Presentation on theme: "Roger Johnson & David Johnson Cooperative Learning."— Presentation transcript:
Roger Johnson & David Johnson Cooperative Learning
Johnson & Johnson are both co-directors of The __________ Learning Center at the University of Minnesota. “Cooperative Learning is a relationship in a group of students that requires positive interdependence (a sense of sink or swim together), individual accountability (each of us has to contribute and learn), interpersonal skills (communication, _____, leadership, decision making, and conflict resolution), face-to-face promotive interaction, and processing (reflecting on how well the team is functioning and how to ________ even better).”
Cooperative Learning P.I.G.S. Positive Interdependence Individual Accountability Group Processing Small Group ______ Essential components of success in C.L. Criteria used to _______ long-term growth
Positive Interdependence Students work in structured groups where each member is tied to one another. Students collaborate within a structured small group towards a ______ goal. Each individual works with the mindset that they are needed to complete the group goal. Joint effort of skills will _________ students to a variety of viewpoints on the same issue and help produce the best possible answer.
Types of Positive Interdependence Goal, Identity, Task, Competition, Reward, Materials, Role, Environmental, Fantasy, Resource Students in small groups realize their responsibility to one another. Individual input ________ the collective group. Goal Oriented objectives are outlined. “If there is no P.I., there is ___ cooperation.”
Individual Accountability Although group accountability is typically seen as the way a teacher grades the _____ fruit of the group’s labor, accountability rests with each member’s ____________. When students are directed to complete a specific segment of a larger whole, the teacher can identify which students completed their segments correctly.
The purpose of checking up on an individual’s comprehension is to ____ that individual grow. Before allowing students to complete an assignment, inform them how you will be assessing their work. A teacher should _____ ever..forever ever? Use the same form of assessment for a groups work. Different forms of assessment include the following: ______ Questioning, Similar Assignment, Teacher Monitoring, Practice Quiz, Individual Reports, Teacher Interview
Group Processing/Small Group Skills Groups need to _______ of one another, how comfortable everyone is with the material being discussed. Students should make certain that each member is working effectively and completing their assigned area correctly. Working within a group provides a challenge for the cognitive mind; students must concentrate on the academic demands as well as communicating with each other. Cooperation and ________ are connected to one another and make the teachers responsible for laying the foundation of cooperative learning that more important.
Cooperative Learning Is/Involves… Individual accountability Teaches social skills Trust ___________ Increases engaged learning __________ Specific roles/jobs Heads together Collaborative Encouragnig
Cooperative Learning Is Not… Competition based __________ The easy way out Unstructured One student doing all of the work Students copying from one another A replacement for teacher instruction Extra work for ______ students The only way a teacher should structure the learning process
Individualistic & Competitive Learning Success depends on the students’ personal ___________ on established content. One student or _____ wins, and the others lose.
Research Suggests… Students achieve more in cooperative groups than individualistically or competitively. Students have a better attitude about school. Students are most ________ about each other even if the students are in a diverse group. Allows students to take the perspective of others, engages students in taking _____ in controversy, and develop positive interaction skills. (Cooperative Learning: Two heads are _______ than one.)
The Future Of C.L. Make the move from competitive to cooperative Cooperative classrooms to cooperative schools and systems Focus on “________________” Roger Johnson, David Johnson, and Edythe Hollubec are key consultants of Cooperative ________