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Presentation on theme: "HAZARD COMMUNICATION (HAZCOM) OSHA 1910.1200 INCLUDING GHS REQUIREMENTS Lee Phillips, CHST HRH Safety & Health Systems."— Presentation transcript:



3 Goal of Hazard Communication Program The basic goal of a Hazard Communication Program is: To ensure that employers and employees understand the chemical hazards in their workplace And how to protect themselves Knowledge helps to reduce the incidence of chemical source illness and injuries. 2

4 LET’S GET IT STRAIGHT HAZCOM= (OSHA). Employee Training in Hazardous Materials in the workplace. HAZMAT= (Dept. of Transportation). Shipping of Hazardous Materials HAZWOPER= (OSHA). Clean up and emergency procedures for Hazardous Wastes. 3

5 OSHA 1910.1200 Employees shall be informed of: Any operations in their work area where hazardous chemicals are present The details, location and availability of the written hazard communication program, list of hazardous chemicals, and safety data sheets. The physical and health hazards of the chemicals in the work area; The measures employees can take to protect themselves 4

6 EMPLOYEE “RIGHT TO KNOW” Employees have both a need and a right to know the hazards and identities of the chemicals to which they are exposed and necessary protective measures to prevent injury or illness. 5

7 Classify the hazards of all chemicals they manufacture or import. Transmit information to their employees about chemical hazards by means of: Hazard Communication Program Labels and other forms of warning Safety Data Sheets (SDS) Provide Information and Training RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE EMPLOYER 6

8 Participate in HazCom training. Apply your training in the workplace. Follow company policies and procedures. Address unsafe situations. RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE EMPLOYEE 7

9 HAZARDOUS CHEMICAL Any chemical, or combination of chemicals which may cause a physical or a health hazard 8


11 “Health hazard" a chemical for which there is significant evidence that acute or chronic health effects may occur in exposed employees. Chemicals are classified as being a health hazard if they: Can cause cancer Are poisonous (toxic) Cause allergic reactions after repeated exposure 10

12 Some chemicals affect specific organs such as: kidneys, liver, reproductive or nervous system. 11

13 HEALTH HAZARDS Can be: Acute or Chronic Chemicals are classified as being a health hazard if they are: Cancer Causing Poisonous (toxic) Cause allergic reactions after repeated exposure 12

14 HEALTH HAZARDS ACUTE REACTION − Occurs suddenly or − Over a short period of time in form of:  Rashes and Dizziness CHRONIC EFFECT −occurs after a long period of exposure such as lung disease and cancer. 13

15 HEALTH HAZARDS P.E.L. OSHA - Permissible Exposure Limit Level of exposure to which an employee may be repeatedly exposed 8 hours a day, 40 hours a week over a working lifetime of 30 years without adverse health effects STEL – Short Term Exposure Limit 15 minute average exposure which should not be exceeded at any time during a work day C – Ceiling Concentration limit that should not be exceeded 14

16 Health Hazards Skin Irritant: Reversible damage to skin. Skin Sensitization: allergic skin response Anesthetic: induces a narcotic effect Respiratory tract Irritation Carcinogen: can cause cancer Respiratory Sensitization: Hypersensitivity of airways Aspiration, reproductive and target organ toxicity Serious Eye Damage: Eye tissue damage. Skin Corrosion: Irreversible damage to skin Toxic: can cause damage, illness or death 15

17 SIMPLE ASPHYXIATES: Displace oxygen in air reducing the available amount for breathing. Carbon Dioxide Nitrogen Argon CHEMICAL ASPHYXIATES: interact with your blood to prevent available oxygen from being used. Carbon Monoxide 16

18 Chemicals can enter the body through: YOUR NOSE if you breath fumes, mists or dusts YOUR SKIN if liquid or dust touches or spills on you, splashes in your eyes or by injection. HEALTH HAZARDS YOUR MOUTH if you eat after handling chemicals 17

19 Skin contact: Remove contaminated clothing. Wash – minimum of 15 minutes. Get medical attention. Eye contact: Flush eyes/under eyelids – minimum of 15 minutes. Get medical attention. IF EXPOSURE OCCURS: 18

20 Inhalation: Move victim to fresh air. Get medical attention. Ingestion: Call 9-1-1 Consult SDS. Get medical attention. IF EXPOSURE OCCURS: 19


22 Flammables, Self Reactive, Pyrophoric, Self Heating, Organic Peroxides, Combustibles. Emits flammable gas Oxidizer Corrosive to metals 21

