Presentation on theme: "Maslow’s Hierarchy of Human Needs Abraham Harold Maslow “According to Maslow's theory, all needs have a certain priority. Needs of one level must at least."— Presentation transcript:
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Human Needs Abraham Harold Maslow “According to Maslow's theory, all needs have a certain priority. Needs of one level must at least partially fulfilled before a person can realize higher needs.” (Ryder/Decker, 391)
What are Maslow’s Human Needs? Self-actualization Esteem Needs Love and Acceptance Needs Safety and Security Needs Physical Needs Can you guess what Maslow’s levels of needs are?
Physical needs Food Water Air Shelter Clothing These items are essential for good health and well- being, and for continuation of life. What did Maslow mean by physical needs? What physical needs does every person have?
Physical needs Consider these questions… Are you meeting these needs for your well being and good health? Who provides these needs for you? Could you provide these needs for a baby?
Safety and Security Needs Staying well, avoiding being ill Avoiding danger Safe circumstances Stability Protection Structure, for order, some limits How do these safety and security needs relate to you?
Safety and Security Needs In the ordinary American adult, this set of needs manifests itself in the form of urges to have a home in a safe neighborhood, a little job security and a nest egg, a good retirement plan and a bit of insurance, and so on. Which of these are met for you? Which of these needs could you provide for a baby?
Love and Acceptance Needs Friends, sweetheart, children, affectionate relationships in general, even a sense of community What are some examples of love and acceptance you see in your life?
The Esteem needs Self-esteem The need for the respect of others, the need for status, fame, glory, recognition, attention, reputation, appreciation, dignity, and even dominance. Self-respect Confidence, competence, achievement, mastery, independence, and freedom
Self-actualization According to Maslow, only a small percentage of the world’s population is truly, predominantly, self-actualizing. Can you think of people who fit into the self- actualization category?
Self-actualization Knowledge and appreciation of beauty, goodness, freedom and a realistic view and acceptance of self and others Reality-centered, differentiate what is fake and dishonest from what is real and genuine. Problem-centered, treating life’s difficulties as problems demanding solutions, not as personal troubles to be railed at or surrendered to. Different perception of means and ends, that the ends don’t necessarily justify the means, that the means could be ends themselves, and that the means -- the journey -- is often more important than the ends.