3 Course plan What is MLA documentation style Academic integrity (chapter 2)Format of the research paper (chapter 4)Documentation: Citing sources in the text (chapter 6)Documentation: Preparing the list ofWorks Cited (chapter 5)
4 MLA citation styleA set of agreed-on rules or conventions for formatting written work in the humanitiesDeveloped by the Modern Language Association (MLA), appearing first in 1951One of many scholarly documentation styles(a.k.a. citation style)The documentation style you have been asked to useby your professorPreferences regarding documentation style will bedetermined by each course instructor; be sure to check!Other styles: APA, Chicago, Harvard, Turabian, AMA, ACS.
5 Academic integrity Intentional and unintentional plagiarism Avoiding plagiarism and cyber-plagiarism (U of A)How to avoid plagiarism:Don’t wait until the last minute!Take careful notes while you are readingWhen in doubt, cite !Please visit the library website for more information on plagiarism!
6 When is documentation needed? ParaphrasingDirects quotationsUse of phrases or words coined by someone elseExpressions / proverbsWell known quotationsCommon knowledgeContent of a novel/play/story
9 Format of the research paper (chapter 4) Basic guidelines :Standard, easily readable typeface and type size(e.g. Times Roman, 12 points)Leave a one-inch margin around the textDouble space throughout the paper—including the heading, title and works citedDo not underline, italicize, or bold the title of your paperPrint on one side of the paper only
10 Format of the research paper (chapter 4) Basic Guidelines (cont’d):MLA: Do not justify the lines of your paper at the right hand marginANGL instructors: This is okay to doMLA: Do not include a title pageANGL instructors: A title page is usually requiredWhen in doubt, ask your instructor!
11 Format of the research paper (chapter 4) Begin the Works Cited on a new,numbered pageDouble space throughoutIndent the second and subsequent lines ofeach individual citation.
13 Format of the research paper Your list of Works Cited has to be in alphabetical order !
14 Documentation : in text citations (chapter 6) (a.k.a. parenthetical references)Omit the publication dates in the parenthetical referencesDo not use commas or “p.”While quotations are common and often effective in research papers, use them selectively.Quote only words, phrases, lines, and passages that are particularly interesting, vivid,unusual, or apt, and keep all quotations as brief as possible.
15 Example – in text citation (Family name of the cited author and page number)(Gonthier 200)Romanticism «took solid roots in Québec during the second half of 19th century» (Gonthier 200).
16 Example – in text citation (cited page)(200)According to Gonthier, romanticism «took solid roots in Québec during the second half of 19th century» (200).
18 Documentation : in text citations (chapter 6) More than four lines (or 40 words) of textin the quotation:Elizabeth Bishop’s “In the Waiting Room” isrich in evocative detail:It was winter. It got darkearly. The waiting roomwas full of grown-up people,arctics and overcoats,lamps and magazines. (6-10)No quotation marks around the text
19 In text citations - exercise Multiple works by the same author. Indicate which volume you are referring to by listing the numberLewis suggests that the textbook teaches “precisely nothing” about what it purports to teach (Abolition of Man 5).
20 In text citations - exercise Two different worksIn Thomas Hardy’s novels there is a strong sense of the inevitability of character and environment in the working out of human destiny (Grimsditch 28; Abercrombie 40).
21 In text citations - exercise Multiple authors of oneor collective workHistorically, literary criticism has been a much more retrograde activity than the imaginative writing it studies (Stephens et al. 224).
22 In text citations - exercise Work listed by titleThe Oxford Companion to English Literature notes that W. H. Mallock is best known as the author of The New Republic (489).
23 In text citations - exercise Corporate author. When the author is a corporation or an organization, name the corporate authorThe Canadian Women’s Indexing Group provides a retrospective index to 15 selected English and French-Canadian feminist periodicals (130).
24 Documentation: preparing the list of Works Cited (chapter 5) Include all books, articles, websites, that you have cited in the body of your paperTake the information from the title page (recto and verso) of the bookAlphabetize by author’s last name, letter by letterMacDonald, GeorgeMcCullers, CarsonIdentify type of the source (Print, Web, DVD).
25 Example – Works Cited Works Cited Arbaoui, Hakim, et al. « Measuring ground deformability with staticcharge». Canadian Geotechnical Journal 43.4 (2006) :Academic Search Complete. Web. JulyBerkes, Istvan. Everyday physics. 6e ed. Paris : Vuibert,2006. Print.Kamdem, Jean-Claude. « Personne, culture et droits en Afrique noire ».Droit fondamentaux et spécifités culturelles. Éd. HenriPallard. Montréal : L’Harmattan, – 117. Print.
26 List of Works Cited – Exercise 1. Book with one author : The Big Book of Cats. Susan Feuer. Kansas City Andrew McMeel Publishing.Feuer, Susan. The Big Book of Cats. KansasCity: Andrew McMeel Publishing, 1998.Print.
27 List of Works Cited – Exercise 2. Books with 2 or 3 authors :Pédagogie théorique et critique. Presses universitaires de France e éd. Jean-Pierre Pourtois et Huguette Desmet. Paris.Pourtois, Jean-Pierre et Huguette Desmet.Pédagogie théorique et critique. 2e éd.Paris : Presses universitaires, 2006.Print.
