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Tú Commands (Los mandatos de la forma tú) Dame la linterna, por favor.

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Presentation on theme: "Tú Commands (Los mandatos de la forma tú) Dame la linterna, por favor."— Presentation transcript:

1 Tú Commands (Los mandatos de la forma tú) Dame la linterna, por favor.

2 Think like él. For regular affirmative commands... The regular affirmative tú command has the same form as the él form of the verb in the present indicative. Tú Commands

3 Él habla. ¡Habla tú! Él come. ¡Come tú! Él escribe. ¡Escribe tú! For regular affirmative commands... Tú Commands He speaks.Speak! He eats.Eat! He writes.Write!

4 Revert to the subjunctive. The negative tú command has the same form as the tú form of the verb in the present subjunctive. For regular negative commands... Tú Commands

5 ¡Habla!¡No hables! ¡Come!¡No comas! ¡Escribe!¡No escribas! AffirmativeNegative For regular negative commands... Tú Commands Speak!Dont speak! Eat!Dont eat! Write!Dont write!

6 Tú Commands NegativeInfinitive comprar escribir comer pensar dormir pedir (Subjunctive)Affirmative traer compra escribe come piensa duerme pide trae no compres no escribas no comas no pienses no duermas no pidas no traigas (compres) (escribas) (comas) (pienses) (duermas) (pidas) (traigas) In Capítulo 11 you learned that formal commands used the forms of the subjunctive. The informal (tú) commands, by contrast, use the subjunctive only in their negative forms. Notice the following chart.

7 Tú Commands Remember... Regular affirmative tú commands have the same form as the third-person singular of the present indicative. Recicla los platos de papel.Recycle the paper plates. Protege nuestros bosques.Protect our forests. Negative tú commands use the subjunctive. No cortes los árboles pequeños. Dont cut down the small trees. No cierres la fábrica todavía. Dont close the factory yet. Irregularities in the subjunctive will also appear in the negative tú commands. No conduzcas tan rápido.Dont drive so fast. No te vayas.Dont leave.

8 T Verbs with irregular affirmative forms D V S V H I P S ener ecir enir alir aler acer r oner er ten di ven sal val haz ve pon sé no tengas no digas no vengas no salgas no valgas no hagas no vayas no pongas no seas When listed in the following order, the initial letters of each verb provide the acronym TVVDSHIPS, a useful memory device. VerbAffirmative commandNegative command

9 Ten confianza. Di la verdad. Ven a mi oficina. Sal inmediatamente. Val algo. Haz la inspección. Ve a la reunión. Pon el libro en la mesa. Sé amable con todos. No tengas miedo. No digas tonterías. No vengas tarde. No salgas sin mí. No te valgas del dinero. No me hagas enojar. No te vayas. No pongas esa cara. No seas grosero. Verbs with irregular affirmative forms Some sample sentences using irregular forms:

10 Object pronouns with tú commands As with the formal commands, attach pronouns to the end of affirmative commands and place them in front of the negative command. Remember to place an accent on the next-to-last syllable of the verb in the affirmative command form. Recíclala mañana. Recycle it tomorrow. No le pongas la multa a la estudiante. Dont give the fine to the student.

11 Object pronouns with tú commands The irregular affirmative command forms (except for sé) do not take a written accent unless more than one pronoun is added to the end of the verb. Dime, ¿adónde vas? Tell me, where are you going? ¿Sabes su teléfono? Dímelo, por favor. Do you know his telephone number? Tell it to me, please. ¿La mesa? Sí, ponla por favor. The table? Yes, set it, please.

12 FINFIN


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