Presentation on theme: "A Quest for the Holy Land"— Presentation transcript:
1 A Quest for the Holy Land THE CRUSADESA Quest for the Holy Land
2 Crusades Questions Essential Question: Inquiry Questions: What happens when cultures collide?Inquiry Questions:What were the causes and effects of the Crusades?Can the impact of the Crusades still be seen today?
3 CrusadesA long series of Wars between European Christians and Muslims TurksThey fought over control of Jerusalem which was called the Holy Land because it was the region where Jesus had lived, preached and died
7 Causes of the Crusades Muslim Turks captured Jerusalem from the ByzantineEmpireMuslims stoppedChristians fromVisiting Holy LandChristian pilgrimswere attackedByzantine Empirefeared attack onConstantinople
8 The Call to Arms The Byzantine Empire called on the church for help Pope Urban II called for the defeat of the Turks to “reclaim the Holy Land” for the ChristiansJerusalem had been conquered by Arabs around 640 C.E.Byzantine empire lost half its land to the Muslims by 1071
9 Who Answered the Call?Feudal LordsKnightsPeasants
10 Why would people be motivated to join the Crusades?
11 The First Crusade (1096-1099) Peasant army Knights Untrained Lacked military equipmentMany killed by Muslim TurksKnightsSucceeded in capturing Jerusalem“People’s Crusade”Left Europe in 1096, gathered in Constantinople in November 30,000-35,000 crusaders
12 Second Crusade ( )After victory many Christians went back homeThe Turks eventually took back much of the territoryKing of France and Emperor of Germany sent troops to stop the Turks
13 Second Crusade ( )Saladin leads the Muslim Turks to victory, defeating the ChristiansHe was considered a very wise ruler. He was known for his sometimes kind treatment of fallen enemies. Many Christians saw him as a model of knightly chivalry.
14 Third Crusade (1189-1192) Led by King Richard I Won back many cities/territories from SaladinFailed to capture Jerusalem leads to the Fourth Crusade
15 Crusades Continue Through 1200’s Several more crusades attempted with no victories for the ChristiansChildren’s crusade, - 30,000 soldiers - many of them under 12 years old – Never made it to the Holy LandCrusades end around 1285
16 Results of the Crusades I.F. Turks Traveled they would TradeI = Improvements – Ships, Maps, ExplorersF = Feudalism declines because Feudal lords die or spend too much money on military.T = Turks still rule the Holy LandT = Travel – Europeans want to travel moreT = Trade – Europeans want product from the East such as sugar, cotton, silk, spices, etc.
17 Crusades Conclusion Effects of the Crusades: Increased dislike among Jews, Christians, and MuslimsPope and lords lost powerKings gained powerTrade with Asia and the Middle East rebornInterest in exploration