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Late Roman Art and Architecture and Constantine and Early Christian Architecture.

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Presentation on theme: "Late Roman Art and Architecture and Constantine and Early Christian Architecture."— Presentation transcript:

1 Late Roman Art and Architecture and Constantine and Early Christian Architecture

2 The reigns of Diocletian and Constantine marked the last great age of Roman architecture. These Emperors used art and architecture to reach subjects across the empire who may have felt a dwindling connection to Rome The Role of the Emperor

3 Basilica of Constantine  Constantine built the Basilica of Constantine, the last great Imperial building in Rome.  Begun in AD 306 by Maxentius and finished by Constantine after 315.  Remember, Constantine brought Christianity to the empire, making the mark of a basilica appropriate

4 Basilica of Constantine




8 Significant points of the Basilica  The central nave rose to a height of 100 feet.  Contained a 30 foot statue of the emperor himself.



11 The Palace of Diocletian  Located on the Adriatic coast  Constructed on the plan of a Military camp  Decorated with Eastern Motifs  Design far from the classical style


13 Changing times…  Not only was architecture changing, but classical styles of sculpture were slowly disappearing as well.  Realistic portraits were abandoned and artists no longer tried to express a depth or sense of reality.  Foreshadows art of the Middle Ages

14  Christianity becomes widespread and its art and ideals are vastly different  Abandonment might be linked to Eastern religious cults.

15 Early Christian Architecture  Religious architecture becomes the most important form of building throughout the Christian world.  Remains true for more than 12 centuries

16 Early Christian Architecture  Constantine associated with two of the most famous churches today: –Saint Peter’s Basilica in the Vatican rests on the remains of a basilica dedicated in 326AD. –The Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem was built in 345AD.

17 Building Types  Modified Basilican plan (St. Peter’s) was based on Roman assembly hall. Known also as the “long” plan  The central plan: based on Greco-Roman tholos (circular, polygonal)  The mixed plan: combined elements of basilican and central forms

18 Building materials  Concrete, stone and brick  Timber used for ceilings, roofs, and doors  Plaster and stucco facings “dressed” the wall surfaces  Round arches used to frame doorways and windows  Domes and vaults used to enclose and roof aisles and apses  Building stone quarried from Pagan Roman buildings

19 Old Saint Peter’s Basilica

20 Basic Basilica Floor plan Apse Transept Nave Narthex Atrium Gate

21 Vocabulary  Faithful entered into a courtyard called the atrium  They would then walk through vestibule or narthex.  The long central rectangular area was the nave  The nave was intersected by a transcept.  The roof of the transcept was pitched; high on the walls were the clerestory or windows.  The apse was covered with a dome or half-dome

22 St. Peter’s Basilica


24 The Church of the Holy Sepulchre  Located in Jerusalem  Also employs the basilica style  Behind the basilica is a domed structure believed to be the location where the body of Christ had been buried for three days.  Domed structure was an adaptation of existing pagan structures in Empire (think Pantheon)

25 Church of the Holy Sepulchre


27 Samples in the area:  St. Paul’s Catholic Church (basilica)  GP Methodist Church (central)  St. Joan of Arc (central)  St. Clare (mixed)

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