Presentation on theme: "Implementation of Algal Biofuel"— Presentation transcript:
1 Implementation of Algal Biofuel Todd Fox • Julie Steady • Anna VillaverTeam France • 18 November 2015
2 What is Algal Biofuel?Alternative renewable energy source to fossil fuels1Algae strains that are grown and harvested to be converted into energy fuel21 Yeang, Ken. (2008). Biofuel from Algae.2 Lai, E. P. C. (2014). Biodiesel: Environmental Friendly Alternative to Petrodiesel.Infographic taken from the BioenergizeME Competition for the U.S. Department of Energy,
3 Cyanobacteria, or blue-green algae, is being cultivated for biofuel and is acknowledged by researchers as a promising platform for biofuel production.Photo from The Electrochemical Society,
4 HistoryBio Intelligent Quotient (BIQ) House in the German city of Hamburg1This self-sustaining building makes use of both solar thermal and geothermal energy allowing it to be cooled and heated without burning any fossil fuels1Photo from The Archictecture Student,1 Yirka, Bob. (2013). First Algae Powered Building Goes up in Hamburg.
5 Algal Biofuel Production Grown in unusable agricultural lands, dark warehouses, the sea, open ponds, and algal turf scrubbers1Pumps nutrient-rich water through bioreactors2Infographic taken from Sopphire Energy,Sapphire%20Process%20diagram%20-%20video%20res.jpg1 Alaswad, A., Dassisti M., Olabi, A. G., and Prescott, T. (2015). Technologies and Developments ofThird Generation Biofuel Production.2 Karsjen, Steve. (2015). From Green Slime to Green Fuel.
6 Algae is grown in a “bioreactor” at Purdue University for biodiesel production. Photo from Purdue University News Service,
7 Algae-Based Biofuel Progress Urban Algae Canopy for Expo Milano 2015’s Future Food District1Future plans1 for a larger installation:as much oxygen as four hectares of woodland150 kg of biomassGovernment agencies and several companies invested in making algae biofuel commercially viable2Photo from80/pictures#11 Blain, Loz. (2015). Urban Algae Canopy.2 Demirbas, M. Fatih. (2011). Biofuels from Algae for Sustainable Development.
8 Urban Algae Canopy by ecoLogicStudio in Milan This is the world’s first bio-digital canopy that integrates micro-algal cultures.Photo from Domus,
9 Algal Biofuel Over Other Renewable Resources Algal Biofuel is not as expensive as other renewable resources2EnergyFuel made from wind turbines is limited to the country whereas algae can be used directly in large metropolitan areas2Claimed to yield between 10 and 100 times more fuel per unit area than other biofuels1algae biofuel compared to other renewable resourcesalgae is not as expensive as other renewable resourcesPhoto fromalbum=2012__The_Clever_Treefrog_2&pic=06_The_Clever_Treefrog_2.jpg&dispsize=512&start=01 Stone, Dan. (2012). National Geographic: Can Algae Power the Future?2 Lai, E. P. C. (2014). Biodiesel: Environmental Friendly Alternative to Petrodiesel.
10 Algal Biofuel Feasibility: Pros Versatile renewable energy source; multi-use biofuel, feed and food1Fast-growing biomass that can be harvested daily1Agricultural compatibility2Convenient Production/Growth Area2No waste or pollution21 Karsjen, Steve. (2015). From Green Slime to Green Fuel.2 Stone, Dan. (2012). National Geographic: Can Algae Power the Future?Photo from2015/07/Wynn-Network-Associates-Affordable-Care-Act-Obamacare-Pros-and-Cons.jpg
11 Algal Biofuel Feasibility: Challenges/Cons Costs $8 per gallon1Harvesting algae on a commercial scale is not currently efficient2Algae species must be carefully selected; some produce more oil than others due to a high lipid content3Water evaporation issues depending on climate in an open system11 Stone, Dan. (2012). National Geographic: Can Algae Power the Future?2 Karsjen, Steve. (2015). From Green Slime to Green Fuel.3 Malik, Arunima, Lenzen, Manfred, Ralph, Peter J, Tamburic, Bojan. (2015) Hybrid Life-Cycle Assessment of Algal Biofuel Production.Photo fromuploads/2015/07/Wynn-Network-Associates-Affordable-Care-Act-Obamacar-Pros-and-Cons.jpg
13 Works Cited(1) Alaswad, A., Dassisti M., Olabi, A. G., and Prescott, T. “Technologies and Developments ofThird Generation Biofuel Production.” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 51 (2015): Print.(2) Blain, Loz. "Urban Algae Canopy." Urban Algae Canopy. Gizmag, 12 May Web. 29 Sept<(3) Demirbas, M. Fatih. "Biofuels from Algae for Sustainable Development." Applied Energy (2011):WorldCat [OCLC]. Web. 2 Sept(4) Karsjen, Steve. "From Green Slime to Green Fuel." From Green Slime to Green Fuel (n.d.): n. pag. CreatingMaterials and Energy Solutions. U.S. Department of Energy. Web. 29 Sept(5) Lai, E. P. C. "Biodiesel: Environmental Friendly Alternative to Petrodiesel." J Pet EnvironBiotechnol 5 (2014): e122. Print.(6) Malik, Arunima, Lenzen, Manfred, Ralph, Peter J, Tamburic, Bojan. “Hybrid Life-Cycle Assessment of AlgalBiofuel Production.” Bioresource Technology 184 (2015): Print.(7) Stone, Dan. "Can Algae Power the Future?" National Geographic. N.p., 29 Nov Web. 29 Sept(8) Yirka, Bob. "First Algae Powered Building Goes up in Hamburg." First Algae Powered Building Goes up inHamburg. Phys.org, 12 Apr Web. 29 Sept(9) Yeang, Ken. "Biofuel from Algae." Architectural Design, 10 Apr Web. 29 Sept<