Presentation on theme: "1/6 Focus: Important Terms: Do Now:"— Presentation transcript:
1 1/6 Focus: Important Terms: Do Now: -Feudalism is a form of government that started in the middle ages.-Feudalism occurs when there is a weak central governmentImportant Terms:Feudalism, ObligationDo Now:Why was the Early Middle Ages known as the Dark Ages?
2 Feudalism Manor System The Middle AgesFeudalismManor System
3 Medieval Society Nobility Clergy Peasants Kings and Queens Rulers Lords and KnightsControlled the landClergyChurch officialsPeasantsMajority of the populationWorked the land and served the nobles
4 FeudalismPolitical and social system based on the granting of land in exchange for loyalty, military assistance, and other services
5 FeudalismDeveloped as a result of frequent invasions in western EuropeKings and nobles needed a way to protect their lands
6 Feudalism Lords divided their lands into estates called fiefs Fiefs (land) given to vassalsA person granted land in return for loyalty or military serviceAll nobles were vassals to the king
7 Feudalism Knights Mounted warriors who protected lord’s lands Given land for their servicesChivalryCode of ethics followed by knightsHonesty, fairness in battle, loyal, proper treatment of women
9 Feudal Obligations Knights Obligation to Lord Lord’s Obligation to KnightsProvide military serviceRemain loyal and faithfulGive money on special occasionsGive LandProtect from attackResolve disputes between knights
10 Constructing the Pyramid Feudal Power SERFS AND FREEMEN
11 Constructing the Pyramid of Feudal Power LESSER NOBLES(KNIGHTS)LABORPROTECTIONSERFS AND FREEMEN
12 Constructing the Pyramid of Feudal Power POWERFULNOBLESLAND ANDPROTECTIONLOYALTY ANDMILITARY SERVICELESSER NOBLES(KNIGHTS)LABORPROTECTIONSERFS AND FREEMEN
13 Constructing the Pyramid of Feudal Power KINGLOYALTY ANDSERVICELANDPOWERFULNOBLESLAND ANDPROTECTIONLOYALTY ANDMILITARY SERVICELESSER NOBLES(KNIGHTS)LABORPROTECTIONSERFS AND FREEMEN
14 Closure Explain why feudalism developed in western Europe. What was a knight’s obligation to the lord?What was the lord’s obligation to the knight?
15 Important Terms Do Now: 1/7 Focus: -The basis for the medieval economy was the Manorial System, an economic system centered around a lord’s manor, or estate.Important TermsManor, Tithe, FreemanDo Now:What political conditions often allows for the development of feudalism?Why did feudalism develop in Western Europe
16 Manorial SystemAn economic system in the Middle Ages that was built around large estates called manorsIncluded a village and the land surrounding it
17 Manorial System Manors were self sufficient Most things needed for daily life were produced on the manor
19 Manorial SystemSerfsPeasants who lived and worked on the lord’s manorWere not allowed to leave the manor or marry without the lord’s permissionWere allowed to farm on the manor in return for workLords were required to protect the serfs
20 Manorial System The life of a serf was harsh Worked long hours Peasants pay taxes to use mill and bakery; pay a tithe to the priestTithe—a church tax—is equal to one-tenth of a peasant’s incomefew lived past 35 years oldBased on heredityYou were a serf if you parents were
21 Manorial System The Harshness of Manor Life Peasants pay taxes to use mill and bakery; pay a tithe to priestTithe—a church tax—is equal to one-tenth of a peasant’s incomeSerfs live in crowded cottages with dirt floors, straw for bedsWorked long hoursraising crops, livestock; feeding and clothing familyPoor diet, illness, malnutrition make life expectancy 35 yearsSerfs generally accept their lives as part of God’s plan
22 Manorial System Freemen skilled workers who paid rent to nobles and could leave the manorEx. Blacksmith and millers
23 Let’s see how much you remember! Manorial SystemLet’s see how much you remember!Everyone owed loyalty to the ________Nobles were near the top of the social hierarchy . They got _______ from the king.Lesser nobles (knights) gave _________ _________ in return for land_______ were bound to the land. They worked in return for ____________.__________ were skilled workers. They paid rent to the ______ and were free to move if they wanted to.
24 Check Your Answers Everyone owed loyalty to the king. Nobles were near the top of the social hierarchy. They got land from the king.Lesser nobles (knights) gave military service in return for land.Serfs were bound to the land. They worked in return for protection.Freemen were skilled workers. They paid rent to the nobles and were free to move if they wanted to.
25 ClosureWhat was the Manorial SystemHow were manors self sufficient?