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“L’assistenza è un’arte; E’ una delle Belle Arti,

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Presentation on theme: "“L’assistenza è un’arte; E’ una delle Belle Arti,"— Presentation transcript:

1 “L’assistenza è un’arte; E’ una delle Belle Arti,
la più bella delle Arti Belle.” Florence Nightingale

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3 Peter Nightingale of Lea, Derbyshire, 1705-63
George Evans, Anne, Peter, Mary, William Shore, William Edward, Frances Smith, Parthenope, 1819 – 1890 Florence,

4 Sorella del padre di Florence
Mary Shore Sorella del padre di Florence William Edward Shore ("W.E.N.“) ha insegnato a FN il latino, il greco, il tedesco e la filosofia. Assume il cognome Nightingale nel 1815 quando eredita Lea Hurst alla morte di sua zia (Anne Nightingale, figlia di Peter Nightingale) Mary Shore "Mai“ sposata con Samuel Smith, fratello di Fanny Suo figlio, William Shore Smith (da FN chiamato "my boy Shore"), è l’erede di Lea Hurst in mancanza di un figlio maschio per WEN e Fanny William Edward Shore ("W.E.N.“) Padre di Florence

5 1788-1880 Frances “Fanny” Smith Madre di Florence
I genitori di Fanny erano favolosamente ricchi, dice che né lei né i suoi 9 fratelli hanno lavorato nemmeno un giorno durante la loro vita. Partenope va d’accordo con la madre e non approva le scelte di FN fino alla sua partenza per Scutari Parthenope Nightingale Sorella di Florence

6 1818 – 1821 luna di miele in Europa
1817 W.E.N. e Fanny si fidanzano 1819, 19 aprile nasce a Napoli Frances Parthenope (Pop) 1820, 12 maggio nasce a Firenze a Villa Colombaia FN 1821, ritorno in Inghilterra e sistemazione nella proprietà ereditata nel Derbyshire

7 Via di Santa Maria A Marignolle, 2
VILLA “LA COLOMBAIA” Via di Santa Maria A Marignolle, 2 50124 Firenze Villa la colombaia in un ritratto dell’epoca

8 Via di Santa Maria A Marignolle, 2
VILLA “LA COLOMBAIA” Via di Santa Maria A Marignolle, 2 50124 Firenze

9 1821, ritorno in Inghilterra
e sistemazione nella proprietà ereditata nel Derbyshire

10 Lea Hurst usata come nursing home è ora un albergo costato dollari ristrutturato nel 2006

11 FN con Partenope (Flo and Parthe)
notare il tutore al polso a conferma della teoria secondo cui l’intossicazione da pb indebolisce i polsi FN con Partenope (Flo and Parthe) FN a cavallo

12 EMBLEY PARK - HAMPSHIRE
"You know wh at I think every time I look at this building? I imagine if it was a hospital and how I should arrange the beds.“ Since 1947 Embley Park has been a Registered Charity existing to educate young people. Once a year at and around the time of her name day, May 12, the school and grounds are open to the public for a small donation

13 1837 – 1839 secondo viaggio in Europa

14 1842 FN incontra Richard Monckton Milnes
FN dopo 7 anni dalla sua proposta di matrimonio gli dice di no perché questo gli impedirebbe di avere un lavoro suo Un altro amore: suo cugino Henry Nicholson che gli insegnava la matematica a Lea Hurst

15 Estate 1850 Kaiserwerth con il Pastore Theodore Fliedner e sua moglie – al ritorno pubblica una brochure su questo posto che la sorprende per l’ottima qualità del management. Vi tornerà l’anno dopo per studiarvi da infermiera per 3 mesi (n. 134 del loro registro).

16 no. 1 Upper Harley Street, from August 12, 1853 to October, 1854.
“I have had to prepare this immense house for patients in ten days – without a bit of help but only hindrance from my Committee” FN to Mme Mohl, 20 agosto 1853 Superintendent of An Establishment for Gentlewomen During Illness. Her father gives her a yearly allowance of 500 pounds ($40-50,000 by today's standards). Considerata la sua grande capacità manageriale, unita al suo essere infermiera, nel 1854 viene proposta sovrintendente del King’s College Hospital

17 William Howard Russel, 12 ottobre 1854,
La guerra di Crimea William Howard Russel, 12 ottobre 1854, “ It is with feelings of surprise and anger that the public will learn that no sufficient preparations have been made for the proper care of the wounded” Corrispondente speciale del “The Times”, in un articolo pubblicato il 12 ottobre 185., rivela gravi deficienze nel servizio medico militare nella zona di guerra. I francesi avevano inviato 50 suore.

