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Prof.ssa Grazia DAuria 1 Single knowledge project Mosaics Museo Nazionale Bardo - Tunisi Mosaics.

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Presentation on theme: "Prof.ssa Grazia DAuria 1 Single knowledge project Mosaics Museo Nazionale Bardo - Tunisi Mosaics."— Presentation transcript:

1 prof.ssa Grazia DAuria 1 Single knowledge project Mosaics Museo Nazionale Bardo - Tunisi Mosaics

2 prof.ssa Grazia DAuria 2 Single knowledge project Mosaics: research and history Collaboratori FAI Fondo Ambiente Italiano Coordinatrice Prof.ssa Grazia DAuria

3 prof.ssa Grazia DAuria 3 www.musivumopus.com/index.htm http://www.bardomuseum.tn/ http://foto.inabruzzo.it/ http://catalepton.altervista.org/ Fonti per foto e articoli: http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/

4 prof.ssa Grazia DAuria 4 Mosaici – Museo nazionale Bardo di Tunisi The so-called "SeignorJulius" mosaic (The National Bardo Museum – Tunisia) Materials: Clay, marble - Dating: Beginning of V century A.D. - Origin: Carthage - Seignior Juliuss wealthy hours. Activities around a big Seigniorial domain in the Carthage suburbs. Out

5 prof.ssa Grazia DAuria 5 Trilobed mosaic representing a rural farm: The Masters House (The National Bardo Museum – Tunisia) Dating: IV century A.D. - Origin: Tabarka Materials: Limestone, marble A mosaic panel representing a villa located in the centre of a large garden with fruit trees and a pool where geese, ducks, pheasants, and even pigeons evolve. The house is a multi-storey edifice flanked by two high corner towers related to each other by an arcaded portico. Like any other actual Mediterranean traditional house, this house is designed around a central courtyard which is accessed by an arched portal. Out Mosaici – Museo nazionale Bardo di Tunisi

6 prof.ssa Grazia DAuria 6 Trilobed mosaic representing an agricultural holding: The stables (The National Bardo Museum – Tunisia) Materials: Limestone, marble - Dating: IV century A.D. - Origin: Tabarka The pars rustica (stables and warehouses) of a Roman villa situated in a field of vines and olive trees. In the foreground, a woman spinning the yarn evokes the artisanal and domestic activity of weaving on the domain Out Mosaici – Museo nazionale Bardo di Tunisi

7 prof.ssa Grazia DAuria 7 Virgil (The National Bardo Museum – Tunisia) Origin: Sousse - Dating: Beginning of III century A.D. - Materials: Marble This was discovered in a house in Sousse (Hadrumetum). Virgil writing the VIII verse of the Aeneid while being inspired by the muses, Clio and Melpomene Out Mosaici – Museo nazionale Bardo di Tunisi

8 prof.ssa Grazia DAuria 8 A domain at waters edge (The National Bardo Museum – Tunisia) Origin: The Bizerte region (Sidi Abdallah) - Dating: End of IV – beginning of V century A.D. - Materials: Marble, limestone. A representation of the Bizerte Lake in ancient times. The mosaic was discovered in a maritime villa in Sidi Abdallah at the Lake of Bizerte Out Mosaici – Museo nazionale Bardo di Tunisi

9 prof.ssa Grazia DAuria 9 Dionysos punishing the pirates (The National Bardo Museum – Tunisia) Origin: Dougga (Thugga) - Dating: III century A.D - Materials: Marble - Corresponding to this mosaic pavement, another panel depicts another Homeric scene. It is about the VIIth hymn relative to Dionysos victory over the Tyrrhenian pirates. Portrayed as an adolescent, the god is accompanied by a Satyr mentor, a Bacchant, and an old Silene. At his feet, a panther seems to be jumping off the boat to attack one of the pirates and devour him. The pirates, who are terrorized by the god-adolescent, jump into the water to become dolphins. Two small boats evolve on both sides of the divine boat; one of them is carrying three characters, most likely fishermen, and the other is carrying two lovers Out Mosaici – Museo nazionale Bardo di Tunisi

