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European Lakes Under Environmental Stressors Supporting lake governance to mitigate the impact of climate change Nicola Gallinaro Riva del Garda, September.

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Presentation on theme: "European Lakes Under Environmental Stressors Supporting lake governance to mitigate the impact of climate change Nicola Gallinaro Riva del Garda, September."— Presentation transcript:

1 European Lakes Under Environmental Stressors Supporting lake governance to mitigate the impact of climate change Nicola Gallinaro Riva del Garda, September 8th 2011

2 Outline Key terms Global figures according to EULAKES project Definizioni e termini chiave Considerazioni generali Il progetto Contenuti

3 CLIMATE average weather described in terms of the mean and variability of relevant variables over a 30- year period CLIMA tempo medio descritto in termini di media e variabilità di variabili rilevanti in un periodo superiore ai 30 anni definitions according to the IPCC

4 CLIMATE CHANGE Statistically significant variation in either the mean state of the climate or in its variability, persisting for an extended period (decades or longer) CAMBIAMENTO CLIMATICO Variazione statisticamente significativa dello stato medio del clima o della sua variabilità, persistente per un periodo esteso di tempo (decenni o più) Climate change may be due to natural internal processes, external forcing, or to persistent anthropogenic changes in the composition of atmosphere or in land use

5 CLIMATE PROJECTION A potential future evolution of the climate Proiezione climatica Potenziale futura evoluzione del clima According to IPCC Is not a prediction or forecast, is one of many plausibile future states Based on scenarios of future socio economics and technological development that may or may not be realized

6 ADAPTATION Adjustment in natural or human systems to a new or changing climatic environment, whether in response to actual or expected climate change, which moderates harm or exploits beneficial opportunities Adattamento Aggiustamenti nei sistemi naturali o umani a nuove condizioni climatiche, per moderare i danni o per accresce le opportunità, in risposta ad effettivi o attesi cambiamenti climatici According to IPCC Can be anticipatory or reactive, private or public

7 Warming of the climate is unequivocal, as is now evident from observations of increases in global average air and ocean temperatures, widespread melting of snow and ice, and rising global mean sea level." Intergovernmental Panel on Climate change (IPCC), Summary for Policymakers, Feb. 2007Summary for Policymakers, GLOBAL CLIMATE (Change) FIGURES Il riscaldamento climatico è inequivocabile, essendo ora evidente dalle osservazioni sullincremento della temperatura media dellaria e degli oceani, lo scioglimento di nevi e ghiacciai e dallinnalzamento medio del livello del mare.

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9 Temperature trend

10 Precipitation trend

11 Very likely heat waves and heavy precipitation will continue to become more frequent OTHER GENERAL IMPACTS Molto probabilmente ondate di calore e forti precipitazioni diventeranno più frequenti (eventi estremi) High confidence (8/10 chance) of Warming of lakes and rivers Earlier occurrence of spring time events Poleward and upward shifts in plant and animal ranges E ipotizzabile (8/10): Ris caldamento di laghi e fiumi Anticipo degli eventi primaverili Spostamento verso i poli e verso quote maggiori degli areali di specie animali e vegetali

12 a coordinating platform for enhancing the value of lakes and basins environmental governance in a climate change environment THE PROJECT VISION A CALL TO ACTION La visione progettuale Un richiamo allagire Una piattaforma di ccordinamento per innalzare lafficacia della governance ambientale dei bacini lacustri in un contesto di cambiamento climatico

13 CLIMATE CHANGE AND LAKE BASINS European Lakes are going to face environmental problems related to climate change Climate change looms as an additional threat on the regions economy and ecology by changing climate patterns and compounding the negative effects of current environmental problems I bacini lacustri europei potrebbero essere progressivamente interessati da problemi ambientali legati ai cambiamenti climatici Il cambiamento climatico incombe come unulteriore minaccia sulleconomia regionale e sugli equilibri ecologici sommandosi alleffetto degli attuali problemi ambientali

14 I A H PL Lake Charzykowskie 53° 46 N 17 ° 30 E altitude: 120 m a.s.l. max. depth: 30.5 m mean depth: 9.8 m area = 13 km 2 volume = 0.13 km 3 CENTRAL EUROPE REGIONS Lake Garda 45° 42 N 10 ° 43 E altitude: 65 m a.s.l. max. depth: 350 m mean depth: 133 m area = 368 km 2 volume = km 3 Lake Neusiedler 47° 38 N 16 ° 41 E altitude: 115 m a.s.l. max. depth: 2.2 m mean depth: 0.8 m area = 178 km 2 volume = 0.25 km 3 The EULAKES network Lake Balaton 46° 50 N 17 ° 44 E altitude: 105 m a.s.l. max. depth: 12.2 m mean depth: 3.1 m area = 593 km 2 volume = 1.90 km 3

15 I A H PL THE PARTNERSHIP

16 PROJECT VISION A CALL TO ACTION Lake Garda, Lake Balaton, Lake Neusiedler Lake Charzykowskie have unique landscape and great biodiversity. At the same time the economics of the places are highly dependent from Recreation and Tourism.

