Presentation on theme: "Walt Whitman and Emily Dickinson Founders of a uniquely American poetic voice “Tell the truth, but tell it slant.” “I sound my barbaric yawp over the roofs."— Presentation transcript:
Walt Whitman and Emily Dickinson Founders of a uniquely American poetic voice “Tell the truth, but tell it slant.” “I sound my barbaric yawp over the roofs of the world.”
Walt Whitman Born May 31, 1819 Read voraciously and studied Shakespeare, Homer, Dante and the Bible. In 1836, began a career as a teacher in a one-room school house on Long Island in New York. In 1841, decided to try journalism and wrote for the local papers. In 1855, he took out a copyright for his first edition of a book of poetry, Leaves of Grass. Released a second edition of Leaves of Grass in 1856. Struggled to support himself throughout his life. 1870’s he suffers a stroke and lives with his brother until the 1882 publication of Leaves of Grass gave Whitman enough money to buy his own home. Died March 26, 1892.
Walt Whitman About his Poetry In his poetry, Whitman wanted to show the new America he saw growing around him. Just as America was very different politically and practically from its European counterparts so must American poetry stand out from previous models. His poetic structures reflect his democratic ideals. He uses lists as a way to bring together a wide variety of items without imposing a hierarchy on them. Perception, rather than analysis, is the basis for this kind of poetry, which uses few metaphors or other kinds of symbolic language.
Emily Dickinson Born in Amherst, Mass. In 1830. Attended one year of college and became homesick. Throughout her life, she rarely left home. She fell in love with the Rev. Charles Wadsworth who she met on a trip to Philadelphia. He moved to the west coast after visiting her in 1860. She never married. Dickinson read widely and isolated herself from the outside world. She loved to write letters and kept up correspondence with many friends and relatives. She loved to spend time with family. Her poems reflect her loneliness and spirituality. She admired the poets Robert and Elizabeth Barrett Browning as well as John Keats. She and Whitman are connected forever as the founders of a uniquely American poetic voice. Died in 1886 in Amherst.
Emily Dickinson Emily Dickinson, whose odd and inventive poems helped to initiate modern poetry, is an enigma, a mystery, a paradox. Only ten of her poems were published in her lifetime. We know of her work only because her sister and two of her long-time friends brought them to public attention. Most of the poems we have were written in just six years, between 1858 and 1864. She bound them into small volumes she called fascicles, and forty of these were found in her room at her death. She also shared poems with friends in letters. From the few drafts of letters that were not destroyed, at her instruction, when she died, it's apparent that she worked on each letter as a piece of artwork in itself, often picking phrases that she'd used years before. Sometimes she changed little, sometimes she changed a lot. It's hard to even tell for sure what "a poem" by Dickinson really "is," because she changed and edited and reworked so many, writing them differently to different correspondents.
Emily Dickinson Dickinson is noted for her use of special kinds of rhyme. a. slant rhyme: a kind of consonance (relation between words in which the final consonants in the stressed syllables agree but the vowels that precede them differ: add/read, up/step, peer/pare, while/hill). b. eye rhyme: rhyme that appears correct from the spelling but is not so from the pronunciation, such as watch/match, love/move, through/enough. c. true rhyme: identity of terminal sound between accented syllables, usually occupying corresponding positions in two or more lines of verse. The correspondence of sound is based on the vowels and succeeding consonants of the accented syllables, which must, for a true rhyme, be preceded by different consonants. Thus "fan" and "ran" constitute a true rhyme because the vowel and succeeding consonant sounds ("an") are the same but the preceding consonant sounds are different.
Dickinson is noted for her use of special kinds of rhyme. slant rhyme: eye rhyme: true rhyme:
Emily Dickinson and Walt Whitman Founders of a uniquely American Poetic voice. “Tell the truth, but tell it slant.” “I sound my barbaric yawp over the roofs of the world.” After the last page of notes, write on sentence that begins with: “It is important to study Whitman and Dickinson because…….