Presentation on theme: "Genres of Games Pengantar Teknologi Game. Genres of Games 1.Action Games 2.Strategy Games 3.Role-Playing Games 4.Sports Games 5.Vehicle Simulations 6.Construction."— Presentation transcript:
Genres of Games 1.Action Games 2.Strategy Games 3.Role-Playing Games 4.Sports Games 5.Vehicle Simulations 6.Construction and Management Simulations 7.Adventure Games 8.Artificial Life and Puzzle Games 9.Online Gaming
What Are Action Games? ACTION GAME An action game is one in which the majority of challenges presented are tests of the player’s physical skills and coordination. Puzzle-solving, tactical conflict, and exploration challenges are often present as well. 1. Action Games
Action Game Subgenres Shooters 1.2D SHOOTERS Robotron: 2084 and Robotron X
Fighting Games Fighting games, Street Fighter and Dead or Alive 3
Fast Puzzle Games Action-Adventures Music, Dance, and Rhythm Games Other Action Games Frogger and Frogger 3D
What Are Strategy Games? STRATEGY GAME A strategy game is one in which the majority of challenges presented are strategic conflict challenges and the player may choose from a large variety of potential actions or moves at most points in the game. Victory is attained by superior planning and taking the optimum actions; the element of chance must not play a large role. Other challenges, such as tactical, logistical, economic, and exploration challenges, may also be present. Physical coordination challenges play little or no part. 2. Strategy Games
The StarCraft screen, with a menu of orders at the lower right
What Are Role-Playing Games? ROLE-PLAYING GAME A role-playing game is one in which the player controls one or more characters, typically designed by the player, and guides them through a series of quests managed by the computer. Victory consists of completing these quests. Character growth in power and abilities is a key feature of the genre. Typical challenges include tactical combat, logistics, economic growth, exploration, and puzzle solving. Physical coordination challenges are rare except in RPG-action hybrids. 3. Role-Playing Games
Arcanum: Of Steamworks and Magick Obscura conversation
Knights of the Old Republic II: The Sith Lords during a combat sequence
What Are Sports Games? SPORTS GAME A sports game simulates some aspect of a real or imaginary athletic sport, whether it is playing in matches, managing a team or career, or both. Match play uses physical and strategic challenges; the management challenges are chiefly economic. 4. Sports Games
The athlete-creation screen in Pro Evolution Soccer 2008 Madden NFL 09’s training camp screen, a coaching function
What Are Vehicle Simulations? VEHICLE SIMULATIONS Vehicle simulations cover several environments and game mechanics. They can be in the air, on the ground, on water, or in space. They can include races against other players or artificially intelligent opponents, or they can involve exploration or simply the experience of using the vehicle. The most common element is the sense of verisimilitude: Players are looking for an experience that feels the way it would truly feel to drive, fly, or otherwise control a vehicle. Because most of us have driven cars, we have an expectation of how that feels. 5. Vehicle Simulations
An instrument panel in Microsoft Flight Simulator 2002
What Are Construction and Management Simulations? CONSTRUCTION AND MANAGEMENT SIMULATIONS A construction and management simulation is a game in which the majority of challenges are economic and concern growth. Construction activity is an essential element of any CMS. Pattern recognition and exploration challenges may also be present. CMSs avoid physical coordination and conflict challenges, unless they are hybrids with another genre. 6. Construction and Management Simulations
Bridge It challenges the player to build a functional bridge.
What Are Adventure Games? ADVENTURE GAME An adventure game is an interactive story about a protagonist character who is played by the player. Storytelling and exploration are essential elements of the game. Puzzle solving and conceptual challenges make up the majority of the gameplay. Combat, economic management, and action challenges are reduced or nonexistent. 7. Adventure Games
What Are Artificial Life and Puzzle Games? 8. Artificial Life and Puzzle Games Artificial life is a branch of computer science research, just as artificial intelligence is. Artificial life, or A-life as it is sometimes called, involves modeling biological processes, often to simulate the life cycles of living things. A-life researchers hope to discover new ways of using computers by using biological mechanisms—mutation and natural selection, for example—rather than algorithmic ones. In particular, A-life is the study of emergent properties, unanticipated qualities or behaviors that arise out of the interactions of complex systems. Life itself is considered an emergent property of the planet Earth.
What Are Puzzle Games ? Puzzles appear in games in several genres. Many single-player computer games contain puzzles; in action games, the player often has to figure out the boss opponent’s weakness; adventure games are full of puzzles, frequently about obtaining inaccessible objects or getting information from other people; even first-person shooters offer the occasional puzzle, figuring out how to get past locked doors and other obstacles. Puzzle design is an essential element of game design, and it’s harder than you might think.
9. Online Games This chapter uses the term online games to refer to multiplayer distributed games in which the players’ machines are connected by a network. (This is as opposed to multiplayer local games in which all the players play on one machine and look at the same screen.) While online games can, in principle, include solitaire games that happen to be provided via the Internet, such as Bejeweled, the online aspect of solitaire games is incidental rather than essential to the experience. Bejeweled is simply a puzzle game. Online games do not need to be distributed over the Internet; games played over a local area network (LAN) also qualify as online games. What Are Online Games?