23 Explosives, Self Reactive, Organic Peroxides Gas under pressure PHYSICAL HAZARDS continued….. 22

24 Flash Point (FP) : The minimum temperature at which a concentration of vapors will ignite Flammables: Vapors concentrations will ignite at or below 100 degrees F°. Alcohol – Gasoline – Acetone Combustibles: Vapor concentrations will ignite above 100 degrees F°. Diesel – Kerosene 23

25 OXIDIZER Can cause other materials to combust more readily or upon contact or make fires burn more fiercely. Releases oxygen Burns up organic material in water Sanitizer (Bleach) 24

26 CORROSIVES A chemical that causes visible destruction of, or irreversible alterations in, living tissue by chemical action at the site of contact. Corrosive materials pose serious immediate risk to skin, tissues, eyes and other parts of the body. 25

27 IRRITANT a chemical, which is not corrosive, but which causes a reversible inflammatory effect on living tissue by chemical action at the site of contact. The effect of irritants is temporary. 26

28 REACTIVE Inherently unstable Rapid decomposition React alone or with other substances Violent uncontrolled manner Reactive Metals Sodium, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Lithium 27

29 HAZARDS CONTROLS ENGINEERING CONTROLS Ventilation Materials substitutions Different manufacturing process. ADMINISTRATIVE CONTROLS Rules and Regulations Employee rotation Monitoring Exposure Plans 28

30 PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT The last line of defense Used only when engineering or administrative controls are not feasible. PPE DOES NOT ELIMINATE THE HAZARD 29

31 PROTECTING YOURSELF… Use the PPE as required for each chemical Check the PPE before use Properly clean and store your PPE after use Discard any contaminated clothing 30

32 DETECTION Look for leaks or spills. Irritated or watery eyes Skin irritation Unusual smells in the air Breathing difficulties Strange flavor in mouth Hissing sounds of escaping gas. 31

33 IN CASE OF EMERGENCY Evacuate people from the area Isolate the area - keep others from entering Turn off ignition and heat sources Only trained employees are permitted to clean up spills If the spill is too big call 9-1-1 READ THE SDS to see what action to take. 32


35 AULD & WHITE’S WRITTEN HAZARD COMMUNICATION PROGRAM Includes:  List of hazardous chemicals  Labels and other forms of warning  Safety Data Sheets  Employee Training  Means to inform other contracted employees To address the hazards of chemicals and protective measures. 34

36 EMPLOYEE TRAINING When to train: Upon initial assignment Whenever a new hazard is introduced Whenever required by company policy 35

37 CONTAINER LABELING Product Identifier Signal Word Hazard Statement(s) Pictogram(s) Precautionary Statement(s) and Name, address and telephone number of the chemical manufacturer, importer or other responsible party. Chemicals on unlabeled containers can not be used 36

38 ACTION POINTS Never deface or remove labels If a chemical is put into a smaller container, then it must be labeled to identify the product Must be legible and in English (other language is optional) Prominently displayed If there is no label: STOP - do not use the chemical-TELL your supervisor 37


40 A signal word indicating a hazard or hazardous situation which will result in death or serious injury. A signal word indicating a hazard or a hazardous situation which could result in death or serious injury. 39


42 HAZARDOUS MATERIAL INFORMATION SYSTEM (HMIS) Ratings are the same, except for the white sections. 41

43 DOT Hazard Placards Class 1-9 42

44 GHS Label Manufacturer or Distributor Pictograms Hazard Statements Signal Word Precautionary statements Identity 43

45 44

46 HCS Pictograms and Hazards 45

47 46


49 Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) or SDS Employers shall have a safety data sheet in the workplace for each hazardous chemical which they use. Readily available during normal work hours The employees can obtain and read an SDS at any time If you do not understand them, ask somebody to explain it to you 48

50 SAFETY DATA SHEETS (SDS) OR (MSDS) Show chemical safety information Each chemical has a separate SDS SDS is written by the chemical manufacturer SDS are kept in the workplace for your use Chemical manufacturers, importers, or distributors supplying the employer with products are required by law to send SDS with the first shipment 49

51 New 16-Section Safety Data Sheet 1. Identification of the substance or mixture and of the supplier 2. Hazards identification 3. Composition/information on ingredients Substance/Mixture 4. First aid measures 5. Firefighting measures 6. Accidental release measures 7. Handling and storage 8. Exposure controls/personal protection 9. Physical and chemical properties 10. Stability and reactivity 11. Toxicological 12. Ecological information (non mandatory) 13. Disposal considerations (non mandatory) 14. Transport information (non mandatory) 15. Regulatory information (non mandatory) 16. Other information including information on preparation and revision of the SDS 50

