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The teacher let some big boys out at two To gather sticks

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Presentation on theme: "The teacher let some big boys out at two To gather sticks"— Presentation transcript:

0 A TRANSGRESSION (pp. 393) By Seamus Heaney = annotation
= definition/explanation = technique/devices/tone

1 The teacher let some big boys out at two To gather sticks
STANZA 1 Childlike Language/expression and wording, perspective of a young child The teacher let some big boys out at two To gather sticks (In scanty nineteen forty-six) And even though I was never supposed to BC rhyming for this stanza, creating rhythm, it alternates throughout the poem from AD or BC Has done something forbidden, committed ‘A Transgression” Scanty; a small insufficient quality or amount Poem is written in the First Person First Person: The speaker is a character in the story or poem and tells it from his/her perspective

2 I wanted out as well. One afternoon I raised my hand
STANZA 2 Rebellion, pushing boundaries. Related to both the child maturing into his own person and Ireland becoming its own country I wanted out as well. One afternoon I raised my hand With those free livers off the land And found myself at large an hour too soon Links to school; raising one's hand to speak- needing permission. Ireland farming culture * Rhyming of BC Connotations of war, criminal- Transgression Enjambment between sentences places an emphasis on the separation between childhood and adulthood (as well as that between Ireland and England) Enjambment: The continuation of a sentence or clause over a line-break

3 Under a raggedy, hurrying sky On the road home.
STANZA 3 Wants to grow up, sense of urgency Imagery and Personification Under a raggedy, hurrying sky On the road home. If ever I felt ‘heaven’s dome’ Was what I lived beneath, it was that day Biblical reference- links to separation. Allusion. Firmament: “The sky as a dome” “God created the firmament to separate ‘the waters above from those below’ ” Separation from childhood as he grows up, he felt it that day. Separation of Ireland A unique change that hasn't happened before. it was this day that everything changes * Rhyming of BC Allusion: A brief reference to some person, historical event, work of art, or Biblical or mythological situation or character Imagery: The use of vivid language to generate ideas and/or evoke mental images, not only of the visual sense, but of sensation and emotion as well. Personification: Attributing human characteristics to an inanimate object, animal, or abstract idea.

4 I lied myself into my own desire, Displaced, afraid
STANZA 4 Child-like, doesn't know what they want, want what others do, want what others have. Not truly knowing what they were seeking. I lied myself into my own desire, Displaced, afraid At what I’d dared to be ahead Of time. The black spot where the gypsies fire Like a lost child, scared, isolated. Not knowing where to go from here. Ireland/Child has tried to grow up too fast. It wasn't its time yet. Not ready Ireland looking/searching for freedom. A child seeking the freedom of adventure, ability to roam free. Allusion. In the following stanza the black spot is revealed to possible be the charred remains of the fire... gypsies are often thought of as free, never tied down and moving from place to place, looking for freedom. * Rhyming of AD “The black spot where the gypsies fire...had charred the roadside grass

5 Had charred the roadside grass, the rags that blew
STANZA 5 Had charred the roadside grass, the rags that blew On the stripped hedge, The cold - it put me all on edge. Escape-joy died, one magpie rose and flew Effect of war between countries. Dark tone. Connotations of a battle-field aftermath, using Strong Imagery to describe the scene. Imagery of rural Ireland; link to Heaney’s key themes * Rhyming of AD Metaphor/Symbol for growing up and moving/’flying’ away to freedom Symbol: An ordinary object, event, animal, or person to which we have attached extraordinary meaning and significance Metaphor: A direct comparison between two unlike things, stating that one is the other or does the action of the other.

6 And left an emptiness I walked on through To come down to earth
STANZA 6 An Idiomanic Expression for coming into reality. The illusion of freedom and adventure has been dropped and has realised the truth of growing up/war (Ireland) And left an emptiness I walked on through To come down to earth In my parents’ gaze, the whole question of worth, And their knowledge that loved on without ado. Strong links to family, which was a key value of Heaney Tense, Climatic Tone leading to a Hopeful ending. * Rhyming of AD Idiomatic Expressions: A type of informal English that have a meaning different from the meaning of the words in the expression. Tone, Mood: The means by which a poet reveals attitudes and feelings, in the style of language or expression of thought used to develop the subject.

7 A Transgression The Title Ireland Childhood
Attempting to escape/gain freedom from Ireland’s wars A child running away/seeking freedom too soon. A Transgression Trying to force oneself to grow up prematurely Ireland trying to be free/independant

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