10 prof.ssa Grazia DAuria 10 A lion and four millet stems (The National Bardo Museum – Tunisia) Origin: Uzitta - Dating: First half of III century A.D. - Materials: Marble, limestone A mosaic panel representing a lion with a human-featured head. The big cat is depicted in profile while surrounded by four millet stems; two on each side, which constitutes the emblem of the sodality of the leontii. The following text can be read on the top: O leo praesumsisti, expedisti dedicasti. This is intended to pay tribute to a member of the sodality; probably to the one who built the Thermae where this mosaic panel was laid and discovered and where meetings of the leontii would be held. Out Mosaici – Museo nazionale Bardo di Tunisi

11 prof.ssa Grazia DAuria 11 Diane the Huntress (The National Bardo Museum – Tunisia) Origin: Utique - Dating: Second half of II century A.D. - Materials: Marble This magnificent mosaic panel represents Diane the Huntress in the middle of a painting framed with a two- strand braid. The goddess, who is wearing short clothes with her hair held in a bun and wearing boots, appears to be about to shoot an arrow at a gazelle which is quietly grazing acacia leaves Out Mosaici – Museo nazionale Bardo di Tunisi

12 prof.ssa Grazia DAuria 12 Two fighting athletes (The National Bardo Museum – Tunisia) Origin: Thuburbo Majus - Dating: End ofIII century A.D. - Materials: Marble Main scene of a pavement representing two fighting nude pugilists. Their hands are protected with gloves. The scene is quite similar to a modern boxing match Out Mosaici – Museo nazionale Bardo di Tunisi

13 prof.ssa Grazia DAuria 13 The lions (The National Bardo Museum – Tunisia) Origin: Carthage - Dating: VI century A.D. - Materials: Marble Two lions struggling on both sides of the tree of life. Out Mosaici – Museo nazionale Bardo di Tunisi

14 prof.ssa Grazia DAuria 14 Animals spectacle (The National Bardo Museum – Tunisia) Origin: Radès (Maxula per Rates) - Dating: IV century A.D. - Materials: Marble A mosaic representing a show of animals during amphitheatre games Out Mosaici – Museo nazionale Bardo di Tunisi

15 prof.ssa Grazia DAuria 15 Ecclesia Mater (The National Bardo Museum – Tunisia) Origin: Tabarka - Dating: V century A.D. - Materials: Marble Ecclesia mater (our mother, the Church). A mosaic representing the plan of a church in a flattened perspective. It represents the symbol of the Christian community to which the deceased Valentia belonged Out Mosaici – Museo nazionale Bardo di Tunisi

16 prof.ssa Grazia DAuria 16 Unloading of a ship (The National Bardo Museum – Tunisia) Origin: Sousse - Dating: 1st half of III century A.D. - Materials: Marble A doorstep mosaic representing the unloading of a ship. On board, a seaman is holding two bars to two slaves to take them to the shore where two controllers weigh them using a big scale. This picture is a live document that retraces port and African ship-owners activities during the Roman epoch Out Mosaici – Museo nazionale Bardo di Tunisi

17 prof.ssa Grazia DAuria 17 Chariot race in a circus (The National Bardo Museum – Tunisia) Origin: Gafsa (Capsa) - Dating: VI century A.D. - Materials: Marble A circus game representation where chariot races, which thrill Roman-Africans, used to be held Out Mosaici – Museo nazionale Bardo di Tunisi

18 prof.ssa Grazia DAuria 18 Cyclops forging Jupiters lightning (The National Bardo Museum – Tunisia) Origin: Dougga (Thugga) - Dating: End of III century A.D. - Materials: Marble Three naked and sweaty cyclops, Brontes, SteropeandPyracmon, are forging Jupiters lightning which god Vulcan, who is sitting in front of them, is holding on the anvil Out Mosaici – Museo nazionale Bardo di Tunisi

19 prof.ssa Grazia DAuria 19 God Ocean (The National Bardo Museum – Tunisia) Origin: Utique - Dating: III century A.D. - Materials: Marble A mosaic representing barbed god Ocean, loves overlapping dolphins, and the nuptial cortege of Poseidon and Amphitrite Out Mosaici – Museo nazionale Bardo di Tunisi

