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National Centre for Catalysis Research (N C C R) April, 2013 Centre of Excellence in Science & Technology of Catalysis.

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Presentation on theme: "National Centre for Catalysis Research (N C C R) April, 2013 Centre of Excellence in Science & Technology of Catalysis."— Presentation transcript:

1 National Centre for Catalysis Research (N C C R) April, 2013 Centre of Excellence in Science & Technology of Catalysis

2 ERIC offers unique opportunities for companies and Institutions to perform the research and the development in the area of catalysis, since this organization allows to address complex problems which require multidisciplinary competences, from theory and modeling to surface science, synthesis and mastering of advanced nanomaterials, multi-tool characterization, catalysts testing and kinetics, catalyst and reactor engineering, and scale-up. As Virtual Institute, It can offer a flexible and tailored involvement of different scientific and engineering competences, through a single entry point. For companies, and particularly for SMEs,it can also give additional services, including assistance in process developments and Intellectual Property Rights protection, personal training, as well as in the preparation of R&D projects at national, European and International level. By joining our Business Club, companies may have access to our network of knowledge and service, as well as lobbying activities. As Association, our objective is to strengthen the European collaboration in the field of catalysis and to foster the excellence of its Members, by facilitating their integration at the research, training and educational levels.

3 Specific targets of ERIC are: - To promote, coordinate and perform multidisciplinary research, education, technological advancement in the area of catalysis in Europe, optimizing the efforts and the utilization of resources of its members. - To promote the development of the European level facilities needed to perform research at internationally competitive level. - To provide a single reference point for International partnerships and collaborations, offering the full spectrum of the best European Research and facilities in the catalysis area. - To offer a single reference point to Industry for expert advice and problem solving. - To promote the public understanding of catalysis and an awareness of its implications especially in the areas of energy, sustainable chemical production, advanced materials, environment protection, safety and security devices.

4 Catalysis at the University of Messina Research on heterogeneous catalysis is one of the main activities present at the Department of Electr. Eng., Ind. Chem. and Eng (DIECII) of the University of Messina, Italy. At the Department is also operative the Laboratory of Catalysis for Sustainable Production and Energy (CASPE) created by the Inter University Consortium on the Science and Technology of Materials (INSTM) and the University of Messina. From 2001 to 2009 it was also one of the three associated laboratories participating to ELCASS (European Laboratory of Catalysis and Surface Science) together with the CNRS and Univ. Louis Pasteur in France, and the the Fritz-Haber-Institute of MPG in Germany. The group of catalysis has many established international collaborations and has coordinated the EU Nework of Excellence on catalysis IDECAT

5 Leibniz Institute for Catalysis at the University of Rostock (LIKAT Rostock) 60 years of know-how in catalysis serve as the foundation for the Leibniz Institute for Catalysis (LIKAT Rostock). In 1952 the Rostock-based professors Günther Rienäcker and Wolfgang Langenbeck, in founding the Institute for Catalysis Research in Rostock, created the first research institute in Europe to be dedicated solely to catalysis. By using high-performance catalysts, chemical reactions take place in a way which spares resources, increasing the yield, avoiding by-products and reducing the specific energy requirement. It is only possible to meet the global demand for an efficient use of all resources by making use of efficient catalysis research. Already, four out of five chemical products undergo a catalysis cycle during their manufacture. To an increasing degree, applications of catalysis – apart from their use in chemistry - are also to be found in the life sciences and in the sourcing of energy, as well as in the protection of the environment. The Leibniz Institute for Catalysis is the largest publicly-funded research institute in Europe in the area of applied catalysis. Its areas of expertise are arranged both according to the various methods employed and according to the materials being studied. The following points of emphasis in the programme define the institute's research activity: - Applied sustainable processes of catalysis; - Innovative methods and technologies for catalysis - Molecularly-defined catalysis – special (metal)organic syntheses and catalysis

6 Catalysis research at EBRI (Aston University ranked 3 for marketing) EBRI’s research focusses on developing new heterogeneous catalysts for the sustainable transformation of biomass into fuels and chemicals. Through the use of advanced nanotechnologies and surface sensitive techniques, they aim to obtain molecular level insight into important surface phenomena over metal, metal oxide and alloy catalysts. The importance of surface chemistry in everyday life is also reflected in the diversity of research undertaken within our group, ranging from designer catalysts for clean chemical synthesis, to improved magnetic materials for high density data storage and even novel antibacterial wound dressings. A particular focus of the research within EBRI is the rational design of new heterogeneous catalysts for green and sustainable chemistry, and the associated development of cutting-edge instrumental techniques (e.g. operando XAS and time-resolved XPS) for investigating dynamic structural and chemical changes within such catalytically-active materials. They are currently using these methodologies to explore a host of industrially important chemical transformations including alkane activation over model automotive exhaust catalysts, aerobic selective oxidation of alcohols, and the origin of promotional effects in sulphated zirconia solid acid catalysts. A particular interest in on tuning pore architectures to improve in- pore mass transport of bulky reactants and products typically encountered during biomass transformation.


8 CARENA ( A NETHERLANDS CONSORTIUM) A strong consortium! CARENA’s challenging objectives will be reached thanks to a strong multidisciplinary consortium of 19 partners with high-level expertise from all over Europe. First-class research groups with know-how in catalysis and membrane technology are working hand in hand with innovative industrial companies whose expertise covers end-use, process development and manufacturing. No less than 6 universities, 4 RTD institutes, 2 innovative SMEs, 6 companies and 1 European network have been brought together to deliver CARENA’s expected output. ECN CEA CNRS IEM SINTEF TECHNION UNIV SALERNO UNIV TWENTE DIAMOND UK SYNCHROTRON EUROPEAN MEMBRANE HOUSE LIEBNIZ Univ Hannover