17 PROJECT GENERAL OBJECTIVES Understanding and responding to climate change represents one of the more important, complex and challenging issues facing the sustainable managemement of lake basin. Conoscere e e rispondere al cambiamenti climatici è una delle più importanti e complesse sfide a cui deve fare fronte la gestione sostenibile dei bacini lacustri.

18 PROJECT GENERAL OBJECTIVES To achieve the general objectives, the project will: (i) support the development and implementation of long-term ecological researches (ii)Integrating scientifical knowledges in lake planning and management in order to enhance ecological approaches, mitigation and adaptation capability, (ii) promote the sustainable management of the lakes natural resources through innovative multi-stakeholder platforms (iii) build awareness among local communities and different sectors of the local economics; (iv) improve collaboration among Central European lake regions

19 The specific project objectives are focus on the following key issues: -Vulnerability assessment with regard to climate change and other environmental stressors (identification of key environmental stressors and risks) -Mitigation and adaptation strategies to support decision makers and basin planning (analysis of existing lake management plans and strategies -Development of a catalogue of potential mitigation and adaptation measures - Integration of methods and experience at local and European scale; - Local pilot actions - Environmental governance - Communication and dissemination PROJECT SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES

20 THE PROJECT ACTIONS

21 Main contents: LAKE ECOLOGICAL HISTORY CHARACTERISATION definition of natural ecological status, reference conditions before human impacts and restoration targets for each lake studied describing secular scale history under environmental changing conditions) SURVEY OF EXISTING MONITORING SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT AND APPLICATION OF A SET OF TOOLS: EULAKES MODEL IMPLEMENTATION OF EXISTING MONITORING SYSTEMS Developing new approaches to evaluate lake status in a changing environment The technical and scientifical WORKPACKAGES (WP) Miglioramento dei sistemi di monitoraggio. Caratterizzazione del passato ecologico dei laghi Analisi dei sistemi di monitoraggio. Sviluppo ed applicazione di un set di applicativi: EULAKES.

22 EULAKES MODEL A WEB GIS tool to facilitate analysis and visualisation of data and information The scientific innovation as immediate support to a conscious territorial planning: the definition of joint tools of research and monitoring is useful to face common problems

23 Main contents: VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT Identification and assesment of main stressors and potential impacts. Creation of vulnerability and risk maps for the partner lake regiuons EMERGING RISK Impacts on lake idrology and water quality, analisys of new invasive species, describe shore zone functionality status using SFI index VULNERABILITY AND RISK ASSESSMENT Improving understanding of integrated vulnerability of lake ecosystems Valutazione della vulnerabilità Analisi dei principali fattori di rischio

24 Main contents: CLIMATE CHANGE SCENARIOS SIMULATION AND EXPLORATION Climate simulations runs for the alpine area with CLM )10 km grid-spacing). Calculation of CC SCENARIO IMPACT ASSESSMENT AND ADAPTATION/MITIGATION STRATEGIES Impacts of climate changes scenarios, mitigation and adaptation measures and strategies, multicriteria (environmental, economic, social, etc,) assesment, defining the environmental impact of different scenarios Maps of simulation on climate changing and state of water VULNERABILITY AND RISK ASSESSMENT (second part) Scenari di cambiamento climatico simulazione ed esplorazione Valutazione degli scenari di impatto e delle strategie di adattamento e mitigazione

25 The role of agriculture in a climate change scenarius (A) Status and future dynamics of new species (H) Cyanobacteria and water quality: the effects on tourism and potable water (I) Sludge permeable and heavy metals (PL) PILOT ACTIONS Using advanced case studies to support the definition of the common approach Enhancing the differences in every lake to agree on a common transnational approach for protection Il ruolo dellagricoltura Status e dinamiche delle nuove specie Cianobatteri e qualità dellacqua Fanghi permeabili e metalli pesanti

26 Main contents: Development of guidelines for lake and basin management Building and management governance platform (stakeholder participation) JOINT TRANSNATIONAL STRATEGY DEVELOPMENT A NEW MODEL OF ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE (WP6) Mitigation and adaptation strategy to support decision makers and environmental governance A platform at local and international level based on innovative and European governance models The GOVERNANCE WP Sviluppo di linee guida per la gestione dei laghi e dei bacini Costruzione e gestione di una piattaforma di governance

27 Data Decision Knowledge and understanding Information Increasing utility Increasing resources and knowledge requirements Analisys and visualization Modelling Syntesis and forecasting The EULAKES path

28 USERS/STAKEHOLDERS - Research scientist - Resources managers – environmental agengies at all levels - Non governamental organizations - Students and young generations - General pubblic RESOURCES TO PROTECT Living resources (biodiversity) Human health Habitat protection/preservation Chemical integrity Local economy (mainly based on tourism and agriculture) The WHO and WHY of EULAKES

29 - Ecological and human health effects of persistent toxic chemicals - Non indigenous species invasions, spread, and ecosystems effects; - Shorezones quantity and quality protection - protection of drinking water intakes from chemical and microbiological contamination - Eutrophication The WHAT of EULAKES

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32 Project funded by the European Territorial Cooperation Central Europe programme Budget: euro Period: 1st April 2010 – 31st March partners from 4 countries are involved FUNDING

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