Presentation on theme: "1 CHAP#2 SOCIETY. 2 Introduction: Individual is the basic component of all human activities. The interaction of individuals with each other gives birth."— Presentation transcript:
2 Introduction: Individual is the basic component of all human activities. The interaction of individuals with each other gives birth to group. The social groups interact with each other and develop relationships with each other leads to a society.
3 Meaning of Society. The term society has been derived from a Latin word ‘socious’ that means association or companionship. Thus Society means ‘A larger group of individuals, who are associative with each other’.
4 Definition of Society: Different Social Scientists have defined society from their own point of view. Some of the definitions are given below.
5 1. Linton: Any group of people who have lived and worked together long enough to get themselves organized. 2. Prof Wright: That group within which men share a total common life. 3 A.W. Green: It is the largest group in which individuals have relationships.
6 Conclusion: On the basis of the above definitions, we can conclude that Society is a large group of individuals who are living together, having common interests, culture social system and common needs of life.
7 Characteristics of Society 1. It is a largest human group. 2. It satisfies the needs of its members. 3. It has a sense of belonging and cooperation. 4. It is more or less permanent association. 5. It is abstract. (because social relationships can be felt and imagined and cannot be seen) 6. Every one in society is dependent upon every other member.
8 7. There is consciousness of kind among the members of the society 8. It forms a social structure through social institutions, like family, education, economic, political and religious institutions. These basic five institutions are found in all societies of the world.
9 Basis of Society There are three major factors, which form the basis of society. These are as under: 1. Biological Factors: 2. Geographical Factors: 3. Socio-Culture Factors:
10 1. Biological Factors: According to this factor people are grouped and associated with each other due to biological needs. 2. Geographical Factors: This is one of the important factors. It moulds human behavior. Behavior represents the area. It also gives limits for do’s and don'ts. The behavior of an individual is shaped according to the geographical conditions.
11 Conti… 3. Socio-Culture Factors: This factor is highly responsible for making up human society. It controls the other two factors (biological & geographical) to a great extent. Culture gives structural aspect of society, while social is the functional aspect of society.
12 Society is provided because of certain aims. 1. To develop social structure for the development of human beings. These human beings would be expected to act according to the same structure provided by the society. 2. The aim of society is the social progress and social development of the people of the society. Aims of Society