9 Catalysis Centres in North America Centre for Catalysis Research and Innovation (CCRI): Center for Chemical Innovation – Center for Enabling New Technologies Through Catalysis (CENTC): CCI - Center in Stereoselective C-H Functionalization: Powering the Planet: Energy Frontier Research Center Institute for Molecular Electrocatalysis: Institute for Interfacial Catalysis: EFR Catalysis Center for Energy Innovation (CCEI): Center for Catalytic Science and Technology: EFRC Institute for Atom-Efficient Chemical Transformations (IACT): Center for Catalysis and Surface Science: EFR Center for direct Catalytic Conversion of Biomass to Biofuels (C3Bio): EFR Center for Atomic-Level Catalyst Design (CALCD): EFR Center for Catalytic Hydrocarbon Functionalization (CCHF): Center for Catalysis (CCAT): UC Berkeley Catalysis Center: Center for Environmentally Beneficial Catalysis (CEBC): Asia Center for Molecular Catalysis (Seoul): Catalysis Research Center (Hokkaido): National Centre for Catalysis Research (India): Middle East Catalysis Research Center (Saudi Arabia): Blechner Center for Industrial Catalysis & Process Development (Israel)

10 Europe UNICAT: Leibniz Institute for Catalysis: Catalysis Research Laboratory (CaRLa): CAT Catalytic Center: TU Munich Catalysis Research Center Catalysis Controlled by Chemical Design Netherlands Institute for Catalysis Research (NIOK) Institut Catala d'Investigacio Quimica (ICIQ) Wolfson Materials and Catalysis Centre Edinburgh and St. Andrews Research School of Chemistry (EaSTChEM) CPE Lyon: visit Institut de Recherches sur la Catalyse and the Laboratoire d'Application de la Chimie a l'Environnement (IRCELYON) Laboratoire de Chemie de Coordination Laboratoire des Materiaux, Surfaces et Procedes pour la Catalyse European Laboratory for Catalysis and Surface Science (ELCASS): and many more

11 Cooperation in NIOK( Netherlands institute for catalysis Research) NIOK researchers (about 35 professors and more than 200 Ph.D. students, originating from eight Dutch Universities) cover the whole range of catalysis: heterogeneous and homogeneous catalysis, and biocatalysis. Each research group has chosen its own focus and has its own strengths. As research problems tend to become increasingly complex, multidisciplinary approaches are more and more required. In NIOK, academic catalysis researchers convene, and cooperation between two or more groups is promoted, e.g., during special seminars. Cooperation with the Catalysis Industry A unique aspect of cooperation within the Netherlands is the open communication, not only between universities, but also between academia and industry. NIOK has an industrial advisory board (VIRAN) in which companies are represented such as Albemarle Catalysts, ARKEMA Vlissingen BV, Avantium Technologies BV, BASF Nederland BV, Dow Benelux BV, DSM, ExxonMobil Chemical Europe, Johnson Matthey, Cabot Norit Nederland BV, SABIC EuroPetrochemicals, Sasol and Shell International Chemicals BV. Being the platform for the catalyst-producing and/or catalyst-using industry, VIRAN not only advises NIOK on possible research subjects and strategy, but also cooperates actively on educational developments, such as catalysis master courses. NIOK research initiatives In the past years, NIOK was one of the initiators of the national top institute National Research School Combination - Catalysis (NRSC-C), a research program on innovative research funded by Government for a period of ten years. Another recent example of working on innovations for a sustainable society is ACTS (Advanced Chemical Technologies for Sustainability), a joint initiative of Government, academia and industry funding tens of millions of euros for pre- competitive and industrially relevant research, with aim to anticipate on the needs of the future society. NIOK members, amongst others, played an important part in the processes that led to the formulation of the Technology Roadmap Catalysis, Key to Sustainability (2001) and the subsequent creation of ACTS and its research programs.

12 Institutt for kjemisk prosessteknologi, NTNU; NORWAY Natural Gas Conversion Fundamental Studies in Heterogeneous Catalysis Hydrogen Technology Biofuels Carbon Nanofibres New reactor concepts and structured supports Photocatalysis Oil refining Design and Preparation of New Catalysts and Supports

13 Friedrich Alexander University -Erlangan - Nurenburg The Erlangen Catalysis Resource Centre is an interdisciplinary research centre involving groups from the Department of Chemistry and Pharmacy, and the Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering. The aim of the ECRC is to strengthen all stages of catalysis research, from basic research to process development.

14 Laboratory of Catalysis and Catalytic Processes The Laboratory of Catalysis and Catalytic Processes (LCCP) is a research group at Department of Energy of Politecnico di Milano that has pioneered multidisciplinary research in the science and engineering of heterogeneous catalysis. In the last decades the research activity of the group has gradually expanded from applications in industrial chemical processes to novel fields associated with energy conversion, environmental protection and sustainable production of chemicals. The mission of LCCP is the education of students via relevant research in the multidisciplinary field of catalysis science, spanning from fundamental research to industrial applications, with a strong connection with the industrial world and world-leading universities and research centers.

15 The area of operation for IDECAT is to develop conceptually-innovative high-performance catalytic nanomaterials for industry. Its aim is to overcome fragmentation of research by achieving a lasting integration between the main European institutions operating in the various fields of catalysis. This will create a critical mass and assemble the multidisciplinary competences necessary to design the next generation of catalysts and sustainable catalytic processes and technologies. The work focuses on three broad areas: the synthesis and mastering of nano-objects, the materials of the future for catalysis, integrating concepts also common to other nanotechnologies; bridging the gap between theory and modelling, surface science and applied catalysis, as well as between heterogeneous, homogeneous and biocatalytic approaches; the integrated design of catalytic nanomaterials. Durability of the DIS (commitment & financing) The initial duration is set for 12 years, with possibility for further extension. Funding will be provided by fees from associated members (e.g. industrial partners), management of collaborative projects and external contracts, and the organisation of conferences and science schools. A business plan has been prepared. Organisation of DIS activities DIS documents regulate the committees on research, education and joint infrastructure, each of which is required to create an annual activity plan. Planned integrated activities are currently research roadmaps and their implementation projects, scientist exchange, conferences, the newly created journal ‘Chemsuschem’ published by Wiley, Master and Ph.D. programmes, commercial services and a joint infrastructure. A common research roadmap is being developed in cooperation with an industrial group comprising 25 major companies engaged in the development and use of catalysts in Europe. The scientifi c activities of ERIC will be evaluated externally every four yarsrs. I

