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Warmup 2 AlBr 3 + ___  6 KBr + Al 2 ( SO 4 ) 3 Solve for the missing blank a. K 4 (SO 4 ) 2 b. 3 K 2 S 2 O 4 c. 2 K 2 SO 4 d. 3 K 2 SO 4 e. 3 KSO 4 Consider.

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Presentation on theme: "Warmup 2 AlBr 3 + ___  6 KBr + Al 2 ( SO 4 ) 3 Solve for the missing blank a. K 4 (SO 4 ) 2 b. 3 K 2 S 2 O 4 c. 2 K 2 SO 4 d. 3 K 2 SO 4 e. 3 KSO 4 Consider."— Presentation transcript:

1 Warmup 2 AlBr 3 + ___  6 KBr + Al 2 ( SO 4 ) 3 Solve for the missing blank a. K 4 (SO 4 ) 2 b. 3 K 2 S 2 O 4 c. 2 K 2 SO 4 d. 3 K 2 SO 4 e. 3 KSO 4 Consider the following chemical reaction 2 NaCl + Ca(OH) 2  CaCl 2 +2 NaOH If the mass of NaCl reacted is 191g and calcium hydroxide, Ca(OH) 2, is 74 grams and 80 g of sodium hydroxide, NaOH, is produced, what mass of calcium chloride is produced? a.52.5 grams b. 111 grams c. 265 grams d. 185 grams

2 Recap of Energy

3 All things use energy All organisms on Earth, including humans, use energy derived from resources provided by the environment The Earth supplies a variety of natural resources that living things use, change, and reuse. Some of these resources can be replaced and/or reused in nature (renewable resources), while others cannot be replaced in nature (nonrenewable).

4 Nuclear – water is heated to make steam that turns turbine which drives generator. Water is heated by nuclear fission, the splitting of radioactive atoms (uranium) which gives off a lot of energy, and producing radioactive/radiation waste Hydroelectric – produced by moving water, in most cases a dam, which is built across body of water and blocking the flow of water. This can lead to potential problems with flooding and deforestation. Solar – converts light energy (sun) to electricity by the sun shining on solar cells. This moves electrons to produce current which is used and stored for later use. Sunlight is unlimited but collecting sunlight is expensive.

5 Biomass – is organic matter such as plant and animal waste hat is burned and converted into energy. Biomass can sometimes release just as many carbon dioxide into the atmosphere as fossil fuels. Biomass takes up a lot of land for crops, which can be used to raise food. Geothermal – comes from underground water that is heated by hot rock. The water is heated into steam which turns the turbines and powers generators. Excess water is pumped back into the ground to be reused. Geothermal is clean and renewable but has a limited availability of where it can currently be used Wind – turbines are made of metals and plastics and can stand as high as a 40 story building. The blades turn the turbine which turns the gears and drives generators. The drawbacks are that wind needs steady winds and turbines can be noisy

6 Coal – solid fossil fuels from buried and decayed plant material. People use surface mining to obtain coal. When burned coal produces byproducts that pollutes the waters Oil and natural gas – are trapped in underground porous rock. We have to drill down to get to these resources. When burned at high temperatures, it releases energy. These resources contribute to air pollution (smog) and spills can be very costly and hard to clean up

7 Renewable Resources renewable resources are replaced through natural processes at a rate that is equal to or greater than the rate at which they are being used. Air, freshwater, soil, living things, and sunlight are renewable resources

8 Nonrenewable Resources Nonrenewable resources are exhaustible because they are being extracted and used at a much faster rate than the rate at which they were formed. Fossil fuels (coal, oil, and natural gas), diamonds, metals, and other minerals are nonrenewable. Fossil fuels exist in a fixed amount and can only be replaced by processes that take millions of years.

9 What’s being done… Conservation measures are necessary for nonrenewable resources because they are known to be in a non-replenishing supply. If renewable resources are used at an increasing rate so that they cannot be naturally replaced fast enough, they too can be depleted.

10 Trends and Solutions Earth’s human population grows, the need for natural resources increases. The terms reduce, reuse, recycle are important ways that people can be involved in conservation of natural resources. Reducing involves making a decision to not use a resource when there is an alternative, such as walking or riding a bicycle rather than traveling in a car. Reusing involves finding a way to use a resource (or product from a resource) again without changing it or reprocessing it, such as washing a drinking glass rather than throwing away plastic or Styrofoam. Recycling involves reprocessing a resource (or product from a resource) so that the materials can be used again as another item, such as metals, glass or plastics being remade into new metal or glass products or into fibers.

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