Presentation on theme: "Why do we have seasons?. Do changes in the Sun/Earth distance cause the seasons? How do you know? What would you tell someone who said: “When the Earth."— Presentation transcript:
Do changes in the Sun/Earth distance cause the seasons? How do you know? What would you tell someone who said: “When the Earth is closer to the Sun, it is Summer.” Does the tilt of the Earth make it closer to the sun? No Earth travels around the sun in a nearly circular orbit Patterns of temperature change and seasons are opposite in the different hemispheres. Winter in the Northern Hemisphere is summer in the Southern Hemisphere. No, the tilt of the Earth does not significantly make the tilted side closer.
Does the sun always set at the same time every day? No, it varies greatly. Is the number of hours of daylight always the same? No, it again varies greatly. At what time of year does the sun set the latest and rise the earliest? Summer At what time of year are the days the shortest? Winter
On any given day, do you think the hours of daylight are the same all over the world? We are going to look at some data for cities that are all at 38 degrees N latitude. San Francisco, California Charleston. West Virginia St. Louis, Missouri Seoul, South Korea Tientsin, China Athens, Greece Cordoba, Spain We will now look at data from a location at 38 degrees N latitude. The data table shows sunrise/set times for different moths and the length of daylight on the 21 st of each month.
We will divide into groups of 5 or 4. Each student will take a card with a different latitude in the envelope. All students will graph their own data. If you are in a group of 4, the first person done will then graph the latitude that is not done yet. Be sure to use a different colored pencil. Mrs. O will demonstrate how to graph data. Pay attention!
Compare your graphs as a team. What patterns or interesting features do you notice? Make notes in the margins of your graphs about anything that you notice. Things to keep in mind: How does the amount of light and dark compare in different places? Are there months when the daylight is the same as the night? If that is the case, are there the same months for any locations on Earth?
Places far North and South can have 24 hours The Northern and Southern Hemispheres are highly symmetrical Locations at or near the equator have little to no variations in seasons and amount of light Equinox: When the amount of light (day) and dark (night) are about the same Spring/Vernal: On or about March 21 st Fall/Autumnal: On or about September 21st Solstice: When the day or night is the longest of the year Summer: On or about June 21 st in the Northern Hemisphere Winter: On or about Dec 21 st in the Northern Hemisphere
For any given latitude, spring and summer days have more hours of daylight while fall and winter nights are longer. In the Northern and Southern Hemispheres, day-length changes and seasons are opposite of one another during the year. When it is summer in the North, it is winter in the South. Day-length changes are more dramatic farther away from the Equator. What we observed today will better help us understand why we have seasons. The longer the amount of daylight the warmer that area of the Earth becomes.