16 CENTRE FOR CATALYSIS AND SURFACE SCIENCE – Northwestern university Ipatieff, Pines, Burwell, Sachtler, T J Marks 1984 centre established – originally sponsored by DOE Strong links with catalysis centres in Europe like Unicat in Berlin, catalysis center in Munich and IACT of Argonne National Lab Industry can participate in research and training Coordinated Multi technique analysis On site courses offered solid state, survey catalysis, catalysis Reaction Engineering, in situ characterisation and surface Chemical Physics Affiliates participate in formulation and review Honeywell and UOP


18 The chemical industry has been a major part of the Singapore economy for many years, based on a strong foundation as a major oil refining centre with a long history, and strategically placed at the heart of the Asia - Pacific region. In recent years the pharmaceuticals industry has also seen major growth, so that chemistry and chemical engineering science now make a very significant contribution to Singapore's economy. In order to strengthen this position and to foster future development to grow from dependence solely on manufacturing to secure a more knowledge dependant, high tech research and development based business environment, Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR) and Economic Development Board (EDB) looked at how to bolster the local science and technology base. As a result, the Institute of Chemical and Engineering Sciences (ICES) came into being, to provide highly trained R&D manpower, to establish a strong science base and to develop technology and infrastructure to support future growth. Starting from a small centre in the National University of Singapore (NUS), ICES was established as an autonomous national research institute under A*STAR on October 1st 2002. Since that time, we have grown rapidly. We have established world leading laboratories, pilot facilities, and the necessary infrastructure to carry out a world class research programme in chemistry and chemical engineering sciences. We have the capability to cover the range of activities from exploratory research to process development, optimisation and problem solving. We can go from very small lab scale right to kg and pilot scale in one organisation, with all of the necessary skills directly at hand and integrated into a project oriented environment.

19 Rutgers Catalysis Research Centre The Rutgers Catalysis Research Center’s (RCRC’s) mission includes the development of novel homogeneous and heterogenous catalysts, photocatalysts, biocatalysts, and nanocatalysts that enable greener and energy-efficient routes for the productions of various fine/pharmaceuticals, commodity chemicals, biofuels, plastics and synthetic materials. Researchers in the center also study fundamental, surface science and theoretical aspects of catalysts and catalysis and investigations of their structures and their structure-activity relationships. The center catalyzes mutual interactions and inter-disciplinary collaborations among many researchers around Rutgers as well as other nearby institutions such as the New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT). RCRC also actively cooperates and forms partnerships with local catalysis societies such as the Catalysis Society Of Metropolitan New York, which is a local chapter of the NACS (North American Catalysis Society) serving the central New Jersey area and the rich catalysis intensive chemical industries around New Jersey. RCRC was established in December 2009 through the support and initiatives by the Rutgers Institute for Materials, Devices, and Nanotechnology (IAMDN) and the Rutgers Energy Institute (REI) and many faculty members in multiple departments around Rutgers who have common research interests in catalysis research. The center constituted researchers from Departments of Chemistry, Physics, Chemical Engineering, Materials Science, Biological Sciences, Biochemistry, the Laboratory for Surface Modification (LSM), REI, IAMDN, etc. With the kind financial supports by IAMDN and REI, the center also conducts a Catalysis Seminar Series, in which world-leaders in the field of catalysis come to Rutgers and give seminars while meeting with members of the center to exchange ideas.

20 Catalysis Research Centre (TU) Partners MUNICAT, KAUST Ernst Otto Fischer (1973 NP) catalysis research intensified 2008 CRC was established

21 Center for catalytic science and Technology(CCST) University of Delaware The mission of the Center for Catalytic Science and Technology is the education of students via relevant research in the multidisciplinary field of catalysis science. The “products” of this venture include not only the participating researchers, more than 70% of whom have historically gone on to positions with Center Industrial Sponsors, but also a substantial body of publications in scientific literature, as well as a significant patent portfolio. The Center’s Industrial Sponsors Program embodies the principal mechanisms for industry- university cooperation as they have evolved over the Center’s three decades of operation. The tangible benefits of such cooperation are many and include joint research programs, publications, and patents, as well as significant opportunities for support through established industry-university cooperative research funding mechanisms. Various sponsors like air liquide, BASF, DOW, Dupont, Eastman, W R Grace, UOP,Exxon Mobil, UTC Power Company specific courses offered Various categories of membership available

22 UC Berkeley Catalysis Center The Center will focus on the synthesis and characterization of new inorganic solids with surface texture and reactivity showing promise in heterogeneous catalysis. The Center's mission is to provide a coalescing and learning experience for graduate students and post-doctoral fellows in diverse research groups dealing with the synthesis, characterization and use of catalytic solids with unique structure and function. In addition, the Center intends to provide a set of tools to increase the level of complexity and the research "nimbleness" that we can bring to bear on emerging problems in heterogeneous catalysis. The Center will provide modest seed funding, a broad and robust experimental and theoretical infrastructure, and the required logistical support to allow groups within the College to enter new areas in heterogeneous catalysis. These areas must represent: an emerging opportunity a truly new direction for the research group a problem of sufficient complexity to require skills beyond those available in a single research group The Center aims to provide a coalescing environment for undergraduate, graduate, and post-doctoral researchers and a nimble infrastructure that will allow us to move rapidly into new areas. AT Bell, G A Somorjai and many others

23 Center for enabling new technologies thorugh catalysis (CENTC) The Center for Enabling New Technologies Through Catalysis (CENTC) is a National Science Foundation Phase II Center for Chemical Innovation. CENTC brings together researchers from across North America to collaboratively address the economic, environmental and national security needs for more efficient, inexpensive and environmentally friendly methods of producing chemicals and fuels from a variety of feedstocks. 18 Locations spread across the US and Canada Close Connections to Industry NSF Supported

