We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
Published byEvelyn Lyon
Modified over 4 years ago
Punto di partenza As you learned in Lezione 1B, the infinitive is the basic form of a verb. In English, it is preceded by the word to: to be, to play, to eat, and so on. The infinitive in Italian is a one-word form consisting of a stem and one of three characteristic endings: -are, -ere, or -ire. parlare to speak lẹggere to read partire to leave © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
To form the present tense of a regular -are verb, drop the -are and add the endings that correspond to each person to the stem. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 2
Use the same endings to conjugate other regular -are verbs in the present tense.© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
The English equivalent of the Italian present tense varies depending on the context of the sentence.Carlo balla. Suoni la chitarra domani? Carlo dances. Carlo is dancing. Carlo does dance. Do you play the guitar tomorrow? Are you playing the guitar tomorrow? Will you play the guitar tomorrow? © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Verbs whose stems end in -c or -g require a spelling change in the tu and noi forms. Add an h to the stem in order to maintain the hard sound of the c or g. Giochiamo a pallacanestro. We are playing basketball. Spieghi le regole del gioco. You explain the rules of the game. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
To create the tu and noi forms of most verbs with stems ending in -i, such as mangiare and studiare, drop the i before adding the ending. Mangi il pesce? Do you eat fish? Studi bene. You study well. Mangiamo allo stadio. We eat at the stadium. Studiamo fra un’ora. We’ll study in an hour. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Some common verbs that are followed by a preposition in English do not take a preposition in Italian. Ascoltano la musica rap. They listen to rap music. Aspetta la sua amica. She’s waiting for her friend. Cerco una bicicletta. I am looking for a bicycle. Guardi il giocatore? Are you looking at the player? © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Other verbs may require the use of a preposition in Italian, especially when followed by an infinitive. Telefonano a Luigi. They’re telephoning Luigi. Impara a nuotare. He is learning to swim. Giochiamo a calcio. We’re playing soccer. Cominciate a parlare. You begin to speak. Penso a loro. I’m thinking about them. Penso di studiare arabo. I’m thinking of studying Arabic. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
1. Io _______ (parlare) italiano. Complete the sentences with the correct present tense form of each verb in parentheses. 1. Io _______ (parlare) italiano. 2. Giulia e Anna non _______ (studiare) spagnolo. 3. Lei _______ (cercare) una palestra vicino a casa. 4. Noi _______ (mangiare) il pesce il venerdì. 5. Tu _______ (giocare) a calcio. 6. Franca _______ (viaggiare) spesso in Europa. 7. Io e Marcello _______ (pensare) di andare alla partita. 8. Tu e Annabella _______ (incontrare) Jacopo oggi? parlo © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
I Verbi di ARE Conjugating regular verbs that end in ARE.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6B.2-1 Punto di partenza Although the passato prossimo and the imperfetto are both past tenses, they have distinct.
Regular -er verbs.
The infinitives of most French verbs end in -er
I miei passatempi preferiti (My Hobbies)
Il presente l.o to recognise that a verb conjugates with 6 endings.
I Verbi Italiani – Italian verbs
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.4A.1-1 Punto di partenza The verbs dovere (to have to/must; to owe), potere (to be able to/can), and volere (to.
5.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Sinceramente a me fa un po schifo. Adverbs.
Punto di partenza Adverbs describe how, when, and where actions take place. They modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. Unlike adjectives, adverbs.
Punto di partenza In Italian, as in English, a verb is a word denoting an action or a state of being. The subject of a verb is the person or thing that.
1.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Il treno parte dal binario 9. The present tense: regular verbs.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.11A.2-1 Punto di partenza With the exception of the imperative and the conditional, the Italian verb forms you.
Punto di partenza A reflexive verb “reflects” the action of the verb back to the subject. The infinitive form of reflexives ends with the reflexive pronoun.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1B.3-1 Punto di partenza Use the verb essere with numbers to tell time.
Punto di partenza In Lezione 5A, you learned that a direct object answers the question what? or whom? An indirect object identifies to whom or for whom.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3A.3-1 Punto di partenza You are already familiar with Italian verbs that end in -are and -ere. The third class.
Punto di partenza In Lezione 2A, you learned how to form the present tense of -are verbs by attaching different endings to the stem. Conjugate regular.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.4A.2-1 Punto di partenza The verbs dire (to say; to tell), uscire (to go out; to leave), and venire (to come) are.
© 2018 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.