP ClusteringMultiple PXE Servers
25 Soluzione per UNIMI - Centralized HA per LAB Target DevicesProvisioning ServersCentralized HA stores the vDisks on shared storage:Easier to manage, all vDisks are in one location only requiring one vDisk to be updated to make a change.Requires shared storage.More network traffic then distributed.Target DevicesvDisksShared Storage
26 Soluzione per UNIMI completa LAB 22 provisioning servers & 50 Target DevicesLAB 1 – 50 Target DevicesTarget Device 1LAB 3 – 2 provisioning servers & 10 Target Devices + 10 Remote Desktop LinuxProvisioning ServicesWorkloadsATarget Device 2Network StorageBProvisioning Services allows multiple target devices physical and virtual, to boot off of one streamed image saving greatly on management and storage costs.Pxe Options can also be used.HATarget Device 50
27 Proposta commerciale: LICENSING - Lab1: 50 licenze XenDesktop Platinum per user- Lab2: 40 licenze XenDesktop Platinum per user- Lab3: 10 licenze XenDesktop Platinum per user
28 Proposta commerciale: PROVISIONING SERVERS (1) Lab1: 50 users (licenze citrix + 1y di sw assurance) ,00 € (subscription ~ 60$ x lic)2 Server reali con XenSever in HA ,00 €2 Server virtuali con Provisioning Sever 5.6SP1- Lab2: 40 users (licenze citrix + 1y di sw assurance) ,00 € (subscription ~ 60$ x lic)- Lab3: 10 users (licenze citrix + 1y di sw assurance) ,00 € (subscription ~ 60$ x lic)2 Server virtuali con XenDesktop 5
29 Proposta commerciale: PROVISIONING SERVERS (2) 6 x Server Reali:DELL Server rack 1U PowerEdge R410Processore: Processori 2x Intel Xeon E5506Memoria: 24GB DDR3 1333MHzSistemi operativi - Opzioni di virtualizzazione: Citrix® XenServer® HDD: 2x 146GB, SAS 3Gbps 15kRPM (hot plug)Controller RAID: PERC H200A Controller di rete: 6x Broadcom NetXtreme II 1GbEAlimentazione: Ridondante 500 W
30 Proposta commerciale: NETWORK STORAGE NetApp FAS2040-R524 x 450 GB (15K)8 (4+4) porte 1 Gb4 (2+2) porte 8 GbBase Sw inclusiLicenza CIFS-NFSGaranzia 5y NBD50.000,00€
31 Base pack comprende un set di funzionalità quali (Incluso) : Snapshot™,FlexVol®,Thin Provisioning,RAID-DP®,FilerView®,FlexShare® ,iSCSI, FCP,SyncMirrorNearStore®,Deduplication,System Manager,Operations Manager,HTTP, host utilities