24 Particles and Catalysis Research Laboratory (UNSW) Research conducted in the PARCAT Laboratory aims at applying fundamental principles of nanoparticle synthesis, functionalisation and characterisation and designing (photo(electro))catalytic systems for application in clean energy generation, storage, and utilisation; sustainable environment and health-care Collaboraters University of Note dame, university of Queensland, City University of Hong Kong, Monash University, SA Water, CSIRO, University of Bremen, ETH Zurich, DCM Control, Tokyo University of Science

25 Institute for Integrated Catalysis (Pacific North west National Laboratory) Collaboraters:Algenol, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Chrysler Group LLC, Cummins, Inc. Ford Motor Company, General Motors, Genifuel, Ghent University, Idaho National Laboratory, Imperium Renewables, Iowa State University, Johnson Matthew, LanzaTech, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Notre Dame University, Novozymes, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Purdue University, Technische Universität München, University of Alabama, University of California at Berkeley, University of Delaware, University of Illinois, University of Minnesota, University of Wisconsin, UOP, Utah State University, Washington State University,Worcester Polytechnic Institute, WR Grace, Yale University Center for Molecular Electro-catalysis

26 Cardiff Catalysis Institute They are improving the understanding of catalysis, developing new catalytic processes with industry and promoting the use of catalysis as the sustainable 21 st century technology Industrial challenges are solved State of art facilities Explore industrial participation

27 MERCK CAYTALYSIS CENTER(Princeton University) Collaborate with Andliner Center, Princeton institute for the science and technology of Materials, Princeton institute for computational science and Engineering, Princeton center for theoretical Science Areas : Synthesis, Biology, inorganic chemistry, materials, spectroscopy and theoretical Chemistry

28 Purdue Catalysis Center The mission of the Purdue Catalysis Center is to:Promote quality and innovative research in the area of catalysis Serve as a platform for collaborative research efforts fostering the interaction between industry, national labs, and academia. Educate a new generation of catalysis researchers in the theory and best practices of catalytic science. Objective: Advances in catalysis will be driven by design of increasingly selective active sites, enabled by new synthesis chemistries, detailed chemical and kinetic characterization, and strong guidance from theory. To achieve this, we have built a team with experts in the areas: catalyst synthesis, characterization, chemical kinetics and electronic structure Various outreach programmes

29 SUNCAT ( Stanford University) The SUNCAT Center for Interface Science and Catalysis is a partnership between SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and the Department of Chemical Engineering at Stanford University. The Center explores challenges associated with the atomic-scale design of catalysts for chemical transformations of interest for energy conversion and storage. By combining experimental and theoretical methods the aim is to develop a quantitative description of chemical processes at the solid-gas and solid-liquid interface. The goal is to identify the factors controlling the catalytic properties of solid surfaces and use these to tailor new catalysts. Our approach is to integrate electronic structure theory and kinetic modeling with operando and in-situ characterization techniques, synthesis of alloys, compounds, and functional nanostructures, and finally testing under realistic process conditions. Summer schools in 2013 and 2015 remarkable schools

30 ERIC, the European Research Institute of Catalysis, is the Durable Integrating Structure (DIS) stemming from the European Network of Excellence IDECAT (Integrated Design of Catalytic Nanomaterials for a Sustainable Production). The institute aims to become a centre of excellence in Europe for research and training, as well as a world leading reference in the area of catalysis. ERIC members are many excellent European research groups working both on the field of homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis, and in part of biocatalysis. ERIC is an international non-profit organization under the Belgian Law (a.i.s.b.l. - Association International Sans But Lucratif) and its main characteristic is to be a “Virtual Institute”.The aims are to be a knowledge-based, market oriented tool to facilitate the rapid exploitation of R&D results and know-how. ERIC offers unique opportunities for companies and Institutions to perform the research and the development in the area of catalysis, since this organization allows to address complex problems which require multidisciplinary competences, from theory and modeling to surface science, synthesis and mastering of advanced nanomaterials, multi-tool characterization, catalysts testing and kinetics, catalyst and reactor engineering, and scale-up. As Virtual Institute, they can offer a flexible and tailored involvement of different scientific and engineering competences, through a single entry point. For companies, and particularly for SMEs, they can also give additional services, including assistance in process developments and Intellectual Property Rights protection, personal training, as well as in the preparation of R&D projects at national, European and International level. By joining their Business Club, companies may have access to the network of knowledge and service, as well as lobbying activities. As Association, our objective is to strengthen the European collaboration in the field of catalysis and to foster the excellence of its Members, by facilitating their integration at the research, training and educational levels. The Association shall pursue the objectives and interests of the Network of Excellence IDECAT started during the VI Framework Programme.

31 All the IDECAT partners are members of ERIC. Three of them, CNRS, CSIC, and MPG are linked through a Framework Agreement; a body indicated as ERIC+ includes their participation. Our objective is to grow and increase the number of participants as soon as possible. Specific targets of ERIC are: - To promote, coordinate and perform multidisciplinary research, education, technological advancement in the area of catalysis in Europe, optimizing the efforts and the utilization of resources of its members. - To promote the development of the European level facilities needed to perform research at internationally competitive level. - To provide a single reference point for International partnerships and collaborations, offering the full spectrum of the best European Research and facilities in the catalysis area. - To offer a single reference point to Industry for expert advice and problem solving. - To promote the public understanding of catalysis and an awareness of its implications especially in the areas of energy, sustainable chemical production, advanced materials, environment protection, safety and security devices. So, now let us embark on an exciting new mission to build on these foundations and ensure that the questions generated by these few words are not only answered but transformed into a reality.