52 SECTION 1 - CHEMICAL PRODUCT AND COMPANY IDENTIFICATION MSDS Name: Isopropyl alcohol 70% in water Catalog Numbers: AC613190040, AC613245000, A459-1, A459- 20, A459-4, A459-500, NC9290641, NC9405257, NC9524653, NC9761180 Synonyms: Isopropanol; Dimethylcarbinol; sec-Propyl alcohol; Rubbing alcohol; Petrohol; 1-Methylethanol; 1-Methylethyl alcohol; 2-Hydroxypropane; 2-Propyl alcohol; Isopropyl alcohol; Propan-2-ol; IPA; 2-Propanol. Company Identification: Fisher Scientific 1 Reagent Lane Fair Lawn, NJ 07410 For information, call: 201-796-7100 Emergency Number: 201-796-7100 For CHEMTREC assistance, call: 800-424-9300 For International CHEMTREC assistance, call: 703-527-3887 51

53 SECTION 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS CAS# Chemical Name Percent EINECS/ELINCS 67-63-0 Isopropyl alcohol 70 200-661-7 7732-18-5 Water 30 231-791-2 52

54 SECTION 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION EMERGENCY OVERVIEW Appearance: colorless liquid. Flash Point: 18 deg C. Warning! Flammable liquid and vapor. Breathing vapors may cause drowsiness and dizziness. Causes eye and respiratory tract irritation. Aspiration hazard if swallowed. Can enter lungs and cause damage. Target Organs: Central nervous system, respiratory system, eyes, skin. Potential Health Effects Eye: Produces irritation, characterized by a burning sensation, redness, tearing, inflammation, and possible corneal injury. Skin: May cause irritation with pain and stinging, especially if the skin is abraded. May be absorbed through intact skin. Ingestion: Causes gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause kidney damage. Inhalation: Inhalation of high concentrations may cause central nervous system effects characterized by nausea, headache, dizziness, unconsciousness and coma. Chronic: Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause dermatitis. 53

55 SECTION 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES Eyes: In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for a t least 15 minutes. Get medical aid. Skin: In case of contact, flush skin with plenty of water. Remove contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops and persists. Wash clothing before reuse. Ingestion: Potential for aspiration if swallowed. Get medical aid immediately. Do not induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. If vomiting occurs naturally, have victim lean forward. Inhalation: If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid. 54

56 SECTION 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES General Information: As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Vapors may form an explosive mixture with air. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Flammable liquid and vapor. Extinguishing Media: Water may be ineffective. Do NOT use straight streams of water. For large fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, alcohol-resistant foam, or water spray. For small fires, use carbon dioxide, dry chemical, dry sand, or alcohol-resistant foam. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out. Flash Point: 18 deg C ( 64.40 deg F) Autoignition Temperature: 399 deg C ( 750.20 deg F) Explosion Limits, Lower:2.0 vol % Upper: 12.7 @ 93.3°C NFPA Rating: (estimated) Health: 1; Flammability: 3; Instability: 0 55

57 SECTION 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8. Spills/Leaks: Absorb spill with inert material (e.g. vermiculite, sand or earth), then place in suitable container. Use water spray to dilute spill to a non- flammable mixture. Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool. Provide ventilation. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors. 56

58 SECTION 7 - HANDLING AND STORAGE Handling: Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Use spark- proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Take precautionary measures against static discharges. Keep container tightly closed. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames. Use only with adequate ventilation. Avoid breathing vapor or mist. Storage: Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a tightly closed container. Keep from contact with oxidizing materials. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. 57

59 SECTION 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION Engineering Controls: Use explosion-proof ventilation equipment. Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate general or local exhaust ventilation to keep airborne concentrations below the permissible exposure limits. Exposure Limits Chemical Name OSHA - Final PELs Isopropyl alcohol 400 ppm TWA; 980 mg/m3 TWA Water none listed Personal Protective Equipment Eyes: Wear chemical splash goggles. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure. Respirators: A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant respirator use. 58

60 SECTION 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES Physical State: Liquid Appearance: colorless Odor: alcohol-like pH: Not available. Vapor Pressure: 33 mm Hg @ 20 deg C Vapor Density: 2.1 (Air=1) Evaporation Rate:1.7 (n-butyl acetate=1) Viscosity: 2.27 mPas @ 20 deg C Boiling Point: 82 deg C @ 760 mm Hg Freezing/Melting Point:-88 deg C Decomposition Temperature: Not available. Solubility: Miscible. Specific Gravity/Density:0.7850 (water=1) Molecular Formula:C3H8O Molecular Weight:60.09 59

