Presentation on theme: "The teacher let some big boys out at two To gather sticks"— Presentation transcript:
0 A TRANSGRESSION (pp. 393) By Seamus Heaney = annotation = definition/explanation= technique/devices/tone
1 The teacher let some big boys out at two To gather sticks STANZA 1Childlike Language/expression and wording, perspective of a young childThe teacher let some big boys out at twoTo gather sticks(In scanty nineteen forty-six)And even though I was never supposed toBC rhyming for this stanza, creating rhythm, it alternates throughout the poem from AD or BCHas done something forbidden, committed ‘A Transgression”Scanty; a small insufficient quality or amountPoem is written in the First PersonFirst Person:The speaker is a character in the story or poem and tells it from his/herperspective
2 I wanted out as well. One afternoon I raised my hand STANZA 2Rebellion, pushing boundaries. Related to both the child maturing into his own person and Ireland becoming its own countryI wanted out as well. One afternoonI raised my handWith those free livers off the landAnd found myself at large an hour too soonLinks to school; raising one's hand to speak- needing permission.Ireland farming culture* Rhyming of BCConnotations of war, criminal- TransgressionEnjambment between sentences places an emphasis on the separation between childhood and adulthood (as well as that between Ireland and England)Enjambment: The continuation of a sentence or clause over a line-break
3 Under a raggedy, hurrying sky On the road home. STANZA 3Wants to grow up, sense of urgencyImagery and PersonificationUnder a raggedy, hurrying skyOn the road home.If ever I felt ‘heaven’s dome’Was what I lived beneath, it was that dayBiblical reference- links to separation. Allusion. Firmament: “The sky as a dome” “God created the firmament to separate ‘the waters above from those below’ ”Separation from childhood as he grows up, he felt it that day. Separation of IrelandA unique change that hasn't happened before. it was this day that everything changes* Rhyming of BCAllusion:A brief reference to some person, historical event, work of art, or Biblical or mythologicalsituation or characterImagery:The use of vivid language to generate ideas and/or evoke mental images, not only of the visualsense, but of sensation and emotion as well.Personification:Attributing human characteristics to an inanimate object, animal, or abstract idea.
4 I lied myself into my own desire, Displaced, afraid STANZA 4Child-like, doesn't know what they want, want what others do, want what others have. Not truly knowing what they were seeking.I lied myself into my own desire,Displaced, afraidAt what I’d dared to be aheadOf time. The black spot where the gypsies fireLike a lost child, scared, isolated. Not knowing where to go from here.Ireland/Child has tried to grow up too fast. It wasn't its time yet. Not readyIreland looking/searching for freedom. A child seeking the freedom of adventure, ability to roam free.Allusion.In the following stanza the black spot is revealed to possible be the charred remains of the fire...gypsies are often thought of as free, never tied down and moving from place to place, looking for freedom.* Rhyming of AD“The black spot where the gypsies fire...had charred the roadside grass
5 Had charred the roadside grass, the rags that blew STANZA 5Had charred the roadside grass, the rags that blewOn the stripped hedge,The cold - it put me all on edge.Escape-joy died, one magpie rose and flewEffect of war between countries.Dark tone.Connotations of a battle-field aftermath, using Strong Imagery to describe the scene.Imagery of rural Ireland; link to Heaney’s key themes* Rhyming of ADMetaphor/Symbol for growing up and moving/’flying’ away to freedomSymbol:An ordinary object, event, animal, or person to which we have attached extraordinary meaning andsignificanceMetaphor:A direct comparison between two unlike things, stating that one is the other or does the actionof the other.
6 And left an emptiness I walked on through To come down to earth STANZA 6An Idiomanic Expression for coming into reality. The illusion of freedom and adventure has been dropped and has realised the truth of growing up/war (Ireland)And left an emptiness I walked on throughTo come down to earthIn my parents’ gaze, the whole question of worth,And their knowledge that loved on without ado.Strong links to family, which was a key value of HeaneyTense, Climatic Tone leading to a Hopeful ending.* Rhyming of ADIdiomatic Expressions:A type of informal English that have a meaning different from the meaning of the words in the expression.Tone, Mood:The means by which a poet reveals attitudes and feelings, in the style of language or expressionof thought used to develop the subject.
7 A Transgression The Title Ireland Childhood Attempting to escape/gain freedom from Ireland’s warsA child running away/seeking freedom too soon.A TransgressionTrying to force oneself to grow up prematurelyIreland trying to be free/independant