20 prof.ssa Grazia DAuria 20 Poseidons Triumph and the four Seasons (The National Bardo Museum – Tunisia) Origin: Chebba - Dating: Mid III century A.D. - Materials: Marble Poseidon, god of the sea, on his chariot accompanied by a Triton and a Nereid Out Mosaici – Museo nazionale Bardo di Tunisi

21 prof.ssa Grazia DAuria 21 Xenia (The National Bardo Museum – Tunisia) Origin: El Jem (Thysdrus) - Dating: End of II century A.D. - Materials: Marble Different fragments of a tricliniums (dining room) big mosaic pavement. The space is compartmentalised by a garland of laurel leaves forming square panels bordered by wall-hangings. Ready-to-consume victuals (Xenia) figure inside each panel: wild boars and sows, female deers between small trees, a chaplet of thrushes suspended to a ring by their beaks, two wild ducks, a goat flanked with two small trees, a goose, a parrot, two rock mullets, and white and dark grapes Out Mosaici – Museo nazionale Bardo di Tunisi

22 prof.ssa Grazia DAuria 22 A bottle of wine (The National Bardo Museum – Tunisia) Origin: El Jem (Thysdrus) - Dating: End of II century A.D. - Materials: Marble A bottle of wine protected by its braided straw cover and accompanied by a stemmed glass with high purity lines Out Mosaici – Museo nazionale Bardo di Tunisi

23 prof.ssa Grazia DAuria 23 Bestiarii feasting in the arena (The National Bardo Museum – Tunisia) Origin: El Jem (Thysdrus) - Dating: 1st half of III century A.D. - Materials: Marble A banquet of gladiators talking to each other and feasting in the arena and disturbing a herd of resting bulls Out Mosaici – Museo nazionale Bardo di Tunisi

24 prof.ssa Grazia DAuria 24 Ulysse et les Sirènes (The National Bardo Museum – Tunisia) Provenance : Dougga - Datation : vers 260 ap. J.C Ulysse résistant aux sirènes (Odyssée XII,160-200) Thugga-Dougga. IIIe s. ap. J.-C. Out Mosaici – Museo nazionale Bardo di Tunisi

25 prof.ssa Grazia DAuria 25 Angler (The National Bardo Museum – Tunisia) Origin: El Medeina (Althiburos) - Dating: III century A.D. - Materials: Marble A mosaic representing a scene of angling Out Mosaici – Museo nazionale Bardo di Tunisi

26 prof.ssa Grazia DAuria 26 The poet (The National Bardo Museum – Tunisia) Origin: Thuburbo Majus - Dating: III century A.D. - Materials: Marble The sitting poet is inspired by the theatre Out Mosaici – Museo nazionale Bardo di Tunisi

27 prof.ssa Grazia DAuria 27 The seven days of the week (The National Bardo Museum – Tunisia) Origin: Bir Chana (Zaghouan region) - Dating: III century A.D. - Materials: Marble A mosaic representing the seven days of the week and the signs of the Zodiac Out Mosaici – Museo nazionale Bardo di Tunisi

28 prof.ssa Grazia DAuria 28 Hunting to hounds (The National Bardo Museum – Tunisia) Origin: El Jem (Thysdrus) - Dating: Mid III century A.D. - Materials: Marble A mosaic representing the successive phases of hunting to hounds Out Mosaici – Museo nazionale Bardo di Tunisi

29 prof.ssa Grazia DAuria 29 A symbolic vision of Golgotha (The National Bardo Museum – Tunisia) Origin: Younga ( Iunca Mahrès region). - Dating: Beginning of VI century A.D. - Materials: Marble A Martyrium threshold mosaic of the Iunca church representing a symbolic vision of Golgotha and the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem Out Mosaici – Museo nazionale Bardo di Tunisi

30 prof.ssa Grazia DAuria 30 Single knowledge project Mosaics Museo Nazionale Bardo - Tunisi Mosaics 30


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