32 Techniques photon or field

33 The Future of NCCR It is necessary that the performance of NCCR is evaluated critically and also some thoughts are given to the future of NCCR The evaluation of NCCR had been periodically carried out both internally and also by MAC. This can be discussed under two heads namely the academic performance and also administrative level the viability

34 The possible Administrative Structure Hitherto the NCCR had faced some limitations The main ones are: The inadequate faculty positions The inadequacy of the space The non existent support structure The student strength

35 The possible suggestions are : The faculty can be assigned exclusively to NCCR and they can be adjunct to the departments to start with at least 3 positions at assistant professor level The Centre may be kindly allotted additional space in the existing building or possibly additional floor may be constructed At present the centre does not have any support staff and at least one office staff, one purchase staff and one attender may be considered. Student strength for both M Tech and PhD can be re- evaluated

36 The Models Available The need for an exclusive centre on catalysis will be obvious from the world wide data to be presented The models practised are: All the centres (number runs in 100s)are established only in academic institutions though a few of them may be in specific industries. 1.The virtual centre ( number of Universities join together the Netherlands NIOK,NRSC). 2. University specific centres (eg.suncat, Rutgers, Purdue, Princeton, Northwestern, Chalmers universiyy,CRC KAUST,CRC, Hokkaido,ICST, Technion, LICAT, Rostock, UNICAT, Berlin SKLC, Dalian, CCRI, U Ottawa- details separately) 3. Industry sponsored centres ( Merck catalysis center Princeton) 4. Patronised by specific agencies (eg.DOE sponsored) 5. Consortium approach (Suncat, stanford) 6. Non Profit Centres –private Initiatives 7. Industrial Research Centres (shell, SABIC, P & G and others) 8. National Lab Korea,

37 NCCR can evolve a new framework or Combine the frame works already practised by others The proposal is a combination of PPP model 1. The centre can still be public fund supported 2. Specific Industries can be consortium members for fixed fee 3. The needy industries can sponsor time bound projects 4. Specific industries can directly participate in managing the centre either directly with their own man power or indirectly in the management committee ( this means they will bear some cost of the centre on annual basis) The revenue for running the centre has to be generated by the team in various ways like 1.Yearly grant from government ( a fixed percentate) 2. Grants from user industry ( consortium fee, sponsored project fee or grants for specific activity like man power training etc) 3. Consultancy and service fee ( This may be pooled separately as fund for running the centre possibly maintained in a separate account as the centre fund)




41 T H E V I S I O N Emerge as the Premier National Centre for Catalysis focusing on: Building Human Resource and Knowledge Capital. Building Human Resource and Knowledge Capital. Establishing Advanced R & D Facilities. Establishing Advanced R & D Facilities. Initiating Research Programs in Frontier Areas. Initiating Research Programs in Frontier Areas. Cultivating Vibrant Partnership Among the Trinity of Cultivating Vibrant Partnership Among the Trinity of Academy-Research-Industry. Academy-Research-Industry.

42 T H E M A N D A T E Actively build human capacities and expertise manpower in the area of Catalysis through structured educational programs at various levels Undertake advanced research in frontier areas of basic sciences relating to Catalysis: ◙ New materials ◙ Energy Conversion Processes ◙ Surface Science ◙ Theoretical Science Solicit support from industries for applied research in cutting-edge technology areas Emerge as a knowledge center & store house of relevant information to user industries towards reliable problem solving, testing & training Initiate collaborative research programs with universities, national and international institutes and laboratories

43 NCCR Basic Research Applied Research CSI activities Internationa l cooperation Education 1.Orientation programme 2.Capsule courses for industry, faculty and others 3.Regular course- post M.Sc.; M.Phil.; Ph.D. 4.Electives 2.Trouble shooting 1.Sponsored projects 3.Clearing house role 4.Consultancy 3.Surface science 2.Energy conversion process 1.New materials 1.Research proposals 4.Societal roles 3.Roadmap documents 2.Data base 1.BCSI 2.Exchange of students 3.Visiting positions 4.Joint workshops 4.Theoretical science NCCR- Spheres of activity

44 Educational Programmes 1. M Tech (Catalysis Technology) M Tech Degree Course with Chemical Engineering Department - Initiated in 2009-10. A specialized programme, designed to cover all aspects of the Science, Engineering and Technology of Catalysis, which can cater to the Human Resource Requirements of the Indian Chemical Industry. Four Batches of students completed the course so far and have already found employment in Industry/Academia. Fifth and Sixth batches on the roll 2. Ph D Programme – 2. Ph D Programme – To be updated 25 students completed Ph D degree during this nine year period. Ten Ph D students are presently registered at IIT-Madras under the guidance of NCCR faculty. Fifteen scholars from various institutions are carrying out their research, being guided by the NCCR faculty.

45 Educational Programmes - Contd… 3. Orientation Course For research scholars from all over the country in the field of Catalysis. Each year 35-40 students attend during Nov-Dec An unique course for preparing the students for research in this inter- disciplinary area and has been hailed by the participants. The First Course was started in the year 1999. The 15 th Course was held in Nov.-Dec. 2014. The Centre has also brought out successfully six well received monographs originating from this course. ~ 750 Total number of students trained so far ~ 750 4. Training of Young Researchers At any time more than 30 candidates have been trained in the Centre as project associates, PDFs and in various other capacities in the last five years.