28 List of Works Cited – Exercise Multiple authors:1 author:Joubert, Jean-Louis.2 authors:Joubert, Jean-Louis, et Irena Turnau.3 authors:Joubert, Jean-Louis, Irena Turnau, et Anne Beaubien.More then 3 authors:Joubert, Jean-Louis, et al.
29 List of Works Cited – Exercise Two books by the same author:(a) Margaret Atwood. New York Doubleday. Alias Grace: A Novel.(b) Margaret Atwood. The Robber Bride Doubleday. New York.Atwood, Margaret. Alias Grace: A Novel.New York: Doubleday, Print.---. The Robber Bride. New York: Doubleday,1993. Print.Give the name in the 1st entry only; in place of the name type 3 hyphens followed by a period and the title
30 List of Works Cited – Example An edited work :Shakespeare, William. Hamlet. Ed. Barbara A.Mowat and Paul Werstine. New York:Washington Square-Pocket, Print.
31 List of Works Cited - Exercise 4. Translator. Margaret Sayers Peden. Daughter of Fortune. Isabel Allende. Harper. New YorkAllende, Isabel. Daughter of Fortune. Trans.Margaret Sayers Peden. New York: Harper,2000. Print.
32 List of Works Cited – Example A translationBeowulf. Trans. E. Talbot Donaldson. Ed.Nicholas Howe. New York: Norton, 2001.Print.Hildegard of Bingen. Selected Writings. Trans.Mark Atherton. New York: Penguin, Print.
33 List of Works Cited – Exercise 5. Without an author:A Book of boy’s stories. London. Blackie.A Book of boy’s stories. London: Blackie,1937. Print.
34 Documentation: preparing the list of Works Cited (chapter 5) Article (print)Trumpener, Katie. “Memories Carved in Granite: GreatWar Memorials and Everyday Life.” PMLA 115(2000): Print.
35 Documentation: preparing the list of Works Cited (chapter 5) Reference book:«Feudalism». Merriam-Webster’s CollegiateDictionary. 11th ed Print.Dictionnaires, encyclopédies
36 Documentation: preparing the list of Works Cited (chapter 5) Article (electronic format):Arbaoui, Hakim, et al. «Measuring ground deformabilitywith static charge». Canadian Geotechnical Journal43.4 (2006): ProQuest Science Journals.Web. July
37 Documentation: preparing the list of Works Cited (chapter 5) Web site – short article :Author. Title of the article. Web site title. Date ofpublication. Editor of web site (if available).Type of source. Date of access.Morin, Judith. « Nomenclature of plantes ». Le carnethorticole et botanique du Jardin botanique deMontréal. Jan Jardin botanique deMontréal. Web. July
38 Documentation: preparing the list of Works Cited (chapter 5) Entire Web site:Title of the web site. Editor/author/organization. Date ofpublication/update. Type of source. Date of access.GlobalWarming.org. Cooler Heads Coalition,Web. May
39 Documentation: preparing the list of Works Cited (chapter 5) DVD (movie):Title. Editor/author/writer. Director. Performers.Distributor. Date of publication. Type of source.Like Water for Chocolate. Screenplay by Laura Esquivel.Dir. Alphonso Arau. Perf. Lumi Cavazos, MarcoLombardi. Miramax, Film.
40 Documentation : Course notes Course notes - student:MLA does not impose any official rulesCite your colleague or co disciple in your text, without using parentheses at the end of the sentence/phraseDo not list it in your Works Cited list, but give enough information within your textDuring his presentation on cognitive processon October , Irwin Weiser said that « ...
41 Documentation : Course notes Course notes distributed by your professor(printed documents or PowerPoint presentations) :MLA does not impose any official rulesIt is recommended to include these notes in your Works Cited list
42 Documentation : Course notes Professor’s name. "Title of document / presentation." Course notes. Title of course.Department, University. Type of source. Date ofreception of course notes.Mandin, Lucille. «Survol de littérature jeunesse delangue française » Course notes. EDUM302. Campus Saint- Jean, University ofAlberta. Print. Aug
43 Documentation : Course notes - example Notes available on line (PDF, PowerPoint, Moodle) :Professor's name. "Title of document." Course notes.Date of distribution (or creation). Title of course.Course Website. Department, University. Type desource. Date of access.Mandin, Lucille. «Survol de littérature jeunesse de languefrançaise. » Course notes. Jan EDUM302. Course website. Campus Saint-Jean,University of Alberta. Web. 5 mars 2008.
44 Documentation : Course notes Today’s presentation source:Russell, Toni, et al. “MLA Formatting and Style Guide”.The Purdue OWL. Purdue U Writing Lab.November Web. 5 octVoici ma source !!!
48 Remember Form is part of the content The MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers is available at the Library. LB 2369 G (Ref.)This presentation is not a substitute for reading the MLA HandbookThis presentation will be available on the library website under « Cours de bibliothèque »Help is available—please come and see us in the library