2 4 Leadership Styles Autocratic Bureaucratic Democratic Laissez-faire Each of these styles will effect employees’ motivational levels differently.These styles are used at different times for different circumstances.
3 Autocratic Leadership Style Decisions made without employee inputGive orders without explanationExpect orders to be obeyedStructured set of rewards and punishments are used to ensure complianceEmployees given little or no discretion on how to do the job simply follow orders!
4 Autocratic cont’edWhen used in the wrong situation on the wrong employees means disaster for all!Results inlow moraleHigh absenteeismHigh employee turnover
5 Autocratic cont’edWorks well in an emergency situation when a break from normal procedures is neededi.e. “this is what needs to be done! Here’s how to do it, let’s get started!”Also called Authoritarian or Dictatorial Leadership Style
6 Bureaucratic Leadership Style Leaders focus mostly on rules, regulations and company polices.Work is done: “By the book!”More of a police officer than a leaderGood for learning to use dangerous equipment where rules must be followed!Or in a work place where exact procedure are required (like filing or data management)
7 Democratic Leadership Style Also called Participative Leadership StyleKeep employees informed about all aspects of work that affect themStaff share in decision and problem solving responsibilities
8 Democratic cont’ed Emphasises the employees role in the company Employees develop a high sense of job satisfaction
9 Democratic cont’ed The democratic supervisor: Develops plans for employees self evaluationAllows employees to help establish goalsEncourages employees to grow on the job and be promotedRecognises and encourages achievementA “coach that is leading a team”This approach works well with highly skilled and highly experienced employees
10 Laissez-Faire Leadership Also called Free-rein LeadershipA hands-off approach to leadership, very little leading takes placeProvides little to no direction to employeesAllows employees as much freedom as possible
11 Laissez-Faire Leadership cont’ed Gives all authority (power) to the employees relies on them to set goals, make decisions & resolve problemsThere are very few times that this approach to leadership is appropriate but it may work with very highly skilled employees who have been trained in decision making and problem solving skills
12 Factors Affecting Leadership Styles In a perfect world:Use a leadership style appropriate to the situationKnow the needs, interests, & goals of each employeeUse the most appropriate style to provide an atmosphere of motivation
13 3 Factors to be aware of Leader’s personal background Characteristics of the employees, i.e. what motivates them!Organizational climate
14 Leader’s personal background Your personality, knowledge, values and experiences all work to shape your feelings, attitude and how you respond towards your employees & those you leadYour feelings about leadership are important in determining the leadership style(s) you will use!
15 Characteristics of the employees Employees that want independence & decision making responsibilities and have the experience may work better under a democratic leaderEmployees with many different expectations and experiences may work better under a more autocratic leader, including those with very little work experience to draw upon
16 Organizational Climate What’s important to the company?Some companies stress human relationsOthers focus on the bottom line (profit) at the expense of everything else.To be an effective leader in any organization you must consider and adopt the dominant organizational philosophy