Presentation on theme: "Major features of primary and secondary groups"— Presentation transcript:
1 Major features of primary and secondary groups Groups Within SocietyChapter 4, Section 4Major features of primary and secondary groupsPurposes of groups
2 4 Major Features of a Group Must consist of 2 or more peopleMust be interaction among membersMembers of the group must have shared expectationsMembers must possess some sense of common identity
3 “Groups” that are NOT groups Aggregate: people who gather in the same place at the same time but lack organization or lasting patterns of interaction. Ex: people on an airplaneSocial category: a method of classifying people according to a shared trait or common status. Ex: teenagers
4 Groups come in all shapes and sizes Dyad: smallest group possible- only 2 membersTriad: 3 members- group takes on a life of its ownSmall group: all members can have face to face interaction. Sociologists have found that 15 is the largest # of people that can work well in one group.
5 Types of GroupsPrimary group: small group of people who interact over a relatively long period of time on a direct and personal basis (Family relationships)Secondary group: a group in which interaction is impersonal and temporary in nature. Often casual and limited in personal involvement, tend to be organized around specific goals (Classroom)
6 More GroupsReference group: any group with whom individuals identify and whose attitudes and values they adopt (friends, family, team)In-group: the group a person belongs to and identifies withOut-group: any group that the person does not belong to or identify with
7 Networks and LeadersSocial network: direct and indirect relationships, no clear boundaries, provides a sense of communityFaceBook networks, “good ol’ boys” clubTwo types of leaders: expressive and instrumentalExpressive: charismaticInstrumental: organized, goal oriented