46 5. Other Post-graduate Courses 3 Weeks Course in Catalysis 3 Weeks Course in Catalysis for PG students and research scholars in Tezpur University, Tezpur was held during Sep. 2008; Nov. 2009; Nov. 2010. 2 Days Pre-School courses on: Thermal and Spectroscopic Methods in Catalysis ( ) Theoretical Aspects of Catalysis ( ) Analytical Techniques in Catalysis ( ) Photocatalysis (2011) conducted at IMMT, Bhubaneswar; NCL, Pune; Gauhati University & Anna University, Chennai & NCCR 2 Days Capsule Course 2 Days Capsule Course in Experiments in Chemistry and Biology for Staff and Students of Madurai Thiagarajar College at Madurai during 2010. 2 Days Course 2 Days Course in Spectroscopic Methods for Staff & Students of Madurai Thyagarajar College at NCCR, IIT-Madras, Chennai, October 2010. One semester Course in Fundamentals of Catalysis at Anna University, Chennai during 2007-2008 for M Phil / Ph D students (Twice). One semester Course in Industrial Catalysis at Anna University, Chennai during 2007-2008 for M.Sc. (Applied Chemistry) students (Twice). Educational Programmes - Contd…

47 6. Seminars / Workshops by NCCR Indo-Hungarian Workshop Three-day Indo-Hungarian Workshop on “Future frontiers in Catalysis” 16 th -18 th February 2010. 20 th National Symposium on Catalysis Four-day 20 th National Symposium on Catalysis for “Energy Conversion and Conservation of Environment” 19 th -22 nd December 2010. 15 th National Workshop on Catalysis on “The role of Materials in Catalysis”, Dec.11 th -13 th 2011 Indo-Russian Experts Meet on “Nanostructured Catalysts for Chemical Processing and Environmental Protection”, Dec.14 th & 15 th 2011 Short term Course in Photo electrochemistry & Photo Catalysis, Dec.15 th - 19 th 2012 Regular Research Scholars Meet Regular Research Scholars Meet with Anna and Madras Universities Annual Day Meet of the Centre Annual Day Meet of the Centre in the last week of July every year - Meeting of all research scholars of the Centre Educational Programmes - Contd…

48 7. Other Educational Activities M Sc and M Tech students from other Institutions M Sc and M Tech students from other Institutions have carried out their final semester projects in NCCR (12 students). Indian Academy of Sciences (7), DST (INSPIRE; 1), and UGC (4) In addition regular stream of students (and teachers) sponsored by Indian Academy of Sciences (7), DST (INSPIRE; 1), and UGC (4) for summer fellowships. University of Nevada, University Queensland The Centre has also hosted foreign students from University of Nevada, University Queensland and other places for a period 3 weeks to 3 months.

49 8. Capsule Courses - For Industry Capsule Course on all aspects of Catalysis to R & D Engineers from Nagarjuna Fertilizer Co Ltd., Hyderabad for 1 week, during Sept 2009 A special one day course on catalysis, zeolites and characterization technique, with particular reference to deNOx systems was offered to a group of Employees of General Motors, Bangalore on 9 th September 2008. 9. Special Courses – For Academia Summer Courses for UG/PG /research Students from IIT-Madras and other Institutes in the city on a) Analytical methods; b) Spectral interpretation; c) Photo-catalysis; d) Photo-electrochemical processes; e) Fuel cells & Hydrogen storage were conducted periodically during the last four years A special one day course on “Technology Appreciation Programme of IIT-Madras” for 15 participants from industry during Dec. 2006. 10. Courses for School Children School Children from the Chennai Summer school for School Children from the Chennai City covering recent developments in science has been held during the last 5 years. Educational Programmes - Contd…

50 Man Power Development - Main Focus This is one of the main obligations of NCCR and the performance is given in the table S.No.LevelParticipants/Students 1M Sc (Chemistry) and M Tech in other departments 50 † 2M Tech (Catalysis Technology) 20 3Ph D - completed 25 4Ph D - in progress20 + 3 under submission 5PDF on rolls & trained2 + 8 6Research Associates50 7Orientation Course - in 5 years 400 8Summer Courses - in 5 years100* 9Capsule Course for Industry50 † Few courses and Projects. * Also trained students under INSPIRE and National Academy programs. Man power development would continue to be one of the main tasks for NCCR. To be updated

51 B A SI C R E S E A R C H

52 Reduction of carbon dioxide in combination with water splitting to yield fuels and chemicals Splitting of water for hydrogen generation Fixing of nitrogen as ammonia. Alternate routes for hydrogen generation New materials for hydrogen storage Design and fabrication of alternate noble metal based electrodes for fuel cell Synthesis of new materials Biomass conversion - to platform chemicals Theoretical studies for catalyst development - employing DFT and other modern theories for condensed matter applications. B A SI C R E S E A R C H TOPICS Towards meeting the challenges in frontier ar eas

53 No.IndustryTopicPeriod Output (expected)Status 1CPCLAdsorptive desulphurization of diesel fraction 2007- 2009 Carbon based material developed Completed 2CPCLEnd point reduction of SR diesel 2007- 2009 15° reduction of end point achieved Completed 3IOCLDevelopment of alumina with Defined textural properties 2009- 2012 Patent to be filed Ph.D scholar working Completed 4IOCLResearch Fellowships 2009- 2012 Ph.D scholar working On-going 5SHELLMetal grids as supports for catalysts 2008- 2011 Patent to be filedAdherence of TiO 2 on SS surface Anchoring of metal on TiO 2 film- Completed A P P L I E D R E S E A R C H

54 Applied Research – contd… No.IndustryTopicPeriod Output (Expected)Status 6NISSANDevelopment of hydrocarbon trap materials 2009- 2012 Based on zeolite materials Preparation & evaluation of suitable trap materials - In Progress 7HPCLChemical mitigation of CO2 to fuels & chemicals 2010- 2013 Photo catalytic process NaTaO 3, Sr 3 Ti 2 O 7 & La 2 Ti 2 O 7 identified as potential catalysts. To be completed by June,2013 8 P & G Terminal oxidation of hydrocarbons 2007- 2008 Oxidation of long chain hydro-carbons Terminated 9GMDe-Nox Chemistry 2010- 2011 In progress 10TATAChemicals PEC of Water2009- 2011 In progress 11 Granules India Ltd Catalysts for Specific Hydrogenation 2011- 2013 Developing catalysts In progress

