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Inter-American Network of Cooperation in Family and Child Law Objectives, Background and Tools.

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Presentation on theme: "Inter-American Network of Cooperation in Family and Child Law Objectives, Background and Tools."— Presentation transcript:

1 Inter-American Network of Cooperation in Family and Child Law Objectives, Background and Tools

2 Structure 1. Objectives 2. Timing Issues 3. Tools 3. Public Component 4. Private Component 5. Secure Communication

3 Objectives of the Network: Create a comprehensive network of authorities of all OAS Member States and other interested participants Create a comprehensive network of authorities of all OAS Member States and other interested participants Facilitate international cooperation in family law Facilitate international cooperation in family law Reduce complexities in cross-border family law transactions Reduce complexities in cross-border family law transactions Increase communication between authorities Increase communication between authorities Coordinate with other organs, agencies and entities of the Inter-American system & multilateral organizations Coordinate with other organs, agencies and entities of the Inter-American system & multilateral organizations Protection of rights of women and children in the Americas Protection of rights of women and children in the Americas

4 Method: Institutional Network of Competent Authorities designated to act in international cooperation on family law and child protection Regular meetings of the Network Mandate for secure and efficient cooperation between OAS member states Tools/features to facilitate cross-border cooperation Free and ample access to all users of the Inter- American system

5 Duration: Informal Phase Pilot Projects Preliminary Tools Transition Phase Designation of Authorities Technical Meetings Formal Phase REMJA Working Group

6 First Pilot First Pilot Argentina Argentina Colombia Colombia El Salvador El Salvador Spain Spain Dominican Republic Dominican Republic Canada Canada Bahamas Bahamas United States United States Grenada Grenada Brazil Brazil Mexico Mexico Second Pilot Second Pilot

7 Informal Phase: Pilot Project 1 Spanish Speaking States Kickoff Process / Initial Discussion Pilot Project 2 English Speaking States Bi-lingual tools Preliminary tools Public Component Private Component Secure Communication

8 Transition Phase: REMJA-VIII Technical Meetings Refine Tools Designate Authorities Deliberate/Formalize

9 Formal Phase: REMJA-IX Creation of a Working Group Formal Chair by States Annual Meetings WG Bi Annual Meetings of REMJA

10 Network Timeline Conclusions Working Group Working Group REMJA IX REMJA IX 1 st Pilot 2 nd Pilot Prelim Tools REMJA VIII Tech Meeting(s)

11 Work Methodology Introduction to the system Preliminary network tools Suggestions for changing/improving/replacing Recommendations from meeting Calendar for developing tools

12 Background: Mandates Charter of the OAS Charter of the OAS Panama Declaration Panama Declaration Summits of the Americas Summits of the Americas Ministers of Justice Ministers of Justice General Assembly General Assembly Inter-Americans conventions. Inter-Americans conventions.

13 First step Study of Ratifications of and Adhesions to the Inter-American Conventions on matters of cooperation Ratification of treaties Designation of Central Authorities Precursor of the creation of a Network of Legal Cooperation

14 Central Authorities Fourteen Conventions of Legal Cooperation that require designation of central authorities Private law Private law Rogatory letters Preventive measures Evidence Family law Public Law Public Law Extradition Mutual assistance Corruption Armaments / Traffic Judicial decisions 46%41%

15 Importance Facilitate cooperation and mutual assistance between states Provides the legal basis for legal practitioners and users of the Inter-American system Supports the implementation of rules of international law and the solution of controversies Legitimates the system of Inter-American treaties

16 Goals of the project DESIGNATE: DESIGNATE: Designate central authorities for those states and instruments that are not part of the system UPDATE: UPDATE: Require those states that have designated their central authorities to update them to verify the information. STANDARDIZE: STANDARDIZE: Create a uniform/standardized system for the designation and actualization of Central Authorities, based on reliable, complete and updated information in a user- friendly, simple format NETWORK: NETWORK: Create a network of central authorities under the Inter-American conventions

17 Components: ANALYSIS: ANALYSIS: Tables analyzing the Inter-American conventions on judicial cooperation NATIONAL STUDIES: NATIONAL STUDIES: Individual studies per state that analyze the status of designation of central authorities under the conventions to which the state is a party STANDARD FORM: STANDARD FORM: Presentation and use of the new format of the OAS for the designation of central authorities INTERNET SITE: INTERNET SITE: Storage and diffusion, by the Department of International Law, of the relevant information of those designations

18 Designation Tables ESTADOSAdopciónRestituciónAlimentosPruebasTraficoMedidasLaudos Argentina Partede la convencion Not a Party to the Convention Partede la convencion Not a Party to the Convention Bolivia X Not a Party to the Convention Partede la convencion X Not a Party to Partede la Not a Party to the Convention Brasil Not a Party to the Convention Partede la convencionNot a Party to the Convention Partede la convencion X Not a Party to the Convention Mexico Not a Party to the Convention Partede la convencion X Not a Party to the Convention Panama Not a Party to the Convention Partede la convencionNot a Party to the Convention X Venezuela Not a Party to the Convention X

19 National Studies Components: Determines the number of instruments of international cooperation to which the states is a party Analyses the conventions under which the states has designated central authorities Lists the central authorities whose designation is pending Provides detailed information to comply with the obligation of designated such central authorities Requires submittal of information to the General Secretariat

20 Standard Form

21 Treaties Page

22 Cooperation Network Private site Public site + Secure mail Tools + +

23 Public site [Componente Privado]Componente Privado Acceso por pa í s Antigua y Barbuda ArgentinaBahamasBarbadosBelizeBoliviaBrasilCanadaChileColombia Cota Rica Dominica *** Página en construcción *** Introducción La Red de Cooperación Jurídica Hemisférica en Materia de Derecho de Familia y Niñez (la Red) se originó en la Séptima Reunión de Ministros de Justicia u otros Ministros, Procuradores o Fiscales Generales de las Américas (REMJA VII). En dicha reunión se encomendó a la Secretaría General (Secretaría de Asuntos Jurídicos) la creación de un proyecto interamericano de cooperación jurídica y asistencia mutua en materia de derecho de familia y niñez. Con base en las cuatro convenciones interamericanas sobre derecho internacional de familia acordadas por la OEA (Convención Interamericana sobre Obligaciones Alimentarias, Convención Interamericana sobre Restitución American Organization of American States

24 Private site

25 Secure Communication Sto rag e Are a Net wor k Window s bits Window s bits Window s bits

26 Cooperation Network

27 Expected results: Creation of a uniform/standardized system Complete and updated network of authorities Improvement in communication and cooperation between states and authorities Enhancement of the implementation of Inter-American Conventions Improvement in controversy solution

28 Process Next steps: Process Participation of 34 member states Potential Second Technical Meeting Formalization of the Network REMJA: Creation of a Working Group REMJA: Presidency per state

29 Recommendations Next steps: Recommendations Conclusions and Recommendations of the First Technical Meeting Changes to the Preliminary Tools Changes to the Questionnaire Preliminary recommendations

30 Calendar Next steps: Calendar


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