61 SECTION 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY Chemical Stability: Stable. Conditions to Avoid: Ignition sources, excess heat. Incompatibilities with Other Materials: Strong oxidizing agents, strong acids, strong bases, amines, ammonia, ethylene oxide, isocyanates, acetaldehyde, chlorine, phosgene, Attacks some forms of plastics, rubbers, and coatings., aluminum at high temperatures. Hazardous Decomposition Products: Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide. Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur. 60

62 SECTION 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION RTECS#: CAS# 67-63-0: NT8050000 CAS# 7732-18-5: ZC0110000 LD50/LC50: CAS# 67-63-0: Draize test, rabbit, eye: 100 mg Severe; Draize test, rabbit, eye: 10 mg Moderate; Draize test, rabbit, eye: 100 mg/24H Moderate; Draize test, rabbit, skin: 500 mg Mild; Inhalation, mouse: LC50 = 53000 mg/m3; Inhalation, rat: LC50 = 16000 ppm/8H; Inhalation, rat: LC50 = 72600 mg/m3; Carcinogenicity: CAS# 67-63-0: Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, NTP, or CA Prop 65. CAS# 7732-18-5: Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, NTP, or CA Prop 65. 61

63 SECTION 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION Ecotoxicity: Fish: Fathead Minnow: >1000 ppm; 96h; LC50Daphnia: >1000 ppm; 96h; LC50Fish: Gold orfe: 8970-9280 ppm; 48h; LC50 IPA has a high biochemical oxygen demand and a potential to cause oxygen depletion in aqueous systems, a low potential to affect aquatic organisms, a low potential to affect secondary waste treatment microbial metabolism, a low potential to affect the germination of some plants, a high potential to biodegrade (low persistence) with unacclimated microorganisms from activated sludge. Environmental: No information available. Physical: THOD: 2.40 g oxygen/gCOD: 2.23 g oxygen/gBOD-5: 1.19-1.72 g oxygen/g Other: No information available. 62

64 SECTION 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS Chemical waste generators must determine whether a discarded chemical is classified as a hazardous waste. US EPA guidelines for the classification determination are listed in 40 CFR Parts 261.3. Additionally, waste generators must consult state and local hazardous waste regulations to ensure complete and accurate classification. RCRA P-Series: None listed. RCRA U-Series: None listed. 63

65 SECTION 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION US DOT Canada TDG Shipping Name: ISOPROPANOL ISOPROPANOL Hazard Class: 3 3 UN Number: UN1219 UN1219 Packing Group: II II 64

66 SECTION 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION US FEDERAL TSCA CAS# 67-63-0 is listed on the TSCA inventory. CAS# 7732-18-5 is listed on the TSCA inventory. Health & Safety Reporting List CAS# 67-63-0: Effective 12/15/86, Sunset 12/15/96 Chemical Test Rules CAS# 67-63-0: 40 CFR 799.2325 Section 12b None of the chemicals are listed under TSCA Section 12b. TSCA Significant New Use Rule None of the chemicals in this material have a SNUR under TSCA. CERCLA Hazardous Substances and corresponding RQs None of the chemicals in this material have an RQ. SARA Section 302 Extremely Hazardous Substances None of the chemicals in this product have a TPQ. SARA Codes CAS # 67-63-0: immediate, delayed, fire. Section 313 This material contains Isopropyl alcohol (CAS# 67-63-0, 70%),which is subject to the reporting requirements of Section 313 of SARA Title III and 40 CFR Part 373. 65

67 SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION MSDS Creation Date: 7/27/1999 Revision #11 Date: 2/18/2008 66

68 Chemicals can be safely used if you: Are trained in their use Never mix them with other chemicals Consult the SDS before you use a chemical. Know the hazards and how to protect yourself Use them for approved purposes 67

69 Chemicals can be safely used if you : Store them properly Make sure all chemical containers are labeled. Use the correct personal protective equipment (PPE) Wash you hands before eating Do not store or prepare food, eat, drink, chew gum, apply lipstick or cosmetics, or handle contact lenses in areas where hazardous chemicals are present. 68

70 Chemicals can be safely used if: Wash immediately if you come in contact with chemicals Follow instructions Ask your supervisor if you have questions Know the signs and symptoms of exposure. Report problems to your supervisor or foreman. Immediately report leaks and spills 69


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