55 No.IndustryPeriod 1 Chennai Petroleum Corporation Ltd. 2007-2009 2013-2015 2 Indian Oil Corporation Ltd. 2009-2012 3 SHELL R&D 2008-2011 2012-2013 A P P L I E D R E S E A R C H 4 NISSAN Motor Company Ltd. 2009-2012 5 Hindustan Petroleum Corpn. Ltd. 2010-2013 6 Proctor & Gamble 2007-2008 7 General Motors R & D 2010-2011 8 TATA Chemicals Ltd. 2009-2011 9 Granules India Ltd 2011-2013 10 Nagarjuna Fertilizers & Chemicals 2012-2014

56 Industry sponsored research-Highlights CPCL Adsorptive removal of sulfur from crude oil Diesel –End point reduction IOC Development of special grade alumina support Shell Anchoring of metal/metal oxides on SS surface Metal/Metal oxide nano particles Nissan Materials for auto exhaust gas purification HPCL Chemical mitigation of carbon dioxide P&G Terminal oxidation of alkanes GM Development of auto exhaust catalysts TATA Hydrogen generation Granules Specialty catalysts NFCL Nitrogen Utilization Efficiency Higher carbon number alcohols

57 Networking - National / International Collaborations National NMITLI project on “Value addition to glycerol from bio-diesel process” Collaborations with Academia Anna University / Madras University, /Sathyabama University,Chennai Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirapalli Tezpur University, Tezpur Thiagarajar College, Madurai Kalasalingam University, SrivilliputhurInternational Hungarian Academy of Sciences (Two NCCR students visited) The University of Queensland, Australia Technical University of Munich, Germany One MS scholar from the University of Nevada visited NCCR for 4 months and 4 publications have come out of this collaborative endeavour.

58 Catalysis Data Centre The Centre has been maintaining a data base since 2006. More than 1750 documents uploaded. Documents - Research articles, Book chapters, Monographs, Conference/Workshop proceedings, Books, Theses, Patents, Data sets, Experiments including power point presentation on various topics. Unique in many respects since it serves not only the research community, but also a variety of people starting from students, teachers, common man and also experts. Regularly visited by a number of people both from India and abroad. The Centre maintains many other discussion sites for education and knowledge dissemination.

59 Catalysis Society of India The Centre is the Head Quarters of the Catalysis Society of India (CSI). On behalf of CSI the following activities have been sustained all the five years. Running the Society, enrollment of members and maintaining the day to day activities of the Society and announcement of awards & nominations after evaluation by a panel of Judges B. Viswanathan in the last five years acted for one term as the President and all the five years was the Executive Committee Member of the Society. The Centre regularly brings out the Bulletin of the Catalysis Society of India both in hard copy format and soft copy format for all these five years. The Centre has helped in the conduct of the National Symposia, and Workshops all these five years. Conducting the Pre-Schools of the society in Bhubaneswar, Pune, Guwahati and Chennai prior to the National Symposia and Workshops. The Faculty Members of NCCR serve as members of the National Organizing Committee of all the Symposia held by the Catalysis Society of India and a host of other Symposia and Conferences. Maintaining and updating the Catalysis Data base.

60 YearPublicationsPatentsPresentationsBooks 200622Nil251 2007265384 2008151354 2009232304 2010181251 2011322253 201230- 2 2013 Publications, Patents, Books and Presentations

61 Books/Monographs 1.Fuel cells-Principles and Applications B.Viswanathan and M.Aulice Scibioh, The University Press (2006); CRC Press August 2007 2. Structure and Properties of Solid State Materials B.Viswanathan (Ed), Narosa Publishing House New Delhi (2006). 3.Heterogeneous catalysis D.K.Chakrabarty and B.Viswanathan, New Age International (2007). International edition; New Age Science Limited Kent TN1 1YS UK,2008 4. Nano materials B.Viswanathan,(Ed),Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi,2009 5. Catalysis- Some selected Applications B.Viswanathan, (Ed), Narosa Publising House,,New Delhi,2009 6. Surface characterization techniques B.Viswanathan,S.Kannan and R.C.Deka Narosa Publishing House New Delhi,2010 To be updated

62 Services rendered by the Centre The Analytical services of the Centre has been extended free of charge to various organizations in India typical ones are all the colleges in the city of Chennai, IIT Kharagpur, BHU, Varanasi, Gandhigram University, ICT, Mumbai and various other organizations. The Centre has been rendering services to various industries including CPCL, IOCL, NFCL, and many other industries in this country. Hosted many research scholars from other institutions for short periods and helped them in acquiring the data and also helped them interpret the data. MOU with various academic organizations: i) Anna University (ii) Tezpur University (iii) Thiagarajar College, Madurai (iv) Kalasalingam University (vi) Bharathidasan University. More than 10 books and 6 e-books each one of them has received international recognition. Two of the books, viz., Fuel Cells and Heterogeneous Catalysis, the later authored by D K Chakrabarty and B Viswanathan have been printed in Foreign Editions.

63 Progress in a Nutshell Training: > 500 persons at different levels Establishing facilities for research in Catalysis Contributions: > 300 publications in Journals, 10 patents and 18 books Analytical services: > 500, to institutions and many research scholars Collaboration with Indian and foreign Universities Many collaborative research projects with Industry and other institutions in India and abroad

64 NCCR : Phase-II- 2011-2016 NCCR set to emerge as a house of knowledge and research in Catalysis at global level NCCR activities to be continued and strengthened. Financial support to the Centre by DST extended for another five years. Proposed plan of activities and the budget required for the next five years have been detailed out Total budget estimate, as detailed in the proposal, is Rs. 2360 Lakhs. ???

