2Today, most people are citizens of the country in which they live Today, most people are citizens of the country in which they live. Citizens have certain rights & duties. They agree to follow a set of rules & to accept the government’s authority.
3A government is the ruling authority for a community A government is the ruling authority for a community. Functions of government include:Keeping order; Ex: enforcing traffic lawsProviding security; Ex: preventing crimeGuiding the community; Ex: managing the economyProviding services; Ex: providing schools, water, etc.
4Governments use a budget to determine the services that it provides. A budget is a plan for collecting and spending money.
6State and local governments cannot take actions that go against laws and authority of the national government.
7Which type of democracy does the United States have? The United States government is a democracy which means that the people rule. In a direct democracy, all the citizens meet to debate government matters and vote firsthand. In a representative democracy, the citizens choose a smaller group to represent them, make laws, and govern on their behalf.Which type of democracy does the United States have?
8The U. S. is the oldest representative democracy in the world The U.S. is the oldest representative democracy in the world. Democracies have free and open elections. One person, one vote. There are some requirements for voting.Since you can’t please all the people all the time, we have a principle called majority rule. We abide by what most of the people want. But, we still respect the rights of those in the minority.
10The U.S. Constitution establishes 2ways a person may become a citizen: BirthNaturalization
11You would automatically be an American citizen if you were born in one of our 50 states or in the District of Columbia, in an American territory, or on a U.S. military base overseas. You can claim citizenship if both your parents are citizens or if one parent is a citizen who has lived in the U.S. Children born on American soil to non-U.S. citizens can also acquire U.S. citizenship, except for children of foreign diplomats.
12Many noncitizens or aliens can become naturalized citizens Many noncitizens or aliens can become naturalized citizens. More than half a million immigrants – people who move permanently to a new country – gain American citizenship each year.
13The Naturalization Process Immigrant signs a declaration of intentionDeclaration is filed with the USCIS (United States Citizenship and Immigration Services)After living in the U.S. for a specified # of years, the immigrant files an application for citizenship.
14The Naturalization Process USCIS interviews the applicantApplicant passes a citizenship examApplicant pledges an oath of allegiance
15Americans keep their citizenship for life, unless they choose to give it up. The U.S. restricts the # of immigrants who can enter the country. Highest priority goes to relatives of the U.S. citizens and people with needed skills. Many aliens live in the U.S. illegally. Many come looking for a better life. Because of immigration laws, it is hard for them to find work. The aliens live in fear that the government will discover and deport them– send them back to their own country.
16The U.S. Border Patrol patrols: Mexican & Canadian land bordersWaters surrounding the peninsula of Florida and the island of Puerto RicoThey are to detect and prevent the illegal entry of aliens into the U.S.
17Legal aliens: Hold jobs Pay taxes Attend public schools Do not have full political rights:Cannot voteCannot run for officeCannot work in most government jobsMust carry ID cards at all times
19E pluribus unum is Latin for “Out of many, one E pluribus unum is Latin for “Out of many, one.” This phrase is found on the back of every American coin. This phrase reminds us of the many diverse citizens of the U.S. who have joined together to create one, strong nation.
20More than 292 million people live in the U. S. today More than 292 million people live in the U.S. today. All of us are descendants from families that moved to our country a long time ago. The first Native Americans came the U.S. by crossing a “land bridge” from Asia to North America.
21Immigrants to the U.S.:Were mostly from Europe up until the mid-1900sIn the past 50 years, have mostly been from Latin America and AsiaYears ago, many immigrants from Africa were brought to the U.S. by force and were sold as slaves.
22America is FULL of Diversity! EthnicitiesWhites of European descentAfrican AmericansHispanicsAsiansNative AmericansReligionsChristiansJewsMuslimsBuddhistsThose who don’t practice any religion are equally at home here.Hispanics are the fastest growing ethnic group.
23Over the years, our population has changed in many ways! People moved from farms to factory jobs in cities.Manufacturing jobs have declined and service jobs have increased.More women are in the workforce
24After slavery ended, a migration, or mass movement occurred as African Americans left the South for jobs in the North.Today more Americans are living longer and having fewer children. More Americans are earning college degrees.
25Reasons for the Unity among Americans: Our political heritage is based on documents such as the:Declaration of IndependenceU.S. ConstitutionBill of RightsWe share a common language. English is the main source of communication in our government, education, and businesses. (You have the freedom to speak any language though)
26Americans show patriotism, or love for their country by: Flying the flagSinging the National AnthemReciting the Pledge of AllegianceFollowing the nation’s lawsComing together in times of troubleEvident after September 11, The attacks in NYC and Washington D.C. were acts of terrorism– the use of violence by groups against civilians to achieve a political goal.