18 Sidney Herbert, ministro della guerra
“There is but one person in England that I know of who would be capable of organising such a scheme………” Il 14 ottobre1854 FN scrive a Sidney Herbert, ministro della guerra, per informarlo del suo piano di guidare a scutari una spedizione privata di infermiere

19 Memorandum of Agreement made this  first  day of  December   1854  Between Miss Nightingale on the one part and  Mrs. Hefferman  of  London  on the other part. Whereas the said Miss Nightingale Superintendent has undertaken to provide Female Nurses for the Sick and Wounded of the British Army serving in Turkey, And in carrying out this object she has agreed to employ the said  Mrs. Hefferman  in the capacity of Nurse, at a Weekly Salary varying from  10/  to  18/  according to merit, and also to provide Board, and Lodging, also to pay all expenses attendant upon the Journeying to or from the present, or any future Hospital that may be appointed for the accommodation of the Sick and Wounded of the said Army. And to pay all expenses of return to this Country, should Sickness render it necessary for the said  Mrs. Hefferman  to return, Save and except such return shall be rendered necessary by the discharge of the said  Mrs. Hefferman  for neglect of duty, immoral conduct, or intoxication, in which case the said  Mrs. Hefferman  shall forfeit all claim upon Miss Nightingale from the period of such discharge. And the said  Mrs. Hefferman  hereby agrees to devote her whole time and attention to the purposes aforesaid under the directions and to the satisfaction of the said Superintendent, the whole of whose orders she undertakes to obey, until discharged by the said Superintendent.

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23 Barrack Hospital - Scutari
6 Km di corridoi

24 Balaklava A tinted lithograph by William Simpson illustrating conditions of the sick and injured in Balaklava

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29 Mary Seacole "black Nightingale”

30 1855 FN ammala di brucellosi
From a letter from cousin Bob McDonald: FN had "Crimean Fever" and then developed "Brucellosis".... There was an article written about her in a British medical journal and I have the reference. Apparently, this was a chronic disease and may have contributed to her longstanding withdrawal. 30 marzo 1856 fu firmato l’armistizio Il 7 agosto torna a Lea Hurst

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32 American Physical Society

33 American Physical Society

34 1859 "Notes on Nursing."

35 1860 June 24, The Nightingale Training School for nurses opens at St
1860 June 24, The Nightingale Training School for nurses opens at St. Thomas Infirmary This photo was taken on such a day with an older Miss Nightingale and Sir Harry Verney, who was active in the school and the Nightingale Fund which supported the school independent of the hospital. Distintivo della scuola della Nightingale. Introdotto nel 1925 da Alicia Lloyd Still, il disegno fu ripreso dalla Croce ad 8 punte dell'ospedale di San Giovanni a Gerusalemme. I quattro bracci simbolizzano le virtù Cardinali (Prudenza, Temperanza, Giustizia e Fortitudine) e le punte le 8 Beatitudini che dalla pratica di queste germogliano.

36 L’evoluzione del nursing

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38 Statue of Florence Nightingale in Waterloo Place, London

39 Migration Of Nurses Trained In The Nightingale School
EIRE (IRELAND): Dublin: City of Dublin Hospital "...Sister S (Sister Ophthalmic) elected as Matron of the City of Dublin Hospital" -- Letter from Miss Gordon, Matron, St. Thomas’ to FN Fever Hospital ? Matron Dublin Rotunda Miss Ramsden, Matron; Miss Maria Mitchell (Theatre Sister) CANADA: Montreal: Montreal Hospital 1875 Miss Maria Machin, Matron, with 4 nurses, 2 more sent later. Experienced great difficulties & returned 1878 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA: Philadelphia: Philadelphia General Hospital 1884 Miss Alice Fisher, Matron -- set up the first School of Nursing, 1885; Miss Edith Horner, Associate Chief Nurse Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania Miss Charlotte Hugo appointed Superintendent set up a new Nurses Training School with a staff of Nightingale Nurses -- Mrs Horrocks (Night Superintendent), Misses Bellamy, Swallwell and Adams AUSTRALIA: Sydney: Sydney Hospital 1867 Miss Lucy Osborn appointed Lady Superintendant; Miss Turiff, Asssistant, & Nightingale Nurses: Barker, Blundell, Chant and Miller

40 The Nightingale School: Foreign Probationers
DENMARK: A Danish nurse, Henriette "Henny" Tscherning ( ) trained in the face of family opposition, qualifying in She visited the Nightingale School at St Thomas’ Hospital in London in 1883 and returned to Denmark where she made a very considerable contribution to nurse education and founded the Danish Nursing Association. FINLAND: Baroness Sophie Mannerheim (German born) entered the Nightingale School as a probationer in 1899 and spent 3 years at the Queen’s Institute for District Nursing. Returned to Finland to become Matron of a large Surgical Hospital at Helsingfors (Helsinki) where she set up a preliminary training school. President of the International Council of Nurses Died in 1928. SWEDEN: Emily Carolina Rappe joined the Nightingale School for training in She returned to Sweden to take up a post at a new hospital at Uppsala and later became Inspector of Nursing Schools. Was awarded the Gold Medal for "distinguished services". GERMANY: In 1868 the German Crown Princess, Queen Victoria’s eldest daughter, sent Fraulein Fuhrmann to the Nightingale School; she later directed a nursing institution in Berlin. In 1872 two probationers trained and returned to set up a nurse training institution in Darmstadt. The Grand Duchess of Baden sent Frau von Cornberg from Baden. Miss Nightingale maintained close links with the Institution of Kaiserswerth on the Rhine. FRANCE: Links with: Bordeaux (Association Florence Nightingale, Bagatelle) Montpellier (Papers by Dr Anna Hamilton, Faculty of Medicine, Montpellier

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