65 NCCR-Plan for Next 5 Years Road ahead To spread its wings over several emerging and new frontiers in the science of catalysis. To carve out its own place within IIT Madras as a vibrant entity with significant contributions in contemporary topics in Catalysis. Focus for the next five years Intensifying Academic Research leading to publications in high impact journals. Aggressively pursuing Industry supported or industry oriented projects that would lead to Patent Disclosures covering cutting-edge product development/process technologies. Strengthening Academic activities related to: Research for imparting knowledge and training to young researchers. Resource generation in terms books, e-books and databases. Expanding and strengthening international collaboration with other Catalysis Research Centres across the globe and provide a platform for Indian Scientists a uniform play ground to compete internationally. To tread along the growth path & strive for recognition at global level

66 Manpower Development M Tech, Ph D and PDF Programmes M Tech course in Catalysis Technology is being offered by IIT-M (CH Dept./NCCR) - Strength of the classes to be enhanced Introduction of M Tech. & Ph D Fellowships to build research staff strength / human resource capital in Catalysis PDF fellowships could be offered to applicants from India and Abroad Orientation Programme for Research Scholars Being conducted continuously for the past 12 years -350 students benefited ?? One of the educational programmes which has facilitated the students to transform themselves into performing research scientists This special program is to be continued in the coming years with appropriate modification with respect to syllabi and the modules To be developed as a model for designing courses in specific areas of science which will lead to development in science at the national level.

67 Manpower Development Special Training Programme for Master’s Students Special training programmes during winter or summer recess which will enable them to appreciate and cultivate scientific temper. Training programmes in various analytical techniques like TP methods, spectroscopic and microscopic techniques and interpreting them. Special courses like photo-electrochemistry, fuel cells and topics of contemporary importance. Enhancing Academic & Socially Relevant Activities Support services to various educational institutions in this country in terms of conducting part or full courses in their curriculum, developing curriculum, etc. Providing support and advice for conducting special programs Imparting science education at the school level. Science & Summer programmes for school children in the Children’s Club Developing suitable science orientated programmes and modules catering to the needs of school education. Publishing e-books based on these courses.

68 B A S I C R E S E A R C H New Initiatives Generation and rationalization of new materials as catalysts Catalytic bio-mass conversion processes Development of catalysts and understanding of dream reactions / challenging processes: Splitting of water for hydrogen generation Reduction of carbon dioxide in combination with water splitting to yield fuels & chemicals Fixing of nitrogen as ammonia. Hydrogen generation technologies – devising alternate routes Development of viable hydrogen storage materials Design and fabrication of alternate electrodes for fuel cell applications Theoretical studies for catalyst development - employing DFT and other modern theories for condensed matter applications.

69 Basic Research - Spin off Technologies / Concepts Decontamination of water or air Novel energy/bio-mass conversion processes Developing hybrid catalysts by applying other molecular activation processes like, electro-catalysis, photo-catalysis and photo-electrochemical and bio- chemical processes. Evolving postulates and principles that govern the selection of materials for such complex processes Developing some governing principles which will enable the catalyst selection a rational process.

70 APPLIED RESEARCH Major Focus Continuing with the industry sponsored projects Expanding the activity encompassing many other challenging areas/process/products. Research areas under consideration for collaboration with the industries include: Developing means of effective utilization of urea as the fertilizer-Stabilization of Iso-urea/ Urea- metal complexes for easy and full utilization of nitrogen Processes for second generation bio-fuels like bio-butanol. Clean Fuels Environmental Catalysts

71 Expanding International Collaborations & Other Activities Expanding International Collaborations & Other Activities International collaborations International collaboration will be extended to other countries, especially with the Catalysis Centers in North America, Africa and other Asian countries. Some steps have been taken in this direction. Collaborations will be established with at least another 5-8 new Centers in Catalysis in the world in the next five years. Collaborations with academic institutions MOU to be executed with at least 5 new Universities. Catalysis Data Centre Highly useful and sought after over the years by the scientists who teach, research and practice catalysis, both in India and abroad. The data base to be made more broad based. New proposals- Inclusion of discussion section where in one can find documents relating to the frontiers in catalysis and state of art reports.

72 Continuing the Role as a Service Provider Enhancing the research activities of the other institutions associated with the Centre. Facilitating young researchers of this country for carrying out specific experimentation and also in interpretation. Helping in effective knowledge transfer.

73 Collaborations in Research Successful collaborations & MOUs with Catalysis Research Center at Munich, University of Queensland Australia and Institute of Isotopes Budapest. MOU with NIMS, Japan initiated for exchange of personnel between the two institutions. Seeking collaborations with Catalysis groups at South Africa, Brazil and other South American countries and also some Institutions in Europe and North America. Activities as Service Provider Serving the industry in their trouble shooting and offering technical solutions Extending service facilities for research work of other academic institutions Providing a platform for young researchers to have their research results analyzed and interpreted – including on line discussion forum Establishing on-line lectures by eminent scientists from abroad and exploring possibility of extending this facility from the Centre to other academic institutions in India.

74 NCCR on Global Horizon Catalysis has emerged as a leading branch of science in the last two decades. Amply reflected with the initiation of specialized journals by RSC, ACS Catalysis will continue to flourish and blossom into a branch of science attracting fundamental knowledge creation and helping to achieve sustainable living in this universe. The economic and environmental benefits of Catalysis have been established beyond doubt and will continue to be the centre stage of knowledge generation in the decades to come. Even countries in Western Europe have as many as 75 Centres of excellence in Catalysis and new Centres are being created in these countries. India has in the past evolved path-breaking methodologies for a sustainable society in this world, could take lead and become one of the torch bearers in modern science. It is appropriate, that India realizes her potential in this branch of science and emerges as the knowledge centre. This will be possible only when Centres of excellence are available in this country.

75 NCCR on a Growth Path NCCR has the potential to emerge as a: Knowledge storehouse not only for this country but to the entire world International centre for creation of skilled and competent human resources Centre where not only research in cutting edge technologies will be developed but also a nucleus for generating newer directions for research and practice in industry. Above all, a Centre of excellence in an academic and applied area like Catalysis will be directly reflecting in the economy of the country and it is hoped that this Centre will have a leading role in the years to come NCCR now needs the support and encouragement to grow and flourish

76 NCCR –Mission accompanished NCCR has successfully completed the mandates on:  Developing Human resources through educational programmes  Setting up advanced research facilities in Catalysis  Initiating research programmes in frontier areas  Establishing vibrant academia-industry partnership  Charting out a road map for future

77 Thank you !

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