Presentation on theme: "A Quest for the Holy Land"— Presentation transcript:
1 A Quest for the Holy Land THE CRUSADESA Quest for the Holy Land
2 Crusades A series of wars between European Christians and Muslims FromThey fought over control of Jerusalem which was called the Holy Land
3 Jerusalem’s Importance Jews: site of King Solomon’s TempleChristians: site of Christ’s death, resurrection (Church of Holy Sepulchre)Muslims: site of Muhammad’s ascension
4 Background Causes of Crusades Christians had been going to Holy Land for centuries for pilgrimage, and Muslims never got in the pilgrims’ wayYear 1000 brought an increase of pilgrims1009: Al-Hakim (caliph) burns Church of Holy Sepulcher, but it’s re-built.
6 Immediate Causes of Crusades Muslim Turkscaptured Jerusalemfrom the ByzantineEmpireMuslim Turks lesssupportive of Christian pilgrimsChristian pilgrimswere attackedByzantine Emperor(Alexius I)feared an attack onConstantinople
7 Pope Urban II and his call Byzantine EmperorAlexius I asks Church forhelp against Turks1095: Pope Urban II issues a call for a “holy” war, or Crusade, to capture back Jerusalem from MuslimsPope assured that those that died in Crusade will have a place in Heaven
8 Who Answered the Call?Feudal LordsKnightsPeasants
9 The First Crusade (1096-1099) Peasant army Knights Untrained Lacked military equipmentMany killed by Muslim TurksKnightsSucceeded in capturing Jerusalem
10 The Second Crusade ( )Europeans fail to recapture a “Crusader state” of Edessa—accomplished nothing!
11 The Third Crusade ( )1187: Muslims recapture Jerusalem! Led by Saladin.Saladin treated fallen enemies, including Christians, with courtesy. Known as chivalrous.Christians’ led by Richard “the Lionheart”, King of EnglandDespite war, eventually a truce with Saladin; Muslims kept control of Jerusalem, though Christians would be allowed in the city