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Literary Elements.

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Presentation on theme: "Literary Elements."— Presentation transcript:

1 Literary Elements

2 plot character conflict setting foreshadowing point of view

3 Plot Plot is the literary element that describes the structure of a story. It shows arrangement of events and actions within a story.

4 Plot Components Climax: the turning point, the most intense moment—either mentally or in action Rising Action: the series of conflicts and crisis in the story that lead to the climax Falling Action: all of the action which follows the climax Exposition: The mood and conditions existing at the beginning of the story. The setting is identified. The main characters with their positions, circumstances and relationships to one another are established. The exciting force or initial conflict is introduced. Sometimes called the “Narrative HOOK” this begins the conflict that continues throughout the story. Rising Action: The series of events, conflicts, and crises in the story that lead up to the climax, providing the progressive intensity, and complicate the conflict. Climax: The turning point of the story. A crucial event takes place and from this point forward, the protagonist moves toward his inevitable end. The event may be either an action or a mental decision that the protagonist makes. Falling Action: The events occurring from the time of the climax to the end of the story. The main character may encounter more conflicts in this part of the story, but the end is inevitable. Resolution/Denouement: The tying up of loose ends and all of the threads in the story. The conclusion. The hero character either emerges triumphant or is defeated at this point. Exposition: the start of the story, the situation before the action starts Resolution: the conclusion, the tying together of all of the threads

5 Plot: Conflict Conflict is the dramatic struggle between two forces in a story. Without conflict, there is no plot.

6 Plot: Types of Conflict
Person vs Person Person vs Nature Person vs Society Person vs Self

7 Plot: Person vs. Character Conflict
This type of conflict finds the main character in conflict with another character, human or not human.

8 Plot: Character vs. Nature Conflict
This type of conflict finds the main character in conflict with the forces of nature, which serve as the antagonist.

9 Plot: Character vs. Society Conflict
This type of conflict has the main character in conflict with a larger group: a community, society, culture, etc.

10 Plot: Character vs. Self Conflict
In this type of conflict, the main character experiences some kind of inner conflict.

11 Types of Characters Protagonist: The “hero” of the story, or the character who is trying to accomplish something. (Harry Potter) Antagonist: The character who is fighting against the Protagonist. (Voldemort)

12 Setting Where does the story take place (it can sometimes act as a character)

13 You should also know: Foreshadowing: Hints about what is to come in the story. Character Development: Information given to the reader to give a full picture of the character.

14 Point of View

15 First Person I went to the store.

16 Third Person He went to the store. She went to